Summary of “What Self-Awareness Really Is”

A few years ago, my team of researchers and I embarked on a large-scale scientific study of self-awareness.
In 10 separate investigations with nearly 5,000 participants, we examined what self-awareness really is, why we need it, and how we can increase it.
Our research revealed many surprising roadblocks, myths, and truths about what self-awareness is and what it takes to improve it.
1: There Are Two Types of Self-Awareness For the last 50 years, researchers have used varying definitions of self-awareness.
The first, which we dubbed internal self-awareness, represents how clearly we see our own values, passions, aspirations, fit with our environment, reactions, and impact on others.
The second category, external self-awareness, means understanding how other people view us, in terms of those same factors listed above.
In our interviews, we found that people who improved their external self-awareness did so by seeking out feedback from loving critics – that is, people who have their best interests in mind and are willing to tell them the truth.
3: Introspection Doesn’t Always Improve Self-Awareness It is also widely assumed that introspection – examining the causes of our own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors – improves self-awareness.

The orginal article.