Summary of “A Fast-Food Problem: Where Have All the Teenagers Gone?”

“What employees? We don’t have them anymore,” joked Mr. Miller, who can’t find enough workers for the three Subways he owns in Northern California.
Restaurant owners are also worrying about increased immigration enforcement: Nearly 20 percent of workers are foreign-born.
Fast food is feeling the pinch acutely, especially as one important source of workers has dried up.
At $10.93 an hour, the pay is still less than half the average for an hourly employee, pushing companies to offer more incentives – like dental insurance, sign-up bonuses and even travel reimbursement – to entice workers.
That’s good news for workers like Juan Morales, who has assembled sandwiches at a Subway on Staten Island for more than 15 years.
Mr. Haskell analyzed public financial filings from 15 major chains and determined that those companies spent about $73 million more on labor last year than the year before.
McDonald’s has announced that it will expand its tuition-reimbursement program, committing $150 million over five years to tuition reimbursement for employees who work at its stores for at least 90 days.
Replacing workers is also expensive: It costs about $2,000 to replace the average hourly restaurant worker, according to data from TDn2K. “Thirty years ago, I would not put up with the stuff I put up with today,” said John Motta, a longtime Dunkin’ Donuts franchisee in Nashua, N.H. When an employee recently missed a shift, one of his stores could serve only drive-through customers for about an hour.

The orginal article.