Summary of “Kareem Abdul-Jabbar: what sports have taught me about race in America”

As the Guardian’s series on race and sports starts today – and we mark two years since Colin Kaepernick first knelt during the national anthem – I am reminded that whenever an NBA player comes close to shattering one of my dusty old records, eager journalists contact me to ask how I feel.
Sports is the most popular form of entertainment, with Americans spending about $56bn on sports events last year, compared to about $11bn on movies.
For African Americans, sports has all those values – but it also has some extra implications.
For people of color, professional sports has always been a mirror of America’s attitude toward race: as long as black players were restricted from taking the field, then the rest of black Americans would never truly be considered equal, meaning they would not be given equal educational or employment opportunities.
Sports may be the best hope for change regarding racial disparity because it has the best chance of informing white Americans of that disparity and motivating them to act.
To white America, the history of US sports is a rising graph of remarkable achievements of physical and mental strength.
Some see sports as a path for their children to escape the endless cycle of poverty.
We can’t promote professional sports as a real hope any more than we can endorse the lottery as a career strategy.

The orginal article.

Summary of “LeBron has shows coming on HBO, Showtime, Starz [Video]”

Showtime this week announced a new three-part docu-series produced by LeBron James.
If the Showtime series isn’t enough, or if October is too far away, James is also producing and hosting an HBO show, “The Shop,” that debuts later this month.
If double-dipping with HBO and Showtime isn’t enough, James and his business partner Maverick Carter produced a youth football docu-series debuting on Starz in September called “Warriors of Liberty City.” This comes after his previous Starz show, “Survivor’s Remorse,” ended its four-season run.
More.Of course, James is not the only current or former star athlete who has directed their money into media ventures.
On Aug. 3, Trump tweeted, “LeBron James was just interviewed by the dumbest man on television, Don Lemon. He made LeBron look smart, which isn’t easy to do. I like Mike!”.
The tweet prompted other athletes to react in support of James.
James had already called the president a “Bum” in a 2017 tweet supporting Curry, and added, “Going to White House was a great honor until you showed up!”.
Fellow NBA stars are looking to James now for leadership off the court – both in business and politics.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why athletes need a ‘quiet eye'”

Intriguingly, quiet eye appears to be particularly important at times of stress, preventing the athlete from ‘choking’ at moments of high pressure.
Crucially, the differences in this dwell time of the quiet eye don’t just predict the overall differences between elite and novice players; fluctuations in the onset and duration of the quiet eye can also explain lapses in the athlete’s individual performance, which would again reaffirm the idea that it is itself a critical part of the mental processes.
Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, who recently examined the quiet eye in tennis players, suspects that most athletes had not made a conscious decision to change their eye movements; for many it’s probably a behaviour that they picked up implicitly.
Budding athletes will be heartened to hear that the quiet eye can be taught, however.
In one of the first tests of quiet eye training, Vickers took a university basketball team and hooked them up to her eye-tracking devices so that they could become more aware of their gaze as they practiced ‘free throws’.
A University of Exeter study has found that quiet eye training can help children with coordination problems improve their physical abilities, contradicting a commonly held belief that they instead suffered from some problem with the motor system itself.
Her research has shown that quiet eye training also could accelerate doctors’ learning of new skills.
Her group recently measured the gazes of expert surgeons and then trained a group of first-year residents to mimic their eye movements – including the longer fixations that are characteristic of the quiet eye.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Track’s New Gender Rules Could Exclude Some Female Athletes”

The regulations are meant to ensure “Fair and meaningful competition within the female classification,” according to track’s governing body, the International Association of Athletics Federations, known as the I.A.A.F.Athletes will not be required to undergo surgery to lower their hormone levels, the I.A.A.F. said, adding that the regulations are “In no way intended as any kind of judgment on, or questioning of, the sex or the gender identity of any athlete.”
The regulations will affect female track athletes with naturally occurring testosterone levels above five nanomoles per liter.
According to the I.A.A.F., most women, including elite female athletes, have testosterone levels from 0.12 to 1.79 nanomoles per liter, while the normal male range is 7.7 to 29.4 nanomoles per liter.
“To the best of our knowledge, there is no other genetic or biological trait encountered in female athletics that confers such a huge performance advantage,” the I.A.A.F. said in the regulations and supporting documents obtained by The New York Times.
The regulations represent an attempt by the I.A.A.F. to reinstate rules governing female athletes with elevated testosterone levels, which were suspended in 2015 by the Swiss-based Court of Arbitration for Sport, a rough equivalent of the Supreme Court for international sports.
Because the hammer throw and the pole vault, which showed the highest performance advantage for women with elevated testosterone in the 2017 I.A.A.F. study, are not included in the new rules, the regulations appear to be arbitrary and political and not based on solid science, said Katrina Karkazis, a bioethicist and visiting senior fellow at the Global Health Justice Partnership at Yale, who has written extensively on hyperandrogenism and athletic performance.
Female athletes with elevated testosterone levels will essentially face a “Choice of no choice,” Ms. Karkazis said.
Paul Melia, the president and chief executive of the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport, said in an interview from Ottawa on Wednesday that because athletes with hyperandrogenism identify and live as females, and present physically as females, “They have a human right to participate in sport in the gender they identify with.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “NFL Scoops From Heaven”

On February 27, Forte called Jason Romano, who writes for a Christian website called Sports Spectrum.
Sports Spectrum has bigger ambitions than turning out the tales of uplift that have filled Christian sports magazines for years.
“For the ‘why’s,’ read SportsFocus.” Paul Putz, a Baylor doctoral student whose website explores the nexus of sports and Christianity, subscribed to Sports Spectrum when he was growing up in the ’90s. “This is how we knew which athletes were born-again, and which ones we could root for, because they were Christians just like us,” he said.
In the ’70s, Gary Warner’s magazine The Christian Athlete emulated the muckraking style of Sports Illustrated by exploring issues like drugs in sports.
Most of Sports Spectrum’s scoops come from players that gather at Pro Athletes Outreach conferences.
Sports Spectrum, the Saints’ Demario Davis said, “Puts things in a way that’s glorifying to God and really captures the story holistically. If you want to incorporate something about the Word, they help you piece it together.”
One of the questions that hangs over Sports Spectrum is how to handle issues like the NFL protests.
If modesty weren’t enough of a check, last week the Sports Spectrum team learned that beating the best NFL reporters isn’t easy.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Can Keto Actually Work For Hard-Training Endurance or Power/Strength Athletes?”

Being fat- and keto-adapted is an obvious benefit for endurance, since endurance performance is predicated on being burning more fat and sparing glycogen.
We are in the age of a transformation in the endurance scene to the extent that I might boldly proclaim that the endurance champions of the future will possibly be full keto or at least cyclic keto to gain a performance and recovery boost.
Even a very lean and small athlete with low 7% body fat still carries about 30,000 calories of fat.
You increase the rate at which you utilize fat and you no longer ‘hit the wall’ at 2 hours into an endurance event, even if you don’t have food available.
Despite my years of high-level endurance sports, strict performance diets that perfectly aligned with the dietary guidelines, and very low body fat, I was on my way to developing type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Peter Attia, one of the most brilliant minds in the keto scene who now focuses on longevity medicine at his private practice in San Diego and New York City, has also chronicled his amazing transition from sugar burner to fat adapted cyclist.
What’s more, Attia achieved an increase in wattage output at anaerobic threshold when fat adapted-in other words, he went faster on fat! This data shatters the notion that keto is only for long, slow endurance performance.
Sami’s successful transition to fat adapted athlete tee’d up one of the most remarkable endurance performances you will ever hear about.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What Happens When Athletes Do the Sportswriting?”

The Players’ Tribune originally gave athletes newsroom titles: David Ortiz, the jolly Red Sox slugger, was editor at large; Matt Harvey, the Mets hurler, was New York City bureau chief.
Perhaps The Players’ Tribune can be best understood as an effort by athletes to seize that most precious contemporary commodity – the narrative.
“These guys are the best in the world at what they do, and they can’t catch a break! They’re getting beaten up all day. Mark Zuckerberg doesn’t get beaten up like that.” His point was this: All that unnecessary negativity that ESPN’s TV shows churn out is ultimately a boon to the bottom line of The Players’ Tribune because that negativity is persuading athletes to share their proprietary, much-desired content with The Players’ Tribune.
Conboy had previously worked at Wired and Sports Illustrated and was brought in before The Players’ Tribune concept had been publicly revealed, while athletes were still being recruited as investors.
The Players’ Tribune has an annual tradition called the “Athlete board meeting.” It’s open to just about anyone in the biz; a big room full of obscure Olympians and megastars, retired and active, male and female alike.
You get the sense that he’s quite pleased to be at The Players’ Tribune and that he’s not all that worried about what happens next.
The first time I saw Jeter at The Players’ Tribune, he appeared, fists pounding on the door, at a corner office where I had been chatting with Jon Sakoda, an early-stage investor.
Projecting The Players’ Tribune model forward, we can imagine a world in which athletes simply don’t need to talk to reporters, in an echo of what feels like the unstoppable atomization of all news and information.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Olympics’ Never-Ending Struggle to Keep Track of Time”

The fact is that it takes time to measure time; the challenge of Olympic timing through the decades has been to make that measurement as quickly as possible.
Though Omega’s stopwatches indicated that Larson had the faster time, by at least a tenth of a second, a referee broke the tie and awarded Devitt gold.
Speed skaters wear transponders on their ankles that mark their location, speed, and running time at every moment along their path; alpine skiers have them on their boots.
It’s a continuous stream of entertaining data, but it can also be fed back into the training process, helping athletes to understand where they gained or lost time.
The traditional ten-thousand-metre speed-skating race can be, let’s be honest, tedious-two racers at a time, a dozen-plus minutes per trial, again and again.
Naturally, over time, timing technology will only improve.
In 2012, at the U.S. Olympic sprinting trials, Allyson Felix and Jeneba Tarmoh managed to tie for third place-and for the third and final spot on the Olympic squad-with a time of 11.068 seconds.
In 1984, at the Los Angeles Olympics, two American swimmers, Carrie Steinseifer and Nancy Hogshead, tied in the hundred-metre freestyle, each with a time of 55.92 seconds.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Does Your Gut Hold the Secret to Performance?”

Hyde manages the American Gut Project at the university’s Knight Lab, which is five years into a deeply ambitious effort to map the average American’s bacterial makeup-what scientists call the human microbiome.
How to Boost Your Microbiome Wondering how to ensure that your gut is healthy? We’re here to answer your most pressing questions.
“People call the microbiome the forgotten organ,” says Erica Sonnenburg, a micro­biologist at Stanford University who has made big strides connecting the microbiome and the immune system.
Thus far the American Gut Project has found our digestive tracts to be so diverse in microbial content, and so unique to us and our individual lifestyles, that researchers really can’t yet say what a “Normal” gut should look like-let alone an elite athlete’s gut.
Shanahan’s colleague Mick Molloy had been a team doctor for the national rugby team, and in 2011 Shanahan asked him, “What do you suppose the microbiome of a professional athlete looks like?” Molloy made some calls, and the team agreed to help the researchers find out.
“I can’t do that here,” said Gilbert, of the University of Chicago’s Microbiome Center, adding, “There’s a lot of snake oil out there.” Ixcela, like many of the new microbiome companies, has not yet published peer-reviewed papers ­attesting to its products’ efficacy, though it does plan to publish a study about Team USA’s results.
Hyde and her team at the American Gut Project will analyze your microbiome for about a hundred bucks, but she stresses that the test is not diagnostic.
In Australia, Nicholas West, a researcher at Queensland’s Griffith University, has been meticulously testing publicly available probiotics on national-team athletes, based on their personal microbiomes, to help ward off pre-competition illness.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Tom Brady: Patriots’ QB Leading the Way for 40-year-old Athletes”

On Aug. 3, Tom Brady will turn 40, and if that doesn’t make you feel old, consider how he’ll “Celebrate.” Oh, Brady has big plans: to receive a soft-tissue massage from his body coach, pop bottles and perhaps savor a single coconut macaroon.
PETER KING’S INTERVIEW WITH TOM BRADY: The Patriots QB recounts the plays that led to New England’s comeback victory over the Falcons.
They’ve devoted more than a decade to these routines so Brady can simultaneously throw touchdowns, crush souls and prepare for his next career, for when he does retire-he plans to play until age 45 and isn’t ruling out playing at 50-and becomes something of a lifestyle guru.
As Brady refined his process through his 30s, he looked specifically at how he could not just play at 40 but also dominate in the years beyond.
Like all older athletes, even Brady, Cormier is starting to look ahead. He has to.
TOM BRADY OPENS UP TO PETER KING: ‘I’m not going to give away my power’.
THE COACH. As DeLisha Milton-Jones delighted in Brady’s comeback against the Falcons, she felt as if his performance validated what she knew in her heart at the end of her career: that there is value in experience, that old athletes may not run or jump or throw like they did 10 years ago, but that one could erase a 28-3 advantage in the Super Bowl.
“That’s in me. I could see myself being in my 80s at a 24 Hour Fitness, still trying to give somebody buckets. Matter of fact, you can tell Tom Brady if he wants some, he can get some too.”

The orginal article.