Summary of “Can an apple cider vinegar a day keep the doctor away?”

It’s a new twist on “An apple a day” which has caught the imagination of health-conscious millennials, celebrity food bloggers and A-listers such as Jennifer Aniston, Katy Perry and Victoria Beckham.
Apple cider vinegar is enjoying a huge revival in the UK as a kitchen cupboard staple, hailed by the “Clean-eating” generation as the latest wonder ingredient which can be knocked back daily as a general tonic.
Already a cult product in the US, its new-found popularity on this side of the Atlantic is giving an unexpected boost to the UK apple industry, where reliance on imported fruit has led to hundreds of traditional varieties gradually disappearing.
Practising what he preaches is entrepreneur William Chase, who describes his own apple cider vinegar as “a modern take on a legendary product”.
The founder of Tyrrells crisps and Chase Vodka has now moved into a sphere that he calls “Fit foods”, launching his own Willy’s apple cider vinegar – manufactured on his Herefordshire farm – last year.
“We are using tiny crab apples which would otherwise have been wasted, and among 48 apple varieties from our 300-year-old orchards. We have 50 acres but we need to make more cider to meet demand, so we are looking for other farms with older orchards to help provide us with the apples we need.” Chase, who was criticised by trading standards for the health claims he made on his launch labelling, says he has lost two stone and reduced his own cholesterol as a result of regular consumption.
The grocery chain Waitrose reports that sales of the products are up more than 60% year-on-year, with Willy’s ACV and Aspall’s Apple Cyder Vinegar leading the charge.
Mel Leyshon, editor of the Healthy Food Guide, admitted there were many unsubstantiated claims for apple cider vinegar, “One of them being that it can help you lose weight, but there are no studies to prove this. But drinking a glass of diluted apple cider vinegar before a meal may help fill you up so you eat less. A better idea is to get into the habit of eating more salads with a light dressing made using apple cider vinegar – that way you can get your five a day, too”.

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Summary of “9 Essential Personal Finance Skills to Teach Your Kid Before They Move Out”

Your child is on the verge of moving out and living on their own.
Consider these ways that you can help your child build a base of financial knowledge before they move out.
Once your child understands how bank interest rates work, they’ll need to know about the tendency banks have to charge fees to account holders.
Tell your child how they can avoid these fees by researching the best bank accounts and reading the fine print.
Show your child that credit card interest rates can be exorbitant, and that high balances can lead to a debt spiral from which they may never escape.
If your child needs to purchase a refrigerator for their apartment, convey to them that they should seek out the best quality model at a price that fits their budget.
Shopping for value is a skill that can be learned, and one that could save your child a considerable amount of money over time.
You don’t need to teach your child how to replace a catalytic converter, but it helps if they have a decent foundation of car knowledge.

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Summary of “How to Focus on What’s Important, Not Just What’s Urgent”

In a series of studies recently published in the Journal of Consumer Research, people typically chose to complete tasks that had very short deadlines attached to them, even in situations in which tasks with less pressing deadlines were just as easy and promised a bigger reward.
For very important and long-avoided tasks, I like a strategy that I call “Clearing the decks,” which means assigning a particular task to be the only one I work on for an entire day.
Unfamiliar but important tasks often have a learning curve that makes how much time they’ll take to complete unpredictable.
Many important tasks involve tolerating thinking about things that could go wrong, which is anxiety-provoking.
General examples of important but potentially anxiety-provoking tasks include: developing new friendships, doing something challenging for the first time, asking for what you want, having awkward conversations, facing up to and correcting mistakes, and chipping away at large, multi-month tasks where you need to tolerate fluctuating self-confidence and doubt throughout the project.
In the future, you might decide to limit yourself to making your three most important comments on any piece of work that’s fundamentally acceptable, or give yourself a time limit for how long you’ll spend providing notes.
To overcome a pattern of spending all day “Chasing cows,” you can outsource, automate, batch small tasks, eliminate tasks, streamline your workflow, or create templates for recurring tasks.
The number of deadlines and decisions we face in modern life, juxtaposed with the emotionally challenging nature of many important tasks, makes this struggle an almost universal one.

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Summary of “GE’s Fall Has Been Accelerated by Two Problems. Most Other Big Companies Face Them, Too.”

The General Electric story, of a long-proud initial member of the Dow Jones Industrial Average falling out of that index – and appearing to be in competitive free fall – provides a powerful illustration of two effects we see throughout today’s corporate world: clueless, but deep-pocketed, activist investors and mergers and acquisitions folks masquerading as strategists.
During the Immelt era, the dominant mode had been of strategy by way of mergers, acquisitions, and divestitures, including most recently the disastrous merger of the GE oil and gas business with Baker Hughes in 2016.
In the fall of 2017 under Flannery, MA&D unsurprisingly became GE’s turnaround strategy tool.
The result is a boon for the private equity business, which gets to buy underperforming corporate divisions for a song and turn them around at a huge profit, and for the sellers of growth businesses, who get paid crazy multiples of earnings and sales for businesses that are purchased to generate growth for big companies that are, on their own, incapable of organic growth.
So on June 26, 2018, Flannery announced that GE was going to be fixed by doing more, and bigger, divestitures, this time spinning out the giant GE Healthcare and Baker Hughes businesses – and cutting costs some more.
Maybe a slimmed-down GE with only aviation, power, and renewable energy businesses will be able to focus on the strategy task of improving the customer competitiveness of that portfolio.
The happiest folks out there are probably GE Healthcare’s two big global competitors, Philips and Siemens Healthineers.
While GE Healthcare’s executives spend the next two years on carve-out audits, creating services and systems to replace the GE shared services, negotiating new stock-based compensation, and doing road shows for investors, Philips and Siemens executives will be focused on building their businesses at GE’s expense – an awesome window of opportunity for them.

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Summary of “How philosophy helped one soldier on the battlefield”

Their approach of questioning everything, even the importance of the Western notion of ‘truth’, would have helped me to understand the situation better.
Later, reading Gray, Sigmund Freud, Herman Melville and Friedrich Nietzsche helped me to understand how the kidnappers came to be like that, and how we all have the capacity for extreme cruelty.
Reading the American philosopher Samuel Scheffler’s Death and the Afterlife a few years later helped me to understand why.
It helped me to understand that the military, with its focus on the mission, was essentially consequentialist.
As well as helping on the battlefield, I believe that philosophy can help in the aftermath of conflict.
Philosophy can help ex-soldiers understand what they are missing.
Not all philosophy is of much use to a soldier in action.
Philosophy can help us with this, though it is not a panacea.

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Summary of “12 travel apps to use on your summer travel adventures”

Here are 12 apps designed to enhance the travel experience – to help you navigate, dine, pack, plan, and photograph your far-flung adventure, or to add new layers to your journey.
In short, your phone is still useful when you travel, and you can access your apps in seaports and souks around the globe.
Many apps are designed to enhance the travel experience – to help you navigate, dine, pack, plan, and photograph your far-flung adventure.
Other apps are wildly imaginative, adding layers to your journey that you never even imagined.
This app is especially valuable for people who travel regularly or are trying to move around during busy travel times; AirHelp will quickly inform you of your rights as a passenger, file a claim for delayed or canceled flights, and then compensate you for up to $700. Before you leave for your trip, put this app on your phone just in case you need it.
There’s where TripCase comes in handy: the app will help you assemble your itinerary ahead of time, so you know exactly where you’re going and what you need to accomplish when you get there.
The app will itemize your flight, lodging, car rental, and activities, among other life-saving categories.
Stretch your imaginationThe app’s name is weird, and the app itself is even weirder – but if you’re really into photography, Ephemeris is a very powerful tool.

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Summary of “SoFi and Robinhood: How to save money”

Speaking on a panel Tuesday at SoFi’s offices in downtown San Francisco, fintech designers shared with moderator and behavioral economist Kristen Berman exactly what challenges users face when it comes to navigating financial tech, and how good design can help users overcome these barriers.
SoFi Another challenge for these designers is helping their users even conceptualize the scale of large debts like student loans and credit cards.
So while Digit aims to help users saving small amounts of money in the short-term, it often has to overcome their bigger, looming concerns about their longterm goals.
Digit uses automation to help its users “Save money without thinking about it.” It just transfers money from a bank account into a Digit account.
Unlike automated bank transfers, Digit helps users figure out their savings goals and what the right amount of money is to save.
At Robinhood, which helps users invest in the stock market and cryptocurrency, the biggest user concern is “The fear of getting started,” according to Heather Breslow, lead user experience researcher at Robinhood.
Robinhood also offers new users a free share of stock so that they can become comfortable with the daily ebbs and flows of the stock market, without putting any of their own money on the line.
Whether it’s a set of tech stocks, or stocks from companies with female CEOs, Robinhood reduces the number of decisions that users have to make until they are comfortable taking control over their entire portfolio.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Seven ways to deal with hay fever”

If you are outside on high-pollen days, taking precautions such as putting petroleum jelly around your nostrils to trap pollen and wearing wraparound sunglasses to stop it getting into your eyes can help.
On high-pollen days, make sure you shower and wash your hair when you get home home, since pollen can collect on your skin, hair and clothes throughout the day.
Gardening chores such as mowing the lawn and weeding can trigger hay fever attacks, so consider wearing a filter mask while doing such activities.
Dairy products and sugary foods can exacerbate common hay fever symptoms such as nasal congestion, because they increase the production of mucus in the respiratory tract.
Try alternatives to dairy such as almond milk and rice milk and try to supplement your diet with foods that have natural antihistamine properties such as broccoli, asparagus, onions, garlic, cherries, pineapple and kiwi fruit.
Antihistamines are the most common hay fever medications.
While they are associated with side-effects such as drowsiness, more modern antihistamines such as cetirizine, loratadine and fexofenadine are less likely to make you sleepy.
Herbal remedies such as licorice tea, nettle tea and ginger and honey may help relieve symptoms such as congestion and itchiness, since they help to reduce respiratory tract inflammation.

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Summary of “General Thinking Tools: 9 Mental Models to Solve Difficult Problems”

He opened up a world of mental models, which is just a fancy schmancy word that means thinking tools that you can use to solve problems.
While there are millions of mental models, I want to focus on nine that will help you think through problems better.
First Principles Thinking First principles thinking is one of the best ways to reverse-engineer complicated situations and unleash creative possibility.
Second-order thinking is thinking farther ahead and thinking holistically.
Probabilistic Thinking Probabilistic thinking is essentially trying to estimate, using some tools of math and logic, the likelihood of any specific outcome coming to pass.
In a world where each moment is determined by an infinitely complex set of factors, probabilistic thinking helps us identify the most likely outcomes.
Inversion Inversion is a powerful tool to improve your thinking because it helps you identify and remove obstacles to success.
These general thinking tools are just 9 of the mental models that you can learn.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Fresh Air: Michael Pollan Explains The ‘New Science Of Psychedelics'”

Fresh Air: Michael Pollan Explains The ‘New Science Of Psychedelics’ : Shots – Health News Author Michael Pollan, who experimented with mushrooms, LSD and other psychedelics while researching his latest book, says: “I had an experience that was by turns frightening and ecstatic and weird.”
Author Michael Pollan had always been curious about psychoactive plants, but his interest skyrocketed when he heard about a research study in which people with terminal cancer were given a psychedelic called psilocybin – the active ingredient in “Magic mushrooms” – to help them deal with their distress.
Then he decided to go one step further: A self-described “Reluctant psychonaut,” Pollan enlisted guides to help him experiment with LSD, psilocybin and 5-MeO-DMT, a substance in the venom of the Sonoran Desert toad. Each of Pollan’s experiences with psychedelics was preceded by worry and self-doubt.
Pollan’s new book, How to Change Your Mind: What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us About Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depression, and Transcendence, recounts his experiences with the drugs and also examines the history of psychedelics as well as their possible therapeutic uses.
On how psychedelics can help change the stories we tell about ourselves.
This is what allows people, I think, to have those new perspectives on themselves, to realize that they needn’t be trapped in those stories and they might actually be able to write some new stories about themselves.
On how psychedelics can help dying people face their deaths.
Yes, killing yourself is really stupid – but it had an authority it had never had. And that, I think, is the gift of these psychedelics.

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