Summary of “James Baldwin’s Lesson for Teachers in a Time of Turmoil”

“Let’s begin by saying that we are living through a very dangerous time.” So opens “A Talk to Teachers,” which James Baldwin delivered to a group of educators in October, 1963.
Many teachers are wondering how to address these events in their classrooms.
A mother stood up and said, “I’m tired of having to teach my two-year-old how to duck; I’m tired of having to teach my two-year-old that certain nights when we get home from school we have to sit on the floor.”
“A Talk to Teachers” is emblematic of Baldwin’s proclivity for candor over political appeasement, and, like much of his work, focusses on history and the American consciousness.
Imagining his own hypothetical students, he writes, “I would try to teach them-I would try to make them know, that those streets, those houses, those dangers, those agonies by which they are surrounded, are criminal.” Here, Baldwin, with literary sleight of hand, adopts the terminology used to pathologize black people and applies it to the system in which they operate.
After reading “A Talk to Teachers,” I altered my approach, placing less emphasis on the standardized tests and using literature to help my students examine their world.
“A Talk to Teachers” showed me that a teacher’s work should reject the false pretense of being apolitical, and, instead, confront the problems that shape our students’ lives.
The most quoted line from “A Talk to Teachers” may be this one: “The paradox of education is precisely this-that as one begins to become conscious one begins to examine the society in which he is being educated.” A teacher, Baldwin believed, should push students to understand that the world was molded by people who came before, and that it can be remolded into something new.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Umberto Eco on the Merits of Studying History”

The effects of different water temperatures were tested by bludgeoning the victim to determine if any areas were still frozen.
Variations of these tests in more gruesome forms were performed.
Most of us have no clue of even the most rudimentary facts - and we have even less of an idea of what those facts might mean.
I asked a Chinese Canadian friend of mine today how many people he thought died unnecessarily under Mao.
“Unfortunately such a loss of memory is at work even in the scholarly word. If I consult an American book published today on some specialized topic, I detect that the bibliography does not go backwards beyond the eighties, which can be understandable for certain sciences in progress, dealing for instance with Higg’s boson, but it is whimsical as far as humanities are concerned. I remember to have seen a book on philosophy where at a certain point a certain idea by Kant was mentioned and a footnoted read”See Brown 1982.” The texts by Kant were considered too old to justify even a vista.
“As I quote these lines, I have to stop and ask myself whether my generation can even recognize the names of Kant or Marx.
How many of us could write five sentences on why they matter? One sentence?
That’s how out of touch we are with the ideas of the past.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Russia and US will cooperate to build moon’s first space station”

Russia and the United States have agreed to cooperate on a Nasa-led programme to build the first lunar space station, part of a long-term project to send humans to Mars.
The US space agency said earlier this year that it was exploring a programme called the Deep Space Gateway, a multi-stage project to push further into the solar system.
The project envisages building a crew-tended spaceport in lunar orbit that would serve as a “Gateway to deep space and the lunar surface,” Nasa has said.
On Wednesday the Russian space agency Roscosmos announced that a cooperation agreement had been signed at an astronautical congress in Adelaide.
“The partners intend to develop international technical standards which will be used later, in particular to create a space station in lunar orbit,” the Russian agency said in a statement.
The Russians and Americans would cooperate to build the systems needed to organise scientific missions in lunar orbit and to the surface of the moon, the agency added.
Space exploration – including joint work on the International Space Station – is one of the few areas where international cooperation between Russia and the US has not been marred by tensions over Ukraine and Syria.
The $100bn ISS, which has been orbiting Earth at about 17,000mph per hour since 1998, is the world’s largest space project.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Nashville Hot Chicken: Invented by Prince’s, Stolen by KFC”

My hometown, just north of Nashville, was the kind of place where the most thrilling food was a cheese-smothered appetizer at O’Charley’s and where, when I’d try to explain hot chicken to friends at school, they would ask with a bewildered look if I meant buffalo chicken.
There is a bit of hot chicken everywhere right now: KFC’s Nashville Hot Chicken is a “Spicy bird with a savory burn,” while Shack Shack has declared “It’s getting hot in here” with its Hot Chik’n sandwich, both available nationwide; Chicago and Los Angeles are positively obsessed, with numerous temples to the dish; and if a hot chicken shack hasn’t been announced in your city yet, just wait.
A popular local brewery, Tailgate Beer, has created a Hot Chicken IPA; ramen shop Otaku South serves a hot chicken bao; the renowned Indian restaurant Chauhan’s serves it with ghost pepper sauce; and that’s to say nothing of the stream of restaurants slated to open in the next year plotting their own spins on hot chicken.
What you might call “Hashtag hot chicken” is the kind served at Party Fowl, a restaurant that once provided the official hot chicken of the Tennessee Titans football team.
There were few imitators and no real competition except for Columbo’s, a hot chicken shack opened in the late ’70s by Bolton Polk, a former Prince’s cook, miles away in downtown Nashville.
On July 4, 2007, the inaugural hot chicken festival took place in East Nashville, not too far from Prince’s original shack in Hadley Park.
In recent years, the hot chicken competition has become a proving ground for chefs looking to make their own mark on hot chicken.
Last year, which Food Republic dubbed “The year of hot chicken,” the publication made another, more remarkable declaration: that John Lasater, the executive chef of Hattie B’s, was “The man who launched the Nashville hot chicken craze.” Immediate backlash tore through Nashville’s tightly knit hot chicken community.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Italy’s Most Famous Pizzamaker Takes on NYC”

Though he’s unknown to most Americans, Gino Sorbillo is one of the most famous pizzaioli in Italy, with regular guest appearances on MasterChef Italia, three restaurants in Naples, and a reputation for having fought the mafia – beating back crime in Centro Storico, the neighborhood that’s home to his flagship pizzeria.
The Mafia’s Stronghold on Naples “This area is now a tourist neighborhood, 365 days a year,” said Pasquale Pizzo, the patriarch of the family that owns the Voglia di Graffa snack shop across the street from Sorbillo’s pizzeria.
Sorbillo may very well be familiar with the consequences of crossing the mafia: In April 2012, a fire tore through his flagship pizzeria.
Unlike Via dei Tribunali where Sorbillo’s pizzeria resides, the pastry shop’s Sanità neighborhood and many others are still subject to pressure from the Camorra.
A Day in the Life When his wife and kids are out of town, Gino Sorbillo doesn’t always sleep at home: He stays at the Casa della Pizza – “House of Pizza” – an office located on the second floor of a building several doors down from his pizzeria.
No doubt an online presence been great for promoting the brand – as crowds attest – but by engaging with customers and publicizing the life of a pizzaiolo, Sorbillo has helped elevate a humble gig to celebrity status, which is especially good for Sorbillo in that it makes him an impractical target for the Camorra.
After a year in Rome, Sorbillo went back to Naples, purchased the abandoned building, and built the fourth pizzeria on Via dei Tribunali, determined to break the Camorra’s grip on his neighborhood, through pizza.
If it’s anything like his flagship pizzeria in Naples, expect pizzas 10- to 12-inches across priced around $10. “New York has been a dream of mine from the beginning,” says Sorbillo.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Inside the Secretive, Difficult Struggle Between Artists & Labels Over Album Copyrights”

The process is shrouded in secrecy: The few artists who have wrested their rights back from major labels have typically agreed not to blab, signing strict non-disclosure agreements at the labels’ behest, sources tell Billboard.
Lawyers tell Billboard that labels have asked artists on a number of occasions to waive their termination claims in exchange for other compensation, while labels have ignored other claims altogether.
WMG is known as the most artist-friendly of the three majors on the issue, but Sony Music Entertainment has given some artists back their album rights as well, one executive familiar with the deals tells Billboard.
Evan Cohen, a lawyer and publishing catalog administrator in Los Angeles who owns a label called Manifesto Records, founded Copyright Termination Experts in 2014 because he believes most artists aren’t aware of their right to reclaim their recorded music rights, and has contacted close to 1,000 artists that issued albums between 1979 and 1985.
An artist group led by Don Henley went to war with the Recording Industry Association of America in the late 1990s over a small provision buried in a 1,740 page bill that had deemed sound recordings works-for-hire, and thus ineligible for eventual copyright reversions to the artists.
These grey legal issues can only be resolved in court, a place that neither labels nor artists want to go, in part because both sides are afraid of a precedent-setting decision.
A victory for labels would mean less generous contract-renegotiation terms for artists; a victory for artists would put the labels’ entire catalogs at risk.
“If any artist were to sue to make their termination claim valid, the labels will fight artists on this issue to the ends of the earth,” says one lawyer who was worked with artists that had filed for termination.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A History of My Mexico City Home, in Earthquakes”

Our massive pink building, with ten floors, a penthouse, and a deep, two-story garage-one of the few ugly buildings on the block-nearly collapsed in the earthquake of 1985, in which ten thousand or more are thought to have died, mostly as a result of shoddy construction and the lax enforcement of building codes.
On August 24th, I injured my left knee lugging heavy boxes while vacating my apartment in Brooklyn; the owner was selling the building.
Mexico City was given the democratic vote in 1998-before that, the ruling party, the PRI, appointed the city’s mayors-and since then has been governed by a series of center-left mayors who have enforced stricter building regulations.
Recent Chilean quakes have been stronger than those that have hit Mexico, but far fewer buildings have collapsed in Santiago, a newer city.
It’s being reported that perhaps at least three thousand buildings in the city have been heavily damaged; it’s not yet known how many are left uninhabitable.
Some of these buildings are new, their residents victims of the same old corruption that allows builders to cut corners.
El Doctor, our landlord, was moving out; he told Jovi that if the building was saved, he’d sell his apartments.
Outside, a city official was trying to reassure a crowd of neighbors, who were worried that the building was going to fall over onto the school next door.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Momo: the one dumpling that rules them all”

The momo’s journey from Lhasa is a story not just of the dumpling, but of the fortitude of thousands of Newar traders who went back and forth between the Himalayan passes.
The first roadside momo stall, Tuladhar recalls, was seen in Kathmandu around 1942.
“In our home, we made momos with three kinds of fillings-minced meat, mashed potatoes and khuwa.” It was not just momos that had come down from Lhasa with the traders.
The shaphaley, a flatbread stuffed with minced meat and deep fried, was another import, so was the loko momo, a pan-fried derivative of the momo.
A single exception was the chicken momos from the Bakery Café in Kathmandu, the only ones she deemed worthy enough.
There are streetside vendors in Kathmandu who routinely sell 6,000 momos every day, and the answer to the question, “Where are the best momos to be found?” is not easy.
There are thousands of momo restaurants and streetside vendors across the length and breadth of Nepal and India, as well as wherever in the world there is a Nepali diaspora.
Today, the momo is a thriving legacy of the Newar traders, who brought it down from the highlands of Lhasa to the streets of Kathmandu, and from there it has travelled as far as Queens in New York.First Published: Fri, Sep 22 2017.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Louisville Ousted Rick Pitino Over His Most Predictable Scandal”

Rick Pitino has been ousted at Louisville, ending a 16-year tenure that featured the 2012-13 NCAA championship and three Final Four appearances.
Reports indicate that longtime Cardinals athletic director Tom Jurich was asked to fire Pitino on Wednesday and refused, and shortly thereafter both Jurich and Pitino were placed on administrative leave.
Louisville and Pitino were not named in the papers produced by the feds on Tuesday, but it was easy to read between the lines of the documents.
This is the first time that Pitino has ever been forced out of a head-coaching job despite him having several angry exes over the course of his career.
Yet Pitino has been entangled in so much scandal.
In 2015, Pitino was at the center of a scandal that did seem like it’d get him fired: Louisville was accused of paying prostitutes to sleep with recruits, in the hopes that those players would then commit to the Cardinals.
Louisville accepted most of the accusations and self-imposed a 2016 postseason ban, but fought back against more sanctions on the grounds that the prostitutes weren’t particularly expensive and therefore shouldn’t trigger the NCAA’s highest category of punishment-really, this was an argument that the school made-and that Pitino didn’t know any of this was taking place.
Pitino outlasted those outlandish cases-in fact, after the prostitution scandal surfaced, some argued that the unprecedented, irreplicable nature of the scenario is why Louisville avoided stricter punishment.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Mind of John McPhee”

During a semester when he teaches, McPhee does no writing at all.
McPhee refers to it as “a portrait of the writer at work.” It is a print in the style of Hieronymus Bosch of sinners, in the afterlife, being elaborately tortured in the nude – a woman with a sword in her back, a small crowd sitting in a vat of liquid pouring out of a giant nose, someone riding a platypus.
David Remnick, the editor of The New Yorker, where McPhee has been a staff writer for more than 50 years, took McPhee’s class in 1981.
John McPhee lives, and has almost always lived, in Princeton.
“The Patch” will gather fragments of the old work, arranged by McPhee into a pattern that pleases him, out of order, like patches in a quilt.
The title piece of “The Patch” is a short essay that McPhee wrote about the death of his father.
In the grand cosmology of John McPhee, all the earth’s facts touch one another – all its regions, creatures and eras.
As I prepared to leave Princeton, I stacked my John McPhee books on the passenger seat of my car, and there were so many of them that the car thought it was a person and frantically beeped at me to buckle the seatbelt.

The orginal article.