Summary of “Want a Standing Desk? Show This Study to Your Boss”

Standing desks became trendy because of their ability to cut into your sitting time, thereby improving your health and wellness in the workplace.
A small new study says the benefits don’t stop there: standing desks may actually improve your job performance, too.
Office workers who used desks that could be adjusted for sitting or standing reported significant reductions in the amount of time they spent sitting, better health and improved work performance at the end of a year-long trial, compared to employees who sat at their desks as usual.
The results were published Wednesday in the BMJ. The study involved 146 people who worked in office roles at the University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust in the U.K. Seventy-six participants were given sit-stand desks and completed training meant to encourage less sitting at work, including an educational seminar, individual coaching sessions and even a smart seat cushion, which reminded people to stand by vibrating.
People in the other group didn’t get any coaching and worked at their desks as normal.
Over the course of the year, people in the intervention group began sitting much less than people in the control group: After three months, they spent 50 fewer minutes seated each day.
The research suggests that sit-stand desks, which can be adjusted throughout the day, may be a better option than either static sitting or standing desks.
The results of the new study will need to be replicated in a larger group of people.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Dire Warnings of the United Nations’ Latest Climate-Change Report”

Since the 2009 United Nations climate talks, in Copenhagen, the consensus among scientists and policymakers has been that two degrees Celsius should be the limit; any further temperature increase would be catastrophic.
As a result, the final Paris Agreement declared that, while warming shall not surpass two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, countries should pursue “Efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees C.” The Alliance of Small Island States also asked the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change-the scientific body that informs the climate policies of the United Nations’ member states-to prepare a special report on the specific impacts of global warming of 1.5 degrees, along with ways the world could feasibly keep the temperature from rising further.
The summary tells a nightmarish tale-one much worse than any of those in the I.P.C.C.’s previous reports-surveying the climate-change impacts we’re already experiencing with one degree of warming, and the severity of the impacts to come once we surpass 1.5 degrees of warming.
With two degrees of warming, three times as many insects, and twice as many plants and vertebrates, will lose their geographic range, when compared with warming of 1.5 degrees.
To keep warming at 1.5 degrees, governments and private businesses must make unprecedented changes-on a sweeping global scale-in energy systems, land management, building efficiency, industrial operations, shipping and aviation, and city-wide design.
“Human activities,” the report’s authors note, have already caused the global mean temperature to increase as much as 1.2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with greater warming in certain regions, and particularly in the Arctic.
If warming continues at its current rate, it could reach 1.5 degrees by the time a child who is now a toddler starts high school.
The rate of sea-level rise accelerates once the West Antarctic Ice Sheet hits its tipping point-likely set to occur somewhere between 1.5 and two degrees of warming, if it hasn’t occurred already-when physics demands the whole sheet will irreversibly disintegrate.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The lost art of concentration: being distracted in a digital world”

We have known for a long time that repeated interruptions affect concentration.
“My mind would get caught up in the narrative or the turns of the argument, and I’d spend hours strolling through long stretches of prose. That’s rarely the case any more. Now my concentration often starts to drift after two or three pages. I get fidgety, lose the thread, begin looking for something else to do. I feel as if I’m always dragging my wayward brain back to the text. The deep reading that used to come naturally has become a struggle.”
Put simply, better concentration makes life easier and less stressful and we will be more productive.
Every time your concentration is interrupted by a stray thought, wait until the second hand is at the 12 again, and start again.
In an effort to improve concentration skills, it’s worth considering how looking at and then visualising something, can reinforce concentration.
There is no right or wrong way to do this, it’s just an opportunity to practise focus and improve concentration.
Music is often just a background noise but real, complicated musical notation can be more than just pleasurable, it can be a real boon to helping relearn concentration skills.
Like anything, single-minded attention may need relearning in order to enjoy reading for pleasure again, but close reading in itself can be a route to better concentration.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Causes of colorectal cancer: obesity may play a role”

It’s one of the mysteries that has puzzled cancer epidemiologists: Why are younger and younger people becoming sick with colorectal cancer?
In 2017, researchers at the American Cancer Society showed colorectal cancer is rising sharply in younger generations.
The link between obesity and colorectal cancer Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in the United States, with a lifetime risk of 4 to 5 percent in men and women.
The main reason obesity is thought of as a potential driver of early-onset colorectal cancer is because it’s associated with inflammation in the body.
The new JAMA study looked at 85,000 women aged 25 to 42 who were followed from 1989 to 2011 as part of the ongoing Nurses’ Health Study II. The researchers mapped early-onset colorectal cancers against body mass index – both current and at age 18 – to figure out whether having a higher BMI at any point in a person’s life was associated with greatest colorectal cancer risk before age 50.
So people with obesity had nearly double the risk of early-onset colorectal cancer compared with women in the normal BMI range.
In other words, it looked like as obesity rates climb, so too does colorectal cancer risk.
Why this mystery is hard to solve But the impact of obesity on cancer risk is pretty hard to untangle from other behaviors or attributes people with obesity may have, like their diet.

The orginal article.

Summary of “I Built My Multimillion-Dollar Side-Hustle While Working a Full-Time Job and So Can You”

Juggling a side hustle alongside a full-time commitment will stretch you in every way possible, but the rewards are even more fulfilling.
According to estimates, more than 44 million Americans have a side hustle.
Side hustles are a low-risk way to earn extra cash or explore a passion – and there’s always the chance they could become full time.
Within 11 months, my side hustle was generating more than $250K a month.
Use them as you launch your side hustle to maximize your chance of success.
Time is your biggest obstacle when running a side hustle.
Building a successful side hustle will change your life thanks to the new experiences, insane personal growth, and freedoms that come from being your own boss.
Juggling a side hustle alongside a full-time commitment will stretch you in every way possible.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Pentagon’s Weapons Are ‘Easily Hacked’ With ‘Basic Tools'”

The Pentagon didn’t bother to change the default passwords on “Multiple” weapon systems using commercial or open source software, the report says, essentially treating cutting edge military tech like a lazy person treats a new internet router.
“The own testing shows they can be pretty easily hacked,” Cristina T. Chaplain, the lead author of the report, said on the GAO’s podcast on Tuesday.
“In one case, it took a two-person test team just one hour to gain initial access to a weapon system and one day to gain full control of the system they were testing,” the GAO report said.
Another team easily took control of a the operator’s terminal for an unspecified weapon system and watched in real-time as the operators responded to the hackers’ disruptions.
Image: GAO. The GAO has been warning the Pentagon about the software vulnerabilities in weapon systems as far back as 1997, but the military has done little to fix the problems.
The Pentagon wasn’t practicing basic internet security hygiene, the GAO report found.
In another test, simply scanning a weapons system for vulnerabilities was enough to shut parts of the system down.
The GAO said that most of the officials it met with felt their weapons systems were secure, even if they’d never been tested.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Staying Focused in a Noisy Open Office”

How can you make peace with your open office? How should you handle loud coworkers who are disturbing your focus? What’s the best way to cope with the noise and distractions in your office without coming across as antisocial or rude?
As companies increasingly adopt an open layout, it’s important to learn how to deal with unwanted noise, says Karen Dillon, the author of the HBR Guide to Office Politics.
Even the most open of open offices tends to have discrete spaces that allow employees to remove themselves from the commotion.
If your problem isn’t the open office per se, but one talkative and very loud coworker, it might be time to “Speak with your manager about moving desks,” says Dillon.
Do:. Talk with your manager and your team about how you can all work optimally in an open office.
“Working in an open office environment allows me be approachable and accessible for everyone,” she says.
Kaitlin Stewart, senior account executive at the TASC Group, the public relations agency, works in an open office with eight of her colleagues.
For the most part, Kaitlin views the open office as beneficial for her team’s camaraderie.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What Would Happen If Everyone Truly Believed Everything Is One?”

Despite the prevalence of this belief, there has been a lack of a well validated measure in psychology that captures this belief.
While certain measures of spirituality do exist, the belief in oneness questions are typically combined with other questions that assess other aspects of spirituality, such as meaning, purpose, sacredness, or having a relationship with God.
A belief in oneness was more strongly related to feeling connected with distant people and aspects of the natural world than with people with whom one is close! Also, while a belief in oneness was related to actual experiences of oneness, there was no relationship between a belief in oneness and feeling closer to God during a spiritual experience.
In their second study, the researchers looked at values and self-views that might be related to the belief in oneness.
A belief in oneness was also associated with feeling connected to others through a recognition of our common humanity, common problems, and common imperfections.
At the same time, there was no relationship between a belief in oneness and the degree to which people endorsed self-focused values such as hedonism, self-direction, security, or achievement.
There is an abundance of identity politics these days, with people believing that their own ideology is the best one, and a belief that those who disagree with one’s own ideology are evil or somehow less than human.
Even if some adults may be hopeless when it comes to changing their beliefs, most children are not.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Rick Stein obituary: daughter writes it as funny mystery”

“Rick Stein, 71, of Wilmington was reported missing and presumed dead on September 27, 2018 when investigators say the single-engine plane he was piloting, The Northrop, suddenly lost communication with air traffic control and disappeared over the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Rehoboth Beach. Philadelphia police confirm Stein had been a patient at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital where he was being treated for a rare form of cancer. Hospital spokesman Walter Heisenberg says doctors from Stein’s surgical team went to visit him on rounds when they discovered his room was empty. Security footage shows Stein leaving the building at approximately 3:30 Thursday afternoon, but then the video feed mysteriously cuts off.”
“Authorities say they believe Stein took an Uber to the Philadelphia airport where they assume he somehow gained access to the aircraft. ‘The sea was angry that day,’ said NTSB lead investigator Greg Fields in a news conference. ‘We have no idea where Mr. Stein may be, but any hope for a rescue is unlikely.”‘.
She quotes Stein’s brother as saying Stein couldn’t have been a pilot; the two owned a jewelry and Oriental rug gallery together.
His sister says she thought Stein was a cartoonist and freelance television critic for the New Yorker.
“David Walsh, Stein’s son-in-law, said he was certain Stein was a political satirist for Huffington Post while grandsons Drake and Sam said they believed Stein wrote an Internet sports column for ESPN covering Duke basketball, FC Barcelona soccer, the Denver Broncos and the Tour de France. Stein’s granddaughter Evangeline claims he was a YouTube sensation who had just signed a seven-figure deal with Netflix.”
One nephew said he is sure Stein was a trail guide in Rocky Mountain National Park, and another said his uncle was a consultant for a record chain and ran a group of legal recreational marijuana dispensaries.
“Detectives say they were unable to interview Mrs. Stein, however neighbors say they witnessed her leaving the home the couple shared wearing dark sunglasses and a fedora, loading multiple suitcases into her car. FAA records show she purchased a pair of one-way tickets to Rome which was Mr. Stein’s favorite city. An anonymous source with the airline reports the name used to book the other ticket was Juan Morefore DeRoad, which, according to the FBI, was an alias Stein used for many years.”
Once the obituary, also posted on the Chandler Funeral Home and Crematory site, was published, dozens of friends and strangers alike joined the goof and wrote in about many fantastic and outlandish achievements they said belonged to Stein.

The orginal article.