Summary of “Code Has Been in Control For Much Longer Than You Might Think”

The word “Code” derives from the Latin codex, meaning “a system of laws.” Today “Code” is used in various distinct contexts-computer code, genetic code, cryptologic code, ethical code, building code, and so forth-each of which has a common feature: They all contain instructions that describe a process.
As code advances, higher-level technologies feed on more fundamental technologies in much the same way more complex organisms feed on simpler organisms in the food chain.
Platforms provide essential structures for the code economy: The infrastructure that underlies a city is a standardized platform.
In the past 200 years, the complexity of code has increased by orders of magnitude.
Death rates began to fall rapidly in the middle of the 19th century, due to a combination of increased agricultural output, improved hygiene, and the beginning of better medical practices-all different dimensions of the advance of code.
Greater numbers of people living in greater density than ever before accelerated the advance of code.
The second epochal change related to the advance of code is that we have, to an increasing degree, ceded to other people-and to code itself-authority and autonomy, which for millennia we had kept unto ourselves and our immediate tribal groups as uncodified cultural norms.
We depend for our survival on an ever-growing array of services provided by others, who in turn are ceding an increasing amount of their authority to code.

The orginal article.