Summary of “Microsoft’s Calibri font is at the center of a political scandal”

A cursory glance at the history of Calibri reveals it became the default font on Microsoft PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, and WordPad in 2007.
Microsoft’s website states that version 1.0 of the font was available to download separately as far back as 2005.
According to font consultant Thomas Phinney, Calibri was also available as part of a Windows pre-release in 2004.
“Calibri” is still trending in the country, with Twitter users using the term “#fontgate” to deride the government.
Pakistan’s leading English newspaper Dawn even reached out to Calibri creator Lucas De Groot, who seemed skeptical of the font’s use before its public release.
“Why would anyone use a completely unknown font for an official document in 2006?” he questioned.
The Wikipedia page for Calibri has received so many edit requests that it’s now on lockdown.
Someone did manage to squeeze in a reference to the corruption probe, so that’s part of the font’s online history now.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Facebook Algorithm Mom Problem”

Anecdotally most in social media have long known that doing this type of workflow causes your content to be treated like a second class citizen, particularly on Facebook which greatly prefers that users post to it manually or using one of its own apps rather than via API. This means that the Facebook algorithm that decides how big an audience a piece of content receives, dings posts which aren’t posted manually within their system.
Simply put, if you don’t post it manually within Facebook, not as many people are going to see it.
My mom, who seems to be on Facebook 24/7, immediately clicks “Like” on the post.
The Facebook algorithm immediately thinks that because my mom liked it, it must be a family related piece of content-even if it’s obviously about theoretical math, a subject in which my mom has no interest or knowledge.
Now Facebook’s algorithm has created a self-fulfilling prophesy and further narrows the audience of my post.
As a result, my post gets no further exposure on Facebook other than perhaps five people-the circle of family that overlaps in all three of our social graphs.
I can post about arcane areas like Lie algebras or statistical thermodynamics, and my mom, because she’s my mom, will like all of it-whether or not she understands what I’m talking about or not.
The problem is: Facebook, despite the fact that they know she’s my mom, doesn’t take this fact into account in their algorithm.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What to Do When Your Heart Isn’t in Your Work Anymore”

What if they’re not? What if you’re stuck in a job or a career that you once loved, but your heart isn’t in it anymore?
According to a 2017 Gallup survey, only one-third of U.S. employees feel engaged at work; that is, only one of three workers brings a consistently high level of initiative, commitment, passion, and productivity to their job.
You might question the ultimate meaning of the work you’re doing.
According to research by Yale professor Amy Wrzesniewski, people tend to fall into one of three categories: Some see their work as a career; others see it as just a job; and still others see it as a calling.
Even if you don’t find your true calling, you will at least increase the odds of finding a meaningful work experience.
What novel tweaks can you make to redesign your job, even slightly? Sometimes even the smallest adjustments can lead to qualitatively meaningful changes in your work experience.
Having an outlet for your passion outside of work can counterbalance the monotony of nine-to-five daily work.
These inspirational endeavors can even have unintended positive spillover effects at work, giving you energy and inspiration to craft your job or reengage with parts of work you actually like.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What is the self if not that which pays attention?”

Do you exist? Is your sense of self an illusion, or is there something in the world that we can point to and say: ‘Ah, yes – that is you’? If you are familiar with the contemporary science of mind, you will know that the concept of a substantive self, separate from the mere experience of self, is unpopular.
In this view, the effort of attention is not required to form the self – our choices could be entirely determined, or entirely random, and a self with an explanatory narrative would still be formed.
It fits a line of reasoning that is currently popular in cognitive science: not only is attention not required to form the self, there is no real self at all.
When cognitive scientists aim to provide an empirical account of the self, it is simply an account of our sense of self – why it is that we think we have a self.
So what is a substantive self? It is obvious that to be a substantive self, one must have identifiable traits, separable from others – that is just what it means to be a self.
This won’t work as a complete account of the self because many bodily behaviours don’t belong to the self.
Further, this substantive self can exist even if our experience of the self is a construct.
This view of the self would not account for Kane’s contention that it is the self that drives the conflict in the first place, through effort – for Kane, it is by effortfully attending to two conflicting options at the same time that the self provides space for indeterminism.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Five Best NBA Offseasons So Far”

Don’t underestimate Chinese center Zhou Qi as a rookie contributor; while leading his team to a CBA championship, Zhou won Defensive Player of the Year, extended his shooting range, and improved his body.
The trade freed up $11.3 million in guaranteed salary.
Plumlee might have one extra year on his deal, but a $12.5 million salary is a lot easier to move in any potential trade than Howard’s $23.8 million deal.
Their veterans have a full season of experience together, and the young players like Bell, McCaw, and Damian Jones have defined roles on the team, should they earn playing time.
This season, Detroit will pay $10.5 million to Jon Leuer, $7 million to Boban Marjanovic, and $6 million to Ish Smith, and the Pistons still owe $5.3 million for the next three years to a stretched Josh Smith.
Detroit overpaid for Langston Galloway, signing him to three years, $21 million.
The Knicks just signed Tim Hardaway Jr. for four years and $71 million.
It’s been almost two weeks since the Pacers shocked the basketball world by trading Paul George for Victor Oladipo, who has four years and $84 million left on his contract, and Domantas Sabonis, a good-not-great young big.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The AI revolution in science”

An important recent advance in AI has been machine learning, which shows up in technologies from spellcheck to self-driving cars and is often carried out by computer systems called neural networks.
DEEP LEARNING How a neural network with multiple layers becomes sensitive to progressively more abstract patterns.
MACHINE LEARNING The use of algorithms that find patterns in data without explicit instruction.
A system might learn how to associate features of inputs such as images with outputs such as labels.
NEURAL NETWORK A highly abstracted and simplified model of the human brain used in machine learning.
REINFORCEMENT LEARNING A type of machine learning in which the algorithm learns by acting toward an abstract goal, such as “Earn a high video game score” or “Manage a factory efficiently.” During training, each effort is evaluated based on its contribution toward the goal.
SUPERVISED LEARNING A type of machine learning in which the algorithm compares its outputs with the correct outputs during training.
TRANSFER LEARNING A technique in machine learning in which an algorithm learns to perform one task, such as recognizing cars, and builds on that knowledge when learning a different but related task, such as recognizing cats.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A 3-Step Process to Break a Cycle of Frustration, Stress, and Fighting at Work”

Bring to mind a conflict at work, and you’ll probably have the perpetrator in mind: your incompetent boss, that passive-aggressive colleague, or the resource-hoarding peer in another department.
Frustration, low-grade fear, irritation, and even rage are familiar companions at work.
We don’t thrive physically, we are disengaged and unhappy at work, and our brains don’t work properly.
If you want to break this cycle and have fewer destructive conflicts at work, the first step is to become more aware of your feelings and reactions to pressure and stress.
Telling yourself you don’t have time or are not inclined to “Work on yourself” will keep you stuck in a bunker mentality at work.
To minimize stress and conflict at work, we need to replace “I, me, mine” with “We, us, ours.” We need to stop seeing each other in terms of what we can get, and replace it with what we can give.
Developing self-awareness, increasing your emotional self-control, and recharging relationships at work takes commitment, but you don’t have to remake yourself to improve how you deal with strife.
As tempting as it is to blame others for our strife-ridden companies, the best way to make work a more enjoyable, productive experience is to lean in to our natural empathy, learn to care for ourselves and others, and take responsibility for our feelings and actions.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Don’t Tell The Kids, But Bedtime Is A Social Construct”

Kids need to sleep, and they generally sleep more than adults, especially when they’re really young.
The National Sleep Foundation, a nonprofit that funds research and does public outreach on sleep health, says it could be appropriate for a toddler to get as few as nine or as many as 16 hours of sleep a day.
Scientists are still trying to understand how culture and biology work together to create our sleeping lives, and they are learning that cultural variables can have a big impact on outcomes of sleep that we might be tempted to view as purely biological: how easily we fall asleep, how we feel the next day and even what it means to “Get enough.”
Biology is the biggest determinant of sleep, said Kate Bartel, who recently completed her Ph.D. under professor Michael Gradisar at his sleep science laboratory at Australia’s Flinders University.
Those same signals from the SCN tell you when to sleep by triggering the production of melatonin – a hormone that, among other things, makes humans tired – in response to darkness.
How we sleep – and how we experience the quality of the sleep we get – isn’t driven purely by biology.
A kid might start off staying up late to play video games every night and eventually be unable to sleep at a culturally accepted bedtime – even when she wants to.
Ultimately, O’Connor said, we have to be cognizant that sleep is a biological phenomenon, but how sleep is done is social and cultural.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Brutal Rise of El Mencho: Mexico’s Next-Generation Narco”

“We’ve seen it become very bloody, and a lot of people attribute that to El Mencho himself,” says Scott Stewart, a senior cartel analyst at Stratfor, a private intelligence firm.
Mencho has also displayed a savagery that’s extreme even by narco standards.
In a way, kidnapping El Chapo’s sons served as Mencho’s coming-out party.
“Someone threw a grenade, and some [CJNG] guys fell on it to avoid Mencho getting killed.” According to the agent, Mencho’s ruthlessness also made it hard to recruit informants against him.
“We didn’t get close to Mencho, didn’t get any sources, didn’t get any wiretaps. We knew we had this big player, this up-and-coming narco – but we had no ‘in’ to investigate him.”
Mencho joined his protection detail – as, Stratfor’s Stewart says, “Basically a bodyguard-slash-enforcer-slash-hitman.” With his law-enforcement background, Mencho would have been trained to handle security and counter-intelligence.
“By putting things on the list, we kind of shine a light and say, ‘The guy who owns this company is actually a front for El Chapo or El Mencho, and he’s been laundering money for 20 years – so you probably shouldn’t be doing business with him.’‚ÄČ”.
In March, Mexico agreed to extradite Mencho’s brother-in-law Valencia to the U.S. under the same indictment in which Mencho is charged.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Beguiled Subtly Tackles Race Even When You Don’t See It”

Bitch magazine highlighted Coppola’s troubling history with whitewashing and argued that The Beguiled “Insinuates that the African American experience of womanhood during this era doesn’t matter.” A review at Lainey Gossip explored the schism within the film between its beauty, the interiority of its female characters, and its “Ignorant” perspective on history.
As Ira Madison aptly put it for the Daily Beast, “We should demand that studios and producers give those opportunities to black filmmakers instead of looking for meager scraps from white people who don’t fully grasp our stories and will portray them horribly.” And upon closer look, Coppola has also accidentally created a film that acts as an indictment of the very brand of womanhood she’s been enamored with throughout her career – white, privileged, and unable to see the world beyond their own desires.
Much of the criticism of the film has hinged on the idea that by exorcising a character like Hallie, race itself doesn’t exist within the landscape of the film.
More than anything, the conversation around the film – which involves necessary critiques, even if I don’t fully agree with them – demonstrates how auteur theory limits conversations.
It’s important to establish that the critiques of The Beguiled are rooted not necessarily in the film itself, but in Coppola’s justifications and her alarming track record when it comes to depicting people of color.
Perhaps because of this, I am also hyperaware of the cinematic history The Beguiled exists within and the ways the film embodies the most flagrant fairy-tale notions of southern belles.
It’s important to consider The Beguiled in the context of cinematic southern belles, from the romantic leads of classic Hollywood to the brutal savagery of Sarah Paulson’s plantation mistress in 12 Years a Slave, because the film’s power comes into focus when doing so.
I don’t think every film needs to be inclusive, even one as frustrating as The Beguiled.

The orginal article.