Summary of “22 Years Ago, Steve Jobs Said 1 Thing Separates People Who Achieve From Those Who Only Dream”

Jobs was … well, let’s just say that Steve Jobs was demanding.
I’ve never found anybody that didn’t want to help me if I asked them for help … I called up Bill Hewlett when I was 12 years old.
“Hi, I’m Steve Jobs. I’m 12 years old. I’m a student in high school. I want to build a frequency counter, and I was wondering if you have any spare parts I could have.” He laughed, and he gave me the spare parts, and he gave me a job that summer at Hewlett-Packard … and I was in heaven.
Most people never ask, and that’s what separates, sometimes, the people who do things from the people who just dream about them.
By showing you respect and trust other people, and by giving them the latitude to freely share their expertise or knowledge, you don’t just get the help you think you want.
Plus, you make it easier for them to ask you for help when they need it.
You’ve shown it’s OK to express vulnerability, to admit a weakness, and to know when you need help.
If that’s not enough to convince you: If a guy like Steve Jobs was willing to ask for help, shouldn’t we?

The orginal article.

Summary of “Two American women are rescued by U.S. Navy after months adrift in the Pacific”

Sailors from the USS Ashland rescued Jennifer Appel and Tasha Fuiava 900 miles off the coast of Japan on Oct. 25.
The moment the two women and their two dogs were finally rescued is captured on video, taken from the deck of a Navy boat.
“Relief and elation and joy,” rescued sailor Jennifer Appel said later, in an interview with the Navy aboard the USS Ashland, which had come to save her and Tasha Fuiava.
Appel and Fuiava, both from Honolulu, had set sail for the Polynesian island of Tahiti at the beginning of May. The boat’s engine died at the end of the month, and the two had been lost at sea for the majority of the time since.
The two had set off on May 3, expecting an 18-day trip to French Polynesia, where they would spend the next six months traveling around thousands of small islands in the South Pacific.
The two sailors and their two dogs were brought safely aboard after the Navy determined their boat was no longer seaworthy.
The two said they were overjoyed to be rescued but a little sad to leave the sailboat, the Sea Nymph.
Appel, the president of a company that builds green roofs, according to the Honolulu Star-Advertiser, had spent two and a half years working on the boat to ready it for the journey, Fuiava said.

The orginal article.

Summary of “This New Study Shows That People Who ‘Think Backwards’ Are More Successful”

If you’re like most people, your brain will start firing on all cylinders at this point, formulating a plan of what you’re going to say, what materials or supporting research you can bring, and how you’re going to present yourself in the best, more professional way possible.
It might seem like an arbitrary question, but according to new research from the Korea University Business School, how you choose to plan your path to success can have a major impact on the outcome.
Backward planning leads to higher levels of success The researchers ran a series of studies asking participants to plan for an important event or goal, like the meeting with their boss or launching their new company.
In one study, they asked students to create a study plan for a final exam in either chronological or reverse order.
They compared the students’ results against their planning method and found those who planned backwards performed better than those who planned forward.
Backward planning keeps the final goal always in sight The researchers attributed these results to the fact that when we’re told to start at our goal, it makes it feel more attainable and closer to coming true.
They also found that people perceived they had a clearer set of steps to hitting their goal when planning backwards and felt more confident in the choices they were making.
Using backward planning in your own life So how does this apply to our original scenario: the big boss meeting?

The orginal article.

Summary of “Happiness Is Other People”

This isolationist philosophy is showing up not just in the way that many Americans talk about happiness, but in how they spend their time.
People who study these things have observed a marked increase in solitary “Happiness pursuits” – activities carried out either completely alone or in a group without interaction – with the explicit aim of keeping each person locked in her own private emotional experience.
The self-help industry – with its guiding principle that the search for happiness should be an individual, self-focused enterprise – is booming, with Americans spending more than $1 billion on self-help books a year to help guide them on their inner journeys.
While placing more and more emphasis on seeking happiness within, Americans in general are spending less and less time actually connecting with other people.
Academic happiness studies are full of anomalies and contradictions, often revealing more about the agendas and values of those conducting them than the realities of human emotion.
If there is one point on which virtually every piece of research into the nature and causes of human happiness agrees, it is this: our happiness depends on other people.
Despite claiming to crave solitude when asked in the abstract, when sampled in the moment, people across the board consistently report themselves as happier when they are around other people than when they are on their own.
The most significant thing we can do for our well-being is not to “Find ourselves” or “Go within.” It’s to invest as much time and effort as we can into nurturing the relationships we have with the people in our lives.

The orginal article.

Summary of “These 8 Excel Timesavers Will Make You a Spreadsheet Speed Demon”

If you’ve spent any time operating a computer, you’ve encountered Microsoft Excel.
Excel has become synonymous with spreadsheets as a whole, the way Kleenex defined the facial tissue industry, and is truly the unicorn of the category.
Unlike a unicorn, almost everyone has spent some time with Excel.
Being familiar with Excel is almost a requirement in business.
Excel is genuinely one of the most popular pieces of software on the market today, but so many professionals still don’t fully understand its capabilities.
Many people dedicate a significant amount of time to learning Excel, hoping they can wrangle this majestic unicorn and make it do their bidding, which is no easy feat.
If you’re like me, any tips that can help you get the most out of Excel are like gold; I can’t get enough.
All of the processes are simple, so even those who’ve just gotten their feet wet in Excel can master these quickly.

The orginal article.

Summary of “To Mend a Birth Defect, Surgeons Operate on the Patient Within the Patient”

Dr. Belfort reviewed the test results, telling the group that the fetus had a “Significant lesion” involving much of his lower back.
During the standard prenatal surgery for spina bifida, surgeons cut open the woman’s abdomen and uterus to reach the fetus.
Dr. Belfort opened Mrs. Royer’s lower abdomen, but not her uterus.
The standard, open operation is faster and easier, but Dr. Belfort and Dr. Whitehead think their method will prove safer for both the mother and the fetus.
With the open procedure, the cut into the uterus increases the risk of early labor and premature birth, which puts the fetus at risk for a host of complications.
The incision also raises the risk of uterine rupture during labor, and requires that the mother give birth by cesarean section, which is generally riskier for women than a vaginal birth.
To develop their fetoscopic procedure, Dr. Belfort and Dr. Whitehead operated on sheep and spent several hundred hours over the course of two years practicing on a simulator that they had created.
Surgeons at Johns Hopkins have used it to treat five patients, and Dr. Belfort is helping to train colleagues at Stanford.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why do humans have numbers: are they cultural or innate?”

Whether numbers really exist independently of humans ‘is not a scientific debate, but a philosophical, theological or ideological one’, said Núñez.
Such observations gave rise to what has long been the predominant view that we humans are born with an innate sense of number, says the cognitive neuroscientist Daniel Ansari of the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada.
‘Despite abundant experience with number through life, and formal training of number and mathematics at school, the ability to discriminate number remains ratio-dependent,’ said Fias.
‘A chick discriminating a visual stimulus that has what humans designate as “One dot” from another one with “Three dots” is a biologically endowed behaviour that involves quantity but not number,’ he said.
Whereas Western adults and children will generally indicate evenly spaced numbers, the Munduruku people tended to choose a gradually decreasing spacing as the numbers of circles got larger, roughly consistent with that found for abstract numbers on a logarithmic scale.
Núñez is skeptical of Dehaene’s claim that all humans conceptualise an abstract number line at all.
The apparent disconnect between the two types of symbolic thought raises a mystery of its own: how do we grasp number at all if we have only the cognitive machinery for the cruder notion of quantity? That conundrum is one reason why some researchers can’t accept Núñez’s claim that the concept of number is a cultural trait, even if it draws on innate dispositions.
If Núñez is right that the concept of number is a cultural elaboration of a much cruder biological sense of quantity, that raises new and intriguing questions about mathematics in the brain.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Deeply Intelligent People Don’t Try to Think Themselves Out of Unhappiness”

His masterful ability maintain a laser-like focus on evolving goals-the thing that makes him successful-also is the mechanism that prevents his happiness.
Genuine happiness emerges when you stop creating your own unhappiness.
By the time you started avoiding uncomfortable emotions by trying to think your way out of them, the plan was already set in motion.
To discover happiness means that you need to get out of your own way.
You need to recognize that your thinking-your search for a solution to your pain, your seeking of external happiness, and your contemplation of all things outside of the present moment-creates unhappiness.
These clouds fill with rain the more that you think through your emotional discomfort, the more that you remove yourself from the here-and-now, the more that you dilute your experience of now with thoughts of then.
To work through unhappiness, George first had to reduce his habits of unhappiness.
Admitting what you don’t know, embracing the present moment, and simply witnessing life’s journey as it unfolds is not only the highest form of intelligence-it’s how you discover real happiness.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The doctor of the future”

Medicine increasingly looks like team sport, with duties and jobs that used to fall to a family doctor now executed by a team, from nurses who sit down with patients to discuss diet and exercise to clinical pharmacists who monitor a patient’s medication.
Health insurers will pay for a patient sit down with a doctor.
In a statement, the association says it “Encourages physician-led health care teams that utilize the unique knowledge and valuable contributions of all clinicians to enhance patient outcomes.” It noted that top hospital systems are using physician-led teams to improve patients’ health while reducing costs.
Hospital systems like UCHealth, the University of Colorado-affiliated system where Lin and Peterson work, are betting that the future of health care involves a mix of professionals sharing responsibility for patients.
Carroll has about 300 patients, a fraction of the patient load of a typical doctor in a big health care system.
The system spent about half the money on hiring staff such as social workers, patient navigators and clinical pharmacists and the rest on software that identifies patients who are spending avoidable time in the hospital, including people who are homeless or have a serious but treatable condition, such as HIV. New, smaller clinics wrap even more services around those patients, allowing them to come in for multi-hour visits.
Medical school leaders want to make sure the next generation of doctors has the skills and mind-set the jobs of the future will require-such as the ability to lead teams effectively, draw insights from data sets and guide patients through a system full of bewildering treatments, care settings and payment options.
One program allowed Indiana University to put anonymous patient data into an electronic health record students can use to search for clues to a patient’s health-such as whether he is showing signs of opioid addiction.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Google’s Physical Keys Will Protect Your Password”

The physical keys are an evolution of two-factor authentication, an extra security layer to ensure that your password is being entered by you.
To get started, you will have to buy two physical keys for about $20 each.
Mr. Sabin, the former N.S.A. hacker, who is now a director of network security at GRA Quantum, a security consulting firm, said the physical keys had pros and cons.
On the other hand, if you lose the keys or don’t have the keys around when you need to log in to a new device, it takes longer to regain access to your account.
Ms. Sandvik, who has been testing Google’s program to assess whether to recommend it to the newsroom, said she had not yet discovered vulnerabilities in the security key system outside of the slim possibility that a hacker gained possession of both your password and your key.
The Bottom LineWhile the security keys are easy to set up and provide tough security, they may be disruptive to your productivity if you rely on apps that are incompatible with the keys.
Another example of how the keys can stifle productivity: Many employers still require using the Microsoft Outlook app for email, which won’t work with the keys.
The question is how long it will take security researchers to find a way to hack the physical keys as well.

The orginal article.