Summary of “Corporations Have Rights. Why Shouldn’t Rivers?”

If a corporation has rights, the authors argue too, should an ancient waterway that has sustained human life for as long as it has existed in the Western United States.
The lawsuit claims the state violated the river’s right to flourish by polluting and draining it and threatening endangered species.
The lawsuit comes as hurricanes and wildfires in recent weeks have left communities across the country devastated, intensifying the debate over how humans should treat the earth in the face of global climate change.
Mr. Flores-Williams characterized the suit as an attempt to level the playing field as rivers and forests battle human exploitation.
Imbuing rivers with the right to sue, he argued, would force humans to take care of the water and trees they need to survive – or face penalties.
A court in the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand has called the Ganges and its main tributary, the Yamuna, to be living human entities.
The Colorado River cuts through or along seven Western states and supplies water to approximately 36 million people, including residents of Denver, Salt Lake City, Las Vegas, Phoenix, Tucson, San Diego and Los Angeles.
Mr. Flores-Williams is a criminal defense lawyer known for suing the city of Denver over its treatment of homeless people.

The orginal article.

Summary of “9 Stressful Things You Need to Stop Tolerating-If You Want to Be Successful”

There are many things that can stress us out, especially when we want to create our own success stories.
To succeed, you need relationships that will make you feel good about yourself.
If you want to be successful, you have to take chances and risks, and above all, you have to be honest with yourself.
The real world doesn’t reward perfectionists; it rewards people who get things done and make things happen.
Stop talking down to yourself-trust me, there are enough people who can do that job that you never have to do it yourself.
Change your small-minded thoughts to big-picture goals and build yourself up instead of cutting yourself down.
Refuse to lower yourself or your standards; instead, constantly raise yourself up.
If you want success, you’re going to have to take things into your own hands and make it happen.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Big Banks Became Our Masters”

The White House and Republicans in Congress in the meantime are trying to roll back hard-won banking regulations in the Dodd-Frank financial oversight law.
All of it brings to mind an acronym familiar to financial writers like myself – BOB, or “Bored of banking.” Even some of us that cover the markets for a living can find ourselves BOB. Over the last 10 years, there has been so much financial scandal, so many battles between regulators and financiers, and so much complexity that a large swath of the public has become numb to the debate about how to make our financial system safer.
Lending to Main Street is now a minority of what the largest banks in the country do.
Today, only about 15 percent of the money coming out of the largest financial institutions goes to that purpose.
The big problem is that our banking system would no longer be recognizable to Adam Smith, who believed that for markets to work, all players must have equal access to information, transparent prices and a shared moral framework.
While the largest banks can correctly claim that they have offloaded risky assets and bolstered the amount of cash on their balance sheets over the last decade, their business model has become fundamentally disconnected from the very people and entities it was designed to serve.
Small community banks, which make up only 13 percent of all banking assets, do nearly half of all lending to small businesses.
The financial industry, dominated by the biggest banks, provides only 4 percent of all jobs in the country, yet takes about a quarter of the corporate profit pie.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Time Blocking: Improve Your Focus And Get More Meaningful Work Done”

What if you could do more things without losing your time? It’s possible.
Time Blocking is simply using your calendar to block time for your most important priorities.
Time Blocking is more than just a productivity tool.
Computer science professor and author of Deep Work, Cal Newport, also uses time blocking.
Time Blocking helps me to improve my focus so I can get meaningful things done.
If you’re lacking focus, not making progress, and want to work in a more organized way, give time blocking a try.
Always schedule more time than you think you need.
You know what that reminds me of? Those kids in school who always said, “Ah dude, I didn’t have time to study for this class,” but always ended up getting straight A’s. People just want to make you believe they don’t work hard.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Uber’s New CEO Just Sent an Amazing Email to Employees-and Taught a Major Lesson in Emotional Intelligence”

Uber’s new CEO, Dara Khosrowshahi, has been on the job only a matter of weeks, but a recent email to employees is proof positive that he’s the right man for the job.
Uber’s chief executive responded to the news with a remarkable email to employees.
In just a few short sentences, Uber’s new leader teaches some major lessons in emotional intelligence.
Uber’s new CEO follows what I refer to in my forthcoming book as one of the 10 commandments of emotional intelligence: the ability to learn from other perspectives.
Most important, the new CEO implied that to succeed, Uber has to change its de facto motto of “Disrupt first, ask questions later.” More than simply following the rules, Uber must go a step further: Essentially, it must convince regulators that it is willing to play nice with others.
After a series of mishaps and scandals kept Uber in the news for months-for many reasons-the company’s board of directors decided that former chief Travis Kalanick was no longer the right man for the job.
Looking to bring a sense of maturity and wisdom to Uber, the board unanimously voted Khosrowshahi, who was serving as the chief executive at travel company Expedia, to replace Kalanick as the new CEO. And from the beginning, Uber’s new leader made it clear that major adjustments were coming.
Thanks for everything you’re doing to make Uber the best company it can be, and particularly to our teammates in London and across the UK. -Dara.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Everlane Hacked Your Wardrobe”

Everlane came on the market in 2011, selling cotton T-shirts.
In some ways, the most radical thing about Everlane was its marketing.
Preysman, who is now thirty-two, with a beard that gives him a thoughtful appearance, was dressed in Everlane: jeans, white sneakers, and a navy-blue T-shirt.
“We’re not a fashion company,” Preysman said-nor would Everlane want to be.
Rather than designing to evoke a look or a feeling, Everlane creates its clothes for specific “Use cases.” Walking to a rack of women’s clothes and removing a Long Slip Dress, Preysman said, “We ask, Is she wearing it to a wedding? On the weekend? Is it work? Is it leisure?” He acknowledged, “Outerwear companies have been doing this for a long time. Like, Hey, you’re going rock climbing? Here’s the thing you need for that.” Everlane’s use cases are pretty much always daytime pursuits-errands, the office-never, say, date night or clubbing.
A twenty-six-year-old industrial designer told me that she’d bought a silk blouse from Everlane because “It’s basic and not ridiculously expensive-like Theory, but cheaper.” But she had complaints about the fit: “It didn’t fit around the chest and hips and ass area,” she said.
Everlane introduced pouches and cross-body bags last year, and they seem to be on their way to achieving item status.
Whereas fast-fashion outlets such as H&M and Zara mimic the look of designer shoes and handbags but make the products in China with cheaper materials, Everlane does the same thing with nice materials, and often uses the very same European manufacturers.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Vision and Hearing Loss Are Tied to Cognitive Decline”

Where there is stronger evidence that hearing loss can speed cognitive decline.
A study sponsored by the National Institute on Aging should show in five years whether using hearing aids can help preserve brain function in people with hearing loss as they age.
A prospective study of 1,984 older adults directed by Dr. Lin found that those who initially had hearing loss were 24 percent more likely than their age-mates with normal hearing to experience cognitive decline within six years.
The more severe their hearing loss at the start of the study, the greater their cognitive loss over time.
Another mechanism may be that people who can’t hear well tend to become socially isolated, which results in diminished cognitive stimulation and cognitive loss.
Perhaps most important is a third possible explanation involving brain structure; hearing loss results in a faster rate of brain atrophy mostly over the hearing portion of the brain, which is also involved in functions like memory, learning and thinking.
“Even in young adults with clinically normal hearing,” Dr. Peelle said, “Just a small decline in how well they hear engages more of their frontal cortex.” When hearing loss is advanced, studies have shown that the auditory cortex shrinks, which may diminish the brain’s ability to perform tasks other than hearing, he said.
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association recommends a hearing test “At least every decade through age 50 and every three years thereafter.” As Dr. Lin explained, hearing loss can occur so gradually that people don’t recognize the problem until it is well advanced.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Boston University’s CTE Research Could Forever Change the NFL”

“I became numb to the fact that CTE could be present in me.” If a test exists that reveals that presence to players, it will change the conversation around head injuries.
ESPN’s Darren Rovell said that the NFL players he’s spoken to don’t care to know if they have CTE since it’s already a virtual certainty.
What if colleges decide to test for CTE for liability purposes before players’ careers begin? If large numbers of players are diagnosed with CTE during their college football days, what will the fallout be? Will colleges prevent them from playing again for liability or ethical reasons? Will young people get discouraged from ever starting the sport? Participation in the sport is already down in youth football since the start of this decade.
Ravens lineman John Urschel retired in July, which a team source told ESPN was in part because of a study released days before that said that CTE was present in nearly 99 percent of the brains of deceased NFL players that were studied.
Flag football may be on the rise, college football may be reducing contact in practice, and the Canadian Football League may be getting rid of full-contact practices entirely, but nothing can change the reality that playing a game that requires repeatedly pounding one’s head against another human will eventually cause problems.
What’s more: If CTE is diagnosed in the living, the ramifications for the NFL would also extend beyond the field of play to the courtroom.
If players file motions against the NFL, armed with the information that CTE could be diagnosed in the living, it would add a new layer to the concussion settlement.
Former NFL player Seth Joyner suggested just that, calling the news a “Game changer.” Once it’s possible to confirm, nearly in real time, that CTE exists, there will be liability issues everywhere.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Our illusory sense of agency has a deeply important social purpose”

Strangely in these situations we retain an intense feeling that we’re in control of what we’re doing, what can be called a sense of agency.
Instead, our experience of agency seems to come from inferences we make about the causes of our actions, based on crude sensory data.
Many of the ways we encounter the world don’t require any real conscious processing, and our feeling of agency can be deeply misleading.
If our experience of action doesn’t really affect what we do in the moment, then what is it for? Why have it? Contrary to what many people believe, I think agency is only relevant to what happens after we act – when we try to justify and explain ourselves to each other.
Take the subjective experience of fluency: the easier it feels to do something, the more likely you are to think that you’re in control of the action.
In the same way we learn to associate certain experiences of action with a sense of agency.
In this way, we gradually figure out what it ‘feels’ like for our actions to be ‘deliberate’, and if all goes well, we develop into adults with a sense of responsibility about our own powers.
Perhaps our sense of agency is a similar trick: it might not be ‘true’, but it maintains social cohesion by creating a shared basis for morality.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What Motivates Employees More: Rewards or Punishments?”

The brain’s limbic system, which is important for emotion and motivation, projects to the rest of the brain, influencing every aspect of our being, from our ability to learn, to the people we befriend, to the decisions we make.
Positive feedback triggers a reward signal in the brain, reinforcing the action that caused it, and making it more likely to be repeated in the future.
So our brain has evolved to accommodate an environment in which often the best way to gain rewards is to take action.
So our brain has evolved to accommodate an environment in which often the best way to not get hurt is to avoid action altogether.
Other work demonstrates how we are biologically wired such that anticipating rewards elicits action.
While we should be cautious translating such basic research to real-world situations, it would seem that creating positive anticipation in others may be more effective at motivating action than threatening poor performance with a demotion or pay cut.
In line with this notion, studies have shown that giving people small monetary rewards for exercising or eating healthily was more effective at changing behavior than warning of obesity and disease.
What the research here suggests is that we need to consciously overcome our habit of trying to scare people into action, and instead highlight the rewards that come with reaching our goals.

The orginal article.