Summary of “Can People Change After Middle Age?”

Mike joined Bo on the L.S.U. football team a few years later, though they didn’t get along.
Mike’s father, who died when he was 14, had the bigoted attitudes of the time and place.
Once, an L.S.U. fan threw a whiskey bottle at Mike and hit him in the back.
Mike created one of the city’s most successful dental practices.
Mike pulled out of his dental practice at age 49 and works at Community Renewal, often without pay.
When I sat with Bo and Mike after the staff and volunteer meeting on Monday, three things struck me, which often strike me about people who have transformed their lives for the final lap.
When Gallup asked people around the world in 2007 if they felt a sense of meaning in their lives, Liberia came out as the nation where most people felt they led meaningful lives and the Netherlands came out last.
Mike says his younger self would have looked at his current self as some sort of crazy person.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What’s Really Behind the Civil War to End Harvard’s Fraternities?”

Because all the male clubs own their buildings, support themselves, and rely on Harvard only for a steady supply of undergraduate men, the university can’t legally stamp out these clubs for being single-gender, no matter how offensive that might be, any more than it could abolish the Harvard Book Store, likewise independent, for selling dirty audiobooks.
While we’re at it, how is it that Harvard is flaying the final clubs for being exclusionary but letting the Organization of Asian American Sisters in Service and the Black Men’s Forum go scot-free? As it is, the campaign against all-male final clubs has now done a number on the other single-gender clubs that Harvard surely did not really want to wreck-the all-women clubs that have risen up to provide their own routes to power, bypassing the hegemonic patriarchal culture.
The account included salient details about the drippings from an ice sculpture of a lusty nude at one of the club’s weekend frolics, to which women were invited “Her frozen breasts are enormous; her back is arched. And if you crouch beneath her thighs, you can guzzle a shot of Rubinoff vodka that a hoarse-voiced senior will pour for you down her icy frame.” That may have done it for the clubs, right there.
As the Porcellian Club’s graduate head, Charles Storey, president of the Harpoon Brewery, pointed out to the Crimson, if the club were to admit women, the “Sexual misconduct” there could only rise.
As far as anyone knew, it was the first time in recent memory that any club official had spoken publicly about the club’s doings in its 225-year history, and the second time was not likely to come for another 225 years at least.
One current club officer-I’ve sworn not to reveal whom-is the first in his family to go to any college at all, let alone Harvard, and his dues are paid by a scholarship that his club quietly provides, as several do, contrary to impressions.
Not anymore! At least one of the grand old club buildings, that of the Iroquois, has been re-purposed for Harvard function rooms after the club went out of business; the college seems to believe that it can blithely replace these atmospheric places with social areas like the Cambridge Queen’s Head, an alcohol-limited pub run by Harvard’s Office of Student Life that has all the charm of the Holiday Inn.
Louis Menand-the New Yorker writer, author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Metaphysical Club, and a Harvard English professor-got caught up in the frenzy, decrying as “Pure sophistry” Lewis’s motion to allow undergrads to join any clubs they like as long as the clubs are legal.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Is This Dog Dangerous? Shelters Struggle With Live-or-Die Tests”

The 10- to 20-minute tests, developed by behaviorists and tweaked by practitioners, ask two basic questions: Will the dog attack humans? What about other dogs?
Evaluators may observe the dog react to a large doll; a hooded human, shaking a cane; an unfamiliar leashed dog or a plush toy dog.
Dr. Bennett’s 2012 study of 67 pet dogs, which compared results of two behavior tests with owners’ own reporting, found that in the areas of aggression and fearfulness, the tests showed high percentages of false positives and false negatives.
A 2015 study of dog-on-dog aggression testing showed that shelter dogs responded more aggressively to a fake dog than a real one.
Janis Bradley of the National Canine Research Council, co-author with Dr. Patronek of the analysis published last fall, suggested that shelters should instead devote limited resources to “Observing the many interactions that happen between dogs and people in the daily routine of the shelter.”
A dog afflicted with kennel stress can swiftly deteriorate: spinning; pacing; jumping like a pogo stick; drooling; and showing a loss of appetite.
One way to reduce kennel stress, Ms. Sadler, the shelter consultant, said, is through programs like hers, Dogs Playing for Life, which matches dogs for outside playgroups.
The exercise purports to evaluate “Resource guarding” – how viciously a dog will protect a possession, such as food, toys, people.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The secret lives of millionaire tech engineers who ‘rest and vest'”

AP. The most open secret in Silicon Valley is called “Resters and vesters,” or “Coasters” – which refers to engineers who get paid big bucks without doing too much work, waiting for their stock to vest.
“At Facebook the OGs we know got DE,” this former Facebook engineer said of engineers who worked at the company before it went public.
Facebook declined to comment, but several engineers told us Facebook had a reputation of requiring long hours from its engineers.
“They are senior engineers and don’t work hard. They know the Google system, know when to kick into gear. They are engineers, so they optimized the performance cycles of their own jobs.”
While other tech companies “Sear” a product’s ship date into their engineers, who work nights and weekends to hit that date, “At X, people think, ‘If my project is canceled, oh well, I’ll just find another project,'” he said.
We’ve been told rest-and-vest engineers can be found at all of these companies.
Rest-and-vest engineers can wind up spending years “Never shipping anything,” the X engineer said.
“These engineers are highly, highly paid, but there is no other company that will take them,” he says.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Tell Me What You Did Today, And I’ll Tell You Who You Are”

How close to your values and goals are your living?
If you are to really accomplish your goals and dreams, how much differently would your regular day need to be than today was?
What activities must happen daily for you to live exactly how you want to be living? You may have several things in the way of your ideal day right now, but are you getting closer?
If you were to consistently live your ideal day, where would you be in one year from now? Where would you be in five years?
Self-evaluation: determines how well we are performing comparative to our goals.
Self-reaction: determines how we think and feel comparative to our goals.
Loads of research has sought to determine: How do you keep people striving for a goal when they’re struggling to stay motivated?
How you spend each day is a clear indicator of who you are and who you will become.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Internet Is Built for Advertisers”

The internet has been awash in ads for decades, but in the past few years, a shift has taken place.
“As analytics proved the inefficacy of ads, costs came down. Publishers made up for this by adding more ads, including pop-ups, interstitials, and autoplay videos,” Hanson O’Haver wrote for The Outline.
O’Haver published his piece in April, and since then, new and impressively annoying ways to shove ads into the internet have been introduced.
While the number of ads in its News Feed may be close to “Hitting a ceiling,” Facebook plans to jack up its prices and find “New slots for ads in videos and its messaging apps.” Facebook will also soon turn up the volume on its autoplay ads to make them harder to ignore.
Ads aren’t just defacing the internet, they are warping it.
The explanation for the obsession with video is simple: Advertisers will pay more to promote their products in video format than they will for in-article ads.
“Brands prefer to buy ads against video content than text, the thinking being that consumers are more likely to sit down and pay attention to an ad when it precedes a video they want to watch than they would be if the ad simply appears next to an article they’re reading,” New York magazine’s Brian Feldman explained in a postmortem about MTV’s pivot.
As the internet expanded at a galloping pace and then a full-on sprint, from academic and governmental research tool to newfangled communication hub to the very scaffolding of modern life, it underwent seismic changes, and the introduction of ads was vital to how it grew.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Legend of Yanda”

He recognized then what Yanda could not: The rookie had what it took to be “One of the good ones.” The pair spent only one year together, but Yanda seized on every moment he could to mine Ogden for advice.
One such pointer was internalizing what a player had to do to earn the right to spend the offseason where he pleased, and by his fifth NFL season, Yanda finally felt comfortable doing just that.
It was in the middle of “Hawkeye country,” as Yanda puts it, and most Saturdays were spent watching head coach Hayden Fry’s Iowa teams on the living room TV. Yanda dreamed of one day playing in Kinnick Stadium, but poor grades forced him to attend North Iowa Area Community College directly after high school.
With his hopes of playing at his dream school dwindling and nothing to lose, Yanda decided to take control of his future.
The quintessential Marshal Yanda play happened in Week 13 of the 2014 season, during the second quarter of a 34-33 loss to the Chargers.
Before his fourth campaign, it seemed as if Yanda would finally get the chance to play his desired guard spot full time.
The difference these days is that now Yanda is the Pro Bowl fixture Baltimore’s young players try to emulate.
While Yanda may never be a famous face around the league, that hasn’t stopped his legend from spreading: The stars about whom fans will tell tales for years to come will do the same about Marshal Yanda.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What Neymar world record move means for Barcelona PSG UEFA FFP more”

It’s either a bold, game-changing move from Paris Saint-Germain or a colossal blunder by folks with more money than sense or, perhaps, something in between.
On the pitch, Barcelona can likely reload pretty quickly without Neymar.
The bottom line is that Barcelona won before Neymar’s arrival, they won with Neymar and they’ll likely win again without him.
He’ll certainly earn more at PSG but it likely won’t be “Move-the-needle” type more.
If PSG can’t afford Neymar without breaching the requirements, we’ll find out.
It’s just that we won’t know until the fall of 2018, when seasons 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18 are cumulatively assessed, whether PSG violated FFP rules, which dictate that no more than $35.6m can be lost over three seasons, though some expenses and revenues aren’t included in the FFP calculation.
Throw in his wages and you’re looking at north of $100m which, while still a frightening number – Messi is costing Barcelona half of that – is possibly more manageable if you’re smart with your sales and you squeeze out commercial revenue properly.
You don’t need to be an economist to know that it’s OK to spend more if you’re earning more money; Barcelona’s revenues, for example, have gone up nearly 70 percent in the last seven years.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Brutal Truth About Following Your Passion and Doing What You Love That Few People Admit”

Probably the most common career advice is “Do what you love!” People love hearing it, even though it’s all wrong – except under very specific circumstances.
“Telling someone to follow their passion can be disastrous,” says Cal Newport, author of So Good They Can’t Ignore You: Why Skills Trump Passion in the Search for Work You Love.
It’s easy to confuse a hobby or interest for a profound passion that will result in career or business fulfillment.
So if you think there is a market for your passion – meaning people will pay you for it – that is enough to get you started.
Then doing the work, and working as hard as you can to improve your skills, will give you the feedback you need.
One day you wake up realizing that you’re doing what you love – and getting paid to do it.
“That’s the passion mindset. Instead focus on the value you produce through your work: how your actions are important, how you’re good at what you do, and how you’re connected to other people.”
Doing work you love, over the long-term, requires getting paid to do what you love – which means being good enough at something other people value enough to pay you for it.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Email-etiquette rules every professional should know”

Despite the fact that we’re glued to our reply buttons, career coach Barbara Pachter says plenty of professionals still don’t know how to use email appropriately.
Pachter says to pay careful attention when typing a name from your address book on the email’s “To” line.
“It’s easy to select the wrong name, which can be embarrassing to you and to the person who receives the email by mistake,” Pachter says.
“My name is Barbara. I don’t like receiving emails addressed as ‘Hi Barb,'” Pachter says.
In a professional exchange, it’s better to leave humor out of emails unless you know the recipient well.
The cardinal rule: Your emails should be easy for other people to read. “Generally, it is best to use 10- or 12-point type and an easy-to-read font such as Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman,” Pachter advises.
As the endless string of email hacks prove, every electronic message leaves a trail.
Whether you’re cc’ing a client on an email where your boss said something about them or including a coworker on an email chain where another coworker shares personal information, “No one likes to have someone else decide to cc someone without being asked first,” Rosalinda Oropeza Randall, an etiquette and civility expert and the author of “Don’t Burp in the Boardroom,” tells Business Insider.

The orginal article.