Summary of “IDEO’s Sandy Speicher on Constructivism: The uncomfortable secret to creative success is “disequilibrium””

In order to bring yourself back to a calm state of knowing, you have to generate a new “a-ha” inside your mind that reframes your old information with the new information.
A mental model that, through the force of your imagination and intelligence, connects those dissonant dots into new meaning.
Learning isn’t about the consumption of new information.
Synthesis is our natural creative process, and once you start to put those pieces back together into new frameworks of understanding, that’s when the new ideas start to flow.
It’s no longer just about understanding the word “Cow”: Now it’s about designing whole new offerings, experiences, and organizations that go against the convictions that have solidified in our minds.
While I constantly think about the time required to tick off my to-do list, I rarely evaluate how much emotional energy is required to take my work to new creative heights.
So how does this Constructivist learning theory help us support creative teams? What if, as creative leaders, we saw ourselves as great Constructivist teachers instead of orienting around our knowledge and expertise? How would Piaget’s theories change our behavior?
Just like classroom teachers, leaders face pressure to accomplish a set of outcomes within a particular timeframe and often, unintentionally, send signals to their teams that their time messing about in search of a new mental model isn’t valid.

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Summary of “Building A.I. That Can Build A.I.”

“We are following the same path that computer science has followed with every new type of technology,” said Joseph Sirosh, a vice president at Microsoft, which recently unveiled a tool to help coders build deep neural networks, a type of computer algorithm that is driving much of the recent progress in the A.I. field.
All of them are selling cloud-computing services that can help other businesses and developers build A.I. “There is real demand for this,” said Matt Scott, a co-founder and the chief technical officer of Malong, a start-up in China that offers similar services.
Google is investing heavily in cloud-computing services – services that help other businesses build and run software – which it expects to be one of its primary economic engines in the years to come.
Neural networks are rapidly accelerating the development of A.I. Rather than building an image-recognition service or a language translation app by hand, one line of code at a time, engineers can much more quickly build an algorithm that learns tasks on its own.
Building a neural network is not like building a website or some run-of-the-mill smartphone app.
In building a neural network, researchers run dozens or even hundreds of experiments across a vast network of machines, testing how well an algorithm can learn a task like recognizing an image or translating from one language to another.
Google said AutoML could now build algorithms that, in some cases, identified objects in photos more accurately than services built solely by human experts.
At the University of California, Berkeley, researchers are building techniques that could allow robots to learn new tasks based on what they have learned in the past.

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Summary of “Kids, Would You Please Start Fighting?”

For the Wright brothers, argument was the family trade and a fierce one was something to be savored.
Sadly, many parents teach kids that if they disagree with someone, it’s polite to hold their tongues.
What if we taught kids that silence is bad manners? It disrespects the other person’s ability to have a civil argument – and it disrespects the value of your own viewpoint and your own voice.
Most parents hide their conflicts: They want to present a united front, and they don’t want kids to worry.
When parents disagree with each other, kids learn to think for themselves.
Creativity tends to flourish, Mr. Albert, the psychologist, found, in families that are “Tense but secure.” In a recent study of children ages 5 to 7, the ones whose parents argued constructively felt more emotionally safe.
Good arguments are wobbly: a team or family might rock back and forth but it never tips over.
If kids don’t learn to wobble, they never learn to walk; they end up standing still.

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Summary of “3 Simple Tools That Will Optimize Your Brainpower”

“Which Habits Can People Build Into Their Day to Optimize Learning?” originally appeared on Quora – the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.
My recommendation for optimizing your learning habits is to follow what I call the Three Aces:.​Awareness.
Become aware of the habits you’ve built up around learning.
Every learning habit can be made more powerful by introducing or increasing the amount of practice, feedback, and reflection.
As for the deliberate ones you picked up in school or at work, think about how much feedback you collect while performing these habits, or how much reflection you do throughout, or how much access to practice opportunities these habits actually give you.
If you can increase the amount of any or all of these in your current habits, they will improve your access to learning throughout your daily life.
In short, you already have many of the habits you need to learn every day of your life.
Improving your learning habits each and every day is a very learnable and rewarding habit in and of itself.

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Summary of “The ultimate guide to learning anything faster”

Shortening the learning curve is a topic that’s been studied for many years, and this guide will cover the fundamental core principles of learning faster.
The common tendency we all have when learning something new is trying to master it alone, underestimating the amount of time and effort that can be saved by getting help from someone who’s learnt it.
Deconstruct the skill The next step to hacking the learning curve is to deconstruct the skill into its basic, fundamental components.
If you’re trying to learn a new language, you should focus on learning the most common 1,500-2,000 words that will give you 80 percent of text coverage.
Multi-tasking can be one of the biggest hurdles preventing us from learning faster.
Once you have deconstructed the subset skills that will give you the maximum amount of results, focus solely on improving those skills and avoid learning anything else until you’ve mastered them.
It’s the cycle of progress we go through whenever we’re experiencing change or a novel event, such as a tragic event or even learning something new.
The reason why this is important to visualize is because if you can predict that a dip is coming whenever you’re learning anything new, it’s easier to fight through it.

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Summary of “3 Geniuses’ Best Tips to Accelerate Learning”

It’s hardly the most impressive example of learning one can imagine.
In a world that includes the theory of relativity, the plays of Shakespeare, and a worldwide web of instantly connected supercomputers, it’s not difficult to come up with other people who might have even more authority to talk about how to learn hard things quickly.
Figures no less respected that Albert Einstein, his fellow physics Nobel laureate Richard Feynman, and super entrepreneur Elon Musk have all offered practical advice anyone can use to accelerate their learning of the subject of their choice.
According to Einstein, great mental leaps and fun go together, and the more you can enjoy learning, the faster you’re likely to pack information into your brain and make breakthroughs.
Legendary physicist Feynman won the Nobel Prize for his work in one of the subjects that’s the most difficult for the human mind to grasp – quantum mechanics – yet his top advice for accelerating learning is actually to make whatever you’re studying as dead simple as possible.
“When you write out an idea from start to finish in simple language that a child can understand, you force yourself to understand the concept at a deeper level and simplify relationships and connections between ideas. If you struggle, you have a clear understanding of where you have some gaps. That tension is good – it heralds an opportunity to learn,” blogger Shane Parrish has written, explaining Feynman’s approach.
Einstein might be among the most iconic geniuses of all time, and Feynman can boast a Nobel Prize, but when it comes to the sheer diversity of learning, Musk might even beat the two great physicists.
“Most people can learn a lot more than they think they can,” he insisted.

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Summary of “6 Ways Traveling Alone Makes You Stronger”

The number of first-time travelers who choose to go solo has more than doubled in recent years.
Even if you’re not traveling long-term, venturing out for a solo vacation once in awhile can help you build skills and competencies that you can bring back and apply to all areas of your life.
Traveling alone will help you learn to experience immense moments without being clumsily demonstrative.
Even when traveling solo, you don’t really have to be alone all that much if you don’t want to.
Traveling solo can increase your awareness of the body signals you’ve been unintentionally sending.
Traveling makes you more aware of how powerful you are than the first time you strapped on that backpack and walked out the door.
Traveling solo isn’t a requirement for leading a good life.
Traveling alone accelerates your emotional and mental growth in a way that no other activity can.

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Summary of “How School Trains Us To Fail In The Real World”

Do you want to know why I dislike school? Homework, sure, but more important than that are these four ways that school trains us to fail in “The real world.”
Schools teach knowledge, but life requires wisdom”Never mistake knowledge for wisdom. One helps you make a living; the other helps you make a life.” - Sandara CareyInstead of learning critical life skills on how to manage money, how to negotiate, or how to communicate, kids are mostly taught to memorize information.
Many people put these “Life” skills on the onus of the parents to teach their kids, but not all parents are qualified to teach these lessons, and many assume that school is “Enough learning.” The school system would be a perfect place to learn these indispensable skills.
School is an unsuitable learning environment for many jobsFor those that say school is not the place to impart wisdom to youngsters, but to prepare them for the workplace, I hear ya, but sorry.
Grades distort our perception of realityYou can get straight As in school, but nobody, no matter how successful, gets straight As in life.
Stephen King, one of the most successful authors in history, got dozens and dozens of Fs before he got his first real life A. School trains us to have the mindset that a given amount of effort will always bring a measurable, predictable, and successful result.
When students enter the real world, and are turned down for a job in favor of the secretary’s nephew, they will be mentally unprepared for it unless they learned outside of school.
The best thing about school preparing us to fail in the real world, is that while you can “Flunk out” of school, you only flunk out of life if you give up.

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Summary of “The scientist who spots fake videos”

Hany Farid, a computer scientist at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, specialises in detecting manipulated images and videos.
Where do you start when trying to spot a fake image?
You give the image to a site such as Google Image Search or TinEye, and they show you all other instances of it.
A project at Columbia University, in New York City, is taking this to the next level, and starting to find parts of images that have been repurposed from other images.
They can create fake images or short videos using machine learning techniques: in particular, generative adversarial networks, which learn to generate fake content.
We’re taking an approach similar to what we do with images – which is based on the observation that computer-generated content lacks the imperfections that are present in a recorded video.
That’s no guarantee that it will learn all aspects of what makes an image or video real or fake, or that it will fool another classifier.
As we are developing faster, folks are creating more sophisticated technology to augment audio, images and video.

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Summary of “Life Lessons from a Self-Made Billionaire: My Conversation with Ray Dalio”

These are just some of the topics I discuss with my guest, Ray Dalio.
Ray Dalio is the founder of the world’s largest hedge fund, Bridgewater Associates, and is the author of the new book Principles: Life and Work.
Ray gave me over an hour and a half of his time, and I didn’t waste a minute of it.
How most people are caught up in the “Blizzard” of noise and information, and how Ray learned to operate above it.
The one question Ray started asking himself that instantly improved how he made important decisions.
The five-step process Ray uses after a mistake has been made to make sure learning and growth occur.
Ray tells the story of punching his boss in his face.
You can learn more about Ray on Twitter and Facebook or by visiting his website, www.

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