Summary of “NPR Choice page”

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The orginal article.

Summary of “Pitfalls and Practicality in the Age of the QB Megadeal”

Two months later, Lions quarterback Matthew Stafford topped him with a five-year contract worth $27 million per year.
That’s a cool $27.9 million less than the 49ers will pay Garoppolo.
Oakland will pay offensive linemen Donald Penn, Kelechi Osemele, and Gabe Jackson a combined $29.4 million in 2018.
Atlanta will spend only $61.1 million on its defense in 2018, a total that equates to 36.4 percent of the cap.
Ryan’s extension came with a $17.7 million cap hit in 2018 that will take considerable jumps over the next few years.
Minnesota is slated to have about $32 in million cap space in 2019, according to Over the Cap, and that’s before knowing the full details of defensive end Danielle Hunter’s freshly signed five-year, $72 million deal.
With his fully guaranteed $84 million on the books over the next three seasons, that roster may not stay intact for a sustained stretch.
After rolling much of that over, San Francisco could have upward of $75 million in room come 2019, when it’ll pay Garoppolo just $20 million.

The orginal article.

Summary of “An 11-Year-Old Got Most Of Her Genes From Her Dad, And Almost None From Her Mom”

An 11-year-old girl from the Czech Republic was born with genes that came almost entirely from her father, instead of half from each parent.
Kalish heads a lab investigating ways to help children with imprinted gene disorders, conditions in which at least one gene is doubled up from mom or dad. “It doesn’t happen every day,” she said.
Subsequent testing showed that it wasn’t just that one gene – she had doubled up on her father’s genes in almost all of her chromosomes in most of her cells.
Only about 7% of her blood cells, for example, showed any maternal genes.
74% of the cells in her saliva held only paternal genes.
In the girl’s case, instead of the DNA from her father’s sperm and mother’s egg pairing up this way, two copies of the father’s genes zipped together to create a dad-dad set of 23 chromosomes, the full human genome.
For the 25 other cases, this doubling resulted in cancer, perhaps because their paternal DNA included double helpings of cancer-prone genes.
Her deafness may have been caused by her plethora of dad-dad genes, though not the gene that the doctors had initially suspected: Double copies of that gene are found in about 1 in 50 Europeans, with no discernible health effects.

The orginal article.

Summary of “In Remembrance of the Terrible, Meaningless Lakers”

Not one player who shared the floor with Kobe that night will be on the team when the 2018-19 season tips off and the Lakers usher in a new era of relevance.
Because the ease with which the team recovered from that span explains more about the Lakers than all of the stories that we’ll actually remember.
After winning the season series against the Lakers just once in the first 28 years that the two teams shared a city, the Clippers have won every season series since 2012-13, going 21-3 with three season sweeps.
The Clippers’ brief run of L.A. dominance will be forgotten, as the Lakers have snapped back to relevance simply by being the Lakers.
In their fallow years, the Lakers did not act like a rebuilding team.
The primary reason the Lakers should challenge for championships moving forward is because LeBron wanted to play for the Lakers, and he wanted to play for the Lakers primarily because they’re the Lakers.
If any other team in the NBA was as bad as the Lakers for as long as the Lakers while making as many horrible choices as the Lakers, we’d treat them like, well, the Clippers.
We remember the Lakers for their peaks: Showtime, with Magic, Kareem, and Big Game James; the three-peat, with Shaq, Kobe, and Phil; and now a future with LeBron James, perhaps the greatest player of them all.

The orginal article.

Summary of “To Make Sense of the Present, Brains May Predict the Future”

Enter predictive coding theory, which offers specific formulations of how brains can be Bayesian.
These prediction errors, researchers say, help animals update their future expectations and drive decision-making.
If the brain were simply representing its perceptual experience, the strongest signal should have corresponded to “Ick” instead. But efforts are also ongoing to widen predictive coding’s relevance beyond perception and motion – to establish it as the common currency of everything going on in the brain.
Some researchers theorize that emotions and moods can be formulated in predictive coding terms: Emotions could be states the brain represents to minimize prediction error about internal signals such as body temperature, heart rate or blood pressure.
Not everyone agrees that the case for predictive coding in the brain is strengthening.
To David Heeger, a professor of psychology at New York University, it’s important to make a distinction between “Predictive coding,” which he says is about transmitting information efficiently, and “Predictive processing,” which he defines as prediction-making over time.
Last year, researchers at the University of Sussex even used virtual reality and artificial intelligence technologies that included predictive coding features to create what they called the “Hallucination Machine,” a tool that was able to mimic the altered hallucinatory states typically caused by psychedelic drugs.
Machine learning advances could be used to provide new insights into what’s happening in the brain by comparing how well predictive coding models perform against other techniques.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Can meditation really make the world a better place?”

Studies on the prosocial effects of meditation almost always support the power of meditation – the power not only of transforming the individual but of changing society.
Our analysis suggests that meditation per se does not, alas, make the world a more compassionate place.
Here the results of our analysis suggest that meditation per se does not, alas, make the world a more compassionate place.
In the heydays of transcendental meditation research in the 1970s, Jonathan C Smith developed a 71-page manual describing the rationale and benefits of a meditation technique.
The media buzz around meditation – which portrays it as a cure for a range of mental-health problems, the key to improved wellbeing and to changing one’s brain for the better – is also very likely to feed back to participants, who will expect to see benefits from a meditation intervention.
In the study of meditation there is another complication: many of the researchers, and therefore the reviewers of journal articles, are personally invested in meditation not only as practitioners and enthusiasts but also as providers of meditation programmes from which their institutions or themselves financially profit.
What if meditation doesn’t work for you? Or worse, what if it makes you feel depressed, anxious or psychotic? The evidence for such symptoms is predictably scarce in recent literature, but reports from the 1960s and ’70s warn of the dark side of transcendental meditation.
We] haven’t stopped believing in meditation’s ability to fuel change but [we are] concerned that the science of meditation is promoting a skewed view: meditation wasn’t developed so we could lead less stressful lives or improve our wellbeing.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The World’s Worst Industrial Disaster Is Still Unfolding”

Right next door is 15-year-old Fiza, who didn’t speak for the first five years of her life, and still has heart palpitations, dizzy spells, and headaches.
Six years ago, responding to relentless efforts from activists, the Indian Supreme Court ordered the city to install pipes that bring in clean water from the Narmada River.
Like Munni bi, Sakina is convinced that the water she and her children drank for many years is to blame for all these ills.
On days when the pipes don’t sing at all, people still boil the contaminated water from the hand pumps to bathe and wash clothes-as they were doing on one of the days I visited Annu Nagar.
The study includes data from people exposed to the gas who then moved away and did not drink the water; those who, like Munni bi and Sakina, moved into the neighborhoods after the leak and so were only ever exposed to the water; those who were exposed to both; and those who were exposed to neither.
Mulay’s team is still analyzing the data, but preliminary results indicate that people exposed to the gas or the water or both have a higher incidence of cancer, tuberculosis, and paralysis than those exposed to neither.
His father died years ago of respiratory problems; his mother still struggles to catch her breath.
Experts in waste management are flabbergasted to learn that the site of the world’s largest industrial disaster has yet to be decontaminated.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Slow Cooker Pineapple Teriyaki Chicken”

I still needed to eat, so I threw together the easiest thing possible, this Slow Cooker Pineapple Teriyaki Chicken.
Yes, you can make this Slow Cooker Pineapple Teriyaki Chicken with breasts instead, but I will warn you that they will turn out a little more dry and not nearly as succulent as these dark meat thighs.
There is plenty of pineapple teriyaki sauce in the pot at the end of cooking, so spoon the meat, sauce, and pineapple over some hot rice, or a big ol’ pile of vegetables.
With just a few ingredients, dinner doesn’t get easier than this Slow Cooker Pineapple Teriyaki Chicken.
Place the chicken thighs in the slow cooker and pour the pineapple teriyaki sauce over top.
Carefully lift the chicken out of the slow cooker.
To make the pineapple teriyaki sauce, combine the 3/4 cup pineapple juice with 1/4 cup soy sauce, 2 Tbsp brown sugar, 2 cloves garlic, and about 1 tsp grated fresh ginger.
Place five skinless chicken thighs in the slow cooker and pour the marinade over top.

The orginal article.

Summary of “AT&T’s Doomed Plans to Turn HBO Into Netflix”

Netflix is a production company of peerless scale when it comes to TV. It’s projected to spend $12 to $13 billion on original programming in 2018; meanwhile, HBO spent $2.5 billion on its shows in 2017.
HBO has always had more of a “Prestige” bent, taking a very long time to develop its shows and launching them with extreme fanfare, with an eye toward awards.
Stankey seems to view that deliberate pace as a result of laziness, and his desire to upend the network’s careful approach to putting out new shows could mean the end of HBO as we know it.
People pay a fee to subscribe; HBO uses that money to license movies and produce TV for subscribers to watch.
Because of the company’s longtime reputation for high-quality, Emmy-winning shows like Game of Thrones and Big Little Lies, plenty of people subscribe, and HBO makes a lot of money.
Producing more original shows means Netflix burns through more money-a March 2017 report found Netflix had a negative free cash flow of $2.1 billion.
As he assumes control at Warner Media, Stankey is correct in identifying HBO as the company’s only obvious Netflix rival.
The kind of staggering growth he wants will necessarily disrupt the calculated approach to development that has distinguished HBO for two decades.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The staggering rise of India’s super-rich”

Voters turned to Narendra Modi, the self-described son of a poor tea-seller, hoping he would deliver a new era of clean governance and rapid growth, ridding India of a growing reputation for crony capitalism.
As Narendra Modi gears up for a tough re-election battle next year, he is fighting the perception that India is unable to bring such men to heel, and that it has been powerless to respond to the rise of this new moneyed elite and the scandals that have come with them.
Even afterwards, India remained a grimly poor country, as its socialist leadership fashioned a notably inefficient state-planned economic model, closed off almost entirely from global trade.
Over time, India grew more equal, if only in the limited sense that its elite remained poor by the standards of the industrialised west.
India remains a poor country: in 2016, to be counted among its richest 1% required assets of just $32,892, according to research from Credit Suisse.
Put another way, India has created a model of development in which the proceeds of growth flow unusually quickly to the very top.
The boom years brought benefits, most obviously by reintegrating India into the world economy.
Six years before that, in 2008, as the scale of India’s billionaire fortunes were becoming clear, Raghuram Rajan – an economist who would later become the head of India’s central bank – asked an even more pointed question about his country’s tycoon class: “If Russia is an oligarchy, how long can we resist calling India one?”.

The orginal article.