Summary of “Red State/Blue City Isn’t the Whole Story”

Increasingly, these electoral divisions are spilling over into open warfare as meddling states attempt to preempt or circumscribe the ability of their cities to reflect the views of their own residents.
A 2017 report from the National League of Cities lists preemption laws targeting local minimum wage ordinances in 24 states, prohibiting municipal broadband services in 17 states, and limiting local regulation of ride-sharing in 37 states.
Advocates of local control and the progressive resistance are rightly bringing attention to state-local preemption, but that focus gives only a partial picture of the complex structural relationship between states, their localities, and their citizens.
This is just one way out-of-touch state interests can preempt local know-how and disserve quality of life.
Some red states have progressive governance starting points; for example, laws enabling their cities to annex suburbs and grow a robust fiscal base.
At the same time, many blue states have rules that keep cities and suburban municipalities small and weak-“Little boxes with limited horizons,” in the memorable words of David Rusk.
This is particularly true in cities that are also state capitals, as Hartford is, dense with buildings and institutions that are exempt from tax.
Denmark also created a negotiated budget-making process between state government and municipalities.

The orginal article.