Summary of “China’s breathtaking transformation into a scientific superpower”

The report’s main conclusion lies elsewhere: China has become – or is on the verge of becoming – a scientific and technical superpower.
China has become the second- largest R&D spender, accounting for 21 percent of the world total of nearly $2 trillion in 2015.
Only the United States, at 26 percent, ranks higher, but if present growth rates continue, China will soon become the biggest spender.
Although the United States and the European Union each produce more studies on biomedical subjects, China leads in engineering studies.
American papers tend to be cited more often than the Chinese papers , suggesting that they involve more fundamental research questions, but China is catching up.
Technology is mobile, and gains made in China could be enjoyed elsewhere, and vice versa.
In our contentious world, China’s technological prowess is potentially threatening, as the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, a congressional watchdog group, has often pointed out.
If China makes a breakthrough in a crucial technology – satellites, missiles, cyberwarfare, artificial intelligence, electromagnetic weapons – the result could be a major shift in the strategic balance and, possibly, war.

The orginal article.