Summary of “An Epidemic Is Killing Thousands Of Coal Miners. Regulators Could Have Stopped It”

Regulators Could Have Stopped It More than 2,000 miners in Appalachia are dying from an advanced stage of black lung.
After spending just 12 years underground, his lungs are so bad he faces what coal miners decades older and with decades more in mining have endured.
The NPR/Frontline investigation found thousands of instances in which miners were exposed – not just to coal dust but to dangerous levels of toxic silica dust.
If regulators measure too much silica in mine air, they place coal mines on much tougher limits for coal dust.
MSHA’s 30 years’ dust sampling data show dangerous levels of silica or quartz where miners were working close to 9,000 times, even after coal mines were required to meet reduced limits for coal mine dust.
Smith drove us past a pair of adjacent coal mines near his home in Canada, Ky., where he and other miners cut nothing but rock for months.
In 1974, NIOSH first called for silica exposure limits twice as strict as those in place for coal miners and other workers.
MSHA sent out alerts to coal mining companies, warning about excessive exposure to silica dust and severe disease among miners.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why the fat-burning heart rate zone is a myth”

Your body primarily fuels itself by burning a mix of stored fat and carbohydrates.
At rest, fat constitutes as much as 85 percent of calories burned.
If the key determinant of weight loss were the percentage of fat you’re burning, then your best bet would be to remain still, because that’s when you’re burning the highest percentage of fat relative to carbohydrates.
As Breen says, total calories burned is what matters, and that fact leads to the second big problem with the fat-burning zone.
In the likely scenario that you have 30 or 45 minutes for exercise before or after work, you’re just not going to burn that many calories if you spend that time in the would-be fat-burning zone.
Walk two miles in an hour, and you’ll burn about 200 calories, with roughly 140 of them fueled by fat.
Cycle moderately for that time, and you’ll burn about 500 calories, with about 250 of them fueled by fat – so you’ll burn more calories and more fat.
“It’s a way of making exercise machines more appealing – if I’m working at this speed, I’ll burn more fat than at another speed,” Breen says.

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Summary of “Dirty dealing in the $175 billion Amazon Marketplace”

Sellers are more worried about a case being opened on Amazon than in actual court, says Dave Bryant, an Amazon seller and blogger.
Amazon is the only platform that has a $175 billion prize pool tempting people to game it, and the company must constantly implement new rules and penalties, which in turn, become tools for new abuses, which require yet more rules to police.
What’s a seller to do when they end up in Amazon court? They can turn to someone like Cynthia Stine, who is part of a growing industry of consultants who help sellers navigate the ruthless world of Marketplace and the byzantine rules by which Amazon governs it.
“Just proving to Amazon that your goods are new is not good enough because Amazon wants you to address why the buyers thought they were used.” One seller described the typical process as Amazon saying, “I’m putting you in jail but not telling you what you did, now give me a justification for why I should let you out and you won’t do it again.”
About 70 percent of searches on Amazon are for generic products, like “Running shoes” or “Milk frother,” rather than brands, and Amazon has made buying things so easy that customers often purchase the first thing with Prime shipping they see.
The Verge has viewed screenshots of WeChat posts offering troves of Amazon data and spoken with sellers who have encountered brokers offering internal access, some after Amazon announced it had fired the employee.
Based in Atlanta, Breloski stumbled into the world of Amazon after speaking at a seller conference, and he now estimates that Amazon cases represent 80 percent of his practice.
Many sellers come to Amazon looking for a new distribution channel for their retail business or a way to jump-start their company, but they find that Amazon has become their advertising firm and their storefront, their warehouse and their shipper.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What it means that the Surgeon General now calls vaping an ‘epidemic'”

The US Surgeon General just declared youth vaping an epidemic, and called out e-cigarette giant Juul as part of the problem in an advisory today.
The Surgeon General’s declaration isn’t a new policy or enforcement action against vape companies or retailers.
Surgeon General Jerome Adams’ advisory lays out why teen vaping is a public health concern: nicotine can mess with the developing brain, it’s addictive, and the chemicals in e-cigarette vapor may be unhealthy to inhale.
The advisory says a recent surge in teen vaping “Has been fueled by new types of e-cigarettes that have recently entered the market,” and calls out vape giant Juul for its high nicotine doses.
The Surgeon General’s power is more about influence, and less about enforcement: the real regulatory power over vaping comes from the Food and Drug Administration.
In response to the Surgeon General’s advisory today, Juul spokesperson Victoria Davis says in a statement that Juul wants to prevent young people from vaping.
Last month, the CDC and the FDA reported a 78 percent increase in vaping among high school students compared to last year.
According to these health officials, youth vaping has reached that level: “It’s broad, vast in its impacts, and of deep concern about its lasting effects.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “The 5 Things All Great Salespeople Do”

I’ve had the luxury of observing great sales professionals in tech and beyond and have observed that the top performers share some of the same patterns, habits, and characteristics.
Elite salespeople approach their goals with a total ownership mindset.
Expertise leads to confidence, which leads to trust, which leads to sales.
The best salespeople I have observed regularly pass their knowledge on to less tenured or less experienced sales people with no expectation of anything in return.
The best salespeople don’t move recklessly, but they do have a sense of urgency.
I’ve often been amazed throughout my career when I’ve encountered salespeople who were slow in getting back to their clients or customers – who delayed in delivering contracts or materials needed to make a decision.
Most elite salespeople get things done, to quote Norton in The Shawshank Redemption, “Not tomorrow, not after breakfast, now!”.
Look at the top salespeople in your own company and see if they possess most if not all of these characteristics.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Spacing Effect: How to Improve Learning and Maximize Retention”

We are not taught how to learn in school, we are taught how to pass tests.
The spacing effect is a far more effective way to learn and retain information that works with our brain instead of against it.
The most important metaskill you can learn is how to learn.
Learning how to learn is a part of a “Work smarter, not harder” approach to life-one that probabilistically helps you avoid becoming irrelevant.
There is a compromisea learning technique called spaced repetition which efficiently organizes information or memorization and retention can be used to achieve near perfect recall.
“How do you remember better? Repeated exposure to information in specifically timed intervals provides the most powerful way to fix memory into the brain. Deliberately re-expose yourself to the information more elaborately, and in fixed, spaced intervals, if you want the retrieval to be the most vivid it can be. Learning occurs best when new information is incorporated gradually into the memory store rather than when it is jammed in all at once.”- John Medina, Brain Rules.
In the long run, it saves us time as we retain information and spend less total time learning.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that writing information out on flashcards contributes to the learning process.

The orginal article.

Summary of “James Dolan, Unplugged”

NEW YORK – James Dolan is dressed in black as he sinks into his couch in a Madison Square Garden suite, drags on a vape pen and laughs at the booming sound check next door that is all but violently shaking the room.
Dolan is best known as the overlord of the Knicks’ never-ending futility and as the master of public relations disasters stretching from the lost 2007 courtroom battle to a female executive named Anucha Browne Sanders, ruled the victim of a hostile work environment, to the 2017 scene of beloved former Knick Charles Oakley being hauled out of the Garden by Dolan’s security team before he was arrested and cuffed.
Dolan monitors everyone in the Garden, including Dolan, though he speaks candidly, as if his words would be kept among the three people in the room.
Was his a Pyrrhic victory? Did Jim’s Voom triumph over the great Chuck Dolan embolden him to meet every challenge to his authority with a forceful response and to ignore advisers who counseled him to pick and choose his spots? These were natural questions to ask after Jim Dolan made the worst call of his MSG career – his decision to allow a sexual harassment case to go to trial.
Is it fun to work under Jim Dolan inside the self-anointed world’s most famous arena? Stories of Dolan verbally demolishing subordinates over the years are legendary, and he has threatened the job of at least one security employee who stopped him in the Garden after failing to recognize him.
Dolan says, “You have to wake up your group.” One former executive who praises Dolan’s willingness to spend on his teams also says the Garden’s executive chairman had created “a culture of fear in the building” that left employees on edge, uncertain of what they will encounter from one day to the next.
As soon as the narrative that Dolan has mellowed a bit takes shape, he ends up in his steel-cage match with Oakley, who filed a lawsuit against Dolan and MSG for, among other things, defamation, after the Knicks released a statement saying they hoped the former power forward “Gets some help soon” and after their owner advanced an inexcusable pattern by telling ESPN Radio’s “The Michael Kay Show” that Oakley “May have a problem with alcohol.” The court has yet to rule on an MSG motion to dismiss the defamation suit.
Barry Watkins, a longtime Dolan aide who recently started Clairvoyant, a media-training company, calls the notion that his former employer doesn’t care about his fan base “The most ludicrous premise of all things about Jim Dolan.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “I took a ride through Elon Musk’s new tunnel in California”

The tunnel mouth is outlined by red lights, which continue like a spine across the top of the tunnel.
Our top speed is 40 miles per hour, though as we get to the end of the tunnel we slow to 25; the entire trip through the 1.14 mile tunnel takes two minutes and change.
Musk describes his own first trip through the tunnel as “Epic.” He continued, “For me, it was a eureka moment. This thing is gonna damn well work.”
Though Musk had expressed interest in pursuing a tunnel on the westside of LA, The Boring Company backed away from the project after a group of residents and community groups sued.
The tunnel I went through only has enough room for one car at a time, though Musk plans to embed it in a larger network.
While Musk denies that the tunnel was part of a secret plan to test out technology for Mars, the question clearly tickles him.
The public unveiling happens after the press event, and also after my trip through the tunnel.
A significant number of them – definitely more than 50, maybe more than 100 – are standing in line to take a ride through the tunnel just like I did earlier.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Having a Crush Is Good for You”

In its purest sense, a crush is a form of parasocial relationship; a one-sided relationship where you have feelings for someone else but those feelings are not reciprocated, according to Dr. Anna Machin, an evolutionary anthropologist at the University of Oxford’s Department of Experimental Psychology.
What goes on in our heads?It’s thought that when we’re in love or lust, the stress and reward systems in our brain are working overtime, and the same is possibly true of having a crush.
Why do we have crushes anyway?Is there a higher purpose for having a crush, beyond just making us feel good? Dr. Machin believes they play a strong evolutionary role.
It’s important to distinguish between imagining what a relationship could be like, and having a crush with the intention of exploring a real relationship.
“A crush could be a gateway behavior that eventually leads to cheating,” said Dr. Lewandowski.
“People aren’t always good at knowing what they want, so a crush may actually be insight into something you don’t like and didn’t realize or didn’t want to admit,” Dr. Lewandowski said.
How do you cope with a crush as a teenager or an adult? “I’d encourage people to recognize that they are idealizing their crush,” said Dr. Lewandowski.
Perhaps take the advice of Cher from Clueless and send yourself flowers and love letters - because ultimately, you can’t control who you have a crush on, so you may as well have fun.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why the ‘Christmas Comet’ Is Green”

A green color is pretty uncommon in space, so where does the comet get this color from?
Comets are made of a whole lot of different chemicals, and each comet gets its own unique mixture.
The comet currently passing by Earth, comet 46P/Wirtanen, has a substantial amount of cyanogen.
When you look at Wirtanen and see that green glow, you’re not seeing the comet itself.
The actual solid core of the comet is a tiny dot in the center of a giant cloud of cyanogen gas.
In 1910, scientists first spotted cyanogen in Halley’s Comet prior to one of its famous flybys, and famously triggered panic when people thought they could be poisoned by the gas.
If you want to see the comet for yourself, you’ll likely need some binoculars or a telescope, plus some pretty dark skies.
Right now the comet is sitting near the Pleiades, and you can track its position with this tool from the University of Maryland.

The orginal article.