Summary of “Georgia Law Discourages Any Smartphone Use by Drivers”

Georgia’s law represents a profoundly different strategy than what smartphone critics usually suggest.
The tech-mindfulness guru Tristan Harris has recommended turning your smartphone screen to grayscale to make it less compelling.
Deleting social apps is another popular tactic, along with scheduling time away from the device entirely-Sherry Turkle urges people to forego devices during the holidays.
All of these techniques put the burden of rebuffing the smartphone on the individual user.
It’s also too easy to romanticize life before the smartphone.
Eschewing my smartphone didn’t make me feel more present or less wicked.
What did people do at traffic lights before the iPhone? They sat there, zoned out, daydreamed, worried-often no more engaged with the world around them than today’s drivers.
If smartphones are indeed a social concern, bureaucracy offers one way to break the back of their compulsion.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Truth About ‘Video Game Addiction'”

At one point, researchers diagnosed gaming disorder using 18 different methods, producing prevalence rates between 0% and 45%. Now, according to the WHO, gaming disorder is “Characterized by impaired control over gaming, increasing priority given to gaming over other activities to the extent that gaming takes precedence over other interests and daily activities, and continuation or escalation of gaming despite the occurrence of negative consequences.” The WHO adds that, to fit the bill, a gamer’s habits have to impact their social, educational, and occupational lives for about a year.
Experts on the psychology of gaming have themselves warned of a “Moral panic” around gaming addiction, in one paper arguing that it “Continues to risk pathologizing normal behaviors,” adding, “Video game addiction might be a real thing, but it is not the epidemic that some have made it out to be.”
Most recovered gaming addicts Kotaku interviewed attested that video games were far from the root of their problems.
He told me, “I started playing a lot of video games, having never heard of video game addiction.” Scott is loath to mention what games he compulsively played, arguing that the nature of the activity doesn’t matter when he’s talking about the bigger issue of a general addiction disorder.
Curiously, a lot of sources who believe their gaming addiction stems from mental health conditions like depression or anxiety were unhappy about the WHO’s “Gaming disorder” classification.
Although recovered addicts agreed that addressing root causes for gaming addiction is key, Dr. Douglas Gentile, psychologist and Iowa State University’s Media Research Lab head, has another perspective.
It’s difficult to find lifelong gamers-people who operated under the gamer identity for decades-who attribute the root cause of their troubles to video games.
Cam, who now runs GameQuitters, the largest online support group for video game addiction, told me that’s probably because of a lasting stigma from the violent-games moral panic of the 1990s, when parents and governments were concerned that playing GoldenEye would turn kids into killers.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Giving people money, no strings attached, will end poverty and remake work.”

In an age where every day brings more doomsday forecasts of massive technologically driven unemployment, from driverless cars to A.I. robots as caregivers, journalist Annie Lowrey set out to answer a question: Is it possible to live in a world where we get what she calls “Wages for breathing”? This week her findings come out in Give People Money: How a Universal Basic Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionize Work, and Remake the World.
We spoke about what the idea of giving every American cash-no strings attached-would mean for work, gender inequality, and American identity, and whether it’s actually a policy that could pass in the U.S. given the current climate of tying even the most basic benefits to paid work.
UBI gives women something of a choice: Do I take UBI and do care work? On top of that, because care work is so undercompensated and so many women, and particularly women of color, work for poverty wages taking care of kids, the elderly, and as physician assistants in hospitals, what would it mean to boost their wages with $1,000? You could refuse a job that is low pay and has bad working conditions.
There are a number of men and women doing this essential work and making economic decisions for essential work in ways that are unseen and undervalued.
Work requirements increase stigma and people will drop out because of the hassle, because they do not qualify, and because of stigma.
2020 candidates are discussing Medicare for all, free public tuition, and all of those ideas are animated by the same principles as UBI. The Clinton team had a proposal to change TANF, what most people think of when they think of welfare, to a direct cash benefit to children-instead of a work requirement for their moms.
The European nobility didn’t work or have jobs: You can watch any costume drama and shows with people playing the harp and reading.
In poverty expert Luke Shaefer’s work, even low-income moms valorize work even though it’s often not possible for them to work.

The orginal article.

Summary of “With the #InMyFeelingsChallenge, Drake has captured the internet’s attention yet again”

Spurning a recent trend of tight hip-hop and R&B albums, Drake dropped an Infinite Jest-sized brick onto everyone’s summer listening list.
Snuffed out rap beef and blackface photo be damned, Drake had achieved internet virality yet again.
From his early days of being memed to the explosive popularity of his “Hotline Bling” music video, internet virality has always been a sustaining force of Drake’s career.
Recently, his desire to spark good-willed online discussion felt most bare when, after Pusha-T exposed that he has a “Secret” child he allegedly doesn’t care for, Drake briefly redirected the conversation to his time on the beloved teen soap opera “Degrassi.” The music video for “I’m Upset” built on nostalgia to not only defuse the bad PR from “Story of Adidon” but also rack up valuable YouTube streams and whatever music streaming spins that also led to.
On the internet, you never know what will catch on with the legion of detectives and culture miners using social media and music streaming platforms alike.
Drake’s very long album was going to get attention no matter what, but at the same time, “In My Feelings” wasn’t a single, it has yet to receive a gimmicky video, and it wasn’t a song initially pushed on Spotify’s official playlists.
Drake could have easily followed the current wave of short albums, like Pusha-T’s Kanye West-helmed label G.O.O.D. Music.
More than a testament to Drake’s ability to read Twitter, “Keke, do you love me?” offers a reminder that the algorithms and platforms, even with all their power, are still very much playing catch-up with the users they are designed to out think.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Apple Music is finally starting to win Spotify’s game.”

Last Thursday, Digital Music News reported that Apple Music overtook Spotify in paying subscribers in the United States.
Apple Music is becoming the platform of choice for more serious music fans.
The company’s previous success with iTunes showed that it could guide the music industry into a new digital waters, but in the digital-downloads era Apple didn’t face a competitor like Spotify.
Music Business Worldwide observed that when North Carolina rapper J. Cole released his latest album KOD in May, the album in the first day hit 64.5 million streams in the United States on Apple Music compared to only 36.7 million streams on Spotify-a nearly 30 million gap between the two platforms, despite Spotify’s overall user-base advantage.
The world of pop music is skewing heavily toward rap, which at the moment is the area where Apple Music is seeing the most success.
The power of its playlists can influence taste, but as Apple and Spotify get closer in listenership, it raises the question of which audience is more desirable: engaged or disengaged? Each new streaming milestone Drake breaks first on Apple Music makes a strong argument for pushing toward engaged listeners.
Apple Music got first dibs on Drake’s record-breaking 2016 album Views, while the rapper is now the avatar for the paid music streaming era.
Spotify built an impressive music platform, but by courting music’s more passive listeners; Apple Music is happily reaching-and billing-music’s most dedicated fans.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Ireland becomes world’s first country to divest from fossil fuels”

The Republic of Ireland will become the world’s first country to sell off its investments in fossil fuel companies, after a bill was passed with all-party support in the lower house of parliament.
Norway’s huge $1tn sovereign wealth fund has only partially divested from fossil fuels, targeting some coal companies, and is still considering its oil and gas holdings.
The fossil fuel divestment movement has grown rapidly and trillions of dollars of investment funds have been divested, including large pension funds and insurers, cities such as New York, churches and universities.
Supporters of divestment say existing fossil fuel resources are already far greater than can be burned without causing catastrophic climate change and that exploring and producing more fossil fuels is therefore morally wrong and economically risky.
The Irish state investment fund holds more than €300m in fossil fuel investments in 150 companies.
The bill defines a fossil fuel company as a company that derives 20% or more of its revenue from exploration, extraction or refinement of fossil fuels.
The bill also allows investment in Irish fossil fuel companies if this funds their move away from fossil fuels.
Gerry Liston at Global Legal Action Network, who drafted the bill, said: “Governments will not meet their obligations under the Paris agreement on climate change if they continue to financially sustain the fossil fuel industry. Countries the world over must now urgently follow Ireland’s lead and divest from fossil fuels.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “What Is Going on With the Rockets This Summer?”

Their situation may have already changed too much for the Rockets to pretend they’re the same team as last year.
Despite his late-season ineffectiveness due to shoulder injuries, Mbah a Moute was a vital contributor to the Rockets’ “Switch everything” defensive game plan last season-Paul presumably got the news at a Cavs-Pacers summer league game in Las Vegas, as he was sitting courtside as the story broke.
Rockets owner Tilman Fertitta, who spoke to ESPN prior to the team’s game against the Clippers on Monday, assured fans that these moves weren’t influenced by the team’s impending entry into the luxury-tax zone.
The Rockets are also expected to sign Carmelo Anthony to a deal once his buyout with the Thunder is complete.
The Rockets thrived in an isolation-heavy system last season, but it was rooted in James Harden and Chris Paul’s individual efficiency.
There’s been rumblings that Capela wants a $100 million deal, and that the Rockets offered a four-year deal worth around $60 million instead. Taking the qualifying offer is a risk, but it could be the only way Capela eventually gets both the freedom and the long-term money he envisioned.
The season is long, and as we saw from the Cavaliers last season, the Rockets don’t necessarily have to make all their moves during the summer to revitalize their team.
The Rockets only want another shot at the Warriors, and I’m sure possible deals will come up.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The real reason the sound of your own voice makes you cringe”

Most of us have shuddered on hearing the sound of our own voice.
Not liking the sound of your own voice is so common that there’s a term for it: voice confrontation.
A common explanation often found in popular media is that because we normally hear our own voice while talking, we receive both sound transferred to our ears externally by air conduction and sound transferred internally through our bones.
Basically, the reasoning is that because our recorded voice does not sound how we expect it to, we don’t like it.
Dr Silke Paulmann, a psychologist at the University of Essex, says, “I would speculate that the fact that we sound more high-pitched than what we think we should leads us to cringe as it doesn’t meet our internal expectations; our voice plays a massive role in forming our identity and I guess no one likes to realise that you’re not really who you think you are.”
When their own voice was secretly mixed in with these samples, participants gave significantly higher ratings to their voice when they did not recognise it as their own.
Through their experiments, the late psychologists Phil Holzemann and Clyde Rousey concluded in 1966 that voice confrontation arises not only from a difference in expected frequency, but also a striking revelation that occurs upon the realisation of all that your voice conveys.
He stands by the Holzemann and Rousey studies, saying: “When we hear our isolated voice which is disembodied from the rest of our behaviour, we may go through the automatic process of evaluating our own voice in the way we routinely do with other people’s voices I think we then compare our own impressions of the voice to how other people must evaluate us socially, leading many people to be upset or dissatisfied with the way they sound because the impressions formed do not fit with social traits they wish to project.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “A More Or Less Definitive Guide To Showing Up For Friends”

Showing up for other people is hard to describe, but you know it when you see it, or when someone does it for you.
The thing about showing up is that it’s not exactly easy.
Truly showing up for others requires you to do something that can be even harder – to show up for yourself first.
Showing up for yourself is what will allow you to be a better and more present friend/partner; will prevent resentment, one-sided relationships, and burnout; and will help you figure out exactly what showing up for your people should look like in practice.
Occasionally, we’ll get to make a grand enough gesture to light up several bulbs at once, but for the most part, showing up is best done one small, quiet act by small, quiet act.
As firm believers in the power of showing up – as people who have showed up for others, and who have felt the transformative, life-saving power of having people show up for us – we’ve put together a long list of ways to show up for your loved ones.
Because the more of us who show up for each other regularly, the more strands of lights we collectively turn on, and the brighter all of our paths become.
If you know in your heart that you *haven’t* been showing up for them, be honest about it.

The orginal article.

Summary of “When Cost-Plus Pricing Is a Good Idea”

Cost-plus pricing remains the most widespread pricing method, used to price everything from a bottle of beer in a bar to multibillion-dollar infrastructure projects.
The idea behind cost-plus pricing is straightforward.
Among pricing experts, cost-plus pricing is reviled for some legitimate reasons.
For stand-alone projects in particular, cost-plus pricing discourages efficiency and cost containment.
What can be a more reasonable explanation for a price increase than to state, “Our input costs went up by 8% this year, so we are raising our prices by 8%”? Clothing retailer Everlane goes even further, using cost-plus pricing to make its value proposition of “Radical transparency” come alive.
Cost-plus pricing is the very antithesis of value-based pricing, which seeks to discover differences between customers’ economic valuations and to exploit them by customizing prices.
Just consider the consumer outrage generated by Uber’s surge pricing, Coca-Cola’s dynamic vending machine pricing based on outside temperature, or the variable rate pricing of electric utilities.
For companies with a cost advantage or an interest in using price transparency as a differentiator, cost-plus pricing is a powerful strategic tool.

The orginal article.