Summary of “Should the world eat more like the Cantonese?”

Do they all learn to take advantage of the foods on offer? Cecilia says that most people tend to fall to the two extremes: she even knows one couple where the wife will eat everything, and the husband will try nothing new.
Neophobics are more likely to be overweight perhaps because they tend to opt for blander, more calorific foods.
Food neophobes tend to be more sensitive to a particular chemical, phenylthiocarbamide, that gives many foods their bitter tastes.
One study by Laith Al Shawaf, then at the University of Texas in Austin, found that food neophobic people seem to be more fearful of diseases and pests in general – suggesting it may be part of an overall heightened disgust response.
“Those who are more oriented toward short-term mating and casual sex tend to be more food neophilic than those who are more inclined toward monogamy and committed mating,” says Al Shawaf, who is now based at Bilkent University in Turkey.
Al Shawaf therefore wonders if a tendency to try new foods may also be a way of demonstrating the fact that we have a robust immune system, capable of dealing with the potential pathogens that may come from eating new foods.
Whatever our current food personality, he thinks we can all learn to overcome our disgust response to some degree, through increased exposure to new tastes and textures.
Far from being a trial to eat, the soup felt like a perfect, warming comfort food, with the snake itself offering a subtle fishy flavour, offset by the citric bite of the lemongrass.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why exercising on an empty stomach is the secret to weight loss”

Insulin now inhibits the breakdown of fatty acids, leading your body to burn the sugars you’ve just ingested.
If you think about it, this all makes perfect evolutionary sense.
When food wasn’t as readily available as it is today, holding on to stored body fat was crucial for our survival.
Today, food is in almost constant supply – but our bodies are still physiologically the same as they were tens of thousands of years ago.
If we eat all day, we never tap into our bodies’ natural ability to burn stored body fat for energy.
Studies demonstrate that a bout of aerobic exercise performed in the fasted as compared with non-fasted state increases the reliance on fat and subsequently reduces the reliance on carbohydrate as fuel during exercise, with several publications showing that fasted exercise oxidises around 20-30pc more fat.
If you’re exercising to lose weight, it’s a no brainer.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Mother Nature might be lovely, but moral she is not”

Immersed as we are in these exquisite pastoral gifts, Vermonters tend to forget that Mother Nature might be lovely, but moral she is not.
Despite overwhelming scientific evidence that GMOs are safe for human consumption, more than three-quarters of Vermonters supported the law, which stated that all food manufacturers had to slap a chunk of text on their packaging if their product contained any ingredients that were produced through genetic engineering.
Yes, the abundance of nutritious food that we enjoy today is thanks, in part, to GM technologies.
You know what makes my lupus feel better? When I can afford healthy food, all year round.
As if Satan himself were coming to murder us right in the mouth with nightmarish, demon hybrid foods, and this law was the only thing that could keep him at bay.
‘important and unanswered questions about the healthfulness and safety of GE foods’ ‘Independent studies continue to show that genetic engineering of food crops can lead to the production of toxins, allergens and other substances that may pose health-related risks’ ‘The US Food and Drug Administration leave the determination of these foods’ safety to the biotech companies that produce them’.
Three weeks later, on 29 July 2016, the then president Barack Obama signed into federal law bill S.764, which required food manufacturers to label foods containing GMOs, but gave them numerous options to do so other than via the block of text that Vermont required.
The farmer blamed the big evil US Food and Drug Administration for imposing this unnatural process on the natural cider.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Alternative Facts Are The Norm In Public Understanding Of Science”

The notion of alternative facts was roundly mocked on social media.
One viral post depicted the cover of a fake children’s book – The Little Golden Book of Alternative Facts – on which a bird was labeled “Butterfly,” a chair “Table,” and a dog “Cat.” Alternative facts like these are absurd, and no one would endorse them.
There are many alternative facts that are just as absurd from an empirical point of view but widely endorsed nonetheless: that dinosaurs once coexisted with humans; that humans appeared on Earth in their current form; that the sun revolves around the Earth; that vaccines cause autism; that genetically modified foods are dangerous to eat; that humans are not responsible for climate change.
Alternative facts about political issues, like the size of inauguration crowds or the birthplace of Barack Obama, receive significant media attention and public ire, but alternative facts about science do not.
Alternative facts about science are commonplace; they are a well-established and long-accepted backdrop for public discourse about scientific issues.
Why are we outraged by alternative facts in politics but complacent about alternative facts in science? There are likely several reasons, but chief among them is that alternative facts in politics defy common sense, whereas alternative facts in science are completely sensible.
In my book Scienceblind: Why Our Intuitive Theories About the World Are So Often Wrong, I describe several intuitive theories of the physical world and several intuitive theories of the biological world that not only impede our ability to learn science but also make us susceptible to scientific misconceptions – or, in today’s parlance, alternative facts about science.
These two cases illustrate that alternative facts about science are just as pernicious as alternative facts about politics, if not more so.
Alternative facts about science go unnoticed by many non-scientists because they are grounded in alternative theories of how the world works.
If we are committed to combating alternate facts – as we should be – then we must also combat the alternative theories that license them.

The orginal article.