Summary of “Denis Shapovalov Is the Thrilling, Gutsy Teen of Tennis”

I am walking with Denis Shapovalov on the grounds of the Indian Wells Tennis Garden when a woman approaches him and, after apologizing for being a bother, wishes him luck.
Indian Wells has lots of open practice courts, allowing fans an opportunity to get quite close to their favorite players.
Just a quick glint in a player’s eye that sizes up the stranger-is it a fan? A sponsor? A tournament volunteer? But Shapovalov is, for now, unusually unguarded.
Throughout the tournament, Shapovalov had been staying at the family home of close friend and fellow Canadian tennis player FĂ©lix Auger-Aliassime.
Occasionally, you can get the sense that, when a lower-ranked player takes the court against an all-time great like Nadal or Federer, they do so with the modest hope of just not getting blown off the court.
“You can’t just put the ball in and hope Rafa misses. It’s not going to happen. He’ll just run you around the court and make the shots he needs to make. When I play the top guys, I make sure that if I have an opening, I go for it.”
“As a person,” he says, “I find myself to be shy and not that exciting, but on the court I feel like a different animal. We’re entertainers. That’s our job: to give the fans a good show. I grew up wanting to play on the big stages in front of all these fans, so when I finally get the chance to do it, I’m so happy that I let myself go. For me, I feel like the point is to go out there and express your emotions and your feelings for the game.”
“The obligations they must have? Players like Roger and Rafa can’t go anywhere unnoticed, within tennis and outside of tennis. They can’t go to malls. They can’t go to the movies and just relax. They always have to be cautious. And then they somehow balance everything and still play at the highest level. If I were in their position, I don’t know if I could do it for as long as Roger or Rafa. I’ll probably retire earlier than…well, definitely earlier than Roger!”.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Habeas Data excerpt: How a mugger helped create the modern NSA surveillance program.”

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court had been secretly relying on Smith, which began as a late-night robbery in Baltimore in 1975, to justify a massive surveillance program at the National Security Agency.
Today, the third-party doctrine works like this: If Alice calls Bob using Verizon, the fact that this call went over Verizon’s network means that a third party was brought into the mix.
In Smith, the Supreme Court found that a Baltimore robber, Michael Lee Smith, did not have a reasonable expectation of privacy in the numbers that he dialed-the third party here was the Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Co. As such, the police did not need a warrant to obtain the numbers dialed through the use of a device called a pen register.
In an unusual move, the Maryland Court of Appeals, the state’s highest court, ordered that it hear the case before it had a chance to be adjudicated by the state’s middle court.
In a 4-3 decision on July 14, 1978, the court of appeals found that because a pen register was not a device that “Intercepts” a telephone call, it did not violate the state’s wiretap law and was not a search.
“There can be no doubt that the fact that Smith made certain calls from his home telephone is highly relevant information in a criminal prosecution for obscene or annoying phone calls.”
Three months after the Maryland Court of Appeals’ decision, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act was signed into law on Oct. 25, 1978.
The new law was designed to strike a balance between the needs of the government to conduct secret surveillance and providing adequate oversight by creating an entirely new court, FISC. The FISC, unlike all others nationwide, would have not only secret proceedings but also a secret docket.

The orginal article.

Summary of “When Bail Feels Less Like Freedom, More Like Extortion”

Unlike payday lenders, the bail bond industry deals with potential criminals whose very involvement with the law raises questions about their trustworthiness.
Some bail bond practices have drawn the ire of judges who complain that payment plans are too lenient on people accused of serious crimes, allowing them to get out for just a few hundred dollars or even no money down.
The bond agency, Blair’s Bail Bonds, stopped Mr. Egana, who had prior felony convictions, from going to court on charges of fleeing an officer, but had bailed him out in June 2016 after he was arrested on charges of possession of marijuana, a firearm and stolen property.
Had Mr. Egana been wealthier, he might have been able to post his full bail of $26,000, then gotten it back when he returned for court.
Like most defendants, Mr. Egana had to turn to a commercial bail bond agent that charges a nonrefundable fee for the service of guaranteeing the bond.
Jeffrey J. Clayton, the executive director of the American Bail Coalition, an industry group, said that credit bonds, as the payment plans are called, should be more tightly regulated and require at least a minimum down payment.
The bond company detained him several more times, according to court records.
Jeffrey Orey, a spokesman for Blair’s Bail Bonds, while denying any wrongdoing, declined to comment on the specifics of Mr. Egana’s lawsuit.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Chief Justice Roberts Is Reshaping The First Amendment”

Whichever way the rulings come down this spring and summer, it’s almost certain that the winning side will include Chief Justice John Roberts, who has spent his 12-plus years at the helm of the high court quietly carving out a space as a prolific and decisive arbiter of free speech law.
Roberts has authored more majority opinions on free speech than any other justice during his tenure, signaling that this is an area where he wants to create a legacy.
Chief Justice Roberts assigns more speech cases to himself Free speech-related* Supreme Court cases, by author of the majority opinion, 2005-16.
Roberts has presided over – and participated in – a deliberate and systematic expansion of free speech rights in the realm of campaign finance and commercial speech.
The court’s determination that campaign spending limits on corporations violated free speech in the 2010 case Citizens United v. FEC was just one in a series that struck down a range of campaign finance laws on First Amendment grounds and expanded corporations’ right to speech in other venues, like drug advertising and trademark regulations.
Although the Roberts court seems to be interpreting free speech in a new way with these decisions, some historians say that free speech has always been ideologically flexible.
According to Laura Weinrib, a historian and professor of law at the University of Chicago, corporate titans like the Ford Motor Company were part of the early push for broader free speech protections precisely because they recognized the power of the First Amendment for advancing their own causes, while organizations like the ACLU strategically accepted a “Neutral” vision of free speech that protected the strong as well as the weak in order to secure early victories for labor rights.
There’s disagreement about whether the Roberts court, by upholding these government restrictions on speech, is undermining its reputation as a court dedicated to a broad view of free speech.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Markelle Fultz’s Lonely Search for His Jump Shot”

Video snippets have bounced across the internet, brief and inconclusive, taken during warm-ups or workouts far from the fans’ glare.
One shows glimpses of Fultz unsteady from point-blank.
In another, taken over the last week, he stands alone at 3-point range, and actually hits his shot.
During timeouts, he hovered near players who got instructions from head coach Brett Brown.
Fultz nodded his head, but sat with his hands clasped together at his waist.
At halftime, out in the concourse, Sixers’ fans wore red, white and blue jerseys.
One photo showed Fultz looking over his right shoulder.
Slowly, he walked off the court, down an aisle, and out of view.

The orginal article.

Summary of “‘Corporations Are People’ Is Built on a 19th-Century Lie”

How exactly did corporations come to be understood as “People” bestowed with the most fundamental constitutional rights? The answer can be found in a bizarre-even farcical-series of lawsuits over 130 years ago involving a lawyer who lied to the Supreme Court, an ethically challenged justice, and one of the most powerful corporations of the day.
Prior to Conkling’s appearance on behalf of Southern Pacific, no member of the drafting committee had ever suggested that corporations were covered.
The justices held onto the case for three years without ever issuing a decision, until Southern Pacific unexpectedly settled the case.
Shortly after, another case from Southern Pacific reached the Supreme Court, raising the exact same legal question.
The reporter in the 1880s was J.C. Bancroft Davis, whose wildly inaccurate summary of the Southern Pacific case said that the Court had ruled that “Corporations are persons within the Fourteenth Amendment.” Whether his summary was an error or something more nefarious-Davis had once been the president of the Newburgh and New York Railway Company-will likely never be known.
In the following years, the case would be cited over and over by courts across the nation, including the Supreme Court, for deciding that corporations had rights under the Fourteenth Amendment.
The faux precedent in the Southern Pacific case would go on to be used by a Supreme Court that in the early 20th century became famous for striking down numerous economic regulations, including federal child-labor laws, zoning laws, and wage-and-hour laws.
The day back in 1882 when the Supreme Court first heard Roscoe Conkling’s argument, the New-York Daily Tribune featured a story on the case with a headline that would turn out to be prophetic: “Civil Rights of Corporations.” Indeed, in a feat of deceitful legal alchemy, Southern Pacific and its wily legal team had, with the help of an audacious Supreme Court justice, set up the Fourteenth Amendment to be more of a bulwark for the rights of businesses than the rights of minorities.

The orginal article.

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Somewhere along I-75 in Georgia, the treads came off the left front Goodyear tire of their Monaco Coach RV. Woods tried to keep the RV under control, according to the lawsuit, but it crossed over the median and slammed into an embankment.
In a lawsuit filed later against Goodyear, the Woods family accused the company of selling a defective tire that had been marketed to recreational motorhome makers, even though it knew the G159 couldn’t handle highway speeds when equipped on an RV. The Woods’ case is just one of at least 41 lawsuits filed over the last two decades against the tire company that pertain to the G159. The suits-nearly all of which were eventually settled-accuse the company of selling a tire to RV manufacturers that, based on Goodyear’s own internal data and experts, wasn’t suitable for motorhomes.
In court filings, Goodyear denies there was any problem with using the G159 on motorhomes and the company downplays the significance of its own records and experts in court that points to a serious risk with using the tires on RVs. It’s not an issue of heat, Goodyear counters, it’s user error-deflated tires, an RV that’s overloaded, hitting road debris.
Court filings suggest the G159’S failure rate is anywhere from 10 to 27 times worse than the Firestone tires deemed defective by NHTSA. In a Jan. 8 court filing, David Kurtz, an attorney who’s embroiled in an ongoing legal battle with Goodyear over the tire, estimated its reported rate “Means that 1 out of 10 motorhomes using the G159 experienced a failure resulting in a claim for property damage, injury or death.”
After wrangling with Goodyear in court, the company finally handed over test data revealed in the Schalmo case, which portrayed the G159 in an entirely new light: as it turned out, Goodyear’s own test data showed the tires ran at temperatures as high as 229 degrees, far beyond their capacity.
Two blowouts in such a short span caused enough alarm to prompt the driver to notify NHTSA. “GOODYEAR DENIED ANY RESPONSIBILITIES,” the driver later wrote in their complaint to NHTSA. In the latter half of 2000, Goodyear released what it called its “first-ever radial tire specifically designed for recreational use.
Safety groups like the Center for Auto Safety are also wading in by trying to pry loose documents that Goodyear successfully sealed years ago.
Goodyear has fought the request, arguing it should be left up to NHTSA to decide whether there’s a defect and that unsealing documents would violate the protective order in the case.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Taiwan Dentist Must Pay His Mother Nearly $1 Million for ‘Upbringing'”

Ms. Luo’s family provided funds that enabled her to run a dental clinic where her husband, surnamed Chu, practiced until their divorce.
Ms. Luo told the Supreme Court that when she worked as a single mother to put her sons through dental school, she was concerned that they might not help support her in old age, so she had each sign an agreement when they turned 20.
The agreement stipulated that after becoming dentists, her sons would pay her 60 percent of their net profits until the total amount paid reached 50 million new Taiwan dollars, or just under $1.7 million.
According to a report in The Liberty Times, the younger son told the court that he worked in his mother’s dental clinic and repaid her more than $1 million.
The court ordered Dr. Chu to pay an “Upbringing fee” of more than $754,000, with additional interest bringing the total award for his mother to more than $967,000.
“His mother went as far as to put a value on raising her son, which is probably a difficult environment for the average person to imagine growing up in.”
On the website of EBC, a cable broadcaster, one commenter, Jason Chen, was less sympathetic to the mother.
“The old woman got some serious cash – she got $1.7 million to raise a kid,” he wrote.

The orginal article.

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While the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia has heard three net neutrality cases in the past few years and therefore seems more appropriate, the case could theoretically wind up in one of eleven other circuit courts.
Petitions asking the courts to review the FCC’s order will be filed with appellate courts across the US. But only one court can hear the case.
In some cases, it’s opened the minute the FCC publishes the order; in others, the attorneys have had to wait until after the order is added to the federal register-the government’s daily journal in which all rules, proposed rules, and public notices are published.
“You’re not allowed to file until the order is ‘final’ so if you file too soon it doesn’t count, but if you miss the deadline you lose your opportunity to choose the court.”
To avoid any confusion, the litigants who are truly determined to have a say in jurisdiction are likely to file what’s called a “Protective filing” at the earliest possible date-only to file again after the order hits the federal register, which may take a couple of weeks.
Outside parties will also have the opportunity to file amicus briefs, also known as “Friend of the court” briefs, defending or opposing points of the order.
“If the FCC order is consistent with what has been reported, and what the chairman statements suggest, it is likely to be very vulnerable on appeal. So while it may take a long time, that’s the key fact about the appellate process. At the end of a long tunnel, there may well be a decision that disagrees with the order.”
In the case that court does not side entirely with the FCC, that decision may be an outright reversal of the order, a remand to the agency for further proceedings, or just a partial remand.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Is Chief Justice Roberts A Secret Liberal?”

In 2009, The New Yorker’s Jeffrey Toobin wrote that Chief Justice John Roberts, more than any of his colleagues, had “Served the interests, and reflected the values, of the contemporary Republican Party.”
More than a decade after he was first appointed, Roberts does not appear to be the justice he was first made out to be.
We could soon see a Roberts Court in more ways than one: with him as both chief justice and swing justice, sitting at the ideological center of the bench.
Justice David Souter was nominated by George H.W. Bush in 1990; Bush’s chief of staff said that he would “Be a home run for conservatives.” He later voted to reaffirm Roe and dissented in the court’s decision in Bush v. Gore, which handed the presidency to the younger Bush.
In 2010, for example, Roberts agreed with the positions Justice Clarence Thomas, the most conservative justice according to the Martin-Quinn scores, 89 percent of the time and with Justice Samuel Alito, another conservative, 96 percent of the time, per the SCOTUSblog Stat Pack.
Kevin Quinn, a political scientist at the University of Michigan and co-developer of the Martin-Quinn scores, thinks Roberts’s shift may have something to do with his status as chief justice.
The chief justice, as opposed to the eight associate justices, is afforded certain special powers.
If the chief is in the majority, he assigns the justice who will write the court’s opinion for that case.

The orginal article.