Summary of “New research explains why sports fandom makes us less happy”

Millions of French soccer fans are feeling great right now.
Most sports fans will tell you that following their team is agony.
“Loss aversion,” a key theory in behavioral economics, may partly explain why being a sports fan stinks so much.
Data from a new study suggests that loss aversion also describes the life of a sports fan.
To examine the impact of sports, the researchers looked at the reported happiness of people they identified as soccer fans before and after matches during the British and Scottish seasons between 2011 and 2013.
As loss aversion predicts, losing makes you feel worse than winning makes you feel better.
So if it’s so hopeless, why do so many people still follow sports teams? The researchers don’t really have an answer.
As a sports fan myself, I would guess that, like most long-term relationships, fandom is not about happiness.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to clean a ceiling fan in 60 seconds”

Cleaning ceiling fans is my most hated chore.
I usually end up with dust all over me and only slightly cleaner fan blades.
To clean your ceiling fan and remain dust-free, try creating a DIY cleaning tool using items you already own.
All it takes is a pair of barbecue tongs, some rags and four rubber bands.
First, roll each arm of the tongs with a rag and secure them with rubber bands.
Clamp the fan blade between the tong arms and drag the rags along the length of the blade.
With this technique, the top and bottom of the fan blade gets cleaned in one swipe.
The dust gets trapped in between the rags, so there’s no dust flying in your face.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Mo Salah Is Ready to Make the Whole World Smile”

In Liverpool, the fans follow Mohamed Salah when he bows in prayer.
“I don’t know why it happens or why it is happening, but it is something I think about.” I ask Salah about the way Egypt is changing because of him-how he has given young people a sports star to aspire to become-and he pauses.
“We’ll fight for the first. It’s a fighting mentality.”-Mo Salah to B/R Football, on returning from injury for Egypt’s first World Cup matchSalah is humble by nature, though he exudes a natural confidence that you might expect comes with the territory of being one of the greatest athletes in the world.
Still, Salah is thrilled and often surprised by the enthusiasm of the people who adore him.
A statement from the Egyptian national team, that its doctors expected Salah to recover in time for the country’s second match of the World Cup group stage, brought relief to millions.
A phone call with B/R may do more than that: “We’ll fight for the first,” Salah says.
Salah is aware of his celebrity throughout the world and is bold enough to want to push it further.
“I saw some YouTube of him-not just basketball, but when he’s talking-and I like him.” Salah insists that he wants to be the biggest player in the world.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Revisiting ‘Star Wars: The Last Jedi’ After ‘Avengers: Infinity War'”

Avengers: Infinity War and Star Wars: The Last Jedi were capital-E Events-the former a massive cinematic crossover and the culmination of a decade of universe-building from Marvel Studios, and the latter a highly touted continuation of a new trilogy that promised darker undertones.
In Infinity War and The Last Jedi, both franchises deliberately disrupted the history the fan bases held so dear, delivering hefty gut-punches.
The Last Jedi transformed Luke Skywalker into an aggravating, pessimistic, alien-milking, reticent Jedi Master, and that was before he sacrificed himself to save the few remaining Rebels, who could comfortably fit inside the Millennium Falcon.
Infinity War broke the global and domestic box office opening-weekend records, and its 84 percent “Fresh” Rotten Tomatoes rating is on par with the rest of the MCU. Only Black Panther and the first Avengers movie have a higher CinemaScore grade among MCU movies.
The same can’t be said for The Last Jedi, which had a box office haul that was disappointing by Star Wars standards.
Like Empire, The Last Jedi didn’t retreat from its shocking moments: Yes, Luke wasn’t a flawless, mythological Jedi hero; yes, Rey’s parents were nobodies with no ties to the Skywalker or Kenobi bloodline; yes, the fan favorite Admiral Ackbar really died an unceremonious, off-screen death; and yes, Luke is really gone too.
The Last Jedi didn’t just impart lessons from Empire’s bold storytelling choices-it used Star Wars’ history to subvert expectations, and make a world that’s been around for decades feel lived in for the same amount of time.
The Last Jedi is a fluid continuation of Star Wars that asks its audience to reconsider their franchise nostalgia and plunge into the deep end along with its characters.

The orginal article.

Summary of “NBA Commissioner Adam Silver Has a Game Plan”

Beyond being one of the biggest providers of sports programming, it has expanded its lines of business into adjacent areas: the WNBA; the NBA G League, a developmental league; the NBA 2K League, an e-sports league based on the NBA’s video game NBA 2K; NBA League Pass, a popular video streaming service of live games; and a host of experiments with leading technology platforms including Facebook, YouTube, and Tencent.
The 2018 Los Angeles All-Star game was the 55th anniversary of the first All-Star game we played in Los Angeles in 1963.
S+B: What role do you think video games, in particular, play in the NBA’s fan ecosystem? How is their significance similar to or different from, say, what you said about social media?SILVER: We’ve always believed that, to an extent, young fans become engaged with the NBA through our video games, and by learning about the players and the teams, they’re more likely to want to engage in the live product.
We think there’s an opportunity to capture a new kind of fan, one who currently isn’t necessarily watching our games on television, but is more of a gamer, and is interested in NBA content and enjoys playing our NBA 2K game.
We saw an opportunity to create a league with our partner Take-Two around our NBA 2K game, using a new set of competitors who are professional gamers.
What if a mobile user gets an alert that a game is close, or that Steph Curry is going for 50 points, or that a game is going down to the wire? How do we then provide an opportunity for them with one click to buy some portion of the game that they can watch on their phone? Maybe we’ll be able to set the price based on the amount of content consumed rather than selling the entire game for a set price.
Tencent has been very focused on discovery: for example, on how it alerts users that there’s an interesting part of the game on, or that a player that users have already demonstrated an interest in is playing.
Bob Johnson, the founder of BET, when he was the owner of the Charlotte franchise, said watching an NBA game [on TV] is like watching one of the old silent movies.

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Summary of “Is Fandom Really Worth It?”

Following a loss, fans are more likely than usual to eat unhealthy food, be unproductive at work, and-in the case of the Super Bowl-die from heart disease.
What about fans of the winning team? Well, their testosterone levels tend to increase, which may account for why triumphant fans are more likely than other fans to suffer a postgame traffic fatality if the score was close.
Rival fans’ treatment of one another is hardly more reassuring.
A recent neuroimaging study found that fans experienced greater pleasure when watching a rival team fail, as opposed to non-rivals.
The same subjects were significantly more willing to heckle, threaten, or hit rival fans.
Fans in another study reported feeling schadenfreude when reading about the injury of a rival team’s player, and gluckschmerz when later reading about the player’s unexpectedly speedy recovery.
A landmark 1976 study described fans’ tendency to embrace a winning team as “Basking in reflected glory,” or birg.
Sports fans are inclined to respond to reminders of mortality with optimism, and to remember victories much more clearly than defeats.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Eagles Parade Was Beautiful, Melancholy, Profane, and Utterly Philly”

The 7 A.M. Acela out of New York was full of Eagles fans, but it was a little early for revelry.
Having no in-state professional football team of its own, New Jersey fans root for three out-of-state teams, the New York Giants, the New York Jets, and the Philadelphia Eagles.
In southwest Jersey, where I grew up, we are passionate Eagles fans-the word is pronounced to sound like “Giggles.” Although “Go Birds!” is favored nowadays, I still hear “Go Iggles!” in my head. Here is a photograph of me in an Eagles uniform in 1967, age eight, pretending to catch the winning touchdown while my father talks on a telephone behind me.
The year after the picture was taken, 1968, I convinced my dad to take me to an Eagles game, then at Franklin Field.
I’d like to think I came to that game as a normal nine-year-old football-crazy kid, but that I left as something else-a bloodied Eagles fan.
As a kid, I longed for a January Eagles Super Bowl parade.
“No one likes us, no one likes us, no one liiikes us, we don’t care.I have never seen so many happy people in one place before on hearing that. Seemingly every single one of the thousands and thousands of faces around me lit up with pure joy. Public joy like that is something you have to experience in person. YouTube allows fans to share other fans’ private moments of joy, such as the video of Kobe Bryant celebrating the Eagles’ victory with his sleeping baby in his arms. The parade made those private feelings public. It was an oceanic outpouring of joy that swept us all, young and old, up in its powerful surge.”
He died in 2009, not long after the Eagles lost the N.F.C. championship game to the Arizona Cardinals-the last game we watched together on TV. I startled him by screaming at the receiver Larry Fitzgerald, who killed the Eagles that day.

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Summary of “The Super Bowl 52 Super Bag”

The next year, I wrote Super Bag II: Half in the Bag in Indianapolis after nearly overdosing on bronchitis medication.
I can’t remember why Super Bag III didn’t happen in 2013, but the reason was probably, “I’m in New Orleans and there’s a casino two blocks from my hotel - Super Bag III can go to hell.” Super Bag III: Legacy Edition belatedly posted in 2014, followed by Super Bag IV: A Little Deflated in 2015.
Q: Just curious - how do you feel knowing that Giants fans will be rooting for the Pats in the Super Bowl?- Ned, Clark, N.J. BS: You mean, because you hate the Eagles so much? That’s the reason, right?
Go Pats!- Victor, Hoboken, N.J. BS: What the hell? Giants fans are ROOTING for the Patriots? I asked a few Giants fan friends and they confirmed that - thanks to Eli’s legacy, their last two Super Bowl wins, some residual affection for Belichick shutting down Montana’s Niners and Kelly’s Bills in back-to-back weeks in 1990, and, of course, their unabashed hatred for the Eagles - nearly all of them are rooting against Philly.
Why did the notoriously private Brady pick the two weeks before the Super Bowl to release his own infomercial/pseudo-reality show? Because he’s won five Super Bowls and thinks he’s invincible, that’s why.
Q: Time for your annual answer to the “What Super Bowl halftime show song will best represent how the game is going for the Patriots?” I know we peaked with “Beautiful Day” and “Free Fallin'”, but last year, Lady Gaga had an unbelievable entry with “A Million Reasons.” The Patriots were giving their fans a million reasons to “Quit the show,” to leave the game and give up on their team.
Q: Let’s pretend Foles wins the Super Bowl isn’t that a worst-case situation for Wentz? Has a backup QB ever won a Super Bowl after the starter was injured, then the starter maintained his status as a top-tier QB?- Charlie, Chicago.
Eagles over Patriots Of their 27 playoff victories during the Brady-Belichick era, the Patriots got lucky five times: 2006 in San Diego, 2012 against Baltimore, Super Bowl 49 against Seattle, last year’s Super Bowl against Atlanta and two weeks ago against the Jaguars.

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Summary of “What’s It Like to Watch a Chargers Game at the StubHub Center?”

If the Chargers cannot fill a 27,000-seat stadium to the brim, how the hell will they fill the 70,000-seater they have coming in 2020? The Chargers fans who were there were louder than you’d think, and this is not meant to besmirch them.
Despite having a large fan base in San Diego that, at the very least, was aware the team played in the city, the Chargers left to chase L.A. revenues.
The Los Angeles Times counted 24 fans at a training camp practice when the Chargers visited Carson in 2003.
“But I had no idea the Chargers had that many fans here.” Essentially, the Chargers knew what they were getting themselves into and did it anyway.
When something bad happens to the Chargers and the visitors cheer, the Chargers fans boo in retaliation.
When kicker Travis Coons knocked a field goal off the upright to miss in the first half, Browns fans rejoiced and Chargers fans booed, but it soundly simply like Chargers fans were booing Coons mercilessly.
On Sunday, Browns fans proved to be more entertaining and organic than the Chargers fans.
So maybe the only way the Chargers can make this work is to be counterintuitive: never leave the StubHub Center.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Crack of the Bat. A Blow to the Head. Who Pays the Bill?”

Fresh off the New York Yankees’ playoff-game win against the Minnesota Twins, a New York appeals court on Wednesday considered a lawsuit that is testing whether the Baseball Rule – like the Twins’ 2017 season – is now obsolete.
Following a drumbeat of reports about fan injuries, Major League Baseball in 2015 suggested that teams provide protective netting up to the start of the two teams’ dugouts.
Along with advocating for greater fan safety, he sued the Yankees and Major League Baseball, saying the team made the game more dangerous by playing in the heavy rain and permitting umbrellas to block fans’ views.
A Bronx judge threw the case out, saying Zlotnick knew the risk and citing the state’s version of the Baseball Rule.
“Given the change in baseball, with more powerful batters and pitchers throwing and striking balls with greater velocity and force, adhering to outdated screening methods that no longer provide necessary protection for spectators makes little sense,” Zlotnick’s lawyer wrote.
Lawyers for the Yankees and Major League Baseball defend the rule, which some trace to a 1908 decision in Michigan.
As a longtime baseball fan, Zlotnick “Was fully aware of the risks of attending a baseball game,” Andrew Kaufman, a lawyer for the Yankees and the league, told a panel of four judges who heard 12 minutes of arguments Wednesday.
One of the judges expressed skepticism about Zlotnick’s attempt to avoid the Baseball Rule, suggesting he may have better luck with the argument in the state’s highest court.

The orginal article.