Summary of “Man in Vegetative State for 15 Years Responds to Nerve Stimulation”

That’s why it’s so surprising French researchers were able to boost the consciousness of a patient who had spent 15 years in a vegetative state following a car accident.
Someone in a vegetative state can breathe on their own and has periods of wakefulness, but is unaware of their surroundings and can’t communicate or respond to external stimulation.
After a month of vagal nerve stimulation, the man was newly able to respond to simple commands, such as slowly turning his head from left to right, Sirigu says.
Vagal nerve stimulation is already commonly used to treat epilepsy and occasionally to treat depression and neurological disorders.
Uzma Samadani, who is using vagal nerve stimulation on patients with moderate traumatic brain injuries, says she is excited by the French results.
The researchers will need to confirm their findings in many more patients to understand the full potential of using vagal nerve stimulation to boost consciousness in vegetative patients.
If the method is shown to work in a broader population, vagal nerve stimulation could give people with limited consciousness at least a bit of free will and the ability to communicate.
Vagal nerve stimulation is likely to be more effective when used shortly after a traumatic brain injury, Sirigu adds, which is something she plans to study next.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Did Marriage Become a Mark of Privilege?”

A big reason for the decline: Unemployed men are less likely to be seen as marriage material.
As marriage has declined childbearing has not, which means that more children are living in families without two parents and the resources they bring.
Less educated people are more likely to move in with boyfriends or girlfriends in a matter of months, and to get pregnant at a younger age and before marriage.
The decline in marriage was not offset by more couples living together.
When thinking about how to make families more stable, researchers debate whether the decline in marriage is an economic issue or a cultural one.
Even if jobs returned, an increase in marriage wouldn’t necessarily immediately follow.
It’s clear from research that if relationships progressed more slowly, and childbirth came later, families would be more stable.
Mr. Wilcox suggests a bigger emphasis in high schools and pop culture on what’s known as the success sequence: degree, job, marriage, baby.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Bruce Springsteen on Broadway: The Boss on His ‘First Real Job'”

Though I don’t know if I’d be doing this without the experience of doing them.
It happens every time we go to do a tour, you know?
The guys I know who tried it really gave a good shot at it.
It’s one of the nicest feelings in the world for a songwriter because you know what it is to be without that appetite.
Just for your kids – your kids really don’t know much about your life, you know? We had our kids late, I was 40 when our first son was born, and they showed a healthy disinterest in our work over all the years.
As I say in the book, I know a lot of kids who wouldn’t mind seeing 50,000 people boo their parents.
I don’t know how many would want to see those people cheer their parents.
I’m not using my voice – you know, you’re not screaming.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Work and the Loneliness Epidemic”

Loneliness and weak social connections are associated with a reduction in lifespan similar to that caused by smoking 15 cigarettes a day and even greater than that associated with obesity.
Companies in particular have the power to drive change at a societal level not only by strengthening connections among employees, partners, and clients but also by serving as an innovation hub that can inspire other organizations to address loneliness.
Loneliness is the subjective feeling of having inadequate social connections.
Even working at an office doesn’t guarantee meaningful connections: People sit in an office full of coworkers, even in open-plan workspaces, but everyone is staring at a computer or attending task-oriented meetings where opportunities to connect on a human level are scarce.
Happy hours, coffee breaks, and team-building exercises are designed to build connections between colleagues, but do they really help people develop deep relationships? On average, we spend more waking hours with our coworkers than we do with our families.
Researchers for Gallup found that having strong social connections at work makes employees more likely to be engaged with their jobs and produce higher-quality work, and less likely to fall sick or be injured.
Strong social connections are not simply about the number of friends and family members one has; it’s the quality of those connections that matters more.
We must take action now to build the connections that are the foundation of strong companies and strong communities – and that ensure greater health and well-being for all of us.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Donald Trump, Athlete Protests, and the Day the NFL Accepted Real Life”

With every piece of news on Sunday-from the Pittsburgh Steelers refusing to come out for the national anthem to LeSean McCoy saying President Donald Trump is “Acting like a jerk” to the dozens of other players and coaches who made pointed comments toward the White House-I kept coming back to a conversation I had with Eagles safety Malcolm Jenkins over the offseason.
If you are not playing or preparing to play football, you run the risk of being a distraction-a word that has come to signify anything that football coaches do not like.
Distraction culture is what kept many players and coaches from speaking out until Sunday.
On Friday, Trump did the work for them by referring to any NFL player who protested as a “Son of bitch” who should be “Fired”-and then doubling and tripling down on his stance.
After a series of self-inflicted wounds in courtrooms across America with player discipline and health, the NFL league office is finally going into a battle and will come out with a positive image.
This is the change happening in most NFL locker rooms: On Sunday, for perhaps the first time in league history, players weren’t expected to stay quiet.
First, as pointed out by many observers, including ESPN’s Dan Le Batard on Sunday, most players who’ve knelt or raised fists for the anthem are specifically doing so to protest police brutality.
There were reports of boos directed toward players at various games throughout the weekend, but any meaningful fan boycott seems far-fetched: As I’ve said before, the number of people who watched NFL games did not change last season, just the amount of time they watched for.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Lionel Messi Is Doing His Best 2015 LeBron James Impression”

Without his two best teammates, Kevin Love and Kyrie Irving, James scored the second-highest percentage of a team’s points in Finals history and became the first player to ever lead a Finals series in points, assists, and rebounds per game.
Superstars always take on a heavier load come playoff time, except this was something else entirely: Gone was any of the ball movement or positional interchange that defines the NBA’s best teams, and in its place was the best player in the world, pounding the ball into the court, running each iteration of the shot clock down to its last second, and deciding how every possession was going to end.
Messi has scored nine goals, while his teammates have combined for just seven.
In Barcelona’s first Champions League game, a 3-0 win over 2016-17 runners-up Juventus, Messi took five of the team’s nine total shots and scored two of the three goals.
Lionel Messi is scoring a goal every 52.2 minutes of La Liga play.
The main difference between the two teams is that one of them has the supernova version of Messi and the other doesn’t: Real’s underlying stats are better than Barça’s, but Messi is one of the few players in the world for whom concepts like expected goals don’t apply.
Messi has something like 50 more games to play this year.
If there’s one player in the world who can keep this up over an entire season, it’s Messi.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Want to write a bestselling novel? Use an algorithm”

It’s the multimillion pound question that publishers and writers have been pondering for decades: what makes a bestseller? Attempting to write one could certainly pay off – the highest-paid author in the world, JK Rowling, has made $95m in the past year, and the 10 highest-paid authors in the world earned more than $310m between them, according to Forbes.
Even bestselling authors such as James Patterson, Danielle Steel and Stieg Larsson had manuscripts rejected multiple times, while self-publishing sensations like Fifty Shades of Grey took the book industry by surprise.
If you want to write a bestseller you have to hit the sweet spot on character, plot, style and theme.
With some authors, such as Rowling, Patterson or EL James of Fifty Shades fame, the algorithm was more than 90% certain their manuscripts would be bestsellers.
Luckily for would-be authors, she and Jockers decided to share what they gleaned from their algorithm in their 2016 book The Bestseller Code.
If you want to write a bestseller it will help to get the combination of these features right, says Archer.
“If you set out to write a novel to make money, you’ll never do it. You have to write the book inside you.”
Muchamore is equally sceptical about whether an algorithm can produce a bestselling novel.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Misunderstood Roots of Burma’s Rohingya Crisis”

Over the past month, a crackdown by Burma’s military has forced more than 400,000 Rohingya Muslims from Rakhine state to flee to neighboring Bangladesh in what the UN human-rights chief has called a “Textbook example of ethnic cleansing.” The military crackdown was prompted by an attack August 25th by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, a Muslim militant group with reported links to Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, on security outposts.
The international community has condemned the violence unleashed by the Burmese military on Rohingya civilians.
The Rohingya were not among them, though they had enjoyed equal rights since Burma became independent from British rule in 1948.
International pressure resulted in the military government agreeing to grant the Rohingya a reduced form of citizenship if they registered themselves as Bengali-not Rohingya.
For the Burmese government, the word Rohingya is particularly fraught.
This is because if the government acknowledges Rakhine’s Muslims as members of the Rohingya ethnic group, then under the 1982 citizenship law-ironically, the same measure that stripped the Rohingya of their citizenship-the Muslims would be allowed an autonomous area within the country.
Therein lies the crux of the problem: The Burmese fear a Rohingya autonomous area along the border with Bangladesh would come at the expense of Rakhine territory.
Suu Kyi, the country’s de-facto leader, embraced those recommendations made on August 25th. But just hours after that report was made public, ARSA carried out its attacks, prompting the military’s crackdown, and the subsequent allegations of ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya.

The orginal article.

Summary of “3 Things You Can Learn From Jeff Bezos About Making Smart Decisions”

Distinguish Between High and Low ImpactEvery day, we make big and small decisions in response to what our environment dictates.
The problem is that we intuitively judge the importance of our decisions based not on impact, but on random timing.
As Jeff Bezos explained to Amazon shareholders in his 2015 letter, there are two categories of decisions.
At Amazon, by distinguishing between impact, they leave all Type 2 decisions to the teams and individuals on the ground, while the people higher up focus on Type 1 decisions.
Most of your time should always be spent on Type 1 decisions.
Type 2 decisions should either be delegated, or they should be batched together with other less critical choices for later.
For most Type 2 decisions, proxies are helpful, but when it comes to the high-impact Type 1 decisions, it’s better to reason from ground up, taking into account each unique situation.
Release Ideas at 70% and Then IterateFor most decisions, after a certain point, information and time provide diminishing returns.

The orginal article.

Summary of “If A Customer Says Your Product Or Service Is Too Expensive, This Is What You Should Say”

Now, in all honesty, there are a dozen other competitors in our space that offer the same thing.
I’ll tell you where we do win, though: Customer service.
Which means, when a customer is comparing your own company to one of your competitors, you need to be aware that there are only four reasons people truly buy a product or service.
“There are only a few ways you can really differentiate yourself from your competitors,” said Fogel.
“First, you want to start by not sounding like your competitors. Using the exact same terminology and examples makes you sound like everyone else. Second, you need to be inquisitive. You have to ask better questions, and make them feel like you are more knowledgeable than the rest. And third, you have to listen close and understand what it is they’re truly asking for, instead of just responding with blanket statements.”
Fogel went on to explain what to do when a potential client or customer asks the hardest question of all: “I can get your product or service from somewhere else. Why should I work with you?”.
Say something along the lines of, “That’s a great question. But depending on what you’re looking for from a new provider, and depending on your relationship with competitor X, maybe it makes sense that you do nothing and stay with that competitor. Can I make a suggestion? Let me ask you a few very straight forward tough questions about what you are looking for in a supplier, what challenges you’ve had over the years, and then we can figure out together whether I truly add value. And if we decide together there’s a good fit, then you and I could spend the last five minutes figuring out where we might get started on a business relationship. Does that sound okay?”.
Finally, if you notice your competitors are slashing prices, you need to know when to say “No” just as often as you say “Yes.”

The orginal article.