Summary of “Isaac Asimov: Becoming Educated”

You may learn critical knowledge and key reasoning skills from books filled with facts, but this knowledge and reasoning will be limited in their scope without a broad imagination.
It’s often said that the best way to learn or to be educated is to teach, and there is a truth to that because teaching forces you to dig down to a core understanding that many neglect.
The best of the best only have one job: to evoke a sense of curiosity in you and to teach you to enjoy learning for its own sake.
“You valued learning and you taught me to value it. Once I learned to value it, the rest came without trouble.”
Very few people can recall the details of what they learned in school, but everybody can tell you their favorite part of a gripping story or the first time they picked up a great non-fiction.
Every experience we have and every lesson we learn is another information point that leads to a form of education.
Isaac Asimov lived a life that placed a high value on learning, and in the process, he showed us what it means to become educated and the steps worth taking to get there.
We associate knowledge with non-fiction, but great fiction is perhaps an even greater container of wisdom.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Inside the Slow-Motion Disaster on the Southern Border”

“Just, you know, put yourself in his shoes. You hear all this crying, there’s a lot of stress, and, you know, he has to do his job.”
Border Patrol Agent: My parents, you know, when I was young they were they were migrant workers, so they would commute to California, you know for the season-for the grape season.
My dad actually was born in Mexico in Matamoros and then he immigrated with my grandfather back in the day, immigrated to Brownsville as a resident alien and then, you know, my parents, you know, they got married, money was hard, right? So, they’d have to go, you know, work the fields and do that hard labor to make ends meet.
Border Patrol: You go down to the Rio Grande River it’s, you know, there’s brush.
Border Patrol: You know, a lot of people, they think we’re the bad guys because, you know, poor people, they’re trying to come to better their lives and we’re stopping them.
Sister Norma Pimentel: It’s important to know that families are not being attracted to our country, they simply are fleeing a reality in their homeland.
You know, because that’s the policy that’s intact right now, Right? So, he can’t deviate from it, you know.
Guatemalan mother: If they took my child away, I don’t know.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A More Or Less Definitive Guide To Showing Up For Friends”

Showing up for other people is hard to describe, but you know it when you see it, or when someone does it for you.
The thing about showing up is that it’s not exactly easy.
Truly showing up for others requires you to do something that can be even harder – to show up for yourself first.
Showing up for yourself is what will allow you to be a better and more present friend/partner; will prevent resentment, one-sided relationships, and burnout; and will help you figure out exactly what showing up for your people should look like in practice.
Occasionally, we’ll get to make a grand enough gesture to light up several bulbs at once, but for the most part, showing up is best done one small, quiet act by small, quiet act.
As firm believers in the power of showing up – as people who have showed up for others, and who have felt the transformative, life-saving power of having people show up for us – we’ve put together a long list of ways to show up for your loved ones.
Because the more of us who show up for each other regularly, the more strands of lights we collectively turn on, and the brighter all of our paths become.
If you know in your heart that you *haven’t* been showing up for them, be honest about it.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why the Secret to Getting Ahead in Your Career Is ‘Weak Ties'”

For real progression, we need to embrace so-called weak ties “Who will swiftly and dramatically change our lives for the better.”
Weak ties are the people we have met, or are connected to somehow, but do not currently know well.
Because you are likely to have the same interests and disinterests, these close ties can limit who you know and what you think.
Weak ties, on the other hand, “Know things and people that we don’t know. Information and opportunity spread farther and faster through weak ties because weak ties have fewer overlapping contacts.” We don’t assume that they think the same things we think or like the same things we like, so we’re more thoughtful when we talk to them.
“In this way, weak ties promote, and sometimes even force, thoughtful growth and change.”
As Joy writes, embracing weak ties also makes us feel left alone.
Reaching out to an old boss for career or life advice can help the world seem more manageable.
If you’re worried that your weak ties will think it’s strange or presumptuous of you to reach out to them-people like to he helpful.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Journey Into The Dark Heart Of Celebrity Relationship Conspiracy Theories”

In contrast, believing that the celebrity is not just withholding information but involved in an active conspiracy to keep us from the truth places us at the center of their lives: either because they’re trying to fool us, or because, as these theories suggest, they’re trying to fool most people, but they also want a select few of their most observant fans – those who are ready, those who get it – to know their true selves.
So it’s not surprising that celebrity conspiracy theories began to blossom at the same time the internet did, in the early 2000s, as fan communities explored popslash, bandom, and the question of what, exactly, went down between the Lord of the Rings cast members during their time filming in New Zealand.
In the world of celebrity conspiracy theory, a cigar is never just a cigar.
In the world of celebrity conspiracy theory, a gesture is never just a gesture; it’s a symbol, waiting for us to decode it and understand it.
Conspiracy theories are fascinating because they allow us to see the sand in the gears of our culture: They speak to genuine frictions and frustrations, even if the way they do it is deeply flawed.
Conspiracy theories give us a way to deal with both of those larger cultural realities.
In a way, conspiracy theories do allow believers to get what they want: When theorists are numerous and vocal enough, they influence a celebrity’s life.
One of the best things about modern understandings of sexual identity is the way that it allows for ambiguity and fluidity: It encourages us to think Hey, maybe she’s dated men in the past, but now she’s dating a woman, and also, Does that mean…I could date a woman if I wanted to? What’s disappointing about conspiracy theories is how they take those conversations about how little we really know about celebrities’ personal lives and use them to promote a singular narrative which allows for no ambiguity whatsoever.

The orginal article.

Summary of “David Lynch, In Conversation”

Since Eraserhead in 1977, David Lynch has reigned as one of our most compellingly enigmatic directors.
There are probably thousands and thousands of examples of people who had screwed-up lives and didn’t do the best things but did great work.
What makes you say that?There are people working toward it.
For some reason people have lost contact with it, but the Transcendental Meditation technique for making contact with that field is here and people are taking advantage.
It’s interesting to you hear talk about the joy of the result, because your work, I think, tends to leave people with darker, more enigmatic feelings than joy.
Lynch has been practicing Transcendental Meditation since 1973, and in 2005 founded the David Lynch Foundation, which promotes TM around the world.
If you’re interested, David Lynch: The Art Life is a great documentary about Lynch’s work as a painter.
Things were not looking rosy for Lynch after 1991’s muddled second season of Twin Peaks and the disastrous critical and popular reception to 1992’s feature film Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me. That same year Lynch’s sitcom On the Air, about a 1950s television network, came and went.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Queer Eye Interview”

Antoni Porowski: You’re also like young Mark Ruffalo Dad. You’re not a boring dad. JVN: I am the youngest of us chronologically, but I would also say, people who have very effervescent, loud personalities can be quick to be labeled “Baby.” The observation I have about the group is that I’m not so much baby as I’m who the group needs me to be when they need me to be it, because I have the least identifiable role of the five of us.
KB: As a culture, people are scared to talk to people they don’t understand, and they’re scared to ask questions because they don’t want to be judged or seen as if they’re ignorant or trying to be malicious.
We’re giving such a clear breadth of the human experience, but also the LGBT experience as gay men, that allows people to say, “You know what, they’re not all the same, and it’s okay for us to learn from each other.”
We want LGBTQ people, we want marginalized people, to get their rights.
Two-thousand-and-fifteen Indiana governor Mike Pence is all I need to know to know that I will advocate for change and affect change in a room that isn’t actively trying to kill people.
JVN: Personally, where I come from, I have had people my entire life tell me to my face, “I don’t agree with your lifestyle. You should never be able to be married. You’re a faggot.” Pushed down the stairs, “Faggot” spray painted on my car.
To get all this attention for it, it’s weird! I want to keep on doing that, but I don’t want people clapping their hands for it either.
In your lives, were there people who Queer Eye-d you? Were there people who helped you find your inner divas?´╗┐KB: These four guys.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How many words do you need to speak a language?”

Learning a new language can be tricky, but how many words do you need to know before you can actually get by in a foreign tongue?
To work out how many words you need to know to be able to speak a second language we decided to look into how many words we know in our first language, in our case English.
We considered dusting off the dictionary and going from A1 to Zyzzyva there are an estimated 171,146 words currently in use in the English language, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, not to mention 47,156 obsolete words.
Their theory is that if you count up how many of the 50 words you understand and multiply the total by 500 you are able to estimate your total English vocabulary.
Words start off simply enough; dog, editor, immense but they quickly become more obscure, for example would you know how to use “Oleaginous” or “Cowsucker” in a sentence?
A study in Taiwan showed that after nine years of learning a foreign language half of the students failed to learn the most frequently-used 1,000 words.
You don’t need to know all of the words in a language: for example it seems unlikely that anyone reading this has suffered from not knowing that “Zyzzyva” is a kind of tropical weevil and not a Spice Girls lyric.
So which words should we learn? Prof Webb says the most effective way to be able to speak a language quickly is to pick the 800 to 1,000 lemmas which appear most frequently in a language, and learn those.

The orginal article.

Summary of “AI Gaydar and Other Stories of the Death of Ignorance”

AI can find patterns and make inferences using relatively little data.
While medical data is strongly regulated, data used by AI is often in the hands of the notoriously unregulated for-profit tech sector.
The types of data that AI deals with are also much broader, so that any corresponding laws require a broader scope of understanding of what a right to ignorance means.
The more radical-and potentially more effective-approach to protecting the right to ignorance is to prevent data from being gathered in the first place.
In line with this way of thinking, the European Union’s new General Data Protection Regulation, which became effective in May 2018, states that companies are permitted to collect and store only the minimum amount of user data needed to provide a specific, stated service, and to get customers’ consent for how their data will be used.
GPDR’s focus on the alignment between data and a given service does not exclude categories of data we find morally questionable, nor completely stop companies from buying excluded data from a data broker as long as the user has consented-and many people consent to sharing their data even with relatively meager incentives.
Second, putting economic value on personal data may coerce people to share their data and make data privacy a privilege of the rich.
As a first step, taking profit out of data provides the space we need to create and maintain ethical standards that can survive the coming of AI, and pave the way for managing collective ignorance.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Jeff Goldblum, in Conversation”

Jeff Goldblum has long been one of Hollywood’s most charmingly distinctive actors.
Does the Jeff Goldblum persona that exists on social media jibe with how you see yourself?Let’s you and me uncover the truth.
Is there ever any concern that the popularity of the Jeff Goldblum persona gets in the way of audiences believing fully in your characters? Or that it might lead to you getting typecast as yourself?We know actors – Daniel Day-Lewis, and I admire his approach greatly – who say, “When people see me onscreen I want to be entirely believed as some transformed character.” But no, I’m not worried about that.
Director] Taika Waititi, when we met at the Chateau Marmont before we started on Thor, said to me, “I want Jeff Goldblum in makeup in that role.” And I like to do that.
This little Jeff Goldblum row that I’m hoeing is still adventurous.
I’ve pestered people – there’ll be plenty of people you’ll come across who’ll say “Keep Jeff Goldblum away from me with the books,” because over the decades I’ve done a lot of recitations.
Goldblum has appeared on Fred Armisen and Carrie Brownstein’s IFC sketch-comedy show multiple times, playing the owner of an artisanal knot store and “The Pull-Out King” – the proprietor of a pull-out bed superstore.
Goldblum also has a sister, the acclaimed visual artist Pamela Goldblum.

The orginal article.