Summary of “Thirty-six Thousand Feet Under the Sea”

By the time Vescovo contacted him, Lahey had piloted more than sixty submersibles on several thousand dives.
Vescovo flew to the Bahamas, and Lahey took him for a test dive in Triton’s flagship submersible, which has three seats and is rated to a depth of thirty-three hundred feet.
Buckle had asked Vescovo to buy a larger A-frame-one that was “Man-rated” by a certification agency, so that they could launch the submersible, which weighs around twenty-six thousand pounds, with the pilot inside and the hatch secured.
At 2:55 P.M., Victor Vescovo became the first person to reach the deepest point in the Atlantic Ocean, eight thousand three hundred and seventy-six metres.
She graduated at sea while mapping Vescovo’s dive location in the Puerto Rico Trench.
The ship could still receive Vescovo’s transmissions, but Vescovo couldn’t hear the replies.
It is customary to abort a dive thirty minutes after losing communications, but Vescovo knew that he might never have another chance to reach the bottom of the Southern Ocean, so he kept going.
Outside the viewports, Vescovo saw amphipods and sea cucumbers.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What the NBA Is Discussing About Its Restart”

If the entire regular season needs to be canceled, the NBA would begin with the postseason, and only 16 teams would need to play.
“It’s the responsibility of the league to explore all of our options for a return to play this season,” NBA chief communications officer Mike Bass said in a statement to The Ringer when asked about Silver’s contingency plans.
“I want the year to come back. I’m not gonna act like I know if we will, but I just really hope we do.” But one front office executive on a Western Conference lottery team said that while the NBA isn’t messaging that their seasons are finished, the thought is that the league won’t have the time or resources to bring all 30 teams to one location and play out the regular season.
Where will games be played? Nothing has been determined yet, and many pitches have been made to the NBA by venues to host games, but Disney World appears to have an edge because it’s a private property with thousands of hotel rooms, which means it could create a “Bubble” to keep players safe.
MGM Grand recently made a proposal to the NBA and numerous other sports leagues to host a return to play.
Will players prefer for the cap to go down this offseason so there will be more money in the pot for the 2021 offseason? The 2020 class is weak, and many players who could have earned big paydays, like Andre Drummond and Gordon Hayward, could opt in to the final year of their contracts anyway.
Sources say the NBA is hoping that all players, coaches, and staffers will be in their respective teams’ cities by early-to-mid-June in order to begin training camp.
Waiting will allow the NBA to avoid the bad optics of being the first league to reopen, and give it more information about what worked, what didn’t work, and whether resuming play is even possible.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Five Books Expert Recommendations”

Coronaviruses are RNA viruses like flu and Ebola viruses.
Although SARS-CoV-2 – which is the correct virological nomenclature for the new coronavirus – doesn’t have much in common at the genetic level with, say, herpes viruses, which are DNA viruses, it is 85% identical to SARS-CoV-1 that caused the SARS epidemic in 2003.
The Coming Plague came out just when I was writing my first book about viruses, The Invisible Enemy: A Natural History of Viruses, and it certainly stimulated me to get on with it.
Read. Let’s move on to our next book about viruses.
Dawkins called one of his books The Blind Watchmaker and viruses are totally blind but appear very sophisticated.
Dawkins has a wonderful way of expressing himself in writing, and his books have informed all my writing about viruses, because they’ve given me a feeling for evolution.
We are now using viruses to transfer genes into humans.
They’re always one step ahead. In Viruses: A Very Short Introduction, you quote George Klein to the effect: “The stupidest virus is cleverer than the cleverest virologist.” Where does that leave us? Are we fated to be finally wiped out by a virus that has outsmarted us?

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Avoid Burnout in the Middle of a Pandemic”

Notice your wordsWords have a way of becoming reality.
Allow yourself to vent, allow yourself to release all your fears and worries, but then find a way to pivot and channel your fears and worries into something productive.
A side hustle can help you feel in controlIf you are worried about your job security-or if you have been laid off-developing a side hustle can be a productive way to pick up new skills while also giving you a way to regain control over your situation.
If nothing else, this will help you regain a sense of purpose, which is key to weathering periods of potential burnout.
Instead of bottling up them all up, Ziegler suggests listing them all out and then-and this is the key part-coming up with strategies for how you would cope if the worst happened.
“Give yourself your moment,” Ziegler says.
Just the act of thinking through them will help your regain a sense of perspective and control.
Even in the middle of all these worries and anxieties, there are still actions we can take to help mitigate the worst effects.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The day the pirates came”

Although he knew that vicious pirates roamed the labyrinthine wetlands and mangroves of the delta, Sudeep felt safe that tropical South Atlantic morning.
With less than five minutes to act, Sudeep gathered his men in the engine room in the bowels of the ship before running upstairs to set off an emergency alarm that would notify everyone on board.
The pirates fired at the floor and a bullet fragment struck Sudeep in his left shin, lodging itself just an inch from the bone.
Over time, Sudeep would try to strike up a relationship with some of these men.
About 15 days after the attack, the pirates took Sudeep on a boat to another part of the forest, and handed him a satellite phone so he could appeal directly to the ship owner, a Greek businessman based in the Mediterranean port of Piraeus called Captain Christos Traios.
On 17 May 2019 – day 28 – the pirates gave Sudeep the chance to speak to Capt Nasib, who assured him that the ordeal would only last a few more days.
At mid-morning, after handing over the bowl of noodles, one of the guards beckoned Sudeep over and whispered that if things worked out, this could be his last day in the jungle.
Capt Christos did not respond to detailed questions about the kidnapping, whether he disputed that he owed Sudeep money and about the fate of the Ghanaian man left behind with the pirates.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Real Origins of the U.S.-China Cold War”

As tensions between Beijing and Washington harden, there is a growing fear that China and the United States are entering a new cold war-another multi-decade struggle to shape the international system.
Historical scholarship on the breakdown of U.S.-Soviet relations after World War II addresses such questions as which side was most responsible, whether confrontation between Moscow and Washington was inevitable, the role of ideology and perception, and the significance of individual leaders in bringing on what U.S. President John F. Kennedy would call the “Long twilight struggle.” These debates also provide a useful framework for thinking about how the United States and China got to the present impasse, and where Washington should go from here.
As the political scientist Andrew Scobell has written, it was the resulting perception of American weakness and accommodation-not a perception of increased hostility-that constituted the background to increased Chinese pressure in the South China Sea, East China Sea, and other areas.
There is no debating that China has become more ambitious, aggressive, and authoritarian under Xi. At home, he has cracked down on dissidents, strengthened political controls, transformed China into an increasingly high-tech police state, and replaced collective leadership with personalized rule.
The promulgation of the nine-dash line in the South China Sea, the intensified pressure against Japan in the East China Sea, and other facets of Chinese assertiveness all predate Xi, even if they have intensified and accelerated under him.
A third school of thought-which corresponds to Cold War post-revisionism-is that shifting power dynamics and the nature of international affairs have driven the United States and China to rivalry.
The growth of Chinese power-particularly Chinese military power-was initially driven in part by concerns that the United States might make Beijing its primary adversary with the Cold War over.
Post-revisionists contributed to the debate on Cold War origins by pointing out that it was simply hard to see how the United States and the Soviet Union-two powerful, ambitious countries with conflicting interests and visions of security-could have indefinitely gotten along after World War II. Something similar could be said about U.S.-China relations today.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Our Ancestors Drilled Holes in Each Other’s Skulls”

To date, thousands of skulls bearing signs of trepanation have been unearthed at archaeological sites across the world.
Many trepanned skulls show signs of cranial injuries or neurological diseases, often in the same region of the skull where the trepanation hole was made.
None of the skulls showed any signs of having suffered any injury or illness, before or after the trepanation had been performed.
The skulls of two young women with obelion trepanations had been discovered years earlier: one in 1980 and another in 1992.
The holes had been made in a variety of different locations around the front and side of the skull, and all of the skulls showed signs of having suffered a physical trauma, suggesting that the trepanations had been performed to treat the effects of the injuries.
Thanks to the trepanation holes themselves, we can infer a surprising amount about the fate of the people after they received their trepanation.
Their skulls showed bone healing around the edges of the trepanation holes – although the bone never completely re-grew over the holes.
Three of the 12 skulls showed only slight signs of healing around the trepanation hole, suggesting that their owners only survived between two and eight weeks after the operation.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How One Tiny-Home Designer Makes a Small Space Feel 10 Times Bigger”

Matt Impola was already living in a small space when he decided he would take on a new weekend project: his first-ever tiny home.
The most striking thing about Impola’s tiny homes is that they don’t immediately look.
Clearly Impola has picked up on plenty of ways to make even the smallest spaces feel much larger, and his advice can be applied to cramped apartments or even not-so-tiny homes.
“Motor homes and travel trailers can feel so temporary, especially when they use cheaper materials like vinyl and plastic, funky wallpapers, and all that,” says Impola.
Opt for High-Quality MaterialsThose aren’t the only elevated pieces Impola swears by.
“Everything’s got to be a bit scaled down, especially sofas,” says Impola.
Kondo Your Belongings”Especially in a kitchen, you’re not going to have room for a ton of extra stuff. It’s about choosing your favorite 10 to 20 dishes,” Impola says.
Impola advocates for more unexpected choices: “I do a lot of behind-the-scenes tricks with my loft floors,” he says.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The U.S. Still Has No Plan to Ramp Up COVID-19 Testing”

“We went up to about 150,000 tests a day, and then we plateaued there for a few weeks,” Jha, the Harvard professor, said.
“Some places had reagents, but not enough swabs. Some places had swabs but not the medium you transport them in. And some places had enough capacity, but they hadn’t changed their policies from when only the sickest people could get tested,” Jha said.
In the District of Columbia, where the number of new cases is increasing, Mayor Muriel Bowser said at a press conference today that the city only had enough reagents to test about 1,500 people per day.
How many tests might eventually be enough isn’t clear, in part because the number depends on the size of the underlying outbreak.
Rivers told Congress this week that scaling up to 3 to 4 million tests a week-equal to about 500,000 a day-would allow more serious contact tracing to begin.
It’s unlikely the U.S. can test that many people every day if it continues to use only the polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, nasal-swab tests currently in use, Jha said.
Antigen tests, which are similar to the rapid flu tests used in doctors’ offices, might be some of the first to become available.
This lack of any plan does not only seem to mar the federal testing effort.

The orginal article.

Summary of “So you want to read classic books during the coronavirus pandemic”

If you are the kind of person who likes to embark upon a project in times of stress, there are worse choices during quarantine than trying to read your way through a bunch of the classic great books.
If your only plan is to read books you vaguely understand to be classics, the idea of starting can be overwhelming.
Books for when you want something familiar and accessible If you want a classic that you can probably finish in about a day and still be able to get plenty out of, turn to the high school reading list staples: They won’t be very long or very dense, and plenty of them are damn good books.
If you want to read back in time, to ease your way into the transition, start with Jane Austen.
You might feel intimidated by the number of pages, but I promise you that if you can read other 19th-century literature, these books are all well within your capabilities as a reader.
Now is the time for The Waves! Now is the time for Ulysses! Now is the time for formal prose experiments that you’re not totally sure you’ll ever fully grasp but want to read anyway, just to see if you can!
Read the Zora Canon, a list of the 100 greatest books by African American women writers.
There are so many books out there waiting for you to read them, and so many of them are good.

The orginal article.