Summary of “Stop Treating 70- and 90-Year-Olds the Same”

Older adults are thus more susceptible to infections – more likely to get sick, more likely to require hospitalization and more likely to die.
Older adults who receive tetanus and diphtheria vaccines produce less-effective antibodies, and the vaccines’ protective effect fades faster than it does for younger patients.
Older people may need different dosing or even biologically different vaccines.
Changes in the kidneys, heart, skin and other organs steadily decrease older people’s ability to tolerate chemotherapy and radiation.
Treatments rarely target older adults’ particular physiology, and the old are typically excluded from clinical studies.
Equally troublesome is the failure of studies to measure outcomes that reflect older people’s priorities.
Some may believe that focusing more research and treatment on the old will take resources away from younger populations.
Insurance companies continue to pay top dollar for questionable, useless and even harmful care for older people, money that could be spent on more effective care.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Eliminate Waste and Improve Efficiency By Using Toyota’s Legendary Productivity Technique”

Over the past four years, I’ve informally polled clients to find out how many of their emails are muda.
Muda can be found in excessive communication or the lack of it, in overproduction, in hasty actions that cause complications down the road, and in the overall waste of time and talent.
What if you’re not exactly clear on the needs of your customers and business? Muda is easier to spot when you’re up against a deadline, or if you have few resources available to you.
Then break your team members into groups and have each group describe and categorize the objects in the pile.
If the groups were told what the categories were and everyone agreed to use the same process to log the items, then the exercise would have been completed much more accurately and in far less time.
If the focus of your organization is not clear or if the people on your team are not aiming for the same goal and do not understand exactly what resources are available to them, then muda becomes inevitable; focus fragments, energy dissipates, and the work environment becomes ripe for conflict.
Does everyone in your group know where your organization stands? Do you all have the same goal and the same idea of how to get there? It’s in people’s nature to work on different activities for different reasons and at different intensities, so fragmentation is inevitable.
Cutting out the non-value added muda activities and focusing on an agreed upon way to reach a common goal-are the quickest ways to cut down on wasted time.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Messy, Confusing Future of TV? It’s Here”

One, an ESPN-branded streaming sports service, will be available early next year, while the other, focusing on Disney movies and shows, will go live in 2019.A day later, Facebook announced Watch, a tab inside the main Facebook app that will soon host a slate of professionally produced video series.
The company says people will be able to enjoy premium fare like “Returning the Favor,” starring the “Dirty Jobs” host Mike Rowe; a reality show about tiny houses; and “Bae or Bail,” which Facebook describes thusly: “Unsuspecting couples put their relationship and wits to the test as they’re thrown into terrifying scenarios.”
Their theory is that the more time Facebook users spend watching video, the more ads they’ll see.
Facebook doesn’t have a huge library of popular content like Disney, but it does have a treasure trove of data about the personal tastes and preferences of its more than two billion registered users, and presumably plans to use that data to target ads at exactly the people companies want to reach.
More than $70 billion per year is spent on traditional television advertisements, and as that pile of money shifts to digital video, Facebook presumably wants to make sure a hefty chunk ends up in its own pockets.
On the surface, these seem like very different strategies – selling premium video to an existing audience of fans, versus giving away premium video in an effort to sell hyper-targeted ads and attract a network of amateurs.
There are already Netflix and Hulu, single-company services like CBS All Access, and “Skinny bundles” such as PlayStation Vue and Sling TV, not to mention the endless amateur video available from Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.
“One of the barriers to entry for the consumer right now is simply confusion,” said Paul Verna, the principal video analyst at eMarketer, a media research firm.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Baseball’s ‘Hot Hand’ Is Real”

Not only did we find that hot streaks are real, but we can also tell whether a pitcher is hot or cold at any given moment.
With a glance at the radar gun, you’d easily be able to identify which pitcher was throwing, and you’d have a pretty good guess at how fast the next pitch would be.
Using a sequence of fastball velocities recorded by MLB’s pitch-tracking system for each pitcher in the 2014-2016 seasons, our model guesses who’s behind the curtain: the hot version or the cold version.
Once we’ve done all that, we can go through a year’s worth of fastball velocity readings and determine when a starting pitcher is hot or cold.
Pitchers in cold stretches lost more velocity than they gained when they were hot.
In particular, we found evidence that clusters of several slow pitches in a row are associated with a hurt pitcher.
The hotter a pitcher was projected to be on a given pitch, the greater the probability was that the next fastball would yield a swinging strike, even accounting for the increased speed of that heater.
If hot streaks are real, as our results suggest, they probably apply to more than just pitchers.

The orginal article.

Summary of “NBA: LeBron’s future impacts Cavaliers Kyrie Irving trades”

As the Cleveland Cavaliers deliberate on deals to move All-Star guard Kyrie Irving, the franchise is operating under a self-prescribed mandate: presume a future without LeBron James.
Of course, Cavaliers officials prefer to re-sign James to a long-term deal and chase titles together into his twilight, but the Cavs are treating his unwillingness to commit as a call to protect themselves long term in the Irving trade, league sources said.
Owner Dan Gilbert and general manager Koby Altman want James to commit before building around him, and James largely wants to see the Cavaliers execute a plan before committing to them.
Gilbert can threaten to embark on a soft rebuild in James’ final season, because the Cavaliers won a title.
The Cavaliers have witnessed James’ exit strategy twice – once to leave Cleveland and once to return – and the Irving trade request has left them unwilling to squander the opportunity to replenish young assets on a roster that could be crippled in a post-James Cavaliers era that is stocked with high-priced veterans.
Cleveland is determined to get an elite young player for Irving, which means this: The trade plan that the Cavaliers would have prioritized, with James committed for the long term – veterans to surround James and draft picks – isn’t in motion.
If the Cavaliers knew they had James committed, for example, San Antonio could emerge as a more intriguing trade partner.
Without a commitment to stay, without the presumption of a future together, LeBron James could be left in a most unfamiliar position: out of championship contention in Cleveland, counting the days until goodbye.

The orginal article.

Summary of “To Feed the World, Improve Photosynthesis”

In the months that follow, the researchers will move the plants outside into a field and watch whether they grow bigger or faster than usual-a crucial step toward feeding the world of 2050.
These tobacco plants have been engineered at a more fundamental level than typical biotech crops.
Plants thrive on carbon dioxide, but very hot days suppress crop yields.
RIPE’s real aim is to improve the yields of food crops such as cassava and cowpeas, which are important sources of calories and protein in many poor countries.
That’s why the RIPE group is targeting inefficiencies in plant metabolism.
Last year, RIPE researchers demonstrated for the first time that it was possible to improve crop yields in the field by engineering photosynthesis.
Genetic engineering of photosynthesis in cassava is a delicate and lengthy process.
On shelves, young cassava plants are growing in plastic jars, their roots surrounded by a nutrient gel that will be picked off by hand before the plants can go into the soil.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Uber Dilemma – Stratechery by Ben Thompson”

This is why what happened last week was so shocking: the venture capital firm Benchmark Capital filed suit against former Uber CEO Travis Kalanick for fraud, break of contract, and breach of fiduciary duty.
Giving three extra seats on the board to the CEO was certainly founder friendly; that the expansion happened at the same time Uber accepted a $3.5 billion investment from Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund, which came with a board seat, suggests Benchmark viewed the board expansion as a way to protect its own interests and influence as well.
Longtime Benchmark general partner and Uber board member Bill Gurley had been pursuing ride-sharing years before Uber came along, and the investor had penned multiple essays on his widely-read blog defending and extolling Kalanick and company.
The sheer size of Uber though, and the potential return it represents, means that Benchmark is no longer playing an iterated game.
The most straightforward is that Benchmark hopes to push Uber to an IPO sooner-rather-than-later; clearly Kalanick was an obstacle as CEO, and according to reports, has sought to reestablish control of the company via his control of the board, driving away Meg Whitman, who was reportedly Benchmark’s choice for CEO.4 This also explains the urgency of this suit: Benchmark is trying to prevent Kalanick from naming two more members to the board, further complicating the CEO selection process.
Which is looking to dominate car-sharing globally, has reportedly had discussions with Benchmark and other investors about buying their shares; reports have been mixed as to who wants to make a deal – Kalanick or Benchmark – but if it is the latter a lawsuit is an excellent way of getting the former to agree to a sale.
There is a third possibility: that Uber broadly and Kalanick specifically are in big trouble when it comes to Waymo’s lawsuit against the company, and that Benchmark is making clear that it is not culpable.
A full six pages of Benchmark’s lawsuit were dedicated to describing Kalanick’s role in the Otto acquisition and Benchmark’s obliviousness to alleged wrongdoing; I noted when the lawsuit was filed that it, more than any of Uber’s scandals, had the potential to be Kalanick’s doom, and apparently Benchmark agrees.

The orginal article.

Summary of “This simple memory trick will stop you ever forgetting your keys or umbrella again”

“Previous research has shown that imagining two objects fusing into one will help people work around these memory deficits; but our work demonstrated that understanding the relationship between the two items is also important,” says Dr Jennifer Ryan, who is also a psychology and psychiatry professor at the University of Toronto.
“We know that cognitive function is impaired during aging and this strategy could be one workaround for minor memory problems, depending on what you need to achieve.”
“We are trying to understand what’s important to unitization and what people need to learn in order to benefit. There is no single strategy that will fix your memory, but one method may be more be suitable than another.”
Previous studies have shown that memory can be boosted by exercising, breathing deeply, tackling crosswords and eating healthily.
Writing down an important task or object to remember, and then saying out loud also boosts the chance of it happening by 50 per cent.
Some research has even suggested singing the memory can help, as it stores it in a different part of the brain.
Concentrating while trying to create a memory, rather than vaguely thinking about it during multitasking can also help to imprint it in neurons.
Notice boards in the home can also act as reinforcement aids as you see the memorable wish every time you walk past, helping to write it into the memory.

The orginal article.

Summary of “You’ll Never Be as Radical as This 18th-Century Quaker Dwarf”

Lay’s methods made people talk about him, his ideas, the nature of Quakerism and Christianity, and, most of all, slavery.
According to Benjamin Rush, a Philadelphia physician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, the name of this “Celebrated Christian philosopher” became “Familiar to every man, woman and to nearly every child, in Pennsylvania.” For or against, everyone told stories about Benjamin Lay.
Lay, a hunchback as well as a dwarf, was the world’s first revolutionary abolitionist.
Against the common sense of the day, when slavery seemed to most people as immutable as the stars in the heavens, Lay imagined a new world in which people would live simply, make their own food and clothes, and respect nature.
Today Benjamin Lay is largely forgotten, for essentially two reasons.
His greatest power, indeed his genius, lay in his gift as an agitator.
Lay fell silent for a few reverential moments, then rose from his chair, praised God and announced, “I can now die in peace.” He died a year later, an outsider to the Quaker community he loved, but a moral giant of a man.
In his time Lay may have been the most radical person on the planet.

The orginal article.