Summary of “Help Employees Create Knowledge”

Many leaders see organizational learning simply as sharing existing knowledge.
These systems sought to make existing knowledge more accessible to those who might need it in the form of knowledge repositories that collected and indexed documents as well as directories of expertise that could point employees to others who had relevant know-how.
Without diminishing the value of knowledge sharing, we would suggest that the most valuable form of learning today is actually creating new knowledge.
In a rapidly changing world, much of the new knowledge comes in the form of tacit knowledge – knowledge that resides in our heads but that we have a hard time articulating to ourselves, much less to others.
Scalable learning focuses on creating environments where new tacit knowledge can be created and evolve as workers confront new situations.
In an organization focused on scalable efficiency, the focus of learning is on sharing explicit knowledge.
If leaders shift their focus to creating new tacit knowledge, then that kind of learning is best done in small workgroups that bring together people with diverse skills and perspectives and that help them to form deep, trust-based relationships with each other so that they can feel comfortable trying new things, even if they might not work, and reflecting collaboratively on what worked and what didn’t work.
Scalable learning shifts the focus to learning in the work environment as new performance challenges arise.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Seven Best and Worst Fighters on ‘Game of Thrones'”

Via titles, costumes, and scripts, Game of Thrones tells us who its most fearsome fighters are supposed to be.
One such pair of practiced eyes belongs to my soon-to-be-brother-in-law, Alec Barbour, a fight director and an advanced actor/combatant with the Society of American Fight Directors-that is, the type of person who would work on a show like Thrones and ensure that the fight scenes are both entertaining and moderately realistic.
With that variable combat quality in mind, I asked Alec to rank the best and worst warriors on Game of Thrones, in terms of how effective and realistic their fighting technique appears from a fight director’s perspective.
Seven is a special number in Westeros, so with apologies to Pod, Bronn, Sers Loras and Barristan, and other “Middle-of-the-road” warriors who didn’t make the cut, we present the best seven and worst seven fighters on Game of Thrones, accompanied by Alec’s comments and critiques.
Second, Syrio’s on-screen fighting style-the look of which was crafted by legendary British sword-master William Hobbes, who choreographed amazing fights for Rob Roy, The Duellists, and The Three Musketeers, among other films-was our first introduction to water dancing, and I far prefer his style, which is solidly grounded in historical rapier fencing, to the altogether-too-showy juggling style we were introduced to by Jorah’s Season 5 opponent in the fighting pits of Meereen.
Brienne of Tarth Fight Director’s Verdict: If there’s a “Most Improved Fighter” award in Westeros, it should go to Brienne.
Ultimately, one of the most celebrated fighters in Westeros ends up looking like a rank amateur, although admittedly, being imprisoned and poorly fed for a year didn’t set him up for success.
The Unsullied Fight Director’s Verdict: For my money, the most overrated fighters in Westeros are the Unsullied, Game of Thrones’ answer to elite shield and spear regiments like the Spartans from 300 or the Myrmidons from Troy.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Watch the Eclipse Online if You’re Stuck Indoors”

Then the clouds roll in, or you’re stuck indoors at work without windows.
There are plenty of places you can stream the eclipse online if you’re in no position to see it with your own eyes – and you might even get a better view.
The first thing you’ll need to know is when you should pay attention to the events happening in the sky.
This chart from NASA runs down when the eclipse begins and ends, along with when totality begins and ends, for each time zone in the United States.
This way you’ll know exactly when to pop outdoors or go up to the roof to catch the event.
If you’re on the West Coast of the United States, you might want to grab your eclipse glasses or goggles and head outside just after 9 a.m. Pacific, but definitely make sure you don’t miss totality around 10:19 a.m. if you live far enough north to see it.
Those of us on the East Coast should make sure to head outside just after 1 p.m. Eastern and pay close attention around 2:30 p.m. If you’re still unsure what you’ll be able to see and when, check out NASA’s interactive map here.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Matthew Berry’s Love/Hate for 2017: Most overvalued, undervalued players in fantasy football”

Everything you need to have a successful fantasy football season.
Now that sports media company is going to put on a fantasy football show every single weekday during the football season? With me? Gulp.
You’ve probably heard me mention the stat last season that, from Weeks 5-12, no QB scored more fantasy points than Mariota.
While his playing in all 16 games contributed to the seventh-best QB fantasy point total, he was just 19th among QBs in fantasy points per game in the season’s second half, behind Alex Smith and Ryan Tannehill, among 16 others.
The past two years, Matthew Stafford has thrown the eighth-most passes to the slot and that’s where Anquan Boldin caught seven of his eight touchdowns last season.
From Week 5 on last season, Cameron Meredith was WR18 in fantasy, and in the final six weeks he averaged more than eight targets a game and was WR10. Meredith is currently being drafted as WR44, but he will be a target monster and red zone threat on a team that will throw a lot and be better on offense than people think.
Bill Belichick, who seems to know a thing or two about football and tight ends, and after seeing Bennett for a year and winning a Super Bowl with him, was like, “Yeah, we’re good.” Prior to last season, Bennett had never been a huge touchdown machine, and three of his seven last season came against Cleveland, which probably shouldn’t even count.
In fantasy we care about the regular season and we care about touchdowns, and over the past two years, Cook has one touchdown.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Mindfulness is easy to achieve-just follow the wise words of Marcus Aurelius”

Aurelius upheld his duty to the state for over 20 years, through the death of Hadrian and throughout the rule of Antoninus Pius, until the day he became the Emperor of Rome.
There’s much uncertainty regarding the details of Marcus Aurelius’ story.
More than a philosophy it also gives us insight into the clarity with which Marcus Aurelius thought.
Throughout Meditations, Aurelius is active in pointing out the value of looking beyond what we intuitively see on the surface in daily life to better understand the world.
Throughout his work, one thing that stands out about Aurelius is his profound ability to step away and out of his own mind and see the world and himself without emotional attachment.
One of the distinguishing aspects of Meditations is that Aurelius didn’t write it for anyone other than himself.
Marcus Aurelius is known today as what the Greek philosopher Plato characterized as a Philosopher King.
More than his virtues and desires what drove Aurelius to successfully lead one of the most powerful empires in history was his ability to leverage the clarity of his mind.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What successful people don’t tell you”

If you worked really hard and made $1 million, you would enjoy being on the beach for about 3 weeksthen you would get bored and want to get back to work.
Do you agree? Disagree? If you worked hard and earned a million bucks, what would you do?
The people who actually work for it – Top Performers – get bored after a few weeks and want to get back to work!
I’m talking about Top Performers because if you are one – or you’re working to become one – you have different challenges than other people.
If you’d asked me, “How many hours do you work?” I would have been confused with the question.
The narrative is, work until you have enough to retire, then quit.
If you read their subreddit carefully, you’ll notice a ton of enthusiasm around their savings rates, around retiring and finally not having to work.
“Now what? I’m mid 30s, very frugal, unmarried, no kids, virtually no hobbies, high salary, low expenses, work in finance/tech, and can [retire] whenever. I thought when I got to this point I’d be happier, more relaxed, but it’s yet to happen.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “See the cool kids lined up outside that new restaurant? This app pays them to stand there.”

Pretend for a moment that you’re walking through your neighborhood and notice a line of people wrapped around the block outside a newly opened restaurant.
That time may be passing thanks to Surkus, an emerging app that allowed the restaurant to quickly manufacture its ideal crowd and pay the people to stand in place like extras on a movie set.
At a time when it has become commonplace for individuals to broadcast polished versions of their lives on social media, does Surkus give businesses a formidable tool to do the same, renting beautiful people and blending them with advertising in a way that makes reality nearly indiscernible? Or have marketers found a tool that offers them a far more efficient way to link brands with potential customers, allowing individuals to turn themselves into living extensions of the share economy using a structured, mutually beneficial transaction?
Stephen George, Surkus’s 30-year-old chief executive, said he considers his app an online matchmaker, one that pairs companies with the people who want to hear from them.
“I understand the need for quick results and attendance and that sometimes brands need people lined up at their door,” said Kerry O’Grady, a professor at New York University’s School of Professional Studies who teaches courses on public relations.
After launching two years ago, Surkus members have attended 4,200 events for 750 clients, including big-name brands, hospitality groups, live-ticketed shows, movie castings and everyday people who want to throw a party.
George said a research company recently used the app to find 750 people to fill movie theaters in Los Angeles and New York to compare how reactions varied from city to city.
“Now I’ve realized, ‘Oh, wow, my act is appealing to Hispanic women and men in their 50s and old people – like, we’re talking people in their 70s.”.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Willpower Doesn’t Work. Here’s How to Actually Change Your Life”

“Many people think that what the addict needs is willpower, but nothing could be further from the truth.”  - Arnold Washton, PhD. If you want to make any permanent change in your life, willpower won’t get you there.
If you’re serious about the changes you want to make, willpower won’t be enough.
Willpower is a broken approach to thriving and success “Willpower is for people who are still uncertain about what they want to do.”  - Helia.
If you’re required to exert willpower to do something, there is an obvious internal conflict.
If your life requires willpower, you haven’t fully determined what you want.
Until you decide, you’ll be required to use willpower, and will continue making minimal progress.
Creating conditions that make success inevitable “The addict only needs to change one thing…their whole damn life.”  - Ben Hill, PhD. No matter how much internal resolve you have, you will fail to change your life if you don’t change your environment.
The willpower approach doesn’t focus on changing the environment but instead on increasing personal efforts to overcome the current environment.

The orginal article.

Summary of “in the future, your body won’t be buried, it will be dissolved”

At the time, Sullivan was working for a company called WR², selling the machines that melted cows.
In the mid aughts, the company got a call from Dean Fisher, then director of anatomical bequests, Department of Anatomy, at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, asking for a machine suitable to process an individual human.
The Mayo had a machine to dissolve bodies, but no instructions.
Towards the end of an alkaline hydrolysis cycle, when all flesh has dissolved off the skeleton and the bones begin to move around the machine, the skull bobs along the top with the brain still inside it.
He’s referring, specifically, to Bio-Response Solutions in Danville, Indiana, the company his former colleague Joe Wilson started after the implosion of WR². After two years of manufacturing machines for animals, Wilson decided to follow Sullivan’s lead and revisit his idea from 1998 – a machine for an individual human.
“The public is far from stupid.” But, while the cost of running the machine is cheaper for the operator, Edwards charges a premium price because the bodies have to be transported out of the state to do it.
Ingraham has never seen a dead body but is trying to sell a machine that dissolves them.
They don’t care that this machine, with its diminished environmental, emotional and financial impacts, could save the world – or at least delay its demise, one body at a time.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Should the Suns Offer Josh Jackson in a Kyrie Irving Trade?”

Adrian Wojnarowski reported in late July that “Approximately 20 teams” inquired about Irving, with the Suns, Spurs, Clippers, Wolves, Knicks, and Heat making “Legitimate proposals.” Multiple front-office executives told The Ringer the list of teams offering for Irving could be longer at this point.
Shortly after Irving’s trade request leaked, Arizona Sports 98.7 Phoenix’s John Gambadoro reported that the Suns came close to acquiring Irving on draft day, and the Cavaliers wanted Eric Bledsoe and Josh Jackson, plus more, but the Suns won’t include Jackson “In any trade” for Irving.
My real holdup with including Jackson for Irving is where does Kyrie even get you? Do Kyrie Irving and Devin Booker make a championship-caliber backcourt? Is it even a playoff backcourt over the next two seasons in the loaded West? Not on defense.
In an era when superstars are joining forces, a Team USA member like Irving could make the Suns the center of the next orbit of free agents.
Put Irving on the roster and maybe in 2018 they’ll have Irving recruiting a USA Basketball big man like DeMarcus Cousins or DeAndre Jordan, or maybe in 2019 Jimmy Butler decides Minnesota isn’t for him and he’d rather join forces with Irving in Phoenix.
Giving up Jackson in a trade for Irving would mean giving up on eight years of a potential cornerstone for maybe only two years of a proven star who won’t guarantee any short-term or long-term success.
Pairing Booker with Irving gives the Suns a shot at building something special.
An earlier version of this story inaccurately stated that The Ringer was able to confirm the report that the Suns are offering Dragan Bender to the Cavaliers in place of Josh Jackson; it’s unclear whether Bender has been included in trade talks for Kyrie Irving.

The orginal article.