Summary of “Fellow Passengers”

An anthropologist from Mars might regard us humans as singularly insecure animals, curiously obsessed with identifying some quality that decisively distinguishes us from the rest of animal creation.
If we were more reflective creatures, we might realize that the answer has been staring us in the face all along: We are the animals curiously obsessed with distinguishing ourselves from the rest of animal creation.
So the available evidence seems to indicate that phenomenal consciousness is correlated with “Widespread., relatively fast., low-amplitude. interactions in the thalamocortical. region of the brain.”7 The case for phenomenal consciousness in animals is straightforward: We find precisely the same kind of neural activity in many other animals, including, as stated in the Declaration, “All mammals and birds, and many other creatures, including octopuses.” The neural correlates of phenomenal consciousness in humans are also found in these other species, suggesting very strongly that they are conscious also.
The tests are all variations on a single theme: An animal is presented with two opaque cups, A and B. The animal is initially shown two empty cups, then sees an experimenter baiting one of the cups.
26.Are Animals Moral? Can animals be moral? That is, can they have motivations that are genuinely moral, and can they act because of these motivations? Someone who is tempted by a positive answer to this question is likely to find little succor among scientists and philosophers; the possibility of moral behavior in animals has been dismissed by almost all of this demographic.
We like to kill animals that like to eat animals that we like to eat.
Animals are our fellow passengers on this bus to who knows where.
“Consists of its attitude towards those who are at its mercy: animals. And in this respect, mankind has suffered a fundamental debacle, a debacle so fundamental that all others stem from it.”34 When the animal on the bus looks at us, we must, with all our heart and sinew, try to look back, and see her for what she really is: a fellow passenger who is really not that different from us.

The orginal article.