Summary of “Track’s New Gender Rules Could Exclude Some Female Athletes”

The regulations are meant to ensure “Fair and meaningful competition within the female classification,” according to track’s governing body, the International Association of Athletics Federations, known as the I.A.A.F.Athletes will not be required to undergo surgery to lower their hormone levels, the I.A.A.F. said, adding that the regulations are “In no way intended as any kind of judgment on, or questioning of, the sex or the gender identity of any athlete.”
The regulations will affect female track athletes with naturally occurring testosterone levels above five nanomoles per liter.
According to the I.A.A.F., most women, including elite female athletes, have testosterone levels from 0.12 to 1.79 nanomoles per liter, while the normal male range is 7.7 to 29.4 nanomoles per liter.
“To the best of our knowledge, there is no other genetic or biological trait encountered in female athletics that confers such a huge performance advantage,” the I.A.A.F. said in the regulations and supporting documents obtained by The New York Times.
The regulations represent an attempt by the I.A.A.F. to reinstate rules governing female athletes with elevated testosterone levels, which were suspended in 2015 by the Swiss-based Court of Arbitration for Sport, a rough equivalent of the Supreme Court for international sports.
Because the hammer throw and the pole vault, which showed the highest performance advantage for women with elevated testosterone in the 2017 I.A.A.F. study, are not included in the new rules, the regulations appear to be arbitrary and political and not based on solid science, said Katrina Karkazis, a bioethicist and visiting senior fellow at the Global Health Justice Partnership at Yale, who has written extensively on hyperandrogenism and athletic performance.
Female athletes with elevated testosterone levels will essentially face a “Choice of no choice,” Ms. Karkazis said.
Paul Melia, the president and chief executive of the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport, said in an interview from Ottawa on Wednesday that because athletes with hyperandrogenism identify and live as females, and present physically as females, “They have a human right to participate in sport in the gender they identify with.”

The orginal article.