Summary of “The surprising truth about sugar. Here’s everything you need to know about what it does to your body.”

In this article, we’ll explore five key questions about sugar: Does sugar cause obesity? Does sugar cause us to gain weight / fat? Does sugar cause diabetes? Does sugar cause cardiovascular disease? How much sugar is OK to eat? Yes, we’re biased too.
Does increased sugar consumption explain body weight trends?
Our increased sugar consumption does seem to correlate with continued obesity levels up until recently.
Sugar alone does not explain the complexity of our bodies’ health, function, fat percentage, nor weight.
There does seem to be a link between how much refined sugar we eat and insulin resistance.
Overall, research does suggest that a high intake of all sugar might slightly increase risk of diabetes development by itself.
Are you eating slowly and mindfully? Can you stop when you’re satisfied? Are you using sugar-rich foods as a “Treat”? How often? Do you feel “Deprived” if you don’t “Get” to have sugar? If you have a sugary food, can you stop eating it when you’ve had “Enough”? Is there an “Enough” with some foods? How does sugar fit into your life and overall habits? Is that working for you? 7.
De Jong JW, Vanderschuren LJ, Adan RAH. The mesolimbic system and eating addiction: what sugar does and does not do.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Bill Gates’ favorite books on science”

For decades, Bill Gates made billions in technology.
Over the years, Gates has recommended a number of science-related books to the public.
Genome science can hardly be considered a topic of mainstream interest, but Gates says Mukherjee manages to capture its relevance to people’s daily lives.
“The Grid” is a perfect example of how Bill Gates thinks about book genres the way Netflix thinks about TV and movies.
Gates calls Shah’s book “Probably the best choice” if you only have time to read one book on the subject.
Harari’s most recent book makes him a repeat appearance on Gates’ summer reading list.
“So far, the things that have shaped society – what we measure ourselves by – have been either religious rules about how to live a good life, or more earthly goals like getting rid of sickness, hunger, and war,” Gates wrote.
On the heels of the 2015 Paris climate summit, Gates wrote on his blog that “Sustainable Materials With Both Eyes Open” struck him because so few environmental books talk directly about “How we make stuff.”

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Summary of “The Symptoms of Dying”

The beat of the death rattle began when the breathing tube was removed and continued until life was done.
The average time between the onset of death rattles to death itself is 16 hours.
The death rattle is the lungs’ attempt to breathe through a layer of saliva.
To lessen the volume of the death rattle, we give medications that decrease saliva production.
Air hunger – the uncomfortable feeling of breathing difficulty – is one of the most common end-of-life symptoms that doctors work to ease.
Some researchers think the discomfort of air hunger is from the mismatch between the breathing our brain wants and our lungs’ ability to inflate and deflate.
Since air hunger and pain activate similar parts of the brain, opiates may simply work by muting the brain’s pain signals.
People who witness terminal agitation often believe it is the dying person’s existential response to death’s approach.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Mark Zuckerberg explains why he just changed Facebook’s mission”

Zuckerberg believes he has just the tool for the job: Facebook Groups, which are now used by a billion people.
Three hundred Facebook Group administrators from across the country are attending the two-day event to hear speeches from Zuckerberg and other executives, and attend panels on topics like conflict resolution.
On Facebook: ‘I think we’re doing OK’. The new emphasis on Groups is the culmination of months of public appearances and posts by Zuckerberg stressing the importance of community.
It’s part of what pushed Zuckerberg to reexamine Facebook’s mission, starting with a 5,726 word post on “Building Global Community” in February.
The way Zuckerberg describes it, being active in Groups can be a political act, a grassroots way to address the ills of the world.
Most groups are casual – Zuckerberg himself is in puli groups, where people share cute photos of dogs like his own famous pet, Beast.
Only 100 million Facebook users are in what Zuckerberg calls “Meaningful” groups – the kinds that become part of your support structure.
Facebook has started using artificial intelligence to identify users or groups trying to engage in terrorist recruiting, and Zuckerberg says they’ll do more over time as the artificial intelligence gets better.

The orginal article.

Summary of “You Need to Give Up These Toxic Habits If You Want to Be Confident and Successful”

If you emanate confidence, others will be drawn to you.
Without further ado, here are some common behaviors you should give up in order to be more confident and successful.
American journalist, activist, author of six best-selling books Maria Shriver once said, “Perfectionism doesn’t make you feel perfect; it makes you feel inadequate.”Often, we strive for perfection because we seek approval and praise from others.
Power posing is when we use our bodies, on purpose and with intent, to create powerful movements that are more spread out and take up more space, creating this message of confidence to ourselves and others.
“Comparison is the thief of joy” - Theodore RooseveltIf you are in the habit of comparing yourself to others, and a big majority of us are, it’s time to stop.
If you feel good about something you’ve done, enjoy it - you don’t need the recognition from others to affirm your accomplishments.
“The difference between successful people and others is how long they spend time feeling sorry for themselves.” - Barbara CorcoranIf you’re waking up every morning thinking about what went wrong the day before, you’re going about your career the wrong way.
Eleanor Roosevelt once said, “No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.”Like many other success stories, Roosevelt realized that she couldn’t choose who was happy with her and who wasn’t.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Nihilism of Julian Assange”

About forty minutes into Risk, Laura Poitras’s messy documentary portrait of Julian Assange, the filmmaker addresses the viewer from off-camera.
Most egregious, perhaps, was Assange’s collaboration with Israel Shamir, an unapologetic anti-Semite and Putin ally to whom Assange handed over all State Department diplomatic cables from the Manning leak relating to Belarus.
According to the Guardian journalists David Leigh and Luke Harding in WikiLeaks: Inside Julian Assange’s War on Secrecy, their 2011 postmortem of their contentious collaboration with Assange on the so-called Afghan war logs-the portion of the Manning leaks concerning the conflict in Afghanistan-the WikiLeaks founder was unmoved by entreaties to scrub the files of anything that could point to Afghan villagers who might have had any contact with American troops.
While Assange has denied making these comments, WikiLeaks released troves of material in which the names of Afghan civilians had not been redacted, an action that led Amnesty International, the Open Society Institute, the Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict, and the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission to issue a joint rebuke.
Here is Julian instructing Sarah Harrison, his WikiLeaks colleague, to call Secretary Clinton at the State Department and tell her she needs to talk to Julian Assange.
If the Sessions Justice Department goes after Assange, it likely will be on the grounds that WikiLeaks is not “Real” journalism.
No matter what one thinks of Julian Assange personally, or of WikiLeaks’s reckless publication practices, like it or not, they have become the litmus test of our commitment to free speech.
Near the end of Risk, after Poitras has shown Assange a rough cut of the film, he tells her that he views it as “a severe threat to my freedom and I must act accordingly.” He doesn’t say what he will do, but when the film was released this spring, Poitras was loudly criticized by Assange’s supporters for changing it from the hero’s journey she debuted last year at Cannes to something more critical, complicated, and at best ambivalent about the man.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The tragedy of FireWire: Collaborative tech torpedoed by corporations”

A joint effort from several competitors including Apple, IBM, and Sony, FireWire was a triumph of design for the greater good.
Realized to the fullest, FireWire could replace SCSI and the unwieldy mess of ports and cables at the back of a desktop computer.
FireWire’s principal creator, Apple, nearly killed it before it could appear in a single device.
A bus is a kind of channel over which various types of data can flow between computer components, and an internal bus is for expansion cards like scientific instruments or dedicated graphics processing.
“Real quickly there were some people-including a guy named David James, who was with Hewlett-Packard architecture labs at the time-who were saying, ‘Yes, we want a serial bus, too,'” Teener said.
Shortly after he arrived, Apple began looking for a successor to the Apple Desktop Bus, ADB, which was used for very low-speed devices such as keyboards and mice.
The Game Boy link cable was the first major connector that put the fragile springy parts inside the cable.
As many as 63 devices could be networked together on the same bus, and all were hot-swappable.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The value of a liberal arts education in the modern world”

Consider St. John’s College, America’s third-oldest institution of higher education, founded in 1696.
In contrast to some liberal arts stalwarts like Brown or Wesleyan that allow students to choose from a vast array of classes with few restrictions, St. John’s offers only the Program; it’s prix fixe is a higher education world of a la carte.
Context is viewed as ideology, something that St. John’s believes distorts true education and the ability to form one’s own opinion.
While it’s fair to say most liberal arts students live in a “Bubble” cut off from reality, St. John’s is unapologetic about, and in fact encourages, a four-year respite from the pressures and distractions of the outside world.
Like other US liberal arts colleges since the Great Recession, St. John’s has been dealing with two common headwinds: rising costs and declining traditional student enrollment.
As one alumni, Columbia Law School professor Shawn Watts, said, “St. John’s is less about the books than the process and the community. It trains your mind and frees it at the same time. This allows you to truly follow your own passions and interest in life without the subconscious impositions and prodding of our wired world.” In the face of a very uncertain future, a St. John’s education may be money very well spent.
The growing demand around the world for liberal arts education, as I’ve recently chronicled, has boosted overseas applications to St. John’s unique program.
US News now ranks St. John’s as the 53rd best national liberal arts college.

The orginal article.

Summary of “‘Predator’: Oral History of the Arnold Schwarzenegger film”

Joel just said, “No, listen, don’t worry about it you’re gonna shoot the action.” I said, “OK, I’d like to have my effects man on the show, a guy named Al Di Sarro,” and Joel said, “Fine, you got ’em.”
Joel Hynek, visual effects supervisor: At the time, I was at R/Greenberg Associates in New York, and we had just done Xanadu for Joel Silver, and he thought he’d give us a try to come up with the camouflage effect and the Predator heat vision.
Joel Silver shows up, we show it to him, and he looks over at Richard Greenberg and says, “Richard, what do you think?” And Richard says, “Good, Joel. Good.” And so Joel was like, “OK, we got a movie. Let’s do this.”
Davis: The first day, they said to me, “You should come work out with us.” So Arnold knocked on my door at 5:30, woke me up.
Joel said, in his typical flamboyant flare, “We’ve got the guns. We’ve got millions in the bank. We can take over Puerto Vallarta!” We started calling him Generalissimo Joel.
Joel came over and said, “Jean, I know it’s hot, but we’re losing time, man. If you pass out one more time, we gotta fire you.” So Jean says, “I’m not doing it on purpose!” Joel says, “Man, this is production. Don’t take it personally.” So two weeks went by, and he’s flying on these wires in trees and everything and he passes out, and Joel comes and tells him, “You’re fired.”
Arnold suggested reaching out to Stan Winston, the makeup effects maestro who had created the Terminator and would shortly take home his first Oscar for 1986’s Aliens, to reconceive the Predator.
You don’t have many movies where you get two governors that came out of the cast, Jesse Ventura and Arnold.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The real reason Amazon buying Whole Foods terrifies the competition”

Amazon’s takeover of Whole Foods sent the stock of competing grocery chains plummeting.
Nobody thinks Amazon bought Whole Foods in order to siphon off Whole Foods’ operating profits in order to subsidize something else.
A Whole Foods under Amazon’s stewardship will almost certainly accept lower profit margins than it does as an independent chain – and that spells trouble for everyone else in the grocery business.
Whole Foods tries to make money like a normal company Compared to other major American grocery store chains, Whole Foods is both a relatively young company and a relatively small one.
More subtly but perhaps more importantly, encouraging Whole Foods shoppers to in some sense “Log in” with their Prime accounts would generate tons of new user data that could feed the larger Amazon beast.
Of course lots of stuff that Whole Foods sells is canned, packaged, or dried – i.e., perfectly suited to Amazon’s longstanding and very successful e-commerce business.
The bottom line is there are lots of ways that a cheaper, but fundamentally similar, version of Whole Foods could contribute to the Amazon gestalt even while run as a zero-margin business.
Amazon, destroyer of worlds Of course the nightmare scenario for the supermarket industry is that acquiring Whole Foods does allow Amazon to fundamentally crack the grocery home-delivery game in a way that leads Kroger to go the way of Borders.

The orginal article.