Summary of “What Data Scientists Should Know About Hiring, Sharing, and Collaborating”

In this post we summarize some of our most recent and favorite answers on Quora to questions from the community about hiring junior data scientists, sharing work with the public, and collaborating.
“What do you look for when hiring an entry-level data scientist? Would a master’s in Data Science or a bootcamp be beneficial?”.
What’s the best way for data scientists to share their work?
Considering the deeply technical nature of the work, and the many ways in which an analysis can go awry, it can feel like an especially daunting task to share one’s work as a data scientist.
A recent article by Emma Walker, Data Scientist at Qriously, even called communication the “Critical skill” many data scientists are missing.
What are best practices for collaboration between data scientists?
Once a data scientist had their work noticed, and once they’ve been hired as a data scientist at an organization, the truism that “Data science is a team sport” will become a daily reality.
It’s exciting to discuss the latest new approach or algorithm, but there are many interesting questions beginning to come out surrounding the people, processes, and careers of data scientists.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Corporate Values Get Hijacked and Misused”

The painful result of widespread misuse of company values, according to one major study, is that only 23% of U.S. employees strongly agree that they can apply their organization’s values to their work every day, and only 27% “Believe in” their organization’s values.
Another comprehensive study based on more than 1,000 firms in the Great Places to Work database reveals a strong correlation between corporate financial performance and the extent to which employees believe their company’s espoused values are practiced.
Values hold the power to drive meaningful differences in performance by shaping a culture, and when misused, can undermine performance with toxic force.
When these three conditions aren’t present, values can get hijacked and misused.
In one organization, the alleged commitment to “Values accountability” became so twisted that statements like “She’s not aligned with our values” or “I can’t support that decision because I don’t see how it reflects the values” became so reflexive that they shut down honest conversation.
In this company’s case, senior leaders who were criticized for not modeling the values quickly ousted their accusers for “Not being team players.” The very values intended to unify and inspire the culture had turned it into a poisonous gang rivalry.
People fill workshops where executives tell heartwarming stories about how the values have shaped their careers and will distinguish their organization in the future.
A company’s values must reflect what makes it uniquely successful, conveying to employees, “This is what it takes to succeed here.” Processes like strategy, selection, rewards, performance management, and resource allocation must have values woven deeply into them with undeniable consistency between actions and words.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Retirement savings: The world is sitting on a $400 trillion financial time bomb”

The World Economic Forum predicts that by 2050 the world will face a $400 trillion shortfall in retirement savings.
The WEF defines a shortfall as anything less than what’s required to provide 70% of a person’s pre-retirement income via public pensions and private savings.
It is followed by China’s $119 trillion shortfall.
Much of the massive shortfall is baked into retirement systems; setups in which nobody, neither individuals nor the government, saves enough.
Putting money aside for retirement now confers the benefit of compound interest and provides certainty to financial markets that fear ballooning government debts.
If the shortfall proves bigger than expected, the costs of waiting will be larger, too.
The report offers several suggestions to address the shortfall.
Most include ways to boost individual saving by offering retirement accounts to a wider population and expanding financial literacy.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Interracial Love Is Saving America”

As Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote in the unanimous Loving opinion, such laws were an instrument of “White Supremacy” – the first time the Supreme Court used those words to name what the Civil War and the 14th Amendment should have defeated.
Whites with reduced prejudice, in turn, have a worldview similar to that of many minorities; that is, they support policies designed to reduce racial inequality.
A small study of whites married to blacks documented increased understanding of racism.
This transition from blindness to sight, from anxiety to familiarity, is a process of acquiring “Cultural dexterity.” Love can make people do uncomfortable things, like meeting a black lover’s family and being the only white person in the room.
Eventually, a critical mass of white people will accept the loss of the centrality of whiteness.
When enough whites can accept being one voice among many in a robust democracy, politics in America could finally become functional.
Increased proximity most likely expanded white people’s knowledge of what nonwhite people face.
Activists for #BlackLives, for example, have more allies than they might imagine; about 60 percent of whites under 30 agree with the group’s critique of law enforcement.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Social skills that will make you more likable”

To help you out, we sifted through the Quora thread “What are useful social skills that can be picked up quickly?,” talked to an etiquette expert, and looked to some social psychology researchers.
People unconsciously mirror the body language of the person they’re talking to.
If you want to be likable, use positive body language and people will naturally return the favor.
“After spending time with you, people will walk away with a warm and fuzzy feeling, which most likely, they’ll pass on to someone else.”
Tell someone else these people’s names, in case you do forget and need a reminder.
Likable people show that they’re listening to the person they’re talking to.
Flattery “Grabs people directly by their ego and is therefore extremely effective,” writes Quora user Julian Reisinger.
Researchers at Harvard Business School and Wharton found that people were far more likely to lend someone their cell phone when subjects first said, “I’m so sorry about the rain!”.

The orginal article.

Summary of “We Have an Empathy Imbalance, Not an Empathy Deficit”

1 If empathy deficits fuel social divisions, why doesn’t empathy building salve them?
Empathy is not like the volume knob on a stereo, which tunes all frequencies of a piece of music identically; it’s more like an equalizer, which boosts different frequencies by different amounts.
Rather than empathizing more or less overall-and changing the quantity of a single empathy deficit-we tune our empathy, boosting it for some while lowering it for others.
Even people who empathize a lot can still suffer from an empathy imbalance-greater empathy for people who look, think, and act like themselves and reduced empathy for those who don’t.
A person’s imbalance mattered more than their overall level of empathy.
Conflict resolution programs designed to increase overall empathy could backfire if they increase ingroup empathy in an already imbalanced situation.
The more empathy someone feels for their ingroup, the more damage they might be willing to inflict to protect it.
He is currently at work on a book, Choosing Empathy, which focuses on building empathy under difficult circumstances.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Being open-minded literally changes the way you see the world”

Recent studies suggest that personality traits don’t simply affect your outlook on life, but the way you perceive reality.
One study published earlier this year in the Journal of Research in Personality goes so far as to suggest that openness to experience changes what people see in the world.
In the study, researchers from the University of Melbourne in Australia recruited 123 volunteers and gave them the big five personality test, which measures extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience.
Though the research suggests that personality affects the way we filter conscious experience, it’s not clear exactly how this process works.
While studies show that personality can shift over time, there’s currently little research on whether perception also changes to correspond with new personality traits.
Given the above cited evidence that meditation can shift perception, Antinori believes the way we see the world may well change in line with personality.
“It may be possible that a change in people’s personality may also affect how they see the world,” she says.
Mounting evidence suggests that our personalities are affecting our experience of the world in more ways than we realize.

The orginal article.

Summary of “If You’re Too Busy For These 5 Things, Your Life Is More Off-Course Than You Think”

Organizing Your LifeI don’t think I’m alone in being slightly scattered and sloppy about certain areas of my life.
Most people spend their life prioritizing urgent and “Shallow” activity.
When you organize your spiritual life, you become clear on what your life is about.
The fastest way to move forward in life is not doing more.
My why is to help people get clarity on the life they want to live, and to help them achieve their goals as quickly as possible.
Thus, your life will continue getting better and more in line with your ideal vision.
If you’re not tracking the key areas of your life, than you’re probably more off-course than you think.
As Jim Collins said in Good to Great, “If you have more than three priorities you have none.” Your priorities reflect your why, and thus, your life should be build around your priorities.

The orginal article.

Summary of “8 Habits of Incredibly Interesting People”

Some people are naturally interesting, but there are also ways to learn to be more engaging.
He’s so good at making things interesting that he doesn’t just teach accounting, he also gives lectures on how to be more interesting.
Anyone can learn to become more interesting, which is a wonderful thing, because being interesting can help you strengthen your network, win more clients, and lead more effectively.
There are several habits that many interesting people have in common.
Interesting people don’t just have interests; they have passions, and they devote themselves completely to them.
There’s often nothing wrong with what everyone else is doing; it’s just that interesting people are innovators who break conformity to pursue new, exciting, and yes, interesting ideas.
Interesting people are interesting because they feel out their conversational partner to see what sparks that person’s interest.
It might not always be easy to incorporate these habits into daily life, but that’s what makes the people who do so interesting-they go against the grain, and that’s undeniably interesting.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A psychologist explains why we’re probably all delusional and how to fix it”

Almost nobody is self-aware, says psychologist Tasha Eurich in her new book Insight.
Not to say they were being intentionally misleading, but there is work showing that if people have rose-colored glasses, they might feel good in some sense, but they also tend to be less happy, less successful and, equally importantly, the people around them tend to view them pretty negatively, which has bad effects.
When we’re delusional about ourselves, we frustrate and alienate the people around us too.
If someone thinks they’re good at something when they’re not, we say they’re “Not self-aware.” But if they’re deluded in the other direction and think they’re worse than they are, we don’t say they’re “Not self-aware,” we say they’re “Insecure.” Why the difference? Are the insecure people also not self-aware?
It kind of does make sense because part of truly being self-aware is understanding how you come across to other people and the impact you have on them.
One thing you emphasize is that the people who introspect the most aren’t any more self-aware than others.
Some people are really scared of not being self-aware and analyze all these things to try to get there.
So one of the biggest mistakes people make, especially self-conscious and self-critical people, is believing that type of thinking is good for them or beneficial in some way.
The people who are the most self-aware don’t force themselves into those simple kind of absolute truths.
One of the really self-aware people explained it by saying that the process of self-exploration is like exploring space: there’s so much we don’t know, and that’s what makes it so exciting.

The orginal article.