Summary of “5G Is Going to Transform Smartphones”

The next big step: building the 5G networks to connect these 5G devices to.
A 5G connection could theoretically hit 10 gigabits per second – that’s 100 times faster than the data networks we all use today.
Most 5G networks will use much higher frequencies, ranging from 2.5 GHz to 300 GHz. But thanks to the laws of physics, low-frequency waves travel much further distances than high-frequency waves.
The shorter range for 5G networks will require many, many more base stations to be installed than in previous generations of cell coverage.
“So that’s what 5G is going to make possible.” One of the key promises of AVs is a network of cars all in communication with each other, able to send data back and forth to avoid collisions and smooth out traffic patterns.
If engineers can use 5G networks to offload that onboard computing to the cloud, it would be much easier to make AR glasses lightweight and stylish – all you’d need on the hardware side would be a very simple CPU, a small 5G modem, and a battery.
Until a significant number of U.S. cities have 5G connection, and until a significant number of phones hop on 5G networks, downloading a movie in three seconds will be a neat trick, but the technology won’t change your life.
As 5G networks spread over the next two years, and Apple offers up its own 5G-capable phone, that will change.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Eat Your Least Favorite Food”

Still, my distaste for such an innocuous food feels vaguely shameful, and after much deliberation, I’m ready to switch sides.
The good news, according to researchers, is that most people can reset their neural pathways to one day enjoy-or at least tolerate-a nice gazpacho.
There is evidence of genetic differences that make some people more sensitive to certain chemicals in food, but those people might actually prefer the taste of those chemicals.
There is one type of aversion that scientists understand pretty well according to Anthony Sclafani, a professor at Brooklyn College who studies the neurobiology of taste: If you eat a novel food and then experience nausea or vomiting, your brain is primed to blame that food.
That’s true even if you know, on an intellectual level, that the food isn’t at fault.
People lose olfactory sensitivity as they age, which is a big reason that many people seem to outgrow childhood aversions: A food that might have been overwhelming to a kid will read as more mellow to an adult.
Childhood can be key to later-in-life food preferences in a lot of ways.
“Her infant will be more accepting of garlic than the infant of a mother who doesn’t eat garlic.” For mothers who don’t breastfeed, varying an infant’s formula flavor can help prevent later pickiness.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The beach nobody can touch”

About 50-60 blacktip reef sharks started visiting the bay early each morning.
The shallow waters are ideal for them and three of the female sharks chose Maya Bay to give birth to their babies.
“They are a symbol of nature, everyone gets it. Sixty sharks are worth protecting.”
So how long can this last? Authorities say they are committed to re-opening Maya Bay when they know what the true capacity of the beach is – that is how many people can sustainably visit on a daily basis.
“We have to admit that tourists who come to Krabi and Phi Phi islands all dream of going to Maya Bay or ‘The Beach’. Once they arrived and the short term closure was announced some of them cancelled the tours. They couldn’t go to the selling attraction,” said Ekawit Pinyotamanotai, president of the tourism council of Krabi.
Despite its iconic status, Maya Bay is just one small beach.
The damage to Thailand’s waters from rampant tourism is a much bigger problem.
Perhaps Maya Bay is a sign that Thailand is turning a page in its effort to preserve its natural resources.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Your phone and TV are tracking you, and political campaigns are listening in”

Your phone and TV are tracking you, and political campaigns are listening in – Los Angeles Times.
Welcome to the new frontier of campaign tech – a loosely regulated world in which simply downloading a weather app or game, connecting to Wi-Fi at a coffee shop or powering up a home router can allow a data broker to monitor your movements with ease, then compile the location information and sell it to a political candidate who can use it to surround you with messages.
As a result, if you have been to a political rally, a town hall, or just fit a demographic a campaign is after, chances are good your movements are being tracked with unnerving accuracy by data vendors on the payroll of campaigns.
The RealOptions case turned out to be a harbinger for a new generation of political campaigning built around tracking and monitoring even the most private moments of people’s lives.
Just as the antiabortion organizations did around clinics, political campaigns large and small are building “Geo-fences” around locations from which they can fetch the unique identifying information of the smartphones of nearly everyone who attended an event.
“I don’t think a lot of people are aware their location data is being sent to whomever,” said Justin Croxton, a managing partner at Propellant Media, an Atlanta-area digital firm that works with political campaigns.
Which political campaigns and other clients receive all that tracking information can’t be traced.
Serge Egelman, research director of the Usable Security & Privacy Group at UC Berkeley’s International Computer Science Institute, said his team can unearth which opaque data brokerages are amassing information, but not which political campaigns or interest groups buy it from them.

The orginal article.

Summary of “China’s CRISPR twins might have had their brains inadvertently enhanced”

The brains of two genetically edited girls born in China last year may have been changed in ways that enhance cognition and memory, scientists say.
The twins, called Lulu and Nana, reportedly had their genes modified before birth by a Chinese scientific team using the new editing tool CRISPR. The goal was to make the girls immune to infection by HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Now, new research shows that the same alteration introduced into the girls’ DNA, to a gene called CCR5, not only makes mice smarter but also improves human brain recovery after stroke, and could be linked to greater success in school.
“The answer is likely yes, it did affect their brains,” says Alcino J. Silva, a neurobiologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, whose lab uncovered a major new role for the CCR5 gene in memory and the brain’s ability to form new connections.
The Chinese team, led by He Jiankui of the Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen, claimed it used CRISPR to delete CCR5 from human embryos, some of which were later used to create pregnancies.
Whatever He’s true aims, evidence continues to build that CCR5 plays a major role in the brain.
According to their new report, appearing in the journal Cell, people who naturally lack CCR5 recover more quickly from strokes.
“We are the first to report a function of CCR5 in the human brain, and the first to report a higher level of education,” says UCLA biologist S. Thomas Carmichael, who led the new study.
Silva says the genetic manipulations used to make “Smart mice” show not only that it is possible, but that changing CCR5 has particularly big effects.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Uber and the Ongoing Erasure of Public Life”

The improved design of Uber marks another milestone in the company’s journey to legitimacy.
In her recent book, “Uberland: How Algorithms are Rewriting the Rules of Work,” the technology ethnographer Alex Rosenblat studies the company’s “Algorithmic management,” which forces drivers “To accept the odds that Uber has designed in its favor.” Drivers have no control over pricing, which spikes and dives according to demand.
A study by the San Francisco County Transportation Authority, published in October, concluded that, from 2010 to 2016, over fifty per cent of the increase in traffic delays in San Francisco were due to Uber and Lyft-and that Uber and Lyft cars constituted an estimated quarter of the total delay on the city’s streets.
Despite all of this, Uber claims to support mass transit.
In some suburbs or city peripheries, where these solutions are most necessary, Uber has become a subsidized alternative to the transit to which it supposedly offers a connection, partnering with municipal and transit agencies to replace their existing bus services.
In midtown Manhattan, where Uber and Lyft drivers spend forty per cent of their time idling without passengers, congestion has reached crisis proportions.
In August, New York’s City Council moved to institute a moratorium on new vehicles and a minimum wage for Uber and Lyft drivers.
A more serious proposal might start with the possibility that Uber is opposed to public transit by design-every ride taken on a subway or bus is competition for its growing supply of cars.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Whale’s Afterlife”

To Rouse’s surprise, the whale had attracted no scavengers, despite its exposed rolls of dark purple muscle draped in white, translucent fat.
For denizens of the seafloor, a whale fall is like a Las Vegas buffet-an improbable bounty in the middle of the desert.
Inevitably, the scavengers had scattered pieces of flesh around the whale carcass, and native microbes had multiplied quickly around those scraps.
Whale falls may occur as frequently as every ten miles on the seafloor; at any given time, there are likely hundreds of thousands of them around the world.
Rouse’s team is monitoring a number of habitats around Rosebud to understand how they’re connected, and how deep-sea oases like whale falls and seeps might drive evolution.
Shana Goffredi, a biologist at Occidental College, was part of the team that first analyzed the Osedax worm in detail, at a whale fall in Monterey Canyon, around four hundred miles northwest of San Diego.
How long can a whale fall endure before it disappears? Eventually, creatures like Osedax will destroy most of the skeleton.
While studying whale falls in Monterey Canyon, Rouse and his colleagues expected that the oasis around a typical carcass might persist for a couple of decades, but Rouse also came to believe that some could disappear over a much shorter or longer period of time.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How ’30 Rock’ Made Tracy Morgan’s Fake Award Into a Real-Life Goal”

Part 1: Tracy Learns What an EGOT Is Kay Cannon: In the 30 Rock writers’ room, we had a group of people who really had their finger on the pulse of what was going on in pop culture and just things that have happened in the past.
Part 2: Tracy Gets His EGOT Necklace Cannon: Tracy already wore a lot of necklaces and chains and stuff like that in general, so it just seemed natural for him to put on the EGOT necklace.
Part 3: Tracy Meets Whoopi After purchasing the necklace, Tracy seeks advice from Whoopi Goldberg, a real-life EGOTer, about how to EGOT. On his way out, he attempts to steal her Oscar.
Part 5: Tracy Gets a Tony Tracy stages an improvised one-man Broadway show and receives rave reviews.
Ceraulo: The one-man show came from looking at it as, “OK, it’s Tracy Jordan, and he’s gonna try to win a Tony award. Again, he’s not gonna do it correctly. He’s gonna do it in a Tracy Jordan way, so what would he do?”.
Morgan: The phone book thing came from Chris Rock saying one time that Tracy Morgan could make the phone book sound funny.
Scardino: As unlikely as it is for Tracy to become an EGOT, then there was the additional problem of “Well, now you actually have a standard you are going to be held to and live up to.” And that was fun to shoot, because any time Tracy gets to act like a big baby and complain was funny.
I’ve got two Emmy awards, but ultimately, the truth is 30 Rock was a great, great, creative expression by so many people and made so many people laugh, and who cares if we won awards or not? That’s not really the point, so I think that’s what we’re finally saying with the Tracy story is like, it’s kind of baloney.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Record Label of The Future is No Label At All”

The company’s recent focus on empowering artists without intermediaries strained its relationship with the major labels as speculation grows over whether their end game is to become a record label.
The average artist signed to a record label only earns 12% of the money generated by their likeness, presenting a unique opportunity for Spotify to influence an artist’s perception of the necessity of a record label as an intermediary.
To remove artist intermediaries, Spotify needs to be able to offer a full stack solution that empowers artists to go direct to streaming while providing them with the infrastructure that they need to record and produce music.
Record labels can approach this with the glass half full by viewing this additional distribution medium as advantageous when shaping their ever evolving artist marketing strategy.
An artist could use Spotify’s studios to record and mix songs and then distribute using Distrokid on all of the major streaming platforms at once.
The artist could then study the data provided by Spotify for Artists to learn more about their listeners and shape a strategy to acquire “1,000” true fans.
As the artist grows in popularity and begins to get courted by record labels, Spotify could remove the financial pressure that faces most artist when choosing to sign to a record label, the cash advance.
By replacing the advance that record labels tempt artists with they could alleviate the financial distress that plagues many artists at the time of negotiations.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Are we on the road to civilisation collapse?”

Collapse may be a normal phenomenon for civilisations, regardless of their size and technological stage.
So collapse may be a normal phenomenon for civilisations, regardless of their size and stage.
While our scale may now be global, collapse appears to happen to both sprawling empires and fledgling kingdoms alike.
The collapse of the Anasazi, the Tiwanaku civilisation, the Akkadians, the Mayan, the Roman Empire, and many others have all coincided with abrupt climatic changes, usually droughts.
COMPLEXITY: Collapse expert and historian Joseph Tainter has proposed that societies eventually collapse under the weight of their own accumulated complexity and bureaucracy.
RANDOMNESS/BAD LUCK: Statistical analysis on empires suggests that collapse is random and independent of age.
Despite the abundance of books and articles, we don’t have a conclusive explanation as to why civilisations collapse.
In theory, a civilisation might be less vulnerable to collapse if new technologies can mitigate against pressures such as climate change.

The orginal article.