Summary of “Should Your Spouse Be Your Best Friend?”

An entirely separate part of the study asked people to name their best friend.
“The benefits of marriage are strong even for those who are littered with outside friends. It’s just bigger for those who consider their spouse their closest friend. It’s a bonus.”
There’s yet another problem with calling your husband or wife your best friend.
Dr. Pearson said there’s a critical difference between a best friend and a spouse.
“One of the criteria for a best friend is you feel unconditionally accepted,” he said.
“He’s lots of things that my best friend isn’t, but my best friend is lots of things he’s not.”
That may be the point: Calling the person you’re married to your best friend may be shorthand for saying that you actually like your spouse and that you have shared history, shared lives and shared dreams.
If your spouse is your best friend, then whom do you complain to your spouse about?

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Math Behind Gerrymandering and Wasted Votes”

Some votes might make a big difference, and some votes might be considered “Wasted.” The disparity in wasted votes is the efficiency gap: It measures how equally, or unequally, wasted votes are distributed among the competing parties.
Since the Democratic candidate will likely win California in a landslide, many of their votes, in a sense, are wasted, too: Whether the candidate wins California with 51 percent of the vote or 67 percent of the vote, the outcome is the same.
The efficiency gap is the difference in the totals of the wasted votes for each party, expressed as a percentage of total votes cast.
Only 25 of party A’s votes are wasted: 5 extra votes in each victory and 10 losing votes.
In the second scenario, where the numbers are reversed, the 25 percent efficiency gap now favors party B. Can the efficiency gap give us a sense of the fairness of a distribution? Well, if you had the power to create voting districts and you wanted to engineer victories for your party, your strategy would be to minimize the wasted votes for your party and maximize the wasted votes for your opponent.
In this scenario, almost all of party B’s votes are wasted: nine losing votes in each of nine districts, plus nine excess votes in one victory, for a total of 90 wasted votes.
Party A’s voters are much more efficient: only 10 total votes are wasted.
There is a difference of 90 10 = 80 wasted votes and an efficiency gap of 80/200 = 40 percent, favoring party A. Compare that with the following distribution, where party A wins 7 of the 10 districts.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to spend your 20s to prevent regrets later in life”

If you take a look at Quora and Reddit, hundreds of people older and wiser than you have shared their best tips for living life to the fullest before you hit middle age.
“Don’t talk yourself out of doing things you want to do. Don’t let fear win. If you want to vacation in Europe, do it. If you want to talk to that hot girl/guy at the bar, do it. If you want to start your own business, do it. Getting to your 30s and having a string of regrets is going to haunt you.”
Park is right about successful people not being afraid to fail some, and therefore being more willing to take risks.
“Some people get the chance to see if their band could make it big or their business could skyrocket or their love of their life was moving to the other side of the world and wanted them to join. It’s scary to think about the life we know versus the one we don’t, and so often people drop these chances for no better reason than that they’re scared.”
So try out life in another country, or launch your business on a small scale and see how it goes.
“In the social media age, it is tempting to beat yourself up if your friends are getting married, having kids, and living a life of luxury. We each live our own lives. The only thing you’re going to do is hurt yourself.”
Redditor Rohri Calhoun says: “Don’t burn your bridges. Personal, work, whatever. There will be times when you will need to be amiable with people from the past for various reasons and the last thing you need is someone saying ‘F– that guy’ because of something petty or stupid that could have easily been avoided.”
Redditor Keetlady says: “Don’t get caught up in the cycle of buying expensive things to keep up with the Joneses and impress people. People in their twenties seem to want it all NOW. Don’t fall into that trap.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “Death of the Nile”

So what happens now? Might the Nile’s sorry state one day lead to war?
Already, farmers are complaining of water shortages in the northern Delta, as the Nile’s increasingly meagre flow struggles to filter through clogged-up irrigation canals.
To officials staring out from Cairo’s riverside ministries, it is a grim, in-your-face illustration of their country’s precarious water future.
“The Nile is everything to us – what we drink, what we eat,” said Ali Menoufi, from the Ministry of Water Resources.
The rhetoric and tenor of Nile basin relations over the past few years have reflected the high stakes.
“All options are on the table,” said Ahmed Abu Zeid, the foreign ministry spokesman and a former Nile talks negotiator, when asked whether military action remains an option.
History suggests that the Nile basin states are unlikely to come to blows over the river any time soon.
Ethiopia’s intense secretiveness over GERD’s ramifications remains a stumbling block, as do the negotiations over how long it will take to fill the dam’s enormous reservoir.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why I Almost Fired My Doctor”

“It’s a trend that reflects the state of medicine today,” Dr. Danielle Ofri, associate professor of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center and author of “What Patients Say, What Doctors Hear,” told me.
A 2001 study in the Journal of Family Practice showed that one-fifth of patients left their primary care doctors voluntarily over a three-year period.
Patients with the poorest physician relationship were three times more likely to leave than those with high-quality relationships.
My most recent appointment with my doctor made reaching a decision much easier.
“It inserts an interference between doctor and patient.” A study last year in the Annals of Internal Medicine painted a picture of this predicament.
The big question was, how? How do you go about firing your longtime doctor? Does the American Medical Association recommend a protocol? Do you just say, “Your services are no longer required?” Or “I’m sorry, but I’ve decided to take my health in a different direction?” Or “Forgive me, but I need to start seeing someone else?”.
“So many patients have no idea about how to approach this struggle, and they feel bad about the idea,” George Blackall, associate professor at Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine and co-author of “Breaking the Cycle: How to Turn Conflict Into Collaboration When You and Your Patients Disagree,” told me.
How physicians feel about themselves may actually translate into how patients feel about them.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The inside story of how the Houston Rockets landed Chris Paul”

Through a series of complex transactions – including the acquisitions of Darrun Hilliard from Detroit and DeAndre Liggins from Dallas, then flipping them to the Clippers as part of a package for Paul – the Rockets had swapped Patrick Beverley, Lou Williams, Sam Dekker, Montrezl Harrell, Kyle Wiltjer and a future first-round pick for their All-Star.
Paul chose Mastro’s Restaurant in Los Angeles to celebrate his Rockets union with Rockets CEO Tad Brown, D’Antoni and team owner Leslie Alexander.
Roland, who has trained Paul since his days in New Orleans, says he’s never seen Paul happier.
Paul is certain he and Harden will make a great pair “Because we can help each other.” But the rub is how they defer to each other.
D’Antoni hauled Paul and Harden into his office and laid out the specifics of their workload. Paul will log 32 to 33 minutes and Harden 34 minutes a night.
There were LeBron James and Dwyane Wade and Chris Paul, all engaged in a spirited round of the card game Bourré.
Today, as Paul leaves a franchise and relationships in his wake, he’s hoping, like every new kid in town, that a change of locale might yield new BFFs. Harden, for his part, says he regrets not getting to know Dwight Howard better while the big man was in Houston and vows not to repeat that mistake with Paul.
Rivers says the reason Paul has moved on is that he believes he can go deeper in the playoffs with Houston than if he’d stayed with the Clippers – which Rivers disputes.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Fraud Scandals Sap China’s Dream of Becoming a Science Superpower”

China has, of course, made enormous strides in science, research and technology.
China has made inroads partly because of its willingness to invest in new research at a time when such spending has stagnated in countries like the United States and Japan.
The government in Beijing has poured the equivalent of billions of dollars into new projects in order to catch up with the West in producing original research, and also reverse decades of scientific brain drain by luring home top Western-trained Chinese researchers.
Scandals over faked research results have shaken many countries, including Japan, the United States and South Korea.
As in the West, career advancement can often seem to be based more on the quantity of research papers published rather than the quality.
Many Chinese universities offer hefty research grants and salary bonuses to faculty members who get published in journals with high impact factors.
In June, Sichuan Agricultural University in Ya’an awarded a group of researchers about $2 million in funding after members got a paper published in the academic journal Cell.”Everything revolves around the S.C.I.,” said Chen Li, a professor in the medical school at Fudan University in Shanghai.
According to an investigation led by the country’s Ministry of Science and Technology, Chinese researchers used such methods to manipulate the peer-review process in 101 out of the 107 retracted articles.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Gordon Hayward’s Injury Has Changed the Trajectory of the Celtics-and the League As a Whole”

Five minutes and 11 seconds into the first quarter, Gordon Hayward landed awkwardly on his left ankle, and before we could even appreciate half a quarter of basketball, the league was turned upside down.
The Celtics later announced that Hayward suffered a fractured left ankle; head coach Brad Stevens told the media after the game that it was a dislocated ankle and fractured tibia.
The response to Hayward’s injury was very human; it was empathy for a player suffering a horrific, unnatural injury.
It feels too soon to discuss the implications of Hayward’s injury, but it’s unusual, if not unprecedented, for a player just signed to a max contract to suffer such a significant injury.
In Hayward’s injury lies a paradoxical serendipity: New opportunities have arisen for Boston’s numerous young talents.
Hayward’s absence will impact Kyrie Irving more than anyone else on the roster.
The narrative is suddenly there: Irving gets traded to a new team, Hayward suffers a seismically consequential injury on opening night, the Celtics still have a good season, and Irving puts up monster numbers.
The Celtics will be a strong regular-season team without Hayward, just as they were last season.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Nicki Minaj, Always in Control”

Minaj’s music is characterized by urgent lyrics, spitting in a range of voices and accents.
Take the 2014 single “Only” where Minaj raps, “My man full, he just ate, I don’t duck nobody but tape/ Yeah, that was a setup for a punch line on duct tape.” She quite simply broadened the definition of hip-hop, making it more joyful, energetic and robust.
Minaj ended up spending two nights in the studio because it was one of those sessions where she was able to “Write and record and listen back and have excitement in all three of those stages.”
I don’t know that anyone but her inner circle knows who Nicki Minaj really is.
This elusiveness is compounded by her fascinating catalog of performative alter egos, including Harajuku Barbie, Nicki Teresa and the sexually explicit Nicki Lewinsky – there is even a male persona, Roman Zolanski, a slightly exaggerated version of Minaj herself.
There is no point during our conversation where Minaj demonstrates anything but absolute self-awareness.
I’m curious about whom Minaj thinks she’s influenced herself.
Above all, Minaj has persevered because she is always in control of her craft.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Smartphones Are Killing Americans, But Nobody’s Counting”

The second is the changing way in which Americans use their phones while they drive.
Finally, the increase in fatalities has been largely among bicyclists, motorcyclists, and pedestrians-all of whom are easier to miss from the driver’s seat than, say, a 4,000-pound SUV-especially if you’re glancing up from your phone rather than concentrating on the road. Last year, 5,987 pedestrians were killed by cars in the U.S., almost 1,100 more than in 2014-that’s a 22 percent increase in just two years.
In a study of 3 million people, it found drivers using their mobile phone during 88 percent of trips.
“Pretty much everybody is using their phone while driving.”
Most notably, a recent version of Apple’s iOS operating system can be configured to keep a phone asleep when its owner is driving and to send an automated text response to incoming messages.
Currently, it’s illegal for drivers to use a handheld phone at all in 15 states, and texting while driving is specifically barred in 47 states.
“Every year new apps are developed that make it even more difficult.” Officers in Arizona and Montana don’t have to bother, since they allow mobile phone use while you drive.
In Missouri, police only have to monitor drivers under age 21 who pick up their phone while driving.

The orginal article.