Summary of “Most Personality Quizzes Are Junk Science. I Found One That Isn’t.”

Here’s the first entry, on personality quizzes.
Another big part of my personality: I really like online personality quizzes.
The point is, I always regarded personality quizzes as strangely addictive horse hockey, good for trading memes with friends, excellent at consuming your cash, but not much more.
That’s because, while most of the personality tests shared around the internet are bogus procrastination devices, there is a science to personality, and it’s something that researchers really can put into a quantified, testable format, said Simine Vazire, a psychology professor at the University of California, Davis.
The most popular – used by the vast majority of scientists who study personality – is called the Big Five, a system that organizes personality around five broad clusters of traits: extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience.
The idea behind the Big Five is that everyone’s personality has a little of all five trait groups.
When personality scientists think about their pet peeves with online quizzes, they take themselves to task.
Their science resolution, she said, isn’t so much to get people to stop taking personality quizzes, but to get those people who love quizzes to transfer some of that enjoyment to the Big Five.

The orginal article.

Summary of “‘Bomb cyclone’ to blast East Coast before polar vortex uncorks tremendous cold late this week”

This live graphic visualizes a monster storm approaching the coast of New England on Thursday, Jan. 4.
The storm could rank as the most intense over the waters east of New England in decades at this time of year.
In the storm’s wake, the mother lode of numbing cold will crash south – likely the last but most bitter in brutal blasts since Christmas Eve.
The responsible storm is forecast to begin taking shape off the coast of Florida Wednesday, unloading hazardous snow and ice in highly unusual locations not accustomed to such weather.
Here is the latest from WPC regarding the East Coast winter storm for Wednesday and Thursday.
To the north, Philadelphia and New York have a better chance for a coating of snow, but – unless the storm edges closer to the coast – the more significant snow should remain to their east from Atlantic City to eastern Long Island, where at least four to six inches could fall late Wednesday to late Thursday.
By the time the storm reaches the ocean waters east of Long Island and eastern New England on Thursday, it will be explosively intensifying.
The storm’s enormous circulation will help draw several lobes of the polar vortex, the zone of frigid air encircling the North Pole, over the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast by Friday and Saturday.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The scammers gaming India’s overcrowded job market”

While scanning jobs websites one day, I saw the ads: a mix of keywords that seemed designed for the ambitious young jobseeker: “International BPO. Zero years’ experience. 40% ENGLISH required. ONE-DAY training. Fast CAREER Growth – a LIFE is what you make.” In 2017, a call-centre job at a BPO doesn’t have the appeal it did a decade or so ago.
For thousands who end up at scam call centres in cities across India, impersonating tax officers, loan agents, Apple executives or cut-rate Viagra manufacturers, the job provides the thrill of cracking the code of American emotions.
Tanwar didn’t mind the job that much, but was enraged by the company’s denial of incentives.
“What’s the point? My father worked the same job his whole life. When I went home recently, I asked him: ‘Was it worth it?’ I told him that I don’t work for anyone, but I can claim the respect of at least 500 people.” Kumar said he didn’t even have to work anymore to earn his income; the money just kept on coming.
23, came to Delhi from Uttar Pradesh in 2016 and joined the first company that offered her a job.
For two months, Kapoor called nearly 50 people from a list every day – Indians and Indian migrants to the Gulf countries – always opening with the same line: “Do you want a job or a job change?”.
“No one ever got any job. Nothing was what it seemed to be. Everything was a lie,” said Kapoor, who learned the truth about her job within a week.
At least some of those responding to ads promising mass openings and unlimited incentives will end up landing a job – even if that job is just to scam other jobseekers.

The orginal article.

Summary of “18 Thought-Provoking Questions that Will Free Your Mind in 2018”

As I alluded to in the intro, the questions you ask yourself on a regular basis can determine the type of person you become.
If you’d like to better cope with the stress in your own life in 2018, I’ll give you a few bonus questions to consider.
Unlike the questions above, which focus on the big picture of what’s important to you, the following will support you when you’re derailed by the frustrations of life’s smaller everyday encounters.
The key to using these questions is embracing the fact that most of the frustrations and stress in your daily life could be avoided if you would simply take the time to ask, “What else could this mean?”.
Above all, what you need to remember is that it’s not the answers you get from others, but the questions you ask yourself that will help you grow stronger.
So I challenge you to re-read and reference all the questions above throughout 2018.
Because asking the right questions of yourself, regularly, is the answer.
If you’re up to it, we’d love to read your response to the very first question: In one sentence, who are you?

The orginal article.

Summary of “Tesla the Car Is a Household Name. Long Ago, So Was Nikola Tesla.”

The A.C. MotorIn 1884, Tesla came to New York to work for Thomas Edison with the hope that Edison would help finance and develop a Tesla invention, an alternating-current motor and electrical system.
In 1896, Tesla designed the power generating system at Niagara Falls, a big advance for his A.C. system.
After successful experiments in Colorado Springs in 1899, Tesla began building what he called a global “World System” near Shoreham on Long Island, hoping to power vehicles, boats and aircraft wirelessly.
Although the main Tesla lab building on Long Island is being restored by a nonprofit foundation – the Tesla Science Center at Wardenclyffe – the World System broadcast tower he built there was torn down for scrap to pay his hotel bill at the Waldorf Astoria in 1917.
Robotic DronesAnother Tesla invention combined radio with a remote-control device.
Shortly after filing a patent application in 1897 for radio circuitry, Tesla built and demonstrated a wireless, robotic boat at the old Madison Square Garden in 1898 and, again, in Chicago at the Auditorium Theater the next year.
Tesla failed to fully collaborate with well-capitalized industrial entities after World War I. His supreme abilities to conceptualize and create entire systems weren’t enough for business success.
An earlier version of this article misstated who named the carmaker Tesla after the inventor Nikola Tesla.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What If Parents Loved Strangers’ Children As Much As Their Own?”

Some forms of preferential treatment, Harris and Bloom noted, are considered appropriate, as when parents love their children more than they do strangers.
He and Harris engaged in a thought experiment: Would the world be improved if parents cared for other people just as much as they cared for their own children?
The idea that we might one day become so absolutely impartial in our affection that we would care as much about strangers as we do about our own children? That was new to me.
In the book “Strangers Drowning,” Larissa MacFarquhar profiles a number of extreme altruists, including a married couple who adopted twenty-two children.
The parents’ affection was so broad that they would sometimes welcome children whom they hadn’t adopted to live with them.
One of the notable features of life on the kibbutzim of the past was collective child-rearing, in which even young children spent relatively little time with their parents and mostly lived in communal buildings.
According to Noam Shpancer, who was born and raised on a kibbutz, “The move was in large part driven by women who grew up in the children’s house and, having become mothers, refused to let their children experience that same system.”
That means children will prefer their parents to strangers, and they deserve to have their parents reciprocate that feeling.

The orginal article.

Summary of “10 ways America is falling behind”

America just registered its second straight year with a decline in life expectancy.
College costs continue to soar, jumping 6.1% from 2013 to 2016, but the median income for those with college degrees only rose 2.1% over that same period, per Bloomberg.
” And research from the period 2000-2014 shows that the United States has had more mass shootings and more people killed in those mass shootings than 10 other developed nations combined, per Politifact.
Now, 91 people in the United States die every day from an opioid overdose.
While the United States has some of the world’s best higher education, its elementary, middle, and high schools are positively average compared to other developed nations.
The United States is still the only developed country on the planet – and just one of a handful overall – that doesn’t guarantee paid maternity leave.
With alcohol cheaper today as a percentage of income than at any time since 1950, Americans are drinking a lot more, per Bloomberg.
Tourism is down across the board – per The Telegraph, there are huge drop-offs in demand for British travelers to come to the United States.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Make 2018 Your Year to Do Big Things”

Break out the champagne and celebrate! But this is also a great time to reflect and survey the months ahead. What do you want to do with them? If this is your year to do big things, your goals might include improving your health, acquiring a new skill or habit, or even writing a book or starting that winning blog.
Implement new behaviors in ways that make it likely you’ll turn them into habits.
To do big things, you have to start with tiny ones, so start small.
“Choose a behavior that you think will work. You have to think of small things that make the habit you want to develop more interesting.” He suggests making small changes into a game to challenge yourself, such as seeing how many different, positive ways you can find to change the habit.
Routines run on autopilot and resist big changes, but they’re easy to hack from within once you understand how they work.
Into Evernote to remind you to keep working on your new habits.
Tracking your progress in Evernote not only makes you accountable to yourself, but it’s fun to be able to notice yourself as you change your habits.
Did you keep your resolutions in Evernote last year? What’s your strategy for making 2018 your best year yet? We’d love to hear your stories in the comments.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Mindfulness Fad Corporate America Buddhism Without Buddha”

“Mindfulness,” a meditation practice that is in essence Buddhism without Buddha, is everywhere in corporate America and celebrity culture.
Goldman Sachs has caught the mindfulness bug and uses a mindfulness app to keep its employees mindful.
Ronald Purser has an interesting perspective on that: As a professor of management in the business school at San Francisco State University and an ordained teacher in the Zen Taego Buddhist tradition, he has a foot in both the corporate and mindfulness worlds, and he is a trenchant, at times scathing, critic of corporate mindfulness, which he dismisses as a kind of prosperity gospel for coastal liberal elites – Joel Osteen in a saffron robe.
“I’ve been to a number of corporate mindfulness conferences,” he says, “Just as a fly on the wall to see what’s going on. Some of the consultants selling this stuff are Buddhist practitioners. But the Buddhism is backstage. At the Awakened Leadership Conference, a big mindfulness event, one of the consultants told me:”.
Mindfulness has had an overwhelmingly positive popular reception because the idea that our well-being is totally within our personal control – that we are masters of our own destiny and that practicing mindfulness will make us more healthy and more wise – resonates seamlessly with the neoliberal imperatives: Don’t depend on the state, don’t look to the government, you are responsible for your own well-being – you have to become an entrepreneur of your self.
Corporate mindfulness is, in his view, just a way to gussy up an old-fashioned management program with a bit of Eastern exoticism – but not too much.
The mindfulness debate is part of a larger religious – some would object to the word – convulsion: American Buddhism is having a Protestant moment, with longstanding institutions and centers of power coming into conflict with reformers mindful of corruption and skeptical of authority.
From a recent edition of the Buddhist journal Tricycle: “By paying lip service to female empowerment but not materially supporting Western female monastics, we leave them – and the future of Tibetan Buddhism in the West – in doubt.” The democratic and consumerist impulses have shaped mindfulness in basic ways: Prior to the 20th century, mindfulness meditation was almost entirely restricted to full-time religious practitioners in monastic life.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The experts’ guide to making”

Don’t think of it as a New Year resolution, says Charles Duhigg, the author of The Power of Habit – think of it as a new year plan.
Whether you are making a new habit from scratch or changing an old habit, decide on the cue and the reward.
The cue could be a time, a place or a feeling, while the reward must be instantaneous, explains Wendy Wood, provost professor of psychology and business at the University of Southern California: “Don’t buy a new pair of shoes at the end of the week – that works for our conscious mind, which is not the neuromechanism behind habits. The reward needs to be immediate, something that makes the behaviour fun.”
Chris Armitage, professor of health psychology at the University of Manchester, explains: “This is a technique that is specifically structured to take advantage of the ways in which habits are formed to change behaviour. The structure is ‘if-then’.” Say your resolution is to run half a mile on Monday mornings.
A recent study showed that people who travelled 8km to the gym went once a month, whereas people who travelled 6km went five or more times a month.
Dr Jessamy Hibberd, a clinical psychologist, says “The biggest obstacle to new habits is self-criticism. Study after study shows that self-criticism is correlated with less motivation and worse self-control, in contrast with being kind or supportive to yourself, as you would to a friend – especially when confronted with failure.”
One study found that simple habits form more quickly in the morning than in the evening.
Rubin says it is crucial to avoid listening to the excuses that make our habits falter, such as the false choice loophole: “I can’t go on a run tomorrow because I have to do X.” Recognising them in advance can make them less powerful, she explains: “That’s the thing about loopholes – when you realise you’re doing it, you’re much more likely to resist.”

The orginal article.