Summary of “How to Teach Your Kid Colors”

When my daughter was very young, we would read the toddler classic Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? In the story, the title character spots a red bird, a yellow duck, a blue horse, a green frog, a purple cat, a white dog, a black sheep and a goldfish.
It’s a lovely book, but now I know it’s probably not a great one for teaching a kid her colors.
We like to use color words “Prenominally,” meaning before nouns.
We’ll often say things like “The red balloon,” instead of using the postnominal construction, “The balloon is red.”
Say “The balloon is red,” for example, and you will have helped to narrow “Red-ness” to being an attribute of the balloon, and not some general property of the world at large.
This helps kids discern what about the balloon makes it red.
In her study, when kids heard the color words postnominally, their learning improved significantly.
The takeaway: Instead of saying “The red balloon,” say “The balloon is red.” Or change up the title of your favorite toddler book: “Brown Bear … oops, I mean bear who is brown.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Does the School Day End 2 Hours Before the Workday?”

“We often think about this as a problem every family faces, and it just happens over and over again in this systemic way: The mother cuts back on her hours for when school is closed,” said Catherine Brown, an education-policy researcher at the Center for American Progress.
Reorienting the school day to align it with the realities of the working parent isn’t unprecedented: During World War II, for example, schools introduced extended days to help mothers who had been unexpectedly drawn into the workforce.
Extending the school day is a lot harder than it seems.
Extending the traditional six-and-a-half-hour school day to match the eight-hour workday would add more than a current school day’s worth of time to a teacher’s work week.
“They don’t have enough money to pay for teacher salaries, but one of the ways they can reward teachers is with all of this time off and professional-development opportunities.” By 2016, 1,500 schools across the country had adopted “Extended learning time,” lengthening the school day by up to 90 minutes.
To Brown, an optimal solution would relieve some of the burden from the school itself.
Instead of strictly defined before-, during-, and after-school time, Brown imagines a more fluid model in which peer-to-peer learning, longer lunch and break periods, field trips, community partners, and staggered teacher start times contribute to a longer, happier school day for everyone.
The short-term fix still doesn’t get at the root of the problem: the school schedule.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Browns Are the Most Interesting 0-16 Team in NFL History”

None of his predecessors lasted for more than three years.
At the very least, the Browns are more interesting than they have been in years past.
There are still dozens of outstanding questions: When will Mayfield start? Which of their young players can take the leap? Is Hue Jackson the long-term coach? And then there’s the overarching concern that’s been looming over Cleveland for 20 years since the franchise’s rebirth: When will the Cleveland Browns be genuinely good?
“You wipe off the stigma a little bit so all of the sudden, [free-agent] guys are actually excited and you don’t have to overspend.” This haul of free agents includes tackle Chris Hubbard, who signed from Pittsburgh for five years and $36.5 million; T.J. Carrie, a cornerback from Oakland; running back Carlos Hyde, who’ll make $5 million a year for three years; and cornerback E.J. Gaines from Buffalo.
There’s a plan at quarterback in Cleveland, and that’s more than you can say of previous years.
Defensive lineman Larry Ogunjobi played well last year.
That Packers team improved to 9-7 from 4-12, and the Chiefs team went to 11-5 from 2-14 the previous year.
With the upgrades, the Browns are certain to be, uh, better than the 1-31 record they’ve had the past two years, though that’s hardly the point.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Zach Lowe on Kawhi Leonard, Jaylen Brown and Celtics-Spurs trades”

Still: Unless Leonard signals a willingness to consider staying with rebuilding teams beyond L.A., they won’t trade their best stuff for Leonard.
July brings the possibility of signing-and-trading Marcus Smart, and acquiring Leonard without losing either Jayson Tatum or Jaylen Brown.
Flipping Brown for Leonard tilts Boston more toward the present, and chips away at what looks like a bright future stretching well beyond 2025.
Swapping Brown for Leonard would leave Boston with four players earning fat max contracts, including three – Horford, Irving and Leonard – who can negotiate fatter ones in 2019.
More than two-thirds of Leonard’s 3-point attempts in his second season came from the corners; he hit 43 percent of those, but just 13-of-53 non-corner 3s. Brown has hit almost exactly 43 from the corners for his career, but he’s much more accomplished on above-the-break 3s than young Kawhi; Brown hit a very solid 69-of-184 on those longer 3s last season.
Brown shot 37 percent on 2-pointers outside the restricted area; Leonard was about 45 percent in his second season, and drained a Nowitzkian 51 percent of his long 2s in Year 3.
Kevin Pelton’s SCHOENE scores peg Leonard and Brown as only mildly similar through two seasons.
Most executives around the league consider it a no-brainer for Boston to toss Brown into any Leonard trade, provided the Celtics get the requisite assurances about Leonard’s health and willingness to re-sign.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The revival of Jaylen Brown, the Boston Celtics’ surging star”

Jaylen Brown, blinking from the sudden daylight, sighed heavily.
The offensive development of Jaylen Brown has become a trendy talking point now that his back-to-back career-high playoff performances have staked the Celtics a 2-0 first-round series lead over the Bucks.
The most binge-worthy playoffs ever! Injuries that will impact the playoffs Is this the best postseason rookie class? Pacers put LeBron, Cavs in 2-1 hole Wall, Beal finally click in Game 3 win The revival of surging star Jaylen Brown LeBron’s solo act recalls early playoff runs Spurs’ loss meaningless in big picture of life Top social media moments of the week ESPN Forecast: Who’ll win in Round 1? Tickets on Vivid Seats.
“Brown bided his time during his rookie season, aching for more minutes he felt certain he deserved. When Avery Bradley strained his Achilles tendon and missed 16 games in February 2017, Brown was plugged into the starting lineup. Instead of harassing second-unit players, Brown was suddenly chasing around CJ McCollum and JJ Redick.”We threw him to the wolves,” Stevens says.
During the regular season, Jae Crowder was the most frequent defender on Bulls star Jimmy Butler, but he was ineffective, so Stevens switched Bradley onto Butler, making him indispensable on the floor and cutting into Brown’s time.
Stevens, sensing Brown’s despair, initiated an impromptu meeting with him before Game 6 at the team hotel in Chicago.
The Celtics played Washington in the second round, and Stevens gave his rookie another shot, incrementally increasing his time until Brown logged 19 critical minutes in Game 7.
There is no higher standard than what Jaylen Brown envisions for himself.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The California Sunday Magazine”

Brown was wrong about his father, Edmund “Pat” Brown, governor from 1959 to 1967, architect of modern California, who expanded the state university system, built more than a thousand miles of freeways, and created the State Water Project and the California Aqueduct.
History will record that Edmund “Jerry” Brown Jr. is now the longest-serving governor in California history, a distinction unlikely to be eclipsed.
Tony Kline, who served as Brown’s legal affairs secretary in those days, tells the story of a bill landing on Brown’s desk that would ban the sale of meat from a certain species of Caribbean turtle.
At his final state budget press conference, Brown told a room full of reporters: “The next governor is going to be on the cliff. What’s out there is darkness, uncertainty, decline, and recession.”
“Our initial view,” Ken Alex, a senior adviser to Brown on environmental issues, says, “Was that we needed to get our California house in order.”
Bill McKibben, the author and environmental activist, says, “Clearly, California is on the forefront of many positive things about renewable energy, but what the world really needs Brown to do now is be the first leader who’s willing to stand up to the admittedly very powerful fossil-fuel industry and say we need to start the managed decline of this industry, because science makes it clear that that’s what has to happen. His ability to be the breakout leader on this is very real if he seizes it.”
Brown had not come here just on behalf of California.
Jerry Brown, the pessimist and the rationalist, sat back in his chair and gazed out, allowing himself a moment to take it all in.

The orginal article.

Summary of “When Twenty-Six Thousand Stinkbugs Invade Your Home”

Stone and Zimmerman didn’t dare kill them-the stink for which stinkbugs are named is released when you crush them-so they periodically threw the accumulated heaps back outside, only to realize that, every time they opened the doors to do so, more stinkbugs flew in.
Four years before Stone’s encounter, a wildlife biologist in Maryland decided to count all the brown marmorated stinkbugs he killed in his own home; he stopped the experiment after six months and twenty-six thousand two hundred and five stinkbugs.
Around the same time, entomologists documented thirty thousand stinkbugs living in a shed in Virginia no bigger than an outhouse, and four thousand in a container the size of a breadbox.
Studies have shown that, despite their relative heft, stinkbugs can crawl through any crevice larger than seven millimetres, which means that, no matter how much caulk and weather-stripping and patience you possess, it is virtually impossible to stinkbug-proof a home.
It is why Pam Stone found so many behind her paintings, and why Doug Inkley, the biologist who counted upward of twenty-six thousand stinkbugs in his home, could pull them out of his attic by the handful, like popcorn.
As a result of this torpor, stinkbugs remain mostly in place, so that even if thousands of them are living in your home, you will likely experience them less as a flood than as a constant, inescapable dribble.
A further perversity of stinkbugs in the home is that they are simultaneously extremely easy and extremely difficult to kill.
What you should definitely not bother trying is insecticides approved for interior use; in the home, as in the field, stinkbugs are relatively immune to chemical assault.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Jaylen Brown: ‘Sport is a mechanism of control in America'”

Jaylen Brown is one the most intelligent and interesting young athletes I’ve met in years and it seems fitting that, midway through our interview in Boston, he should retell a parable that brings together Martin Luther King and the great American writer David Foster Wallace.
We’ve already spoken about Brown’s desire to learn new languages and his interest in books and chess – while he loves playing the piano and listening to grime artists from east London.
“Racism definitely exists across America today. Of course it’s changed a lot – and my opportunities are far greater than they would have been 50 years ago. So some people think racism has dissipated or no longer exists. But it’s hidden in more strategic places. You have less people coming to your face and telling you certain things. But [Donald] Trump has made it a lot more acceptable for racists to speak their minds.”
“In his year at college, before pausing his degree to play in the NBA, Brown wrote a thesis about how institutionalised sport impacts on education.”I was super emotional reading about it,” he says of his chosen subject.
“That’s the reality because sports is a mechanism of control. If people didn’t have sports they would be a lot more disappointed with their role in society. There would be a lot more anger or stress about the injustice of poverty and hunger. Sports is a way to channel our energy into something positive. Without sports who knows what half of these kids would be doing?”.
“We’re having some of the same problems we had 50 years ago. Some things have changed a lot but other factors are deeply embedded in our society. It takes protests like Kaepernick’s to make people uncomfortable and aware of these hidden injustices. People are now a lot more aware, engaged and united in our culture. It takes a special person like Kaepernick to force these changes – because often reporters and fans say: ‘If you’re an athlete I don’t want you to say anything. You should be happy you’re making x amount of money playing sport. You should be saluting America instead of critiquing it.’ That’s our society.”
During his first year at Berkeley, in his spare time, Brown learned Spanish from scratch and became fluent.
Brown found the will to play against the NBA champions, the Golden State Warriors, the night after Steede’s death – and he inspired the Celtics to a memorable victory by scoring the most points while producing tenacious defence.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Cleveland Browns are winless so far this season”

He had a dream the night before, fast asleep in his hotel bed, that his Cleveland Browns won a football game.
The Browns didn’t win, because they are, of course, the Cleveland Browns.
The Browns wanted to hold off on providing access until they recorded their first victory of the season.
New Browns general manager John Dorsey says that he expects Hue Jackson to coach the team next season.
Cleveland still hasn’t won a game, and on Dec. 7, Browns co-owner Jimmy Haslam fired executive vice president Sashi Brown, largely ditching the Moneyball strategy after 23 months.
A month ago, one Browns fan started planning a “Perfect Season” parade in the event the team goes 0-16 – and even got a permit for it.
Jackson did acknowledge that one of the biggest issues for the Browns this season is their lack of experience at the most important position in the NFL. “You’re talking about a young team led by a young player,” Jackson said.
The Browns locker room doesn’t really have the anticipated toxic air of a winless team.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Imminent Death-and Amazing Life-of the Funny Highlight Guy”

I speak of Brown’s old idol - the Funny Highlight Guy.
Where the network announcer was forced to adopt a stiff, impartial tone, the Funny Highlight Guy could be an unabashed fan.
For a time, Funny Highlight Guys seemed like guardians of a style of sports talk that still reigns today.
If local sports guys were vaguely “Wacky,” Funny Highlight Guys took the conceit a step further.
Funny Highlight Guys didn’t suddenly get less funny.
Where the Funny Highlight Guy was once sorta dangerous, he is now curiously above the fray.
The freedom the Funny Highlight Guy was once granted because he was doing sports has become somewhat confining.
As a comic archetype, the Funny Highlight Guy may be an endangered species.

The orginal article.