Summary of “Giving Migraine Treatments the Best Chance”

Neurologists who specialize in migraine research and treatment now approach migraine as a brain-based disorder, with symptoms and signs that can start a day or more before the onset of head pain and persist for hours or days after the pain subsides.
To be most effective, the new therapies may require patients to recognize and respond to the warning signs of a migraine in its so-called prodromal phase – when symptoms like yawning, irritability, fatigue, food cravings and sensitivity to light and sound occur a day or two before the headache.
Even clinical studies of migraine remedies typically involve patients in the throes of an attack and thus often result in benefits to only a minority of people.
After a migraine attack subsides, there are often “Postdromal” symptoms like fatigue, depressed mood and cognitive effects like poor concentration and understanding.
By keeping a headache-and-menstrual-cycle calendar, I discovered I also got a migraine when I ovulated.
Preventive therapy “Should be considered if migraine occurs at least once per week or on four or more days per month,” Dr. Charles wrote.
Botulinum toxin, or Botox, is approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a migraine preventive.
Nearing federal approval is an exciting new class of drugs that directly target the peptides believed to trigger migraine attacks.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Football Stopped Being Fun”

In the past five years of the NFL, offenses have reached unprecedented levels of scoring, quarterbacks have become more accurate than ever, turnovers have plummeted-and yet, it’s not fun.
“If you show me a team with a great completion percentage, I automatically think, ‘Your offense probably sucks,'” said Chris Simms, a former NFL quarterback and now an analyst at NBC Sports and Bleacher Report.
“We’ve rewarded too much bad quarterback play,” Simms said.
“Offenses are adjusting to quicker-hitting throws and not having the quarterback do seven- or eight-step drops,” said Minnesota Vikings general manager Rick Spielman.
“I’m amazed at how poor the technique is for the young players,” said former Giants offensive lineman Shaun O’Hara, now an analyst at the NFL Network.
If all 32 quarterbacks will get rid of the ball quicker, playing defense will likely become more about pushing the pocket and trying to bat down the ball rather than getting to the quarterback.
Matt Nagy, the Kansas City Chiefs’ offensive coordinator, said that he wishes all players could get more reps, particularly quarterbacks.
Today, anyone can access any play from any sport anywhere in the world on a phone, and football does not, at the moment, look as fun as Messi scoring a goal.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Honesty Could Make You Happier”

Researchers at the University of California San Diego Emotion Lab are looking at “Prosocial” lies – the white lies we tell to benefit others, like telling an aspiring writer a story is great because you want to be nice and encouraging, when in reality you know it needs work and will meet rejection.
A recent study at the lab suggests that we are more likely to tell a prosocial lie when we feel compassion toward someone, because if you feel bad for someone, the last thing you want to do is hurt him or her with the truth.
These lies feel better in the short term, but they often do more harm than good in the long term.
My focus on honesty at times did lead to better interactions with my husband.
My social media self wasn’t a lie, but if I was going to focus on truly honest behavior, it seemed better not to indulge too much – hence, I pulled way back from posting on Facebook.
Even though honesty felt like a struggle, I started to like how it felt.
Research from the University of Notre Dame has shown that when people consciously stopped telling lies, including white lies, for 10 weeks, they had fewer physical ailments and fewer mental health complaints than a control group that did not focus on honesty.
The bottom line is that focusing on honesty is a way to actively engage with the world, versus passively complaining about it.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Feeling like an impostor? You can escape this confidence-sapping syndrome”

Far from being a realistic self-assessment, the impostor syndrome mind-trap prevents people from believing in themselves, to the detriment of us all.
For some, hearing about impostor syndrome for the first time is a revelation.
According to some estimates, up to 70% of successful people have experienced impostor syndrome, including Maya Angelou, Albert Einstein, and Meryl Streep.
Survival of the fittest means all humans live with degrees of anxiety – including the kind that can cause impostor syndrome.
Women and people from minority populations also experience impostor syndrome more, due to cultural inequities.
To name impostor syndrome is to start to sense control over it and recognise that it is a complex condition that you can – with practise – overcome.
Impostor syndrome can be a gift if you use it to create more helpful, mindful, less toxically stressful ways of living.
Fiona Buckland is giving a Guardian Masterclass on 10 October on how to tackle impostor syndrome and embrace your power.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Amazing Ways Coca Cola Uses Artificial Intelligence And Big Data To Drive Success”

The Coca Cola Company is the world’s largest beverage company selling more than 500 brands of soft drink to customers in over 200 countries.
Every single day the world consumes more that 1.9 billion servings of their drinks including brands like Coca Cola as well as Fanta, Sprite, Dasani, Powerade, Schweppes, Minute Maid and others.
Coca Cola was one of the first globally-recognized brands outside of the IT market to speak about Big Data, when in 2012 their chief big data officer, Esat Sezer, said “Social media, mobile applications, cloud computing and e-commerce are combining to give companies like Coca-Cola an unprecedented toolset to change the way they approach IT. Behind all this, big data gives you the intelligence to cap it all off.”
Coca Cola is known to have ploughed extensive research and development resources into artificial intelligence to ensure it is squeezing every drop of insight it can from the data it collects.
Fruits of this research were unveiled earlier this year when it was announced that the decision to launch Cherry Sprite as a new flavor was based on monitoring data collected from the latest generation of self-service soft drinks fountains, which allow customers to mix their own drinks.
As the machines allow customers to add their own choice from a range of flavor “Shots” to their drinks while they are mixed, this meant they were able to pick the most popular combinations and launch it as a ready-made, canned drink.
Coca Cola is also looking to follow the lead of tech giants by developing something similar to their “Virtual assistant” AI bots such as Alexa and Siri.
The AI will reside in vending machines, allowing greater personalization – for example, users will be able to order their favorite blend from any vending machine, with the machine mixing it to their individual preference.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Tragic Crash of Flight AF447 Shows the Unlikely but Catastrophic Consequences of Automation”

As technology has become more sophisticated, it has taken over more and more functions previously performed by pilots, bringing huge improvements in aviation safety.
Our research, recently published in Organization Science, examines how automation can limit pilots’ abilities to respond to such incidents, as becoming more dependent on technology can erode basic cognitive skills.
By reviewing expert analyses of the disaster and analyzing data from AF447’s cockpit and flight data recorders, we found that AF447, and commercial aviation more generally, reveal how automation may have unanticipated, catastrophic consequences that, while unlikely, can emerge in extreme conditions.
For most pilots, automation usually ensures that operations stay well within safe, predictable limits.
Through “Fly-by-wire,” in which pilot actions serve as inputs to a flight control system that in turn determines the movements of the aircraft’s control surfaces, technology mediates the relationship between pilot action and aircraft response.
At higher altitudes, the safe flight envelope is much more restricted than at lower altitudes, which is why pilots rarely hand-fly there.
A simulation exercise after the accident demonstrated that with no pilot inputs, AF447 would have remained at its cruise altitude following the autopilot disconnection.
Second, how can we capitalize on the benefits offered by technology while maintaining the cognitive capabilities necessary to handle exceptional situations? Pilots undergo intense training, with regular assessments, drills, and simulations, yet loss of control remains a source of concern.

The orginal article.

Summary of “This ancient mnemonic technique builds a palace of memory”

In Arthur Conan Doyle’s detective novel A Study in Scarlet we learn that Sherlock Holmes used the most effective memory system known: a memory palace.
Although imagined memory palaces are still used by memory champions and the few who practice the memory arts, they are best known from Greco-Roman times when great orators, including Cicero, used them to ensure their rhetoric was smooth, detailed and flawless.
The physical memory palace, usually a streetscape or building interior, would become so familiar to the orator that it was always available to them in their imagination.
By ‘placing’ one piece of information in each site, they could mentally stroll through their memory palace, location by location, drawing out each portion of the speech in the required order without missing any element.
The memory skills of indigenous elders exceed anything reported for the ancient Greeks.
At each location, a song or story, dance or ceremony is performed that will always be associated with that particular location, physically and in memory.
Rock art and decorated posts are also familiar aids to indigenous memory, but far less known is the range of portable memory devices.
My memory has been hugely expanded by using this ancient mnemonic technique.

The orginal article.

Summary of “To be true to one’s self means changing to become that self”

Across a range of experiences, profound changes can make well-known friends or family become entirely different people.
These examples suggest that change fundamentally challenges our sense of self.
Some profound changes actually seem to make us become really or truly ourselves.
Tremendous change suggests features of a person’s essence or deep self.
The history of philosophy evokes purposeful change as central to the self.
Radical changes such as learning language seem to develop us into the people we are really meant to be – even though the person we become is strikingly different.
The changes that the majority thinks are typical or ‘natural’ purposeful changes are not necessarily the changes consistent with every individual’s true self.
As personal identity puzzles emphasise the significance of persisting despite change – for example, by maintaining the same body or mind – we should also recall the vital role of change itself.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Motivate Employees to Go Beyond Their Jobs”

As a result, a critical task for successful managers is to motivate their employees to engage in these extra-role behaviors, which researchers refer to as “Citizenship behaviors.” Given the importance of citizenship behavior for organizational success, it is important that managers help employees find the best possible ways to go beyond the call of duty in order to help make work more meaningful and less depleting.
These are important decisions because research shows that when employees are willing to go beyond their formal roles by helping out coworkers, volunteering to take on special assignments, introducing new ideas and work practices, attending non-mandatory meetings, putting in extra hours to complete important projects, and so forth, their companies are more efficient and effective.
As a result, a critical task for successful managers is to motivate their employees to engage in these extra-role behaviors, which researchers refer to as “Citizenship behaviors.”
As this work continues, consensus is emerging that citizenship behavior tends to have negative implications when employees go above and beyond at work not because they intrinsically want to, but because they feel that they have to, or when they are unable to carry out their regular job duties and be a good citizen at the same time.
Given the importance of citizenship behavior for organizational success, it is important that managers help employees find better ways to go beyond the call of duty in order to help make work more meaningful and less depleting.
Whereas job crafting captures how employees redesign their formal role at work, citizenship crafting is based on the notion that employees can proactively shape the ways in which they to go beyond the call of duty such that they not only contribute to the organization, but that they are also personally meaningful, rewarding, and consistent with their strengths.
First, to the extent that jobs contain tasks that align with employees’ intrinsic motives, and are absent of tasks that employees feel forced to complete, job performance tends to be significantly higher; as such, citizenship crafting should result in higher quality and more impactful acts of citizenship.
Finally, citizenship crafting should reduce the need for managers to rely on extrinsic sticks and carrots to motivate employees to go the extra mile.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Best Buy’s Secrets for Thriving in the Amazon Age”

To combat showrooming and persuade customers to complete their purchases at Best Buy, Mr. Joly announced a price-matching guarantee.
Price-matching costs Best Buy real money, but it also gives customers a reason to stay in the store, and avoids handing business to competitors.
Focus on humansMr. Joly also realized that if Best Buy was going to compete with Amazon, which has spent billions building a speedy delivery system and plans to use drones to become even more efficient, it needed to get better at things that robots can’t do well – namely, customer service.
Customers had always loved Best Buy’s Geek Squad, its army of specially trained tech support experts who could be hired to mount TVs and install other appliances at a customer’s home.
Best Buy has “Really come through the valley by making investments around the customer experience,” said Peter Keith, a retail analyst with Piper Jaffray.
Mr. Joly realized that with some minor changes, each of Best Buy’s 1,000-plus big-box stores could ship packages to customers, serving as a mini warehouse for its surrounding area.
Even Amazon has set up kiosks in Best Buy stores to show off its voice-activated Alexa gadgets.
Amazon has been expanding into brick-and-mortar retail with its acquisition of Whole Foods, and is moving into Best Buy’s home installation and services market.

The orginal article.