Summary of “The subversive messages hidden in The Wizard of Oz”

The pig-tailed Dorothy Gale is so wholesome, the Harburg and Arlen songs are so delightful, and the Technicolor adventures are so exciting that it’s still easy to mistake The Wizard of Oz for traditional family entertainment, 80 years on from its release in August 1939.
Another film might have contrasted this earthbound huckster with the genuine marvels performed by the wonderful Wizard of Oz, but in this one the wizard is played by the same actor as Professor Marvel, and he turns out to be much the same character: a fast-talking fairground showman who hides behind a curtain, waggling levers, and using mechanical trickery to keep his subjects loyal and afraid.
In a gloriously gonzo final flourish, he floats off into the sky with a cheerful cry of: “I can’t come back. I don’t know how it works!” There aren’t many films that show politicians being quite as brazenly incompetent as that.
True, we can’t take anything the “Humbug” Wizard says too seriously, but these are radical sentiments to hear in any Hollywood film, let alone a Hollywood film aimed at children.
Baum’s novel may have been published at the turn of the century, but the film directed by Victor Fleming is very much a product of the 1930s.
The film doesn’t send audiences over the rainbow to a mythical past, but to a garish parody of the noisy, industrialised present.
If The Wizard of Oz had come out in the patriotic 1940s or 1950s, it’s hard to imagine that this counter-cultural classic would have got away with making a flying monkey out of contemporary society.
Love film? Join BBC Culture Film Club on Facebook, a community for film fanatics all over the world.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to be more frugal”

Frugal people like me, on the other hand, enjoy spending money.
By maintaining long-term goals, I’ve been able to adopt a more balanced view of spending.
One step spenders can take to start shifting their money outlook is to acknowledge and forgive past financial mistakes.
“While saving a dollar or two on coffee isn’t going to make you a millionaire overnight, these small, practical, money-saving actions will help you make more conscious spending decisions in other, bigger areas of your life,” she says.
Figure out what you’re working with One of the simplest, cheapest, and most effective ways to curb your spending is to track your daily expenses in a journal over the course of a month.
With credit cards, online shopping, and recurring direct debits, it can be easy to spend money on various things without a second thought.
The cumbersome task of recording every single expenditure compels people to be more aware of the amounts they are spending, which leads to smarter and less impulsive purchases.
Using a debit card or carrying cash can also help you avoid spending haphazardly and promote positive long-term spending habits.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to survive 12 hours in an airport”

I’ve only taken stock of my own airport oddities – and observed the oddities of others – when I’m waiting to board a flight or during a reasonably timed layover.
What would it be like to stay longer, just for the sake of people watching? To better understand the idiosyncrasies of life within an airport, I am going on a mission to spend 12 hours inside one.
What I’m learning in my three hours and two bloody marys at this airport is that people love to talk to strangers.
If you think you’d like a service, put your name down on the sign-in sheet ASAP to make sure you can get a stress-relieving massage in full view of airport bystanders before your flight.
It’s incredible how many people blow through this airport.
Airport me is all about cleavage and crab, apparently.
I’ve loved seeing the dogs prance through the airport from time to time.
Spending an ungodly amount of time in the airport allowed me a chance to take in the bad and the good, and all the weird stuff in between that makes us human.

The orginal article.

Summary of “My Runaway Childhood”

In the small roach-infested apartment I shared with my mom, I took my time.
In the two years before I fled, the abuse had gotten worse: her need to control me, locking me in closets or the bathroom; ordering me to clean the apartment at all hours, scrubbing the carpet with nothing but toilet paper and water, scraping the crust off the rim of Mom’s toilet.
Summer of 1982, my mom and I came to Los Angeles.
On the way to the group home, I remembered all the times my mom bent over me and kissed me goodnight, whispering, “The princess is sleeping.”
Cop cars driving along, probably on their way to pick up another kid who was being taken from their mom.
My mom did not do those things so she could not relate, and pulled her seat a little bit out of the circle, keeping herself at a distance from the others.
Each time someone boarded the van, the little boy next to me hollered out, “I’m gonna see my mom today!”.
Only now am I attempting to rebuild our relationship, “Mom” rolling around in my mouth like a bizarre gumdrop.

The orginal article.

Summary of “An Ocean Plastics Field Trip for Corporate Executives”

The choice still seems inspired, because as the factions of environmentalists and plastics executives arrive, the chill on the ship is palpable, and the only way Ford’s vision of some sort of Paris Accord for plastics is going to happen is if a whole lot of icebreaking goes down.
While Greenpeace may be the most anti-corporate of the greens on board, it’s not alone: Break Free from Plastic, Upstream, Ocean Conservancy, World Wildlife Fund, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, and the 5 Gyres Institute are all here to hash it out with Dow, Procter and Gamble, Coca-Cola, Nestl√© Waters, GE, Colgate-Palmolive, Hasbro, Mary Kay, Kimberly-Clark, Clorox, HP, and other industry behemoths.
A former Marine with a buzz cut and unyielding blue eyes, he’s been crusading against ocean plastics for 15 years.
In the U.S., which has a well-developed waste-management system, only about 2 percent of recycled plastic gets mishandled, meaning it could potentially wind up in the ocean.
Bonnie Monteleone¬≠-a North Carolina artist who creates Hokusai waves out of ocean plastic-is schmoozing with Ellen Jackowski of HP, which is incorporating millions of Haiti’s plastic bottles into ink cartridges.
Coca-Cola-which has spewed plastic across the planet like few other companies and has staunchly opposed bottle bills, one of the most effective ways to increase recycling rates-has not been a leader on fixing the plastics crisis.
There’s a grim consensus that the plastics crisis is much more than an ocean issue.
A group including executives from Dow and the World Bank proposes a fee on virgin plastics, to be used as a credit to reduce the cost of using recycled plastic.

The orginal article.

Summary of “As Student Debt Rises, Teens Are Rethinking the College Experience”

Jake’s top priority isn’t student athletics, a high college rank or a vibrant party scene – it’s to graduate debt-free.
For the past few years, college debt – now the highest it’s ever been – has risen from a taboo dinner topic to one of our most pressing political issues.
Democratic presidential candidates Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders are leading the conversations with legislative proposals for free public college tuition and student-loan debt forgiveness.
He says these progressive proposals “Sound great,” but he believes he’d be “Well out of college before anything happens.” Debt anxiety influenced Andrew’s decision to spend two years at Haywood Community College in Clyde, North Carolina.
All these college kids talkin bout student loans n stuff like that making me scared shitless for my life.
Zach, a first-generation college student from Fulton, Mississippi, “Didn’t have a clue” what he was doing while applying for colleges.
Even for more fortunate students who plan to pay off their tuition costs in real time, there’s still worry about the trauma of college debt looming large over the entire country.
The only way he can make sense of it is to turn the fear of debt into college motivation.

The orginal article.

Summary of “This Top-Secret Investigator Infiltrates Hate Groups Online”

An elite investigator who tracks angry men online, she’s known to some in her field as the Savant because of her uncanny ability to suss out when, exactly, hate speech will morph into violent action.
“We’ve never really seen violent hate being directed at women like we are now, in the same way that it has been for black people and Jews,” says Heidi Beirich, director of the Intelligence Project at the Southern Poverty Law Center.
There’s the Red Pill community, which preaches, among other things, that women have it better, so much better, than men.
Modern “Male supremacy,” as the experts now call it, actually dates back to the 1970s, when men’s rights activists came about as a reaction to women’s liberation, explains Jessica Reaves, editorial director for the ADL’s Center on Extremism.
Many of the other men behind large-scale recent murders have a history of violence toward women, per the International Center for Research on Women.
A liberal feminist Dyke it’s not a woman and they have been green-lighted….”Men can’t wait for women to come around. Nature doesn’t work that way. We, as men, must regain our culture and take control.”K is currently keeping close tabs on more than 1,000 men.
I can’t reveal her exact methods, but let’s just say anyone who is vocal online about his hate for women has likely chatted her up about his motorcycle or his family.
“There are shitty men and there are shitty women,” she says with a shrug.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Love, Death and Volleyball: The Four-Decade Run of a Trailblazing Gay Sports League”

“Welcome to the Gotham Volleyball Drag Tournament 2018!”.Tournament players are decked out in wigs, heels, gowns, tutus, copious eye shadow, hand fans, butterfly wings and body-hugging foliage.
The volleyball league continued to expand, reaching 300 members by 1989, a time when AIDS was decimating New York City’s gay population and many in the LGBTQ community turned to the group for support and relief.
In the volleyball league, he found not only an outlet for tension but also a love interest: Heriberto Estrada, who was then the commissioner.
The Gotham Volleyball League, then part of the Manhattan Community Athletic Association of New York in the mid-1980s.
Of course, the gay volleyball community was not immune to AIDS itself.
Another player, who has published 20 crossword puzzles in The New York Times, composes gay-themed crossword puzzles sprinkled with volleyball clues for Gotham’s newsletters.
Players usually head around the corner to Gym Sportsbar, which became New York City’s first gay sports bar when a pair of Gotham guys, Nick Leonard and Rick Schmutzler, opened it in 2005.
The Gotham Volleyball contingent at the NYC Pride March in 2018.As the league has evolved, its emphasis on philanthropy has grown.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The California Sunday Magazine”

We’re the CEOs of a company, and my purview is to make sure I’m utterly crushing it every day at work, and I want Eraina to do the same thing at home.
I’d ask Eraina, “Do you want me to do a worksheet with Ella or work on her school packet?” “Should I prepare a snack?” I also try to put myself in Eraina’s shoes.
Working with our nanny, Ilsa, we kind of live her financial stresses.
If Chrissy has to work in the morning, she wakes up around 3:30 a.m. and leaves while Camden and I stay in bed.
It gave me some me-time, so my whole life wasn’t going to work and being a mom and housekeeper.
After our daughter was born, I got a job working at the campus bookstore, and, on weekends, I found a part-time job working with cleaners.
For a long time, I worked in a camp where migrant workers and field workers lived, and they dropped off their children when they went to work.
He’s a Cuban citizen, and we’re working on reuniting.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Search for How to Fix Bad Posture Ended in Self-Discovery”

My body didn’t understand its transgression, it simply reverted to what it knew as normal, what I had taught it.
For 30 years, I taught my body to be smaller, to look different, to protect my ruby egg of a heart.
My body is only trying to be my friend by holding on to that lesson.
My default became lifting my shoulders to my ears and curling my back, like I am trying to hug my body into a compact ball.
Maybe it started before I gender transitioned, when my body defied my truth and popped breasts out of my chest.
“We go from moving our bodies and activating our brains outside using the force of motion to sitting still in a classroom,” Sawyers explained.
I lay face down on the table so he could see how my body situated itself.
Sawyers described the link between the mind’s stress and the body’s: “We carry so much stress. From knowing you have to go to a job you don’t like, pay your bills or be kicked out of your apartment. The body doesn’t know the difference between that kind of stress and the stress from someone wanting to beat you up, having to run away. Our bodies are protective, so we round in. It is survival mode. And in survival mode, your body doesn’t care if you have other things you need to heal from. It doesn’t care about your future, it cares about surviving that moment.”

The orginal article.