Summary of “From rust belt to robot belt: Turning AI into jobs in the US heartland”

There is no sillier-or more disingenuous-debate in the tech community than the one over whether robots and AI will destroy jobs or, conversely, create a great abundance of new ones.
In one of the first attempts to quantify the impact of industrial robots, research by Daron Acemoglu at MIT and his colleagues, based on data from 1990 to 2007, found that for every robot on the factory floor, some six jobs are lost.
That means as many as 670,000 jobs for the years that they looked at, and as many as 1.5 million jobs at 2016 levels of robot usage in the US. Automation is changing work.
Gauging the net gain or loss of jobs due to robotics and AI is a tricky business.
“The alarmists’ is that this time is different and it will destroy jobs. The truth is it’s capable of doing both.” Though in the past the economic benefits from new technologies have always been enough to create more jobs than were lost, he says, “Lately, for a variety of reasons, there has been a much more job-destroying face to technology.”
Part of what he’s describing is the so-called productivity paradox: while big data, automation, and AI should in theory be making businesses more productive, boosting the economy and creating more jobs to offset the ones being lost, this hasn’t happened.
On tech unemployment: “I’m of the view that we’re not headed for sustained technological unemployment. In a market economy, wages adjust over time and people will find jobs. The question is not the number of jobs but the quality of jobs. Will they provide livelihood levels and opportunities comparable to livelihoods and opportunities of the jobs lost through automation? This worries me.”
As a country, we’re struggling to imagine how to build an economy with plenty of good jobs around AI and automation.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Laurene Powell Jobs is investing in media, education, sports and more. What does she want?”

Laurene Powell Jobs – like the inventors and disrupters who were all around her – was thinking big.
The engine Powell Jobs had designed was equal parts think tank, foundation, venture capital fund, media baron, arts patron and activist hive.
“I’d like us to be a place where great leaders want to come and try to do difficult things,” Powell Jobs told me recently.
From left: Powell Jobs with husband Steve Jobs in 2007.
“We talked about the importance of sports and how a ball can change someone’s life. She had been thinking those kinds of big thoughts for a long time. There are pockets of our community that need a great outstretched hand and hug.” Recently Powell Jobs invited him to Benning Road NE – to a neglected neighborhood he knew – and the virtual-reality immersion into crossing the border as an immigrant that Emerson had sponsored in an abandoned church.
For her part, Powell Jobs told me she considers sports another way to access the culture and some heroes of our national narratives.
While some of those outlets might be more likely to cover issues that animate Emerson, some also represent new story forms or new solutions to old media challenges that fascinate Powell Jobs.
Just as Steve Jobs gave us tools to change our lives, Laurene Powell Jobs is, in her own way, trying to do the same.

The orginal article.

Summary of “America has a massive truck driver shortage. Here’s why few want an $80,000 job.”

So why don’t more Americans want this job? We asked truck drivers who have been doing the job anywhere from four months to 40 years for their views.
Despite the hardships, half said they would recommend the job to friends and family, chiefly because, as Gollnick said, “It’s the easiest money you can get without a college degree.” Here are the drivers’ perspectives on America’s trucking crisis.
Michael Dow of Dallas has been a truck driver for more than two decades.
If you want to make more money than that, you have to find an independent person with two or three trucks that really does appreciate you as a driver and they share profits with you.
What has changed about truck driving in 40 years? “There’s massive turnover in truck driving. People are leaving by the tens of thousands. It’s a tough life, and there are too many regulations now. There’s a ton more electronic monitoring than when I started. For people who have issues with authority, and I was certainly one of those, this was a good job. You were left on your own. As long as you got your loads delivered, nobody bothered you. Now you’re monitored. As soon as you stop, you get a message from the company asking, ‘Why have you stopped?’ And the government is tracking you with the electronic logging device.”
Ryan Kitchel of Greensboro, N.C., has been a flatbed truck driver for two years.
What’s frustrating about being a truck driver? “My dad was a truck driver. There was a different level of respect for truck drivers then and more camaraderie. Car drivers today have no understanding of what we do. They cut us off all of the time. Car drivers see a space between trucks, and they jump in. They don’t realize that’s our stopping lane. We need that space.”
After retiring from the military, he began working at restaurants, but the pay was so lousy that his wife encouraged him to become a truck driver.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Do Americans Stay When Their Town Has No Future?”

Once back in Ohio, he settled in Adams County with his future wife, Crystal, and started taking classes in criminal justice at the University of Cincinnati, figuring he’d follow the well-worn path from the military to law enforcement.
The plants were by far the largest employer and taxpayer in Adams County, population 28,000, which by one measure of median family income is the poorest county in Ohio.
The plants dominate the landscape-not just the towering stacks along the river but also the moonscapes that have been carved out of the nearby land to hold waste from the plants in so-called ash ponds.
In late 2016, as plant workers were getting word of the closures, the county found out its own way: The state alerted it that the valuation of the plants had dropped by $56 million because of the planned closure.
Over the years, the plants had brought a new cohort of families to the county, led by the sort of skilled workers who were able to get good-paying jobs at the plant.
County officials were getting no answers from the company or state officials about the plans for the plants and ash ponds after the closure.
By early March, the union and county still hadn’t even gotten a firm closure date from AES. “We have no dialogue between the company and the county at all,” said Pell, the county commissioner.
Rumors started swirling that a potential buyer has belatedly emerged for Killen Station, the smaller and younger plant: an IT staffing and consulting company in Atlanta called American CyberSystems Inc. In theory, Arnett could use his seniority to get one of the 100-odd jobs that would remain at Killen if it stays open, but taking a job as a lineman in Dayton seemed safer than banking on a new owner with zero experience in running a coal-fired plant.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Most Efficient Way to Keep Your Resume Up to Date”

When you get a new job save the description and requirements from the application and use it to later add the job to your resume.
In response, u/chaoticnuetral added that it’s good to have your specific job description on hand because it makes it easier to negotiate your salary if future duties are added.
You added your new job to the resume, but you’re there a year, then two.
Learning something new that makes you better at your job.
Adding new responsibilities, job titles, new people you oversee.
As a recruiter, I’d say be careful with making your resume read too much like a job description.
Things like the full dates that I worked there, actual titles I held, actual duties vs ‘resume duties’, pay rate, managers/superiors/good co-workers names and full titles, physical addresses and phone numbers, the real reason why that is no longer my job.
Now, go forth and get new jobs that you’ll be ready to leave immediately!

The orginal article.

Summary of “China’s Tech Industry Wants Youth, Not Experience”

Almost immediately, readers seized on his age: At 42, he would have already been considered too old to be an engineer in China, where three-quarters of tech workers are younger than 30, according to China’s largest jobs website, Zhaopin.com.
The idealization of youth is in the DNA of the American tech industry.
In China the discrimination begins even younger than in the U.S. The irony is that most of the country’s famous tech companies were started by men older than 30.
China has used tech advancements to propel its economy forward for decades, but President Xi Jinping’s Made in China 2025 plan kicked activity into a higher gear.
In a country of 1.4 billion people, many Chinese tech companies are able to move faster than their overseas rivals by throwing people at a problem, and younger workers cost less than their more experienced colleagues.
A recent job posting for a front-end developer at a Beijing tech startup explained that the company is willing to relax its requirements for educational attainment but not for age; a college degree isn’t strictly necessary, but if you’re older than 30, don’t bother applying.
“Working in tech is like being a professional athlete,” says Robin Chan, an entrepreneur and angel investor in companies such as Xiaomi and Twitter Inc. “You work extremely hard from 20 to 40 years old and hope you hit it big. After that, it’s time to move on to something else and let someone younger try their hand.”
He, the tech recruiter, remains hopeful that age discrimination will eventually disappear in China.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Millennials are struggling. Is it the fault of the baby boomers?”

“Intergenerational war doesn’t reflect how people feel about the issues or how they live their lives as families,” says Torsten Bell, director of the foundation.
A complex mix of reasons includes the financial crisis, austerity and reluctance by successive governments to radically tackle the challenges of housing, health, social care, employment and a woefully deregulated market at a time when people are living so much longer – but no baby-boomer banditry.
“We have people with degrees doing Mickey Mouse jobs and young people who will have no occupational pension and no house to sell to see them through old age. That’s not the fault of mum and dad. If we think that, we are tackling the wrong problems. It’s not about redistributing the crumbs from the rich man’s table but restoring fairness.”
Only a third of millennials own their own home, compared with almost two-thirds of baby boomers at the same age.
A third of millennials will, it is predicted, have a lifetime of renting with less space, poorer conditions, longer commutes and more insecurity than the baby boomers experienced.
Although precise definitions differ, broadly speaking millennials are those people born between the early 1980s and the late 1990s.
On current trends, given high rents, low wages, Brexit and, for some, the debt of university tuition fees, will millennials have sufficient funds in retirement? Under auto-enrolment, 5% of a wage by 2019 will go into a pension pot, but on a low income, will increasing numbers of millennials opt out? In several decades’ time, millions of older people may be dependent on housing benefit, living in rented accommodation, and surviving on a state pension, which currently at £7,000 a year, is already not fit for purpose.
Ed Lewis, 36, LondonLewis lives in a house-share with four other people while working fulltime for a campaigning organisation.

The orginal article.

Summary of “America is obsessed with the virtue of work. What about the virtue of rest?”

Americans love to contemplate – and legislatively promote, to whatever degree possible – the virtue of hard work.
Work requirements for Medicaid, food stamps and housing assistance represent the latest conservative effort to make sure Americans work for any benefits they receive.
In all of these proposals, much is made of the special dignity that comes through work.
In President Trump’s executive order outlining his desire that work requirements be attached to assistance programs, he called upon the federal government to elevate “Principles that are central to the American spirit – work, free enterprise, and safeguarding human and economic resources.” In his column defending Booker’s job guarantee proposal, Bloomberg News writer Noah Smith pointed out that “Jobs provide a kind of dignity that traditional welfare programs, or even innovative new ones like universal basic income, probably don’t.”
Maybe that is the case: Trump isn’t wrong, after all, in identifying work as a cardinal American virtue – and infractions against virtue are the stuff of vice.
In terms of our wider cultural context, it doesn’t appear to me that a lack of respect for work is the No. 1 threat to American dignity.
Nor is there much dignity in pouring all of one’s energy into the purposes of another – which is what it generally means to work for a boss – with little time or money spared to learn or contemplate or travel or enjoy oneself.
There’s a balance to be struck where it comes to work and rest, but in the United States, values and laws are already slanted drastically in favor of work.

The orginal article.

Summary of “High-Paying Trade Jobs Sit Empty, While High School Grads Line Up For University”

Like most other American high school students, Garret Morgan had it drummed into him constantly: Go to college.
As for his friends from high school, “They’re still in college,” he said with a wry grin.
High school graduates have been so effectively encouraged to get a bachelor’s that high-paid jobs requiring shorter and less expensive training are going unfilled.
Nationwide, three out of 10 high school grads who go to four-year public universities haven’t earned degrees within six years, according to the National Student Clearinghouse.
“The challenge is that in many cases it’s become the fallback. People are going to college without a plan, without a career in mind, because the mindset in high school is just, ‘Go to college.'”.
The proportion of high school students who earned three or more credits in occupational education – typically an indication that they’re interested in careers in the skilled trades – has fallen from 1 in 4 in 1990 to 1 in 5 now, according to the U.S. Department of Education.
These perceptions fuel the worry that, if students are urged as early as the seventh grade to consider the trades, then low-income, first-generation and ethnic and racial minority high school students will be channeled into blue-collar jobs while wealthier and white classmates are pushed by their parents to get bachelor’s degrees.
Jessica Bruce followed that path, enrolling in college after high school for one main reason: because she was recruited to play fast-pitch softball.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Many Americans Try Retirement, Then Change Their Minds”

A more recent survey, from RAND Corporation, the nonprofit research firm, published in 2017, found almost 40 percent of workers over 65 had previously, at some point, retired.
Even more people might resume working if they could find attractive options.
“We asked people over 50 who weren’t working, or looking for a job, whether they’d return if the right opportunity came along,” Dr. Mullen said.
Why go back to work? We hear endless warnings about Americans having failed to save enough, and the need for income does motivate some returning workers.
Most retirees who returned to work told researchers they had long planned to re-enter the work force.
“Their interactions with people at work could be strained or hostile.” After a restorative break, they can find work that suits them better.
“Older jobseekers look for more autonomy, control over the pace of work. They’re less concerned about benefits. They can think about broader things, like whether the work is meaningful and stimulating.”
Still, two-thirds of older workers report satisfaction in work well done, a majority that includes Sue Ellen King.

The orginal article.