Summary of “Don’t Tell The Kids, But Bedtime Is A Social Construct”

Kids need to sleep, and they generally sleep more than adults, especially when they’re really young.
The National Sleep Foundation, a nonprofit that funds research and does public outreach on sleep health, says it could be appropriate for a toddler to get as few as nine or as many as 16 hours of sleep a day.
Scientists are still trying to understand how culture and biology work together to create our sleeping lives, and they are learning that cultural variables can have a big impact on outcomes of sleep that we might be tempted to view as purely biological: how easily we fall asleep, how we feel the next day and even what it means to “Get enough.”
Biology is the biggest determinant of sleep, said Kate Bartel, who recently completed her Ph.D. under professor Michael Gradisar at his sleep science laboratory at Australia’s Flinders University.
Those same signals from the SCN tell you when to sleep by triggering the production of melatonin – a hormone that, among other things, makes humans tired – in response to darkness.
How we sleep – and how we experience the quality of the sleep we get – isn’t driven purely by biology.
A kid might start off staying up late to play video games every night and eventually be unable to sleep at a culturally accepted bedtime – even when she wants to.
Ultimately, O’Connor said, we have to be cognizant that sleep is a biological phenomenon, but how sleep is done is social and cultural.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Brutal Rise of El Mencho: Mexico’s Next-Generation Narco”

“We’ve seen it become very bloody, and a lot of people attribute that to El Mencho himself,” says Scott Stewart, a senior cartel analyst at Stratfor, a private intelligence firm.
Mencho has also displayed a savagery that’s extreme even by narco standards.
In a way, kidnapping El Chapo’s sons served as Mencho’s coming-out party.
“Someone threw a grenade, and some [CJNG] guys fell on it to avoid Mencho getting killed.” According to the agent, Mencho’s ruthlessness also made it hard to recruit informants against him.
“We didn’t get close to Mencho, didn’t get any sources, didn’t get any wiretaps. We knew we had this big player, this up-and-coming narco – but we had no ‘in’ to investigate him.”
Mencho joined his protection detail – as, Stratfor’s Stewart says, “Basically a bodyguard-slash-enforcer-slash-hitman.” With his law-enforcement background, Mencho would have been trained to handle security and counter-intelligence.
“By putting things on the list, we kind of shine a light and say, ‘The guy who owns this company is actually a front for El Chapo or El Mencho, and he’s been laundering money for 20 years – so you probably shouldn’t be doing business with him.’ ”.
In March, Mexico agreed to extradite Mencho’s brother-in-law Valencia to the U.S. under the same indictment in which Mencho is charged.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Beguiled Subtly Tackles Race Even When You Don’t See It”

Bitch magazine highlighted Coppola’s troubling history with whitewashing and argued that The Beguiled “Insinuates that the African American experience of womanhood during this era doesn’t matter.” A review at Lainey Gossip explored the schism within the film between its beauty, the interiority of its female characters, and its “Ignorant” perspective on history.
As Ira Madison aptly put it for the Daily Beast, “We should demand that studios and producers give those opportunities to black filmmakers instead of looking for meager scraps from white people who don’t fully grasp our stories and will portray them horribly.” And upon closer look, Coppola has also accidentally created a film that acts as an indictment of the very brand of womanhood she’s been enamored with throughout her career – white, privileged, and unable to see the world beyond their own desires.
Much of the criticism of the film has hinged on the idea that by exorcising a character like Hallie, race itself doesn’t exist within the landscape of the film.
More than anything, the conversation around the film – which involves necessary critiques, even if I don’t fully agree with them – demonstrates how auteur theory limits conversations.
It’s important to establish that the critiques of The Beguiled are rooted not necessarily in the film itself, but in Coppola’s justifications and her alarming track record when it comes to depicting people of color.
Perhaps because of this, I am also hyperaware of the cinematic history The Beguiled exists within and the ways the film embodies the most flagrant fairy-tale notions of southern belles.
It’s important to consider The Beguiled in the context of cinematic southern belles, from the romantic leads of classic Hollywood to the brutal savagery of Sarah Paulson’s plantation mistress in 12 Years a Slave, because the film’s power comes into focus when doing so.
I don’t think every film needs to be inclusive, even one as frustrating as The Beguiled.

The orginal article.

Summary of “I do whatever I want at work and I haven’t been fired yet”

If you can make a decision and you don’t think it’s going to get you fired, just do it.
Basecamp operates without much in the way of formal decision making processes.
The amount of implicit “Decision making authority” differs for each person, depending on role, tenure, etc.
The same basic rule-of-thumb applies: if you aren’t worried that making the decision is going to be disastrous, you have authority to make it.
You made the “Right” decision and the company benefited, hurray! This represents the vast majority of decisions that are made at Basecamp, because we hire intelligent people and those people are making these decisions.
We don’t have “Bet the company” level decisions come up very often.
Our system of granting decision making authority - in which we don’t explicitly grant decision making authority, but let each person assert the level of decision making authority they’re comfortable with - is built on a certain level of trust.
Most of the time, no one has concerns, because you’re a smart, capable person who is going to make good decisions.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to make a friend fast”

What we know as human society is held together by interpersonal relationships – on one hand, it’s the give-and-take equilibria between persons or social groups and the expectations of reciprocally beneficial behavior, and on the other, the feelings of closeness, trust, and personalistic self-disclosure.
The study I’m referring to is the Experimental Generation of Interpersonal Closeness: A Procedure and Some Preliminary Findings, and in in the authors present a superficially reliable-looking method of creating close relationships.
Id est, interpersonal relationships of two strangers who end up reporting a substantial amount of closeness in their relationship after a guided 45-minute conversation.
To define closeness, or intimacy of a relationship, they use something called “The inclusion of other in the self,” which represent a state in which each subject of a relationship feels their innermost self to be validated, understood, and cared for by the other.
Most can agree on closeness having to involve some aspect of feeling close to have any chance of enduring and improving.
Compared to a survey on the closeness of the “Closest, deepest, most involved, and most intimate relationship” given to a similar group of students, the closeness achieved by this experiment overshot that which was reported in the survey by about a third of the students.
If closeness isn’t an explicit task, introverts don’t get as close as extraverts.
If the partners were explicitly told that their task is to become close to each other, both extroverts and introverts will report on a similar level of achieved closeness.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Rise and Fall of Working From Home”

Last year, Richard Laermer decided to let his employees work from home on a regular basis.
Flexible work remains popular at many organizations, but most companies want workers at work at least some-if not most-of the time.
Telecommuting comes in many flavors, and 77 percent of organizations don’t let people work from home on a full-time basis.
Most employers allow ad-hoc remote work for the person who needs to stay home for the plumber or wait for a package.
Technology such as chat programs and collaboration software made remote work feasible for many white collar workers in the last couple of decades.
Some organizations found the most lenient work-from-home policies kept workers too isolated for that kind of work.
Earlier this year the tech giant told 2,000 U.S. workers they could no longer work from home and about the same number of employees that they had to commute into offices more often.
“IBM’s strategy is about adopting the best work method for the work being done,” said an IBM spokesperson.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Trader So Secret They’re Only Known by a Number Just Made Over $200 Million in One Month”

An unknown cryptocurrency trader turned $55 million of paper wealth into $283 million in just over a month.
The value of ether, for example, rose from about $8 a unit at the start of the year to crest at $400 in June before settling around $250 today.
Ether, the second-most-popular cryptocurrency after bitcoin, is used to pay for applications or programs that run on the Ethereum blockchain, a secured list of transactions that can be shared.
The current value of all the ether held, $23 billion, means dozens of electronic wallets have accrued nine-figure positions.
That’s a stake worth at least $90 million, given a net worth calculated at $925 million, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.
Lubin, the former chief operating officer for Ethereum Switzerland GmbH, which developed the software, could hold hundreds of millions of dollars worth of ether, several investors said.
Erin said in a Reddit post last month his ether holdings equal what would amount to about $117 million today, according to calculations by Bloomberg.
Like bitcoin, ether is struggling to overcome a reputation sullied by cyberattacks and technology bottlenecks.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Before you can be with others, first learn to be alone”

Like many poets and philosophers through the ages, Poe stressed the significance of solitude.
Two decades later, the idea of solitude captured Ralph Waldo Emerson’s imagination in a slightly different way: quoting Pythagoras, he wrote: ‘In the morning, – solitude; that nature may speak to the imagination, as she does never in company.
In the 20th century, the idea of solitude formed the centre of Hannah Arendt’s thought.
What Eichmann showed Arendt was that society could function freely and democratically only if it were made up of individuals engaged in the thinking activity – an activity that required solitude.
We might ask, we become lonely in our solitude? Isn’t there some danger that we will become isolated individuals, cut off from the pleasures of friendship? Philosophers have long made a careful, and important, distinction between solitude and loneliness.
Echoing Plato, Arendt observed: ‘Thinking, existentially speaking, is a solitary but not a lonely business; solitude is that human situation in which I keep myself company.
In solitude, Arendt never longed for companionship or craved camaraderie because she was never truly alone.
Arendt reminds us, if we lose our capacity for solitude, our ability to be alone with ourselves, then we lose our very ability to think.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Cursed by the body that was his blessing, Greg Oden is headed back to Ohio State”

ODEN IS IN the lobby of the academic support center on the Ohio State campus on a late-May morning, registering for classes to finish the degree he started a decade ago.
Oden called his coach, Thad Matta, and said, “I can’t get to class.” A few weeks later, Oden announced that he would leave for the draft, one of many decisions in his life that wasn’t really his to make.
“Coach!” Oden hollers, dropping the bar and easing himself to the ground until he lies flat on his back.
Oden can’t prove that the orthotic is the sole reason his body collapsed in the NBA. The wheels were in motion for his body to fall apart the moment he hit his first growth spurt on the way to 7 feet.
Oden always had tried to reckon with what his body was and could be, its power and potential.
Former Ohio State assistant Alan Major remembers a jump shot Oden made against Georgetown in the Final Four because it was the Buckeyes’ 38th game and Oden had taken just a handful of jumpers all year.
On Aug. 7, 2014, Oden was supposed to be with the Ohio State basketball team in the Bahamas, volunteering on a summer tour, but he bailed at the last minute.
Oden walks down the stairs of the academic support center, back to the first floor.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The $5,000 decision to get rid of my past”

Someone broke into my apartment and stole my video game collection exactly four days later.
The collection included most of the important Dreamcast games.
The tyranny of a collection I was never not collecting video games.
Part of me believed that if I recreated the collection carefully enough, one evening I would wake up and she would be there, playing games in front of the TV in one of my shirts.
If I owned enough of those same games, I could create a portal back to the past and never have to move forward.
You carry your past with you The replacement collection, about 450 games deep when I stopped looking for the classics, was carried from house to house as I grew older.
One day, short on money to buy a certain Nintendo Switch game, I took down a few Super Nintendo games hoping to trade them in.
If GameStop gives you $1 for a game, that means it’s worth at least $5. I began to price out that long-dormant collection.

The orginal article.