Summary of “The Physics of Glass Opens a Window Into Biology”

In a paper that we just posted on arxiv.org, we discovered that the drag forces – the mechanical fluidlike forces exerted on an organ as it moves – can be sufficient to change the shapes of the cells in ways that help the organ be functional.
Now, what I’m really interested in is cell shape, because it seems to govern a lot of the physics in these confluent tissues.
There are many cases in biology where you want to have a sharp interface, in the sense that the width of the interface is much thinner than a cell diameter.
A sharp boundary ensures that you don’t get any mixing between two cell types, which is critical in the segregation of tissues during embryonic development, when cells have to separate and compartmentalize into the gut and the liver and so on.
People have measured surface tension between two cell types – how difficult it is to compress the groups of cells – and those numbers are not that big.
One of our coolest predictions lets us simply look at the shapes of cells to determine whether a tissue behaves like a fluid or a solid, and whether or not those cells can migrate.
On the clinical front, since our research has suggested that cell shapes are really important, we hope to analyze cell shapes from embryos or cancer patients to one day diagnose disease.
It’s driving new hypotheses about how cells might control organ formation, by showing that it’s not just biochemical feedback but also mechanical feedback – that the material properties of the tissue itself could be a very robust mechanism for generating patterns in embryos, and that those properties could be targets for therapies.

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Summary of “To increase your emotional intelligence, develop these 10 qualities”

Write these thoughts out, analyze them and determine how you want to treat others in the same way you’d want to be treated.
Your “Antennae” are up to things you love, to wanting to grow and learn more.
The emotionally intelligent mind is able to discern between things that they need versus things that would be “Nice to have” that classify more aptly as wants.
We do not need those things to survive, but rather we want them based on our own personal desires or what we perceive to matter to society.
Emotionally intelligent people know the difference between these two things, and always establish needs prior to fulfilling wants.
If you want to increase your opportunities, improve your relationships and think clearly and constructively, you’re best positioned to maintain a positive attitude.
Their inspired leadership and passion, combined with their optimism, drives them to want to do best for themselves and others.
In the same way that we should be focused on our self-interest, we should also maintain a spirit of desire and hope for wanting to see the people around us succeed.

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Summary of “This Season’s Most Shocking TV Plot Twists”

If you watch TV competitively, then genre rules dictate what’s possible, and as the series progresses, it becomes possible to guess what’s going to happen next – if not on your own, then with the help of fellow plot guessers who’ve created a sort of virtual FBI field office online.
In the finale, you see Michael in that flashback, so at least you have seen him in the episode without having a story about how much she misses Michael, or about “Is she going to feel upset about getting engaged because the last time she was engaged was to Michael?” I felt like those would be too close actually to his return.
How Jane the Virgin Pulled Off Its Fantastic Surprise “I didn’t know for sure that I was going to do it until the end of season three.”
Often we find that it does defy expectations, because you’re in a certain sort of genre, and people in that genre more often are going to blow each other’s heads off.
JW: There were times that we tried on some more action in that scene for size, but it was pretty obvious to us that Stan is a good enough counterintelligence agent that he’s not going to let two people that he’s behind ever get the drop on him.
You want everyone to know by that Monday, something is going to happen here.
He would’ve been much more straight-down-the-middle: “Arie is going to make the biggest choice of his life, he’s in love with two women, how will it end?” Here, it was sort of like: “Just when you think it’s the end, it’s actually the beginning. You need to see it.” And even in our live show, when Chris is giving almost the emotional equivalent of a parental-discretion-advised warning: “This is not going to be an ordinary night. It’s going to be incredibly emotional, it is going to be tough, there’s going to be a lot of feelings, we’re all going to have a lot of opinions.” So you see that, and you can just feel TVs turning on, like, Oh my God, something big is going to happen here.
Aaron Harberts, co-showrunner and executive producer: Before we even cast Jason , we knew that that character was going to be from the mirror universe.

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Summary of “Amazon Alexa: 21 clever commands for Amazon Echo”

Users even refer to Alexa as “She.” We usually prefer to say her name, rather than the name of the device itself, Amazon Echo.
Recently, Alexa has made the news as it was reported that a Portland, Oregon couple’s Echo recorded their conversation and sent it to a friend on their contact list.
Amazon apologized saying simply Alexa assumed the wrong command was issued.
My Echo recordings included conversations that had no words even sounding like Alexa.
Just ask Alexa, “How far Costco is from home?” and Alexa will use GPS to give you the driving distance.
Alexa is best known as a virtual assistant, and in many ways, interacting with Alexa is sort of like having a secretary follow you around your living room, clipboard in hand, awaiting your next appointment.
Say, “Alexa, new skills” and Alexa will tell you about three new ones.
Simply say “Alexa enable” followed by the skill name and Alexa will enable that skill automatically.

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Summary of “How Instagram’s algorithm works – TechCrunch”

Instagram users were missing 70 percent of all posts and 50 percent of their friends’ posts before the app ditched the reverse chronological feed for an algorithm in July 2016.
Instagram has never explained exactly how the algorithm chooses what to show you until today.
The Facebook-owned company assembled a group of reporters at its under-construction new San Francisco office to take the lid off the Instagram feed ranking algorithm.
Interest: How much Instagram predicts you’ll care about a post, with higher ranking for what matters to you, determined by past behavior on similar content and potentially machine vision analyzing the actual content of the post.
Usage: How long you spend on Instagram determines if you’re just seeing the best posts during short sessions, or it’s digging deeper into its catalog if you spend more total time browsing.
Instagram is not at this time considering an option to see the old reverse chronological feed because it doesn’t want to add more complexity, but it is listening to users who dislike the algorithm.
Today’s Instagram whiteboard session with reporters, its first, should go a long way to clearing up misunderstandings about how it works.
The more Instagram can disarm that problem by pushing excess content creation to Stories and educating users about how the feed operates, the less they’ll complain.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Talk to Little Kids”

There are others who feel awkward around little kids.
Kids can be wonderful conversationalists if they feel you are genuinely interested in them.
Address them by their name-not Little Dude or Princess or “Dan’s kid.” It’s basic respect.
“At worst, she’ll giggle at you if you change your voice or inflection or use too much baby talk, finding you silly because Mommy and Daddy don’t talk like that. Or at best, she’ll talk back to you in the same way, assuming that’s just the way you talk and that’s how you will best understand her.” You might use simpler phrases when speaking with children, but don’t dumb down your words.
“Tell me more.” A parent named Kerry gives the tip: If you have no idea what a kid is talking about, say, “Tell me more.” It allows them to take the lead.Name-drop familiar kid interests in casual conversations.
“Show them off and tell the kid how you got the scar,” writes a mom named Clovis.
“Kids love showing off their own scars, so this lets them know that you will listen to their stories about how they got them.”
These include: trying get kids to open up by tickling them, having them see how hard they can punch your hands or hit you with an inflatable bat, and asking them if they have a boyfriend or girlfriend.

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Summary of “An Ambitious Person’s Brutally Honest Take On Work-Life Balance”

The period ended with both Sheena and I making serious changes to who we spent time with, how we managed our health, who we chose as role models, how we parented, and how we conducted our relationship.
I remember being skeptical of Cal’s approach when we were in our 20s. Why not just jump 100 percent into one thing? Why shut down work at 5 p.m. when you don’t have kids and you can fill up that time? I remember Cal once saying that his brain would only allow him to do about five hours of truly deep work per day.
Your results in the beginning are tightly correlated with your effort by the end, the interest is doing almost all of the work for you.
Work: Having a job where you can work on your strengths and passion in a way that gives you autonomy, connection, and purpose.
If you have great health, and your relationships are full of conflict, but you repair your relationships, think about how much better your life becomes.
We need to redefine hard work from how many hours we work in a week to how how consistently hard we work over a long period of time.
Watch my Learning How To Learn webinar: Find the time to learn and double the value you get from each hour of learning.
Read my best articles: My writing on learning how to learn and mental models has been read tens of millions of times.

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Summary of “Questioning Truth, Reality and the Role of Science”

Also the reverse is true: Science has offered to philosophers of science new questions to ponder.
The exponential proliferation of different modeling practices across the biomedical sciences, engineering, earth sciences and physics over the last century has prompted philosophers to ask new questions about the role and nature of scientific models and how they relate to theories and experimental evidence.
What is the overarching aim of science? Does science aim to provide us with an approximately true story about nature, as realism would have it? Or does science instead aim to save the observable phenomena without necessarily having to tell us a true story, as some antirealists would contend instead?
I see perspectival realism as a realist position, because it claims that truth does matter in science.
You have written about the role of evidence in science.
From a philosophical point of view, what has dramatically changed is not simply old ideas about the interplay between theory and evidence more importantly, our ideas of progress in science and realism.
In this respect, I see philosophy of science as delivering on an important social function: making the general public more aware of the importance of science.
Philosophy of science is an integral part of our public discourse on science, which is why I have always endeavored to communicate the value of science to society at large.

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Summary of “What’s the Deal With GDPR and Your Online Privacy?”

Or maybe your friend posted something online about what GDPR means for online data protection.
At the very least, you’ve probably received a few dozen emails from various companies about how their updated their privacy policies comply with the new law.
The last few weeks have been huge for data privacy-thanks to companies like Facebook and Grindr for.
General Data Protection Regulation is a new set of rules and regulations for how internet companies should behave in Europe.
European residents will be allowed to request access to that data, find out how it’s being used, and demand that companies either delete or correct it where possible.
Thanks to GDPR, companies will also need to reveal any sort of data breach within 72 hours.
Keep an eye out for website pop-ups and banner ads as well, since some companies are using those to break the news instead. At the very least, those GDPR emails clogging your inbox are a useful reminder of all the websites and apps you signed up for years ago and then forgot about.
Use Europe’s new privacy law as an opportunity to shore up your online privacy by cancelling the services you no longer use.

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Summary of “Why psychedelic drugs could transform how we treat depression and mental illness”

It’s a sprawling book that is likely to change how you think not just about psychedelic drugs but also about the human mind.
In the book, I reproduce an image of the wiring of the brain on a placebo and on psilocybin , and it suggests that the altered states of consciousness people experience during trips may be the result of areas of the brain being rewired in ways that alleviate anxiety and depression and obsession and various other addictive behaviors.
There are currently studies underway at Johns Hopkins and NYU where they’re treating terminal cancer patients for what they call “Existential distress.” These are people who are facing their own death with a blend of anxiety and depression and fear that people with a cancer diagnosis often feel.
Sean Illing What makes psychedelics so therapeutically valuable? How are they helping people break addictions or shake debilitating anxiety disorders?
There’s a really interesting researcher at the University of Alabama named Peter Hendricks who is working with cocaine addicts, and he feels that it’s the experience of awe that people have on the psychedelic that changes their mindset and gives them a new perspective and allows them to break their addiction.
People struggling with addiction and depression are disconnected from the world and from other people.
I’d argue the least appreciated victim of the drug war has been people suffering from mental health problems, and this is something that cuts across racial, geographic, economic, and political lines.
The good news is that this will never happen, because these drugs have been around for a long time and people don’t feel quite as threatened by them.

The orginal article.