Summary of “Big Brother on wheels: Why your car company may know more about you than your spouse.”

The result is that carmakers have turned on a powerful spigot of precious personal data, often without owners’ knowledge, transforming the automobile from a machine that helps us travel to a sophisticated computer on wheels that offers even more access to our personal habits and behaviors than smartphones do.
After being asked on multiple occasions what the company does with collected data, Natalie Kumaratne, a Honda spokeswoman, said that the company “Cannot provide specifics at this time.” Kumaratne instead sent a copy of an owner’s manual for a Honda Clarity that notes that the vehicle is equipped with multiple monitoring systems that transmit data at a rate determined by Honda.
What’s changed in recent years is not only the volume and precision of that data but how it’s being extracted and connected to the Internet, according to Lauren Smith, who studies big data and cars as the policy counsel at the Future of Privacy Forum.
“Most people don’t realize how deeply ingrained their habits are and how where we park our car on a regular basis can tell someone many things about us,” Pam Dixon, executive director of the World Privacy Forum, said, noting that research shows that even aggregate data can be reinterpreted to track an individual’s habits.
Otonomo, which began in 2015 and calls itself the “First connected car data marketplace,” partners with major automakers that give Otonomo access to their raw driver data, the company said.
What sort of third parties use Otonomo data? A parking app developer, for example, that wants to better understand a city’s traffic patterns, or a company that wants to use those patterns to chose the location of its next billboard or business.
Though the pledge restricts automakers from selling data to an outside company without customers’ consent, experts have noted that the voluntary self-regulatory standard doesn’t stop them from using that data for their own benefit.
The more data a company collects, the more incentive the company has to monetize that data.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Meltdown, Spectre, and the State of Technology – Stratechery by Ben Thompson”

Last week the technology world was shaken by the disclosure of two vulnerabilities in modern processors: Meltdown and Spectre.
So to save time the processor will get you dressed before it knows the weather, usually based on history – what was the weather the last several days? That means you can decide on footwear, accessories, etc.
Spectre is even more devious, but harder to pull off: remember, multiple users are using the same processor – roommates, if you will.
The processor will start choosing shorts-and-t-shirt ahead of time.
Your data isn’t simply retrieved from main memory speculatively, it is momentarily parked in cache while the processor follows the wrong branch; it is quickly removed once the processor fixes it error, but I can still figure out what data was there – which means I’ve now stolen your data.
The processor is responsible for checking if data can be accessed, and to check too slowly, such that the data can be stolen, is a bug.
New processors will need to be designed, but the billions of processors in use aren’t going anywhere.
Faced with a fundamental imbalance, processor engineers devised an ingenious system optimized for performance, but having failed to envision the possibility of bad actors abusing the system, everyone was left vulnerable.

The orginal article.

Summary of “30px);width:56px}.featured-post cover.svg-icon{height:60px;margin-top:0;opacity:0.8;width:56px}.featured-post cover:hover.svg-icon{opacity:1}.featured-post alternate-image-caption{color:#aaa;display:block;padding:10px 1.25rem 0}.featured-post alternate-image-caption>div{margin:auto;max-width:636px}.featured-post alternate-image-caption.magazine{display:block}@media only screen and{.permalink.featured-post.entry-title{font-size:6vw}}@media only screen and{.permalink.featured-post.post.post-content{margin:auto;margin-top:0;max-width:1024px;width:100%}.permalink.featured-post.ad-unit-in-post{display:none}.permalink.featured-post.entry-title{font-size:4vw}.permalink.featured-post.featured-post alternate-image-caption{display:none}.permalink.featured-post.featured-post alternate-image-caption.magazine{display:block}.featured-post headline-container{padding:40px}.featured-post header{margin-bottom:0}.featured-post header.featured-post headline-container-author,.featured-post header.featured-post meta-container.featured-post headline-container-author,.featured-post header.magazine.featured-post headline-container-author{display:none}.featured-post header.featured-post asset.featured-post caption,.featured-post header.featured-post asset figcaption{display:block}.featured-post header.magazine{-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row}.featured-post header.magazine.entry-title{font-size:3vw}.featured-post header.magazine.featured-post asset-group{width:75%}.featured-post header.magazine.featured-post headline-container{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;min-width:350px;width:25%}.featured-post header.magazine.featured-post headline-container.featured-post headline-container-group{-webkit-box-align:start;-ms-flex-align:start;align-items:flex-start}.featured-post header.magazine.featured-post headline-container.featured-post headline-container-group h1{text-align:left}.featured-post header.magazine.meta-pe{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column}.featured-post header.magazine.meta right{margin-top:15px;right:0;width:100%}.featured-post header.magazine.meta data-comment{margin-left:auto}.featured-post header.magazine.featured-post category-label-wrapper{margin-bottom:0}.featured-post meta-container-alt,.featured-post meta-container{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.featured-post meta-container{background:white}.featured-post asset-group{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:initial;-ms-flex-order:initial;order:initial}.featured-post asset-group:after{display:block}.featured-post asset{padding:0 2.5%}}@media only screen and{.permalink.featured-post.entry-title{font-size:3vw}.featured-post header.magazine.entry-title{font-size:2.5vw}}.promoted-featured-post{-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;color:#fff;height:auto;margin:0 auto 40px auto;position:static}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner{background:#000;padding:8px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.post-container{margin:0 auto}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.post-container.inner-body{margin:0 8px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta label{-webkit-box-align:middle;-ms-flex-align:middle;align-items:middle;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;margin:26px 0 -4px 0}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta label span{border:1px solid #fff;padding:2px 8px 0px 8px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.main-image img{width:100%}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.headline{font-size:40px;line-height:1;margin:1.6rem 0;text-align:center}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.headline a{color:#fff;font-weight:lighter}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.headline a:active,.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.headline a:hover{color:#fff}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta-pe{border-bottom:1px solid #666;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;padding-bottom:20px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta-pe.meta byline.author a{color:#fff}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta post-stats{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-pack:distribute;justify-content:space-around;width:160px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta post-stats.post-stat{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;cursor:default;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta post-stats svg{display:inline;margin-right:4px;opacity:1;stroke:#aaa;width:14px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta post-stats span{opacity:1}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.body-preview{font-family:”ElizabethSerif”, Georgia, serif;font-size:16px;margin:20px auto;max-width:636px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.body-preview p{line-height:28px}.promoted-featured-post.read-more{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;background-color:#0093ec;color:#fff;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;font-weight:600;font-size:17px;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;height:40px;width:100%}.promoted-featured-post.read-more svg{margin-top:1px;margin-left:8px;opacity:1;stroke:#fff}.promoted-featured-post.read-more:active,.promoted-featured-post.read-more:hover{background-color:#0076bd;color:#fff;text-decoration:none}@media only screen and{.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-outer{margin:0 20px 20px 20px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-outer.featured-post-inner{padding:24px}}.storytype-label.featured-post-scroll-item{font-size:16px;margin-left:7px}.storytype-label.featured-post-scroll-item a{color:#000}.storytype-label.featured-post-scroll-item a:hover{text-decoration:none}@media only screen and{.storytype-label.featured-post-scroll-item{margin-left:20px}}.sharingfooter{position:fixed;bottom:0;left:0;right:0;background:#fff;z-index:98;-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.4);box-shadow:0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.4);height:38px;line-height:38px;vertical-align:middle;font-size:13px}html.fallback-fonts.sharingfooter{font-family:”Arial Narrow”,Arial,sans-serif;font-size:12.285px;line-height:39.444px;letter-spacing:0.5px}.sharingfooter:active,.sharingfooter:hover{-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.55),0 0 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);box-shadow:0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.55),0 0 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);-webkit-transition:all 200ms ease-in-out;transition:all 200ms ease-in-out}.sharingfooter wrapper{margin:0 auto;max-width:63rem;width:100%;max-width:1336px}.sharingfooter wrapper:after,.sharingfooter wrapper:before{content:” “;display:table}.sharingfooter wrapper:after{clear:both}.sharingfooter content{float:right;padding:0 1.125rem}.sharingfooter content a{display:inline-block;margin-left:10px}.sharingfooter content.button-share{margin-top:5px}@media only screen and{.sharingfooter content{float:none;text-align:center}.sharingfooter content a{margin:0}.sharingfooter content.sharingfooter facebook{text-align:right;padding-right:10px}.sharingfooter content.sharingfooter twitter{text-align:left;padding-left:10px}}.alert-bar{position:relative;padding:0.5em;background-color:#eeb544;color:rgba(0,0,0,0.6)}.alert-bar.alert-bar hero{margin:2em 0;font-size:1.1em}.alert-bar.alert-bar inline{width:100%}.alert-bar.alert-bar control{padding-right:2em}.alert-bar.alert-bar text{position:relative;top:1px}.alert-bar.alert-bar icon{position:absolute;top:10px;right:10px}.reply byline,a.reply count span,a.reply link span{font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-weight:500}.reply.unapproved-msg,.reply pending-label,.reply publish-time,.reply to-author{font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-weight:400}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-0{margin-left:0}}.reply-depth-0>.reply header>.avatar{margin-top:0}.reply-depth-0>.reply header>.avatar img{width:40px;height:40px}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-0>.reply header>.avatar{margin-top:2px}.reply-depth-0>.reply header>.avatar img{width:32px;height:32px}}.reply-depth-0>.reply content{-webkit-box-flex:1;-moz-flex:1 1 1px;-ms-flex:1 1 1px;flex:1 1 1px;max-width:696px;padding-left:60px}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-0>.reply content{-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;padding-left:0}}.reply-depth-0>.reply tools{padding-left:60px}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-0>.reply tools{padding-left:1.125rem}}.reply-depth-0.anchor>.reply content{max-width:666px}ul.commentlist{margin:0}ul.commentlist-depth-0{position:relative;left:-5px}@media only screen and{ul.commentlist-depth-0{left:0}}ul.commentlist-depth-1{margin-left:60px}@media only screen and{ul.commentlist-depth-1{margin-left:18px}}ul.commentlist-depth-1+.reply-footer-bar{margin-left:60px}@media only screen and{ul.commentlist-depth-1+.reply-footer-bar{margin-left:0}}.commentlist item:after{content:”;display:block;height:0;width:auto;border-bottom:1px solid #e5e5e5;margin:0 60px}@media only screen and{.commentlist item:after{position:relative;width:120%;left:-20%;margin:0}}.commentlist item:last-child:after{display:none}@media only screen and{.commentlist item-depth-1:after{width:auto;margin:0 46px 0 50px}}@media screen and and{.commentlist item-depth-1:after{margin:0 0 0 50px}}.commentlist item-depth-1:first-child:before{content:”;display:block;height:0;width:auto;border-bottom:1px solid #e5e5e5}@media only screen and{.commentlist item-depth-1:first-child:before{position:relative;width:120%;left:-20%}}@media only screen and{.commentlist item-depth-1:first-child:before{margin-right:50px}}@media screen and and{.commentlist item-depth-1:first-child:before{margin:0}}.commentlist item:not(.commentlist item-depth-0).editor{margin-left:0}.commentlist item-depth-0.commentlist item-expandable:after{display:none}.commentlist item-depth-0.commentlist item-expandable.reply-footer-bar{display:block}.reply{display:-webkit-box;display:-moz-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-flow:row wrap;-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;flex-flow:row wrap;max-width:800px;padding:20px 0;position:relative}.reply:hover.post-dropdown-trigger.svg-icon{opacity:1}.reply p.media-640{padding-bottom:1rem}.reply.media-300{float:left;max-width:50%;margin:0 2.25rem 0 0;padding:5px 0 15px 0}.reply.post-tools{bottom:0;margin:0;position:absolute;right:0}.reply.post-tools.post-bottom{margin:0}.reply.unapproved-msg{color:#aaa;font-size:.875rem;padding-bottom:1rem;font-style:italic}.reply img{width:100%}.reply.anchor:before{content:”;display:inline-block;height:100%;width:3px;position:absolute;left:-16px;top:0}@media only screen and{.reply.anchor:before{left:-1.125rem}}.reply header{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:1;-moz-order:0;-ms-flex-order:0;order:0;width:100%;color:#aaa;line-height:1.4;position:relative;padding-right:23px;padding-bottom:10px}@media only screen and{.reply header{padding-right:0}}.reply header.icon{opacity:0.3;margin-left:10px}@media only screen and{.reply header.icon{margin-top:-5px;margin-left:3px}}.reply header>.avatar{float:left;display:block;position:relative;margin-top:2px;margin-right:20px}@media only screen and{.reply header>.avatar{margin-right:10px}}.reply header>.avatar img{height:30px;width:30px;display:block}@media only screen and{.reply header>.avatar img{width:32px;height:32px}}.reply header>.avatar.svg-checkmark{right:-6px;bottom:-5px}.reply header.avatar.svg-checkmark,.reply header.avatar.svg-checkmark-small{display:none;position:absolute;fill:#0093ec;opacity:.9}.reply header.post-dropdown-trigger{position:absolute;right:0}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-trigger{right:10px}}.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{position:absolute;top:3px}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{position:static}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-14px}}@media only screen and and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-67px;min-width:300px;min-height:100px}}@media only screen and and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-41px;min-width:300px;min-height:100px}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-67px;min-width:300px;min-height:100px}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown{margin-left:6px}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown{margin-left:-169px}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown{width:90%;left:5%;right:5%}}.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown.repostblock{background:inherit;cursor:default}.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown.repostblock ul{margin:0}.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown.repostblock.repostheader{display:block;background:inherit;cursor:default;padding-left:0.5rem}.reply header.without-dropdown{padding-right:0}.reply header.without-dropdown.post-dropdown-ct{display:none}.reply header.followed.avatar.svg-checkmark,.reply header.followed.avatar.svg-checkmark-small{display:block}.featured-post.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-14px}.reply byline{display:-webkit-box;display:-moz-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-flow:row nowrap;-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;flex-flow:row nowrap;font-size:16px}@media only screen and{.reply byline{font-size:14px}}.reply byline a{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis;white-space:nowrap;max-width:none;-webkit-box-flex:0;-moz-flex:0 1 auto;-ms-flex:0 1 auto;flex:0 1 auto;font-weight:bold;color:#000}.reply byline a:focus,.reply byline a:hover{color:#000}.reply to-author{-webkit-box-flex:0;-moz-flex:0 1 auto;-ms-flex:0 1 auto;flex:0 1 auto;overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis;white-space:nowrap;max-width:none;font-weight:normal}@media only screen and{.reply to-author.icon{margin-top:-3px}}.reply publish-time{font-size:.812rem}.reply publish-time a{color:#aaa}.reply publish-time a:active,.reply publish-time a:focus,.reply publish-time a:hover{color:#aaa;text-decoration:underline}.reply pending-label{color:#000;text-transform:uppercase;font-size:14px;display:none;float:right;margin-right:50px}@media only screen and{.reply pending-label{float:none;margin:0;position:absolute;right:0;top:22px}}.reply-unapproved.reply publish-time.reply pending-label{display:none}@media only screen and{.reply-unapproved.reply publish-time.reply pending-label{color:black;position:static;font-size:13px;margin-left:5px;display:inline-block}}.reply content{-webkit-box-flex:1;-moz-flex:1 1 1px;-ms-flex:1 1 1px;flex:1 1 1px;-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;-moz-order:1;-ms-flex-order:1;order:1;max-width:636px;position:relative;padding-left:50px}@media only screen and{.reply content{-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;padding-left:0}}.reply content blockquote,.reply content h2,.reply content h3,.reply content h4,.reply content h5,.reply content ol,.reply content p,.reply content ul{font-size:15px;line-height:28px}@media only screen and{.reply content blockquote,.reply content h2,.reply content h3,.reply content h4,.reply content h5,.reply content ol,.reply content p,.reply content ul{padding-left:1.125rem;padding-right:1.125rem}}@media only screen and{.reply content.pullquote,.reply content blockquote{margin-left:1.125rem;margin-right:1.125rem}}@media only screen and{.reply content.pullquote p,.reply content blockquote p{padding-left:0;padding-right:0}}.reply content blockquote{padding-bottom:.625rem}.reply content>:last-child{padding-bottom:0}@media only screen and{.reply content{width:100%}}@media only screen and{.reply content.has-video.has-video.media-large{margin:0}}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-1.reply content h2,.reply-depth-1.reply content h3,.reply-depth-1.reply content h4,.reply-depth-1.reply content h5,.reply-depth-1.reply content ol,.reply-depth-1.reply content p,.reply-depth-1.reply content ul{padding-left:0}}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-1.reply content.pullquote,.reply-depth-1.reply content blockquote{margin-left:0}}.reply-depth-1.reply tools{padding-left:0}a.reply count,a.reply link{line-height:1;color:#aaa}a.reply count span,a.reply link span{color:#000}a.reply count.icon,a.reply link.icon{margin-left:5px}a.reply count:active,a.reply count:focus,a.reply count:hover,a.reply link:active,a.reply link:focus,a.reply link:hover{color:#aaa;text-decoration:none}.reply link{margin-left:6.5px;position:relative}@media only screen and{.reply-disabled,.reply header{padding-left:1.125rem;padding-right:1.125rem}}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-1.reply-disabled,.reply-depth-1.reply header{padding-left:0}}@-webkit-keyframes kinja-slide-wiggle{50%{-webkit-transform:translate3d(-10%, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(-10%, 0, 0)}80%{-webkit-transform:translate3d(0%, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(0%, 0, 0)}}@keyframes kinja-slide-wiggle{50%{-webkit-transform:translate3d(-10%, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(-10%, 0, 0)}80%{-webkit-transform:translate3d(0%, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(0%, 0, 0)}}.kinja-slide{-webkit-transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.1, 0.25, 1);transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.1, 0.25, 1)}.kinja-slide container{width:100%;padding-bottom:66.6666%;position:relative}.kinja-slide container-wide{padding-bottom:56.25%}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide-ad.kinja-slide container{padding-bottom:18px}}.kinja-slide image-container{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;position:absolute;left:0;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;overflow:hidden;background:#000;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide image-container{background:#333;pointer-events:none}}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide image-container{cursor:pointer}}.kinja-slide image-container>.kinja-slide fullscreen-indicator{position:absolute;top:16px;left:16px;opacity:0;z-index:1;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;width:42px;height:42px;border-radius:50%;padding:13px;background:#333;-webkit-transition:opacity.2s ease-out;transition:opacity.2s ease-out}.kinja-slide image-container>.kinja-slide fullscreen-indicator.svg-icon{position:relative;margin-top:0;-webkit-transition:top.2s ease-out;transition:top.2s ease-out;stroke:#fff;opacity:1}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide image-container:hover>.kinja-slide fullscreen-indicator{opacity:1}}.kinja-slide image{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;position:absolute;left:0;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;overflow:hidden}.kinja-slide image,.kinja-slide image img{-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none}.kinja-slide image img{max-width:100%;max-height:100%;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;position:relative;-o-object-fit:contain;object-fit:contain}.kinja-slide image.kinja-slide image.kinja-slide image.kinja-slide image{width:100%}.kinja-slide image-hidden{display:none}.kinja-slide blur-background{background-size:cover;background-position:center center;-webkit-filter:blur(30px);filter:blur(30px);position:absolute;width:120%;height:120%;opacity:0.6}.kinja-slide blur-background-hidden{display:none}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide blur-background{display:none}}.kinja-slide caption{color:#333;font-size:16px;line-height:21px;margin:0 auto;padding:18px;max-width:636px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide caption{padding:18px 0;margin:0 82px}}.kinja-slide.loading.container{background:#f5f5f5}.kinja-slide ad-container{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;overflow:hidden;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;color:#aaa;font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;line-height:17px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-container{background:#333;position:absolute;left:0;top:0;right:0;bottom:0}}.kinja-slide ad-container.ad-container{width:300px;height:250px;background-color:#fff}.kinja-slide ad-label{margin-bottom:5px;margin-top:15px;font-weight:normal}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-label{width:300px;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}}.kinja-slide ad-label-main{text-transform:uppercase}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-label-main{-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex:1;flex:1}}.kinja-slide ad-label-disabled.kinja-slide ad-label-skip{opacity:1}.kinja-slide ad-label-enabled.kinja-slide ad-label-skip{opacity:0;-webkit-transition:opacity 3s;transition:opacity 3s}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-label-skip{display:none}}.kinja-slide ad-label-bottom{font-size:16px;font-weight:normal;text-transform:none;line-height:21px;padding-top:5px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-label-bottom{display:none}}.kinja-slide ad-label-bottom.kinja-slide ad-label-disabled{opacity:1}.kinja-slide ad-label-bottom.kinja-slide ad-label-enabled{opacity:0;-webkit-transition:opacity 3s;transition:opacity 3s}.kinja-slide ad-buttons{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin-top:15px;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;width:300px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-buttons{display:none}}.kinja-slide.wiggle.kinja-slide caption,.kinja-slide.wiggle.kinja-slide container{-webkit-animation:kinja-slide-wiggle 0.60s ease-in-out both;animation:kinja-slide-wiggle 0.60s ease-in-out both}.kinja-slideshow{margin-bottom:20px;position:relative;overflow:hidden;background-color:#f5f5f5;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif}.kinja-slideshow deck{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.kinja-slideshow.kinja-slide{width:100%;position:relative;-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex:0 0 100%;flex:0 0 100%}.kinja-slideshow.kinja-slide-ad.kinja-slide inner{margin:auto}.kinja-slideshow.kinja-slide-ad.kinja-slide ad-buttons{display:inherit}.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button{display:none;position:absolute;top:20px;margin-top:66.6666%;left:20px}.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button.svg-icon{stroke:#666}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button{display:inherit}}.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button{display:none;position:absolute;top:20px;margin-top:66.6666%;right:20px}.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button.svg-icon{stroke:#666}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button{display:inherit}}.kinja-slideshow-wide.kinja-slideshow navigate-left,.kinja-slideshow-wide.kinja-slideshow navigate-right{margin-top:56.25%}.kinja-slideshow index{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;padding:0 18px 15px;max-width:636px;margin:0 auto;font-size:16px;line-height:21px;font-weight:normal;color:#aaa}.kinja-slideshow index.svg-icon{margin-right:3px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow index{padding:0 0 15px;margin:0 82px}}.kinja-slideshow index.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen{cursor:pointer}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow index.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen{display:none}}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen{position:fixed;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;right:0;z-index:99;overflow:auto;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;margin-bottom:0;background:#000}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen{display:inherit}}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen.svg-icon{stroke:#fff}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button.svg-icon,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button.svg-icon{stroke:#fff}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.svg-icon{opacity:1}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide caption,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index{color:#fff}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow deck,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow swipe-area{height:100%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index{position:fixed;top:0;left:0;width:100%;max-width:none;margin:0;padding:15px 18px;-webkit-transition:top.2s ease-out;transition:top.2s ease-out}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-hidden{top:-51px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-paging{-webkit-filter:drop-shadow(1px 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5 ;filter:drop-shadow(1px 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5 }.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index.svg-icon{stroke:#fff}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide caption{max-width:none;margin:0;padding:18px;opacity:1;-webkit-transition:opacity.2s linear;transition:opacity.2s linear}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide caption-hidden{opacity:0}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide blur-background{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow blur-background-fullscreen{position:fixed;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;overflow:hidden}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow blur-background-fullscreen-image{background-size:cover;background-position:center center;-webkit-filter:blur(30px);filter:blur(30px);position:absolute;top:-10%;left:-10%;z-index:-1;width:120%;height:120%;opacity:0.6}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow blur-background-fullscreen-image-transition{-webkit-transition:opacity 600ms ease-in-out;transition:opacity 600ms ease-in-out}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow blur-background-mask-fullscreen{position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;background-color:#000}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow blur-background-mask-fullscreen-transitioning{-webkit-transition:opacity.2s ease-out;transition:opacity.2s ease-out}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide container{padding-bottom:0}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container:hover>.kinja-slide fullscreen-indicator{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide ad-container,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container{position:static}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide ad-container,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container{cursor:inherit}}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide inner{margin:auto}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;overflow:scroll}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar{display:none}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide{-webkit-box-pack:start;-ms-flex-pack:start;justify-content:flex-start}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide inner{margin:inherit}}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen{-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow swipe-area{-ms-flex-preferred-size:50%;flex-basis:50%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow swipe-area{-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex:1 1;flex:1 1;padding:25px 0 25px 25px;overflow:hidden}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex:0 0 350px;flex:0 0 350px;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;position:relative;overflow:scroll;padding:25px;color:white}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button{display:inherit;margin-top:0}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide{overflow:hidden}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide container,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide inner{height:100%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container{background:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image img{-ms-flex-item-align:start;align-self:flex-start}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide ad-container{background-color:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide caption{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-caption{margin:0 0 15px 0;padding-top:84px;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:21px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index{left:auto;right:0;width:auto;padding:42px 25px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-paging{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen button.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.icon-svg,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen button.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.icon-svg{width:100%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left{top:25px;left:auto;right:283px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right{top:25px;right:226px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-index{color:rgba(255,255,255,0.6)}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-headline{font-size:19px;font-weight:600;line-height:24px;color:rgba(255,255,255,0.6)}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-ad-wrap{margin-top:30px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-ad-label{text-transform:uppercase}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-ad{height:250px;background:grey;margin-top:5px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-paging{padding-bottom:15px;border-bottom:1px solid rgba(245,245,245,0.2);margin-bottom:15px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-paging.svg-icon{margin-right:3px;stroke:rgba(255,255,255,0.6)}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-share-button{margin-right:15px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-hidden{top:0}}.reviewbox-inset{clear:left}.reviewbox-inset.review-box head-content-wrapper{display:none}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-left.review-box{width:320px;margin:0}}.reviewbox-inset.align-left.review-box head-content{display:none}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box{max-width:100%}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head{position:relative;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:left;-ms-flex-align:left;align-items:left;padding-left:64%}}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-wrapper{position:relative;display:block;width:100%}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-wrapper:before{content:”;width:1px;margin-left:-1px;float:left;height:0;padding-top:100%}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-wrapper:after{content:”;display:table;clear:both}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-wrapper{display:none}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;max-width:100%;padding:15px}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content.review-score{position:unset;margin:0 auto;background:#fff;border-color:#fff}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content.review-box title{color:#fff}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content:not(.review-box head-content-visually-hidden){position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-visually-hidden{visibility:hidden}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box image-wrapper{-ms-flex-preferred-size:64%;flex-basis:64%;padding-top:36%;padding:0;position:absolute;width:64%;top:0;left:0;right:36%;bottom:0;height:auto}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box image{position:absolute;top:-9999px;right:-9999px;bottom:-9999px;left:-9999px;min-height:100%;max-width:none;width:auto;margin:auto}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box content.review-box title,.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box content.review-score,.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box content-nodata{display:none}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box data-wrapper:not(.review-box data-wrapper-single){-webkit-column-count:2;column-count:2;-webkit-column-gap:30px;column-gap:30px}}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box data-item{-webkit-column-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid;page-break-inside:avoid}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box data-label,.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box data-value{max-width:none}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-top{display:none}}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head{-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;margin-bottom:20px}.review-box{margin:30px auto;max-width:470px;width:100%}.review-inset-editor.review-box{width:320px}.review-box tag-wrapper{max-width:100%;height:26px;margin-bottom:1px}.review-box tag-wrapper,.review-box tag{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.review-box tag{height:100%;padding:5px 5px 5px 7px;-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex:0 0 auto;flex:0 0 auto;overflow:hidden;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:18px;background-color:#0093ec;-webkit-transition:background-color 0.1s ease-out;transition:background-color 0.1s ease-out}.review-box tag:first-child{-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex:0 1 auto;flex:0 1 auto}.review-box tag:first-child.review-box text{white-space:nowrap;overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.review-box tag:hover{text-decoration:none;background-color:#0073b9}.review-box tag:not(:last-child){margin-right:1px}.review-box tag.svg-icon.small{min-width:10px;height:100%;-ms-flex-item-align:end;align-self:flex-end;stroke:#fff;opacity:1}.review-box text{margin-right:5px;color:#fff;text-transform:uppercase}.review-box image-wrapper{position:relative;height:0;padding-top:56.25%}.review-box image-container{width:100%;overflow:hidden;position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0}.review-box image-container.spinner.bounce{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;width:100%;height:100%;background-color:#e5e5e5}.review-box image{width:100%}.review-box head-content-wrapper{display:none}.review-box content{position:relative;padding:15px 15px 0 15px;background-color:#f5f5f5}.review-box content-nodata{padding:15px}.review-box content-nodata.review-box title{margin-bottom:0}.review-box content-nodata.review-box data-wrapper{display:none}.review-box title{margin-bottom:15px;font-size:24px;line-height:28px;text-align:center}.review-box title:last-child{margin-bottom:0}.review-box data-item{padding-bottom:15px}.review-box data-label{margin-bottom:0;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-size:15px;font-weight:normal;line-height:28px;color:#666;text-transform:uppercase}.review-box data-value{font-family:”ElizabethSerif”,Georgia,serif;color:#222;margin-bottom:0}.post-content.review-box data-value,.dui-modal.review-box data-value{font-size:15px;line-height:28px}.review-score{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;width:48px;height:48px;margin:0 auto 15px;border:2px solid #f5f5f5;border-radius:50%;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-size:24px;line-height:24px;color:#fff;background-color:#333}.review-score-img{margin:0;position:absolute;top:-38px;left:calc(50%”

On top of the basic information collected by your smartphone and beamed back to the company that made your handset, there’s all the information collected by the apps you run too-the data that gets recorded and saved is down to an individual app’s privacy policies and the permissions you give it.
If you want to know exactly what an app is allowed to track on your Android phone, open the Settings app then go to Apps & notifications, choose an app, and select Permissions.
Google recently said it would be cracking down on apps without user data policies, but you’re still largely at the mercy of app developers in terms of how your data gets used.
Using the app on your phone? Airbnb can track your location, get information about the device you’re using, and log the times you use the app.
Just when you think you know what an app is and isn’t tracking, you find out that Uber was secretly recording iPhone screen activity, supposedly to improve functionality with the Apple Watch app.
We’ve already spoken about editing individual app permissions, either through the Apps & permissions menu in Android Settings, or by tapping on an app name in iOS Settings.
Most of these permissions are self-explanatory, such as access to your calendars and contacts, but you can also control whether or not apps can pull data from the motion sensors in your phone-this is labelled Body sensors in Android and Motion & Fitness in iOS. As far as Google is concerned, you’ve got a whole host of options to manage, covering Google’s apps on Android, iOS, and everywhere else.
Individual apps may have specific settings and privacy options you can take advantage of, though most won’t, and few app developers will be as interested in collecting data about you as Google.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What Fitbit discovered from 6 billion nights of sleep data”

Since Fitbit began tracking sleep stages in March 2017, it has collected data from 6 billion nights of its customers’ sleep.
The measurements include not just how long you sleep, but what stages of sleep you experience.
Each morning, the Fitbit app shows which parts of the night you spent in REM sleep, in deep sleep, in light sleep, and awake.
The national bedtimeHere’s a data point that no amount of sleep-lab studies could have unearthed: The average American goes to bed at 11:21 p.m.Bedtime consistencyThe biggest finding in Fitbit’s data may be the link between sleep quality and bedtime consistency.
The Fitbit data shows that your sleep suffers as a result.
The company has amassed big data – big sleep data – that could provide some incredible answers.
Why do men and women sleep differently? Why do we get less deep sleep as we age? Beyond the “Party on the weekend” effect, why do our bedtimes vary so much? We know that exercise is good for our sleep, but when should we exercise for the best sleep? When should we eat if we want to get the most deepest sleep? Is the kind of sleep more important than the total time asleep? Should the nation’s school hours and work hours be adjusted to fit the way we actually sleep?
You’ll sleep better, you’ll sleep longer, and you’ll feel better once you’re up.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A.I. and Big Data Could Power a New War on Poverty”

Second, we can bring what is known as differentiated education – based on the idea that students master skills in different ways and at different speeds – to every student in the country.
A 2013 study by the National Institutes of Health found that nearly 40 percent of medical students held a strong preference for one mode of learning: Some were listeners; others were visual learners; still others learned best by doing.
Even within the context of a standardized curriculum, A.I. “Tutors” can home in on and correct for each student’s weaknesses, adapt coursework to his or her learning style and keep the student engaged.
Today’s dominant type of A.I., also known as machine learning, permits computer programs to become more accurate – to learn, if you will – as they absorb data and correlate it with known examples from other data sets.
Big data sets can now be harnessed to better predict which programs help certain people at a given time and to quickly assess whether programs are having the desired effect.
As for the poisonous effect of ideology on the debate over public assistance: Big data promises something closer to an unbiased, ideology-free evaluation of the effectiveness of these social programs.
Before the commission expired in September 2017, it used government data to evaluate the effectiveness of government policy and made recommendations based on its findings.
This provides one more indication of the promise of A.I. and big data in the service of positive, purposeful public good.

The orginal article.

Summary of “City of the Future? Humans, Not Technology, Are the Challenge in Toronto”

Sidewalk has said it will spend $50 million to hold public consultations and develop a plan.
The wires and pipes that are the connective tissue of every city will sit inside tunnels fitted with access panels that Sidewalk claims will eliminate the need to dig up streets.
Its data-collection capability may be the greatest distinction, and source of opposition, for the Sidewalk plan.
All of them, in Sidewalk’s view, failed because they could not bridge the gulf between technology and traditional urban planning.
While surveillance cameras and other sensors are fixtures in many cities, Pamela Robinson, an associate professor at the school of urban planning at Ryerson University in Toronto, said Quayside’s data would differ in its extent and its collection method – by a private company rather than by government agencies.
Ms. Robinson expressed concern that Sidewalk’s vast data might not reflect the city as a whole.
“Governments need to be all about fairness.” If city government were concerned only with efficiency, she said, “You don’t send buses where it’s rural or poor.”
“We’re prepared to commit the money to do the planning over the course of the next year and leave it to the people of Toronto as to whether or not they are excited by the vision.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “Bitcoin is a bubble, but the technology behind it could transform the world”

Last week, the growing impact of blockchain and the price of one of the crypto-currencies it underwrites – bitcoin – hit the front pages.
As extraordinary, when the Long Island Iced Tea Corp – yet to make a profit – announced that it was changing its name to Long Blockchain Corp, its shares jumped 500%. The price of bitcoin itself – $1,000 at the start of the year – briefly hit $19,000 per “Coin” last week before falling to $11,000 and then recovering to $14,000 yesterday.
Blockchain is a foundational digital technology that rivals the internet in its potential for transformation.
No wonder investors are salivating at the prospect of old, analogue organisations being driven out of business and mega fortunes being made by the companies replacing them, perhaps by the Crypto Company or Long Blockchain Corp. If you had bought Facebook 13 years ago you would now be very rich.
The blockchain makes sure bitcoin is spent once; indeed, blockchain was first invented by the originators of bitcoin to make sure there was no fraud.
Better not to think of bitcoin as money; rather, as a commodity that uses blockchain to make settlements faster, but it can’t – and never can – be a way for the mass of workers to get paid or make their purchases.
Intermediaries in the service industries will face a new world in which their routine functions will be performed by machines, programmed by artificial intelligence, while the blockchain becomes the new means to do business safely, faster and less riskily.
There will be new concentrations of economic power because, like the Fangs, the blockchain economic model is more efficient and more effective the larger the network.

The orginal article.

Summary of “This cartographer’s deep dive into Google Maps is fascinating”

Most people who use Google Maps do so without much attention to detail.
So we should trust him when he explains – in depth – about what makes Google Maps so superior to any other mapping service.
“Google has gathered so much data, in so many areas, that it’s now crunching it together and creating features that Apple can’t make – surrounding Google Maps with a moat of time,” he writes.
O’Beirne starts out by marveling at the level of detail available in Google Maps for even extremely small towns, such as the one where he grew up in rural Illinois.
About a year ago, these “Main drags” began showing up in Google Maps as clusters of orange buildings.
What’s most interesting is that Google’s building and place data are themselves extracted from other Google Maps features.
As you’re driving through a city – or being driven, rather – Google Maps can use its accumulated data to pinpoint buildings where you have an upcoming appointment, for example.
With a powerful tool like Google Maps in its arsenal, it could have its leg up over its more established players.

The orginal article.

Summary of “24px)}.review-score-small{font-size:19px;line-height:19px;height:36px;width:36px}@media only screen and{.review-score-small-on-medium-up{font-size:19px;line-height:19px;height:36px;width:36px}}.postlist item-compact.asset,.postlist item.asset,.storytype-section.item image{position:relative}.postlist item-compact.asset.review-score,.postlist item.asset.review-score,.storytype-section.item image.review-score{margin:0;position:absolute;left:10px;top:10px;z-index:1}@media only screen and{.postlist item.asset.review-score{left:28px}}.content-widget-wrapper{width:100%;padding:35px 1.125rem}.content-widget-container,.content-widget-container-condensed{max-width:1300px;margin:0 auto}.content-widget-container-condensed{max-width:936px}.content-widget{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;width:100%}.content-widget title{margin-bottom:22px;font-size:24px;font-weight:normal}.content-widget content{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-wrap:wrap;flex-wrap:wrap;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;width:100%;max-width:676px;padding-left:1.125rem;padding-right:1.125rem}.content-widget content.item{width:31.5%;max-width:200px;margin-bottom:30px}@media only screen and{.content-widget content.item{max-width:unset}}.content-widget content.item.ad-unit{height:100%;border:0}.content-widget content.item.js ad-dynamic{height:100%}.content-widget content.item.js ad-dynamic.ad-container{height:100%;margin:0}.content-widget content.item.js ad-dynamic.ad-container>div{height:100% !important}.content-widget content.content label{min-height:24px;color:#222;font-size:14px;font-weight:bold}.content-widget content.image wrapper{position:relative;margin-bottom:10px}.content-widget content.image wrapper img{width:100%;-o-object-fit:cover;object-fit:cover}.content-widget content.content container a:hover{text-decoration:none}.content-widget content.content container a:hover h5{text-decoration:underline solid #222}.content-widget content.content wrapper{padding:0}.content-widget content.content wrapper h5{font-size:16px;text-align:left}.content-widget content.content wrapper span{margin-bottom:7px;font-size:14px;color:#222;text-transform:uppercase}@media only screen and{.content-widget content.content wrapper span{display:none}}@media only screen and{.content-widget content.item{width:48%;margin-bottom:21px}.content-widget content.content wrapper h5{font-size:15px}}.content-widget content-wide{-ms-flex-wrap:nowrap;flex-wrap:nowrap;max-width:100%;padding:0}.content-widget content-wide.item{width:15.4%}@media only screen and{.content-widget content-wide{-ms-flex-wrap:wrap;flex-wrap:wrap;max-width:640px}.content-widget content-wide.item{width:31.5%}}@media only screen and{.content-widget content-wide{-ms-flex-wrap:wrap;flex-wrap:wrap}.content-widget content-wide.item{width:48%;max-width:unset;margin-bottom:21px}.content-widget content-wide.content wrapper h5{font-size:15px}.content-widget content-wide.img-16×9{margin-bottom:6px}}.content-widget content-with-leading.item:nth-child(-n+2){width:48%;max-width:unset;margin-bottom:22px}@media only screen and{.content-widget content-short.item,.content-widget content-with-leading.item,.content-widget content-short.item:nth-child(-n+2),.content-widget content-with-leading.item:nth-child(-n+2){width:100%}.content-widget content-short.item:nth-child(-n+2).image wrapper img,.content-widget content-with-leading.item:nth-child(-n+2).image wrapper img{height:auto}.content-widget content-short.content container>a,.content-widget content-with-leading.content container>a{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center}.content-widget content-short.content wrapper,.content-widget content-with-leading.content wrapper{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;width:48%;margin-bottom:0}.content-widget content-short.content label,.content-widget content-with-leading.content label{display:none}.content-widget content-short.image container,.content-widget content-with-leading.image container{width:48%}}.content-widget content-condensed.item{width:48%;max-width:unset}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-avatar{position:relative;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;width:25px;height:25px;margin-right:6px}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-avatar.gmg-avatar{width:100%;bottom:unset}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-content{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-pack:distribute;justify-content:space-around;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;position:relative;width:90%;border-left:2px solid currentColor;padding-left:6px}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-content span{display:block;margin-top:-6px;font-size:14px;font-weight:bold}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-content a:hover h5{text-decoration:underline solid #222}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-content h5{margin-bottom:-6px;margin-top:-3px;font-size:18px}@media only screen and{.content-widget content-condensed.item{width:100%;margin-bottom:30px}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-avatar{width:40px;height:40px}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-avatar span{width:40px !important;height:40px !important}.content-widget content-condensed.content condensed-content h5{font-size:18px}}.content-widget content-condensed-wide{max-width:100%}.content-widget content-condensed-wide.item{width:48%;text-align:left}.content-widget content-condensed-wide.content condensed-avatar{width:40px;height:40px}.content-widget content-condensed-wide.content condensed-content h5{font-size:20px}@media only screen and{.content-widget content-condensed-wide{padding:0}.content-widget content-condensed-wide.item{width:100%;margin-bottom:30px}.content-widget content-condensed-wide.content condensed-content h5{font-size:18px}}.content-widget content-default.item iframe,.content-widget content-short.item iframe,.content-widget content-wide.item iframe,.content-widget content-with-leading.item iframe{height:100%}@media only screen and{}@media only screen and{.content-widget content-condensed-wide.item:nth-child(n+5),.content-widget content-condensed.item:nth-child(n+5),.content-widget content-default.item:nth-child(n+5),.content-widget content-wide.item:nth-child(n+5),.content-widget content-short.item:nth-child(n+4),.content-widget content-with-leading.item:nth-child(n+4){display:none}}.branded-item.headline a{color:#000 !important}.branded-item.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item.item.image wrapper{border-bottom:5px solid transparent}.branded-item.gmg-avatar{width:20px;position:absolute;bottom:-5px;left:0}.branded-item.inset-story readmore{display:inline-block}.branded-item-deadspin.item{color:#1b3a4d}.branded-item-deadspin.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-deadspin.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#1b3a4d}.branded-item-deadspin.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #3d84af;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #3d84af;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-deadspin.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#1b3a4d;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-earther.item{color:#0075b2}.branded-item-earther.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-earther.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#0075b2}.branded-item-earther.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #38bbff;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #38bbff;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-earther.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#0075b2;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-fusion.item{color:#00004e}.branded-item-fusion.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-fusion.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#00004e}.branded-item-fusion.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #7ae8ff;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #7ae8ff;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-fusion.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#00caf4;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-gizmodo.item{color:#18afed}.branded-item-gizmodo.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-gizmodo.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#18afed}.branded-item-gizmodo.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #93daf7;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #93daf7;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-gizmodo.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#18afed;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-jalopnik.item{color:#ff4d00}.branded-item-jalopnik.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-jalopnik.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#ff4d00}.branded-item-jalopnik.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #ffaa85;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #ffaa85;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-jalopnik.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#ff4d00;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-jezebel.item{color:#ec1238}.branded-item-jezebel.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-jezebel.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#ec1238}.branded-item-jezebel.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #f68c9f;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #f68c9f;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-jezebel.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#ec1238;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-kotaku.item{color:#fbc000}.branded-item-kotaku.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-kotaku.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#fbc000}.branded-item-kotaku.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #ffe181;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #ffe181;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-kotaku.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#fbc000;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-lifehacker.item{color:#94b330}.branded-item-lifehacker.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-lifehacker.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#94b330}.branded-item-lifehacker.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #cbdf88;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #cbdf88;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-lifehacker.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#94b330;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-theonion.item{color:#006b3a}.branded-item-theonion.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-theonion.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#006b3a}.branded-item-theonion.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #00f082;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #00f082;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-theonion.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#006b3a;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-theroot.item{color:#509b22}.branded-item-theroot.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-theroot.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#509b22}.branded-item-theroot.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #92dd64;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #92dd64;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-theroot.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#509b22;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-splinter.item{color:#f85637}.branded-item-splinter.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-splinter.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#f85637}.branded-item-splinter.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #fcc2b7;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #fcc2b7;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-splinter.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#f85637;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-avclub.item{color:#1c263c}.branded-item-avclub.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-avclub.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#1c263c}.branded-item-avclub.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #465f96;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #465f96;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-avclub.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#1c263c;text-decoration:none}.branded-item-thetakeout.item{color:#E5371A}.branded-item-thetakeout.inset-story thumb figure,.branded-item-thetakeout.item.image wrapper{border-bottom-color:#E5371A}.branded-item-thetakeout.inset-story readmore{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #fef7dd;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #fef7dd;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;line-height:18px}.branded-item-thetakeout.inset-story readmore:hover{color:#F9DB5D;text-decoration:none}.f branding on.f article split on.scroll-list-break{border-top:3px solid #0093ec}.f branding on.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter{margin:13px 10px 0 -5px;float:left;color:#0093ec;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-weight:bold;font-size:100px;line-height:70px}@media only screen and{.f branding on.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter{line-height:65px}}@media only screen and{.f branding on.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter{font-size:117px;line-height:80px}}.f branding on.post-content.inset-story headline a{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none}.f branding on.post-content.inset-story headline a:hover{text-decoration:underline;color:#000}.f branding on.post-content.quotable a,.f branding on.post-content footer a,.f branding on.post-content h1 a,.f branding on.post-content h2 a,.f branding on.post-content h3 a,.f branding on.post-content h4 a,.f branding on.post-content h5 a,.f branding on.post-content h6 a,.f branding on.post-content li a,.f branding on.post-content p a{color:#222;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #72caff;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #72caff;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;text-decoration:none}.f branding on.post-content.quotable a:hover,.f branding on.post-content footer a:hover,.f branding on.post-content h1 a:hover,.f branding on.post-content h2 a:hover,.f branding on.post-content h3 a:hover,.f branding on.post-content h4 a:hover,.f branding on.post-content h5 a:hover,.f branding on.post-content h6 a:hover,.f branding on.post-content li a:hover,.f branding on.post-content p a:hover,.f branding on figcaption a{color:#0093ec}.f branding on figcaption a:hover{color:#0073b9}.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content blockquote,.f branding on.entry-content blockquote{border-radius:0;border-left:5px solid #0093ec;padding:0 0 0 1.125rem;background-color:transparent;margin-top:2rem;margin-bottom:2rem}.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.entry-content blockquote p{font-size:15px;line-height:28px}@media only screen and{.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.entry-content blockquote p{font-size:14px;line-height:26px}}@media only screen and{.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.entry-content blockquote p{font-size:16px;line-height:29px}}.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.entry-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.entry-content.pullquote:after{border:0}.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote content,.f branding on.entry-content.pullquote content{display:block;padding-left:1.125rem;padding-right:1.125rem}.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.entry-content.pullquote.align-center{margin-top:2.5rem;margin-bottom:2.5rem}@media only screen and{.f branding on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.entry-content.pullquote.align-center{max-width:66%}}.f branding on.storybreak-branded-a,.f branding on.storybreak-branded-b{border:0;background-position:center;background-repeat:no-repeat}.f branding on.review-score,.f branding on.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head{background-color:#333}.f branding on.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head.storytype-label{color:#fff;border-color:#fff}.f branding on.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head.storytype-label:hover{background-color:#fff;color:#333}.f branding on.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content.review-score{color:#333}.f branding on.storytype-label:not(.storytype-label-white){color:#0093ec;border-color:#0093ec}.f branding on.storytype-label:not(.storytype-label-white):hover{color:#0073b9;border-color:#0073b9}.f branding on.author-bio name{color:#222}.f branding on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name){color:#0093ec}.f branding on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name).svg-icon-filled{fill:#0093ec}.f branding on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name).svg-icon:not(.svg-icon-filled){stroke:#0093ec}.f branding on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover{color:#0073b9}.f branding on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover.svg-icon-filled{fill:#0073b9}.f branding on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover.svg-icon:not(.svg-icon-filled){stroke:#0073b9}.f branding on.sidebar-content.newsletter-subscribe{border-color:#0093ec}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.f article split on.scroll-list-break,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.f article split on.scroll-list-break,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.f article split on.scroll-list-break{border-top:3px solid #2d9d92}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter{margin:13px 10px 0 -5px;float:left;color:#1b3a4d;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-weight:bold;font-size:100px;line-height:70px}@media only screen and{.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter{line-height:65px}}@media only screen and{.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.f dropcap on.post-item-permalink.post-content:not(.reply content)>p:first-of-type:first-letter,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-item-permalink.post-content.dropcap-on>p:first-of-type:first-letter{font-size:117px;line-height:80px}}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content.inset-story headline a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content.inset-story headline a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content.inset-story headline a{color:#000;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content.inset-story headline a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content.inset-story headline a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content.inset-story headline a:hover{text-decoration:underline;color:#000}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content.quotable a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content.quotable a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content footer a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content footer a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h1 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h1 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h2 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h2 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h3 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h3 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h4 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h4 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h5 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h5 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h6 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h6 a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content li a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content li a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content p a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content p a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content.quotable a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content footer a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h1 a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h2 a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h3 a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h4 a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h5 a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h6 a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content li a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content p a{color:#222;-webkit-box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #77d8ce;box-shadow:inset 0 -2px 0 #77d8ce;-webkit-transition:color 0.1s ease-out;transition:color 0.1s ease-out;text-decoration:none}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content.quotable a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content.quotable a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content footer a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content footer a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h1 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h1 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h2 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h2 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h3 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h3 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h4 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h4 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h5 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h5 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h6 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content h6 a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content li a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content li a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content p a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.post-content p a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content.quotable a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content footer a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h1 a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h2 a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h3 a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h4 a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h5 a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content h6 a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content li a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.post-content p a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin figcaption a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin figcaption a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on figcaption a{color:#2d9d92}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin figcaption a:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin figcaption a:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on figcaption a:hover{color:#22756d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content blockquote,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content blockquote,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content blockquote,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content blockquote,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content blockquote,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content blockquote{border-radius:0;border-left:5px solid #1b3a4d;padding:0 0 0 1.125rem;background-color:transparent;margin-top:2rem;margin-bottom:2rem}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content blockquote p,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content blockquote p{font-size:15px;line-height:28px}@media only screen and{.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content blockquote p,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content blockquote p{font-size:14px;line-height:26px}}@media only screen and{.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content blockquote p,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content blockquote p,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content blockquote p,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content blockquote p{font-size:16px;line-height:29px}}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote:after{border:0}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote content,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote content,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote content,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote content,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote content,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote content{display:block;padding-left:1.125rem;padding-right:1.125rem}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote.align-center{margin-top:2.5rem;margin-bottom:2.5rem}@media only screen and{.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-center,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote.align-center{max-width:66%}}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.storybreak-branded-a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.storybreak-branded-a,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.storybreak-branded-b,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.storybreak-branded-b,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.storybreak-branded-a,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.storybreak-branded-b{border:0;background-position:center;background-repeat:no-repeat}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.review-score,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.review-score,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.review-score,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head{background-color:#1b3a4d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head.storytype-label,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head.storytype-label,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head.storytype-label{color:#fff;border-color:#fff}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head.storytype-label:hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head.storytype-label:hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head.storytype-label:hover{background-color:#fff;color:#1b3a4d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content.review-score,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content.review-score,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content.review-score{color:#1b3a4d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.storytype-label:not(.storytype-label-white),.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.storytype-label:not(.storytype-label-white),.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.storytype-label:not(.storytype-label-white){color:#2d9d92;border-color:#2d9d92}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.storytype-label:not(.storytype-label-white):hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.storytype-label:not(.storytype-label-white):hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.storytype-label:not(.storytype-label-white):hover{color:#22756d;border-color:#22756d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio name,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio name,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.author-bio name{color:#222}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name),.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name),.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name){color:#2d9d92}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name).svg-icon-filled,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name).svg-icon-filled,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name).svg-icon-filled{fill:#2d9d92}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name).svg-icon:not(.svg-icon-filled),.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name).svg-icon:not(.svg-icon-filled),.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name).svg-icon:not(.svg-icon-filled){stroke:#2d9d92}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover{color:#22756d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover.svg-icon-filled,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover.svg-icon-filled,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover.svg-icon-filled{fill:#22756d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover.svg-icon:not(.svg-icon-filled),.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover.svg-icon:not(.svg-icon-filled),.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.author-bio a:not(.author-bio name):hover.svg-icon:not(.svg-icon-filled){stroke:#22756d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.sidebar-content.newsletter-subscribe,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.sidebar-content.newsletter-subscribe,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.sidebar-content.newsletter-subscribe{border-color:#1b3a4d}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote{border-top:1px solid #1b3a4d;border-bottom:1px solid #1b3a4d;padding:30px 0;position:relative;color:#1b3a4d;font-size:22px;line-height:32px;font-weight:bold;text-align:center}@media only screen and{.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-left,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-left,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote.align-left,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote.align-left,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote.align-left,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote.align-left{margin-bottom:1rem}}.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.blog-group-deadspin.entry-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.editor-inner.post-content.pullquote:before,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote:after,.f branding on.f branding deadspin on.entry-content.pullquote:before{height:4px;width:26px;position:absolute;left:calc(50%”

More broadly, of one of the toughest questions that Statcast faces: How can a league-owned and -operated system entertain and serve branding needs while also producing cutting-edge research? Further, what does the answer to that question mean for the state of public baseball analytics writ large? Statcast-a closed, proprietary system that could serve as the final end of a traditionally open-access and community-based search for knowledge-has the capacity to answer sabermetrics’s most meaningful questions.
Still, the fact that Statcast is more likely to miss certain types of batted balls means that certain types of hitters are more likely to have an incomplete profile, which can create a biased data set.
These errors got smaller over the course of the season, Tango said, and there’s now a disclaimer at the top of MLBAM’s BaseballSavant.com Statcast data search page noting that pitch velocities from 2008-16 are from Pitchf/x cameras and those from 2017 on are from Statcast radar.
There would be an army of amateurs out there-very talented amateurs, I might say-that would work on developing their own metrics,” said Dr. Alan Nathan, professor emeritus of physics at the University of Illinois and a baseball analyst who has published research with Statcast data and done extensive work on the science of the sport.
“Maybe it’s too much data that they don’t know where to start,” Tango said about the current state of research with public Statcast information.
With a data set as large and complex as Statcast the principles of an open-source ideal do have some practical constraints.
Statcast has its own social media presence, a designated podcast, prominent placement on broadcasts and its own corporate sponsor-Amazon Web Services, which provides the system’s data storage.
MLBAM isn’t working with the singular goal of being a data provider, and Statcast isn’t working with the singular goal of being an engine of hardcore research and analysis.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Switzerland is Prepared for Civilizational Collapse”

More than any other country, Switzerland’s ethos is centered around preparing for civilizational collapse.
Zurich is famous for its 1200 fountains, some of them quite beautiful and ornate, but it’s the multiple small, simple fountains in every Swiss village that really tell the story.
If the central government fails, the Swiss might not even notice.
Swiss males are required to serve in the military creating a robust reservoir of trained citizens ready to serve in an emergency.
As a further example of how ridiculously well prepared the Swiss are for any and all threats, there are things like hidden hydroelectric dams built inside of unmarked mountains so that in the event of mass bombings, they’ll still have electricity from these secret facilities.
To thousands of military bunkers permeating the Swiss mountains there are several hundred thousand private and public fallout shelters the largest of which can hold some 20,000 people.
As the Swiss continue to improve their already fantastic railway system it’s standard practice to convert old railway tunnels to security shelters.
It’s no surprise that Nassim Taleb likes Switzerland because this is a country that has made itself anti-fragile in order to survive the black swans of civilizational collapse.

The orginal article.