Summary of “Why Can’t We Get Cities Right?”

Where Houston has long been famous for its virtual absence of regulations on building, greater San Francisco is famous for its NIMBYism – that is, the power of “Not in my backyard” sentiment to prevent new housing construction.
The median monthly rent on a one-bedroom apartment in San Francisco is more than $3,000, the highest in the nation and roughly triple the rent in Houston; the median price of a single-family home is more than $800,000.
While geography – the constraint imposed by water and mountains – is often offered as an excuse for the Bay Area’s failure to build more housing, there’s no good reason it couldn’t build up.
San Francisco housing is now quite a lot more expensive than New York housing, so why not have more tall buildings?
It turns out that America’s big metropolitan areas are pretty sharply divided between Sunbelt cities where anything goes, like Houston or Atlanta, and those on the East or West Coast where nothing goes, like San Francisco or, to a lesser extent, New York.The point is that this is one policy area where “Both sides get it wrong” – a claim I usually despise – turns out to be right.
In sprawling cities, real-estate developers exert outsized influence, and the more these cities sprawl, the more powerful the developers get.
In NIMBY cities, soaring prices make affluent homeowners even less willing to let newcomers in.
In blue states where cities build too little, there’s a growing political movement calling for more housing supply.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Dr Con Man: the rise and fall of a celebrity scientist who fooled almost everyone”

She met Macchiarini while producing A Leap of Faith and was soon breaking one of the cardinal rules of journalism: don’t fall in love with the subject of your story.
Macchiarini’s deceit was so outlandish, Vanity Fair sought the opinion of the Harvard professor Ronald Schouten, an expert on psychopaths, who gave this diagnosis-at-a-distance: “Macchiarini is the extreme form of a con man. He’s clearly bright and has accomplishments, but he can’t contain himself. There’s a void in his personality that he seems to want to fill by conning more and more people.”
Which left a big, burning question in the air: if Macchiarini was a pathological liar in matters of love, what about his medical research? Was he conning his patients, his colleagues and the scientific community?
Macchiarini’s fall was swift, but troubling questions remain about why he was allowed to continue his experiments for so long.
These included Harriet Wallberg, who was the vice-chancellor of the Karolinska Institute in 2010, when Macchiarini was recruited.
In early 2014, four Karolinska doctors defied the reigning culture of silence by complaining about Macchiarini.
The scandal is much bigger than Karolinska, which accounts for only three of the patients who have received Macchiarini’s “Regenerating” windpipes.
In Macchiarini’s case, the hope was that patients could be treated with stem cells taken from their own bone marrow.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Baby Wails, and the Adult World Comes Running”

The new study is just one in a series of recent reports that reveal the centrality of crying to infant survival, and how a baby’s bawl punches through a cluttered acoustic landscape to demand immediate adult attention.
The sound of an infant’s cry arouses a far quicker and stronger response in action-oriented parts of the adult brain than do similarly loud or emotionally laden noises, like a dog barking or a neighbor weeping.
Susan Lingle, a biologist at the University of Winnipeg, and her co-workers have conducted field studies in which they broadcast through loudspeakers the amplified crèche cries of a panoply of animals, including a baby bat, a baby eland, a sea lion pup, a baby marmot, a kid goat and a domestic kitten.
At a conference on infant wailing held earlier this summer in Italy, Dr. Lingle played an audio clip of cries from a kid, fawn and baby, and asked the audience which was human.
Mariano Chóliz, a psychologist at the University of Valencia, and his co-workers have made a first-pass attempt to categorize infant cries.
Studying both superfast brain scans of healthy volunteers and direct electrode measurements in adult patients who were undergoing neurosurgery for other reasons, Dr. Young, with Christine E. Parsons of Aarhus University in Denmark, Morten L. Kringelbach of Oxford University and other colleagues, has tracked the brain’s response to the sound of an infant cry.
Subjects then listened to recordings of babies crying, adults crying or birds singing, and played the game again.
“We saw better scores and more effortful pressing after the infant cries,” Dr. Young said.

The orginal article.

Summary of “As Bike-Sharing Brings Out Bad Manners, China Asks, What’s Wrong With Us?”

“We look at ourselves, and we ask, ‘What is wrong with the Chinese nation, the Chinese people?'” said Xu Qinduo, a political commentator for China Radio International in Beijing.
Over 10,000 confiscated shared bikes piled up like a mountain in east China https://t.
On social media and in conversation, it is common to hear people describe bike-sharing as a “Monster-revealing mirror” that has exposed the true nature of the Chinese people.
Chinese often invoke “Low suzhi” in criticizing the bad habits or manners of others, and have bemoaned a deficit of suzhi in Chinese society for generations, sometimes arguing that they cannot be trusted with elections because their suzhi is too low.
In interviews with Chinese news outlets, the company’s founder, Wu Shenghua, blamed the public’s “Poor suzhi” in part for driving the company out of business.
Hu Weiwei, founder and president of Mobike, one of the most popular bike-sharing apps in China, said the benefits of shared bicycles far outweighed any inconvenience, noting reductions in carbon emissions and improvements in traffic.
“A good system can bring out people’s good will and moral values,” she said.
Mr. Yan said the overall success of bike sharing suggested that mutual trust was growing in China.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Goodbye, Yosemite. Hello, What?”

A man whose photographs defined Yosemite in the national imagination and yet rarely included Yosemite Indians, Adams wrote of the Ahwahnee that “The Indian motif is supreme,” adding, “The designs are stylized with tasteful sophistication; decidedly Indian, yet decidedly more than Indian, they epitomize the involved and intricate symbolism of primitive man.”
Soon they were planning to replace it with a Yosemite Indian Village, which put the federal government in the silly business of deciding what an “Indian village” ought to look like and who qualified as sufficiently “Yosemite Indian” to live there.
The last remnants of the Yosemite Indian Village were destroyed in 1969.
The recent furor over the name of the Ahwahnee began in 2015, when a subsidiary of the Delaware North Corporation, which operated the park’s hotels, restaurants and shops for more than two decades under a government concession contract, lost its contract to Aramark.
The National Park Service came up with new names and told Delaware North to get lost.
My vote would be to change Tenaya Lake to Pywiack Lake, relabel Yosemite Valley itself Ahwahnee and sprinkle the park with new historical plaques saying things like “On this spot, in 1851, American militiamen shot Tenaya’s son in the back, let him bleed out in the grass, then dragged Tenaya up to have a look and enjoyed watching him weep.”
“There’s so many people in Yosemite we can’t even get there. So we don’t care who calls what anything! You can’t even find a parking spot!” That may be too much to ask.
The National Park Service won’t seriously consider limiting private cars in Yosemite – because, I presume, that might slow the growth of somebody’s hamburger sales.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Incarcerated Women Who Fight California’s Wildfires”

During World War II, California turned its prisons into factories for the military industry and moved inmates into the temporary forestry camps of the Civilian Conservation Corps, a public work-relief program created during the Depression.
In 1946, as part of Gov. Earl Warren’s Prisoner Rehabilitation Act, the state opened Camp Rainbow which – under the joint supervision of the state’s Division of Forestry and the California Department of Corrections – housed inmates to clear fire lines.
”Any fire you go on statewide, whether it be small or large, the inmate hand crews make up anywhere from 50 to 80 percent of the total fire personnel,” says Lt. Keith Radey, the commander who is in charge of a camp where women train.
At Malibu 13, one of three conservation camps that house women, the commander, John Scott, showed me a printout: Inmate firefighters can make a maximum of $2.56 a day in camp and $1 an hour when they’re fighting fires.
After visiting three camps over a year and a half, I could see why inmates would accept the risks.
They’re being trained to work in a field they will probably have trouble finding a job in when they get out: Los Angeles County Fire won’t hire felons and C.D.C.R. doesn’t offer any formal help to inmates who want firefighting jobs when they’re released.
The Conservation Camp Program saves California taxpayers approximately $100 million a year, according to C.D.C.R. Several states, including Arizona, Nevada, Wyoming and Georgia employ prisoners to fight fires, but none of them rely as heavily on its inmate population as California does.
Faced with the prospect of a state in flames, California continues to depend on its inmate firefighters as a tenuous and all-but-invisible line of defense.

The orginal article.

Summary of “I Once Talked To Seth Godin On The Phone: Here’s How It Changed My Life and Business”

Casey coaches business owners on how to scale their companies, helping entrepreneurs become CEOs.
It’s not going to be easy, you’re probably going to hate it, but in the end, you’ll be able to get out of your business and do what you really want.
How a phone call with Seth Godin changed everythingI shared my concerns with Casey, and once again he said, “Jeff, you don’t have to do this. Why don’t you take the next few days to decide what you really want?”.
“Don’t build a business because you want freedom. Build a business because you want to run a business.”
Scale my business, graduate to CEO, and acquire other businesses to help deal with the churn of my industry, eventually creating an 8- or 9-figure company and selling it.
I thought about spending the next two years of their lives trying to scale a business, which felt like precious time to spend on something I didn’t intend to do for the rest of my life.
For me, the business was a means to make an income while I continue to write.
Today, there is a lot of pressure for writers and creatives to start a business, make money doing something they’re not passionate about in hopes of finally having the time to do what they really love.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Tell If Someone Is Lying: 10 Tells and Clues”

If you’re suspicious that someone isn’t telling the truth, can you look the person in the eyes and tell? Well, let’s try.
There are behaviors and tells that should make you wonder whether the person you’re dealing with is being truthful.
We tend to think that liars are the ones who can’t keep their stories straight, but we’ll list this so-called tell first, and thus least reliable, because there are other explanations for changing stories.
Most truthful people, when they’re asked to retell a story several times, will remember additional details each time-which means the stories they tell will change.
There are some tells that can suggest lack of veracity: blushing, blinking, flared nostrils, fake smiles.
Again, this isn’t a foolproof tell, but it’s another piece of evidence to consider as you weigh the likelihood that you’re being told something untruthful.
As my colleague Justin Bariso points out, key tells could be when people “Say no and look in a different direction,” “Say no and close their eyes,” “Say no after hesitating,” “Say noooooooo, stretched over a long period of time,” or “Say no in a singsong manner.”
Consider this one a bonus-a tell that lets you know when someone holds you in contempt but attempts to continue the conversation anyway.

The orginal article.

Summary of “These 31 Questions Will Break the Ice with Absolutely Anyone: a Hollywood Star, a Head of State, the CEO or the Cute Person Sitting Next to You on the Train”

Or, you board the commuter train or go to a noisy cocktail party or take a spin class and suddenly you realize that the person next to you, the extremely attractive guy/gal, is smiling at you and offering to give you some kale chips/buy you a drink/take you out for green smoothies.
The Greek philosopher Socrates knew that questions are more engaging than providing information.
Media interviewers use surprising questions to gain fresh insights into a famous person’s psyche.
My firm uses unusual questions to enliven the usually dull Q&A-style executive interview.
So even if you’re not a philosopher or a journalist, you can use questions to break the ice, draw someone out or simply overcome awkward silences.
What’s the best movie you’ve seen this year?
What is the best compliment you’ve ever received?
Got it? Start with one question and you’ll be pleased by where the conversation can lead..

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Case for Investing More in People”

“Productivity isn’t everything, but in the long run it is almost everything,” wrote Paul Krugman more than 20 years ago.
There is a virtuous cycle between productivity and people: Higher levels of productivity allow society to reinvest in human capital, and smart investments result in higher labor productivity.
Of course, low productivity can depress wages, but in recent decades, wages haven’t grown as much as expected even during periods of robust economic productivity growth.
“For most of the last half-century – 84 percent of the time since 1966 – average wages have grown more slowly than would be predicted based on productivity and inflation growth,” The New York Times reported.
The evidence suggests the former: We could improve productivity if we stopped systematically underinvesting in human capital.
Giving managers more time to do deep thinking can unlock innovations that can have a significant impact on productivity.
This is the gateway to the discretionary energy that multiplies labor productivity: An inspired employee is more than twice as productive as a satisfied employee and more than three times as productive as a dissatisfied employee.
Robert Gordon, a macroeconomist at Northwestern University, has shown that periods of breakout productivity in the United States were not the result of capital deepening, but of what economists call total factor productivity, a catch-all measure for the impact of technological innovation.

The orginal article.