Summary of “Turning off your notifications for 24 hours could change your whole perspective”

Incessant notifications accumulate into a more draining effect.
Phone notifications follow the model of “Random reinforcement”, which is known in psychology to be far more difficult to break free of than regular, expected rewards.
One study found that p.eople receive, on average, 63.5 notifications per day.
The widespread addiction to these messages is so strong that, when researchers tried to recruit 30 people for an experiment where all phone notifications would be disabled for a week, they simply couldn’t find the participants.
“We started the recruitment, many people declined participation, because they did not want to be without notifications for a whole week,” write researchers from Carnegie Mellon University and Spanish telecommunications firm Telefónica in their paper, due to be presented at a conference on computer-human interaction next month.
In the study, participants were less distracted and more productive on their day without notifications.
Two years later, the researchers checked in and found that 13 participants still had different settings; some had permanently kept notifications off for certain apps, while others continued to create their own notification black-outs by turning on the “Do not disturb” setting on a regular basis.
The key idea-that turning off notifications can be psychologically beneficial-should be familiar to many, and a refreshing reminder to those who’ve become inured to the buzzing in their pocket.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Make Work More Meaningful for Your Team”

Money may lure people into jobs, but purpose, meaning, and the prospect of interesting and valuable work determines both their tenure and how hard they will work while they are on the job.
Research consistently shows that people experiencing meaningful work report better health, wellbeing, teamwork and engagement; they bounce back faster from setbacks and are more likely to view mistakes as learning opportunities rather than failures.
In other words, people at work are more likely to thrive and grow when they experience their job as meaningful.
Curious leaders help people find meaning at work by exploring, asking questions, and engaging people in ideas about the future.
In a way, curious leaders help employees find something meaningful by providing a wider range of possibilities for how work gets done, as opposed to being very prescriptive and micromanage people.
Curious leaders are also more likely to get bored and detest monotony, so they will always be looking for people to come up with new ideas to make their own experience of work more interesting.
As a result employees feel a sense of progress, reinvention, and growth, which in turn results in a more meaningful and positive work experience.
In stark contrast, leaders who know how to trust people are more likely to give them room to experiment and grow.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Action Video Games May Affect The Brain Differently”

Action Video Games May Affect The Brain Differently : Shots – Health News Millions of people play video games, but there’s plenty of disagreement on whether they’re good or bad for brains.
People who played action video games that involve first-person shooters, such as Call of Duty and Medal of Honor, experienced shrinkage in a brain region called the hippocampus, according to a study published Tuesday in Molecular Psychiatry.
They scanned people’s brains using MRIs, and found that the action video game players, who reported spending an average of 19 hours playing action video games each week, had less gray matter in the hippocampus than non-video game players.
Then the researchers asked 43 other people who don’t usually play video games to spend 90 hours over about 10 weeks playing either action video games or Super Mario games in a controlled setting.
People in the group that played action video games lost gray matter in the hippocampus, according to Gregory West, the study’s lead author and an associate professor of psychology at the University of Montreal.
Simone Kuhn, a professor of neural plasticity at the University Clinic Hamburg-Eppendorf in Germany, says people who play action video games shouldn’t be too concerned.
Why did action video games seem to shrink the hippocampus, while a different type of game seem to have caused it to grow? West and his colleagues have some ideas.
“In the majority of action video games, there’s an onscreen GPS overlaid on the screen,” West says.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Having Work Friends Can Be Tricky, but It’s Worth It”

What’s more, employees who report having friends at work have higher levels of productivity, retention, and job satisfaction than those who don’t.
Many companies have tried to support office bonds through perks like ping-pong tables, free lunches, or corporate retreats, but the reality is that most of us don’t have close friends at work.
It can be a mixed blessing; people who are friends with coworkers tend to perform better at work but they also report being more emotionally exhausted and having difficulty maintaining their friendships.
When conflict arises among work friends, relationship conflict leads to negative outcomes in teams composed of friends, but positive outcomes among teams without prior friendships.
Maybe that’s why, despite the benefits of having friends at work, some people still choose to avoid it.
Some just aren’t comfortable having real friends at work.
That’s OK. Many of the benefits that come from having friends at work likely emanate from values like vulnerability, authenticity, and compassion.
While some people will always be hesitant to make friends at work, for these or other reasons, social connection is a basic human need.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Leading Effectively When You Inherit a Mess”

A 10-year longitudinal study on executive transitions that my organization conducted found that more than 50% of executives who inherit a mess fail within their first 18 months on the job.
Nobody knows better about the mess they are in than the people in it, much less about how it came to be.
My client had people beating paths to her door with ideas that had languished unheard.
In one debrief, she vented to me, “On one hand, some of the elements of their ideas are really good. On the other hand, they are so invested in convincing me how indispensable they are that they’ve lost objectivity about what is and isn’t feasible.” She felt obligated to hear their ideas but reluctant to offer critique, for fear of appearing not open to any ideas but her own.
Together, the team created a set of criteria that future solutions needed to meet, and all ideas were presented to the entire team, not just her.
Further, she made it safe for each presenter to disclose any personal agenda about why they wanted their ideas adopted and what fears they had about their ideas not prevailing.
She asked them to “Honestly assess your idea as if you had no fears about job security.” Not only did this accelerate trust among them, it also allowed the best ideas to prevail.
My client’s approach was to start with small wins championed by people in her organization.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Kendrick Lamar on ‘Humble,’ Bono, Taylor Swift, Mandela”

Lamar, 30, is pleased with his recent commercial triumphs, but says it’s not the goal: “If I can make one person – or 10 million people – feel a certain type of euphoria in my music, that’s the whole point.”
How so?It taught me how to deal with [pauses] … emotions.
How much have you grappled with it as an adult?Well, you know, it was also just a lot of mothafuckin’ parties and a lot of humor, which sometimes blocks the fucked-up shit that I’ve seen.
That’s where the initial change will start from.
How do you deal with that?Well, that’s the challenge that keeps me going.
That’s a skill, a talent that people perfect with years of rehearsing.
How much of his theology have you embraced, and how much of it is just you playing with the ideas?Everything that I say on that record is from his perspective.
So for the suburban kid who doesn’t know how we grew up, or the history of my people, hearing them lyrics, they get to understand.

The orginal article.

Summary of “If You’re Too Busy for These 5 Things, Your Life Is More Off Course Than You Think”

Organizing Your Life I don’t think I’m alone in being slightly scattered and sloppy about certain areas of my life.
If you’re bedridden, who cares how organized the other areas of your life are? It’s so easy to put our health on the side, such as forgoing sleep, overconsuming stimulants, and making poor eating habits.
When you organize your spiritual life, you become clear on what your life is about.
The fastest way to move forward in life is not doing more.
Thus your life will continue getting better and more in line with your ideal vision.
If you’re not tracking the key areas of your life, than you’re probably more off course than you think.
Conclusion It’s really easy to get off course in life.
We can ensure we get where we want in life by organizing ourselves, planning for our future, tracking our progress, heightening our mindset, and hustling.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Underestimate Donald Glover at Your Own Peril”

On a crisp afternoon in late January, Donald Glover arrived for the kind of meeting his younger, nerdier, Star Wars-loving self would never have dreamed possible.
As the head of FX, John Landgraf, puts it, “Underestimate Donald Glover at your own peril.”
Glover landed the part of Troy, a washed-up jock on Dan Harmon’s NBC cult comedy Community, and, through brilliant, laugh-out-loud improv, made the character his own.
“Writers sit in a room for hours – and there are 10 of them and they all went to Harvard – and they argue endlessly about what jokes to end a scene on, but a good portion of the ending lines to scenes in Community would be ones that Donald would just riff on the spot,” says Harmon, with whom Glover stays in touch and brainstorms ideas.
Glover lasted four seasons as an actor-for-hire before deciding he was ready to chase the next dream – and Harmon, like Fey, had no interest in standing in Glover’s way.
“Look at his ascent. If I were Donald Glover, I would try eating the moon, because we’re not so sure he can’t until he tries since everything he tries he succeeds at.” Harmon made one request of Glover: Stay on for a few episodes in season five to tie up the character’s storyline, which Glover agreed to do.
The latter began in 2010 with a tweet from Glover – who has since deleted his entire social media footprint – about wanting to play Spider-Man; it snowballed swiftly into a full-blown fan campaign, which then fueled a debate about the lack of diversity in superhero films and, years later, led to his casting in the July blockbuster.
“What you’re really doing is giving people an experience,” he explains, “And the people are happy already, so you just want to give them something they can remember.” The irony, of course, is that Glover himself doesn’t believe in marriage.

The orginal article.

Summary of “8 Things Every Person Should Do Before 8 A.M.”

If you don’t purposefully carve time out every day to progress and improve - without question, your time will get lost in the vacuum of our increasingly crowded lives.
There is a growing collective-consciousness that with a lot of work and intention - you can live every moment of your life on your own terms.
If you start every morning putting yourself in a space of gratitude and clarity, you will attract the best the world has to offer, and not get distracted.
Take A Cold ShowerTony Robbins starts every morning by jumping into a 57-degree Fahrenheit swimming pool.
Taking even 15-30 minutes every morning to read uplifting and instructive information changes you.
If you read your long term goals every day you will think about them every day.
If you think about them every day, and spend your days working toward them, they’ll manifest.
If you take just one step toward you big goals every day, you’ll realize those goals weren’t really far away.

The orginal article.

Summary of “‘There Have Always Existed People Who’ve Simply Wanted to be Alone’: An Interview with Michael Finkel”

In The Stranger in the Woods: The Extraordinary Story of the Last True Hermit, Michael Finkel tackles the story of the famed North Pond hermit.
If you read about hermits throughout history-people who wanted to separate themselves from all other people-an extremely high percentage of those people have been bright.
Your book opens with a vivid description of the woods where Knight lived for twenty-seven years.
People in Maine seem to have had strong reactions toward Knight.
There were a significant number of people in Maine, victims of his crimes, who intuitively realized there was someone living in the woods who just didn’t want to be part of society, and they were very sweet about it.
The way people reacted to Chris Knight spoke less to who Chris was, and more to who they were.
Strangely, across all of human history and going back thousands of years, there have existed a tiny handful of people who’ve simply wanted to be alone.
Despite the fact that it was radically different from the way anybody else lived, he ignored all the pressure of society and went to live exactly as he wanted.

The orginal article.