Summary of “Wait But Why’s Tim Urban on Parsing and Transmitting Complex Ideas”

In this exclusive interview, Urban shares how he distills and presents complex ideas so they’re rich and resonant for others: an act that every startup leader and team must master over and over again.
The complex part is how you know ‘the cook and the chef’ is a first principle,” says Urban.
For Urban, that’s his Wait But Why reader, but for you, it may be your customer.
PRESENTING COMPLEX IDEAS TO OTHERSIt takes Urban an average of 160 hours to learn everything he needs to learn about a topic to write a post.
Urban knows he’s lucky if a reader will spend two hours reading his post, so his challenge is to present complex topics in a way that readers can learn 80x faster than he did.
So how can you navigate your way from blindfold to atmosphere? Gleaned from Urban’s experience, here are ways to help you better present complex ideas.
There’s not one answer – and Urban admits that it’s the challenge of presenting a complex idea.
“People who try to explain, package and present complex ideas need to put in the work beforehand. They need to learn enough that they can get to the level where they can independently think to really wrap their own head around it, before they’re ready to be an effective explainer,” says Urban.

The orginal article.

Summary of “20 Years On, ‘The Big Lebowski’ Reminds Us To Slow Down, Dude”

For fans of the film The Big Lebowski, there are few things better than hearing Jeff Bridges say those words with such nonchalant slacker indifference.
So it is that this week, the Coen brothers’ masterpiece – yes, I’m declaring and defending its status as a masterpiece – marked 20 years since it first hit the theaters.
It didn’t exactly win rave reviews upon its release.
He ambles through life with no ambition, except for trying to get reimbursed for the rug – one that “Really tied the room together” – that a pair of thugs soiled while ransacking his less-than-modest apartment in an act of mistaken identity.
Is there a lasting lesson from such a character now, two decades later?
The Big Lebowski came out in the days before smartphones and Twitter and YouTube and push notifications.
It recognized that we all needed to slow down just a little bit.
Now, as I sit here in the year 2018, I can truthfully tell you that I didn’t listen.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Filipino Food Finds a Place in the American Mainstream”

It’s part of what the Manila-born food historian Doreen Fernandez termed a “Galaxy of flavor-adjusters” that define how Filipinos eat: seasonings added to dishes after they’re served, in trickles and pinches, according to each diner’s taste.
Vinegar is the undertow, too, in adobo, perhaps the best known of Filipino dishes, whose ingredients and method predate its Spanish name.
Of all Filipino dishes, adobo “Has the most leeway for a cook’s imagination, hubris, art or bigoted sense of one’s own mother’s love-and-greatness,” the novelist Gina Apostol said.
Is adobo the dish that speaks most directly to the Filipino soul? Ms. Fernandez argued otherwise, in favor of sinigang, a soup she described as “The dish most representative of Filipino taste,” in part because it’s adaptable “To all classes and budgets.” Recipes differ, but the goal is the same: a sourness so profound that the first sip should make you shudder.
“Sinigang is what my mother would make for me when I was sick,” said Alexandra Cuerdo, the director of the documentary “Ulam: Main Dish,” about the rise of Filipino food in America, which is set to premiere at the San Francisco International Film Festival next month.
Place matters to Filipinos, who often have tangled roots as a result of internal migration and speak multiple languages.
The opaque stew, classically loaded with offal, is often passed off by Filipino immigrant parents as “Chocolate meat” to their suspicious children.
Some popular desserts that have European origins are now thought of as wholly Filipino: wobbly leche flan, custard under a gooey drape of caramel; Sans Rival, a dacquoise-like palimpsest of cashews, meringue and buttercream, which the chef Nora Daza served in the 1970s at her Paris restaurant Aux Iles Philippines to the likes of Brigitte Bardot and Simone de Beauvoir; and mango royale, a crema de fruta turned icebox cake, with layers of cream and mangos teetering on overripe.

The orginal article.

Summary of “5 Useful Resume Sites for Preparing a CV That Gets Read in 2018”

In 2018, you need a resume that can be printed as well as shared via a link.
Torre Bio: Mobile-Friendly Graphical CV. Chances are, a recruiter is going to read your resume on their phone.
So you need to format your CV for mobiles 4 Resume Formatting Tips to Make Your CV Mobile Friendly if you want to make an impression.
This is the best no-strings-attached online resume maker 5 Top Resume Builder Sites to Create Your Resume Online I have seen.
I’d recommend signing up for Resume Beacon so it saves your data and you can add, delete, or modify your resume in the future.
Once you build your CV with this, you can download it as LaTeX or JSON. And that, in turn, gives you plenty of flexibility to import your resume into different templates and resume makers.
Just in case you like one of the templates on the site, you can download it as a PDF. Before that, LaTeX Resume will guide you through every step of making a CV, telling you what to put in your profile, education, work, skills, projects, and awards sections.
Once you are done picking the one you like, you need to also check our list of the last resume tools you’ll ever need The Last 5 Resume-Building Apps and Sites You’ll Ever Need.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Building better men: how we can begin to redefine masculinity”

We need to shift from an intervention mindset – trying to shift young men’s conceptions of masculinity after they’ve already been formed – to a prevention mindset in which we help boys develop healthier ideas about gender to start with.
Research suggests middle school could be an ideal time to inoculate boys against toxic masculinity.
Middle school boys’ ability to resist traditional masculine norms is relatively strong, but weakens when they get to high school.
Maine Boys to Men, a program that has long worked with high school boys, is developing a curriculum for middle school boys that teaches them to see and sidestep the rigid gender roles they’re already growing into.
MBTM adapted its high school curriculum for a middle school audience and tested it during the 2015-2016 academic year, reaching just over 500 boys in southern Maine.
The idea is simple: the group leader draws a big box on the chalkboard, and the boys brainstorm stereotypes of masculinity.
The completed visual serves as a jumping off point to discuss how confining traditional masculinity can be and how harmful to both boys and girls, both men and women.
Feedback from the middle school boys is almost universally positive, with most of them saying they’re going to change the way they talk to people or adjust their judgments about how others do gender.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why the secret to nailing an interview is the exact opposite of what everybody thinks”

Among 2,600 CEO candidates analyzed by Professors Steve Kaplan and Morten Sørensen of the University of Chicago and Columbia University, the more likeable leaders had higher odds of getting hired for any leadership position.
Highly confident candidates were 2.5 times more likely to be hired.
During the CEO Genome Project, we ran 212 CEO interview transcripts through SAS text-mining software, searching for linguistic patterns behind hire and no-hire decisions.
Candidates for United States-based companies who had a significant accent were, twelve to one, less likely to be hired.
Interview candidates who used more esoteric, intellectual, or “Ivory tower” vocabulary were, eight to one, less likely to be hired.
Candidates who used more colloquial language were, eight to one, more likely to be hired.
The goal is to balance the “I” with the “We.” All candidates use “I” when describing their accomplishments at a higher rate than “We.” But the weakest candidates used “I” at twice the rate of the rest of the interview candidates.
The best candidates are clear about their individual contributions without overusing “I.” Candidates who go on and on with their own accolades and accomplishments impress decision makers less than the ones who say, “My proudest achievement was the moment the team began to knock it out of the park” – and then clearly explain their role in the team’s achievement.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Swedish CEO Who Runs His Company Like a CrossFit Gym”

As a hard-working employee, you will be measured by and rewarded for the long hours you put in at the office and the gym.
He’s the CEO and self-titled “Head Coach” of Björn Borg, the Swedish sports fashion company named after the tennis star.
Last fall, we joined Bunge and his employees for “Sports hour,” a mandatory fitness class for all employees every Friday between 11 and noon.
Intrigued by our lunch meeting with Bunge, one of us embarked on an ethnographic study of the company which has now lasted for over a year.
At Björn Borg, their key performance indicators have improved after Bunge was brought in as CEO: net sales increased by 27% between 2013 and 2016, and operating profits tripled.
During 2016, employee engagement increased by 3%, to 75%. Bunge also points out that investments in general health and work-life balance, including workshops on stress management and sleep, have made a positive impact on the lives of his employees.
While the CEO takes pride in these figures and workplace changes, they will still need to grow sales by another 56% and boost employee engagement by another 15% in three years if they are to reach their 2019 goals.
A number of employees have also made comments about staff turnover: according to figures provided by the company, the employee exit rate as a whole increased from 8% to 25% between 2014 and 2016.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Good Leaders Make Good Schools”

After a contentious strike in 2012, Emanuel managed to extend the school day.
We’ve spent a lot of time over the past few decades debating how to restructure schools.
Researchers from the University of Minnesota and the University of Toronto studied 180 schools across nine states and concluded, “We have not found a single case of a school improving its student achievement record in the absence of talented leadership.”
How do students feel about their schooling? How do they understand motivation? Do they have a growth mind-set to understand their own development?
These attitudes are powerfully and subtly influenced by school culture, by the liturgies of practice that govern the school day: the rituals for welcoming members into the community; the way you decorate walls to display school values; the distribution of power across the community; the celebrations of accomplishment and the quality of trusting relationships.
In some schools, teachers see themselves as martyrs in a hopeless cause.
At Independence Middle School in Cleveland, principal Kevin Jakub pushes a stand-up desk on wheels around the school all day.
A lot of teachers want to be left alone and a lot of principals don’t want to give away power, but successful schools are truly collaborative.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Kidnapped Royalty Become Pawns in Iran’s Deadly Plot”

Within days of the hunters’ kidnapping, the Qatari government determined that the royals were almost certainly being held by a Shiite militia with ties to Iran.
The Qatari hostages were suddenly valuable pawns in this geopolitical game.
With the kidnapped Qatari hunters, Iran acquired some very powerful leverage over those same rebels – or rather, over their chief benefactor in Doha.
The Qataris, less interested in the larger implications of the deal than the well-being of the royals, readily agreed to host a long series of talks involving the various parties to the four-towns deal: Hezbollah, the Iranians and the rebel militias.
One night, around the same time, the Qatari negotiating team in Baghdad slipped out of the Green Zone in an S.U.V. They changed cars repeatedly in a vain effort to avoid drawing the attention of Iraqi officials and ended up at a rendezvous with a Shiite militia in the Karada neighborhood.
There remains an obvious mystery in the case of the kidnapped Qataris.
My friend Theo Padnos, who wrote about his two-year kidnapping ordeal in Syria for this magazine, was freed through Qatari mediation and possibly Qatari money.
Qataris have a reputation for privacy and reserve, and in more than a decade of visiting Doha I have never once been inside a Qatari home.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Fake food or fraud food in Nigeria, Kenya and other African countries”

According to the United States’ Grocery Manufacturers Association, food fraud affects approximately 10 percent of all commercially sold food products and costs the global food industry between $10 billion and $15 billion annually.
There is no way to know to what extent food fraud is contributing to stunting, which affects 34% of under five-year old African children, with lifelong impacts on physical and intellectual development.
We do not yet know the full economic or health impacts of food fraud, but it seems certain that if left unchecked, this trend will exacerbate the nutrition and health challenges facing many countries in Africa.
The Kenya Bureau of Standards and the Ghana Food and Drug Authority are likewise raising awareness among traders and retailers about the harmful effects of food fraud.
Only by exercising our collective political will and commitment to the health, food security, and economic development of Africa can we halt food fraud and rebuild the public’s trust in food.
African governments must set high regulatory standards for food content and labeling, track and prevent counterfeit imported and local produced food.
The African Union should establish a Food Fraud Network, similar to that of the European Union, to detect cross-border fraud, and train food inspectors, police, customs officers and others.
The African Regional Economic Communities must sign formal trade agreements with their counterparts in Europe, Latin America, Asia and the Americas focused on food safety and food fraud standards.

The orginal article.