Summary of “How To Teach Your Brain Something It Won’t Forget A Week Later”

Well, because that’s not how your brain likes to absorb information.
As brain scientists have dug into how learning really works, they’ve discovered that massed practice only leads to remembering things over the short term.
It’s a fine strategy for when you’re learning something you don’t really care about.
With a little more planning and foresight, you can tap into that cognitive phenomenon to take better advantage of how your brain actually works.
“We measure experiment participants’ brain activity while they’re learning, trying to take in the information, and then ask them to rest,” Davachi says of her research.
“We see there is a footprint of what was happening during the learning; the brain continues to rehearse the prior information.” Davachi has found that participants whose brains show more replay during that rest period do better on recall tests later.
“Your brain is doing your work for you while you’re doing other tasks,” she adds.
The good news is that your brain is already built to acquire and store information that way, just as long you space out the learning process from the outset.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Be like Bill Gates and Warren Buffett: If you’re not spending 5 hours per week learning, you’re being irresponsible”

We spend our lives collecting, spending, lusting after, and worrying about money - in fact, when we say we “Don’t have time” to learn something new, it’s usually because we are feverishly devoting our time to earning money, but something is happening right now that’s changing the relationship between money and knowledge.
Learn how to financially invest in learning to get the highest return.
Just as we have minimum recommended dosages of vitamins, steps per day, and minutes of aerobic exercise for maintaining physical health, we need to be rigorous about the minimum dose of deliberate learning that will maintain our economic health.
Before his daughter was born, successful entrepreneur Ben Clarke focused on deliberate learning every day from 6:45 a.m. to 8:30 a.m. for five years, but when his daughter was born, he decided to replace his learning time with daddy-daughter time.
He shortened the number of hours he worked on his to do list in order to make room for his learning ritual.
Start your learning ritual today with these three steps The busiest, most successful people in the world find at least an hour to learn everyday.
Increase the results you receive from each hour of learning by using proven hacks that help you remember and apply what you learn.
There was too much information for one article, so I spent dozens of hours and created a free masterclass to help you master your learning ritual too!

The orginal article.

Summary of “A.I. and Big Data Could Power a New War on Poverty”

Second, we can bring what is known as differentiated education – based on the idea that students master skills in different ways and at different speeds – to every student in the country.
A 2013 study by the National Institutes of Health found that nearly 40 percent of medical students held a strong preference for one mode of learning: Some were listeners; others were visual learners; still others learned best by doing.
Even within the context of a standardized curriculum, A.I. “Tutors” can home in on and correct for each student’s weaknesses, adapt coursework to his or her learning style and keep the student engaged.
Today’s dominant type of A.I., also known as machine learning, permits computer programs to become more accurate – to learn, if you will – as they absorb data and correlate it with known examples from other data sets.
Big data sets can now be harnessed to better predict which programs help certain people at a given time and to quickly assess whether programs are having the desired effect.
As for the poisonous effect of ideology on the debate over public assistance: Big data promises something closer to an unbiased, ideology-free evaluation of the effectiveness of these social programs.
Before the commission expired in September 2017, it used government data to evaluate the effectiveness of government policy and made recommendations based on its findings.
This provides one more indication of the promise of A.I. and big data in the service of positive, purposeful public good.

The orginal article.

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Changing career paths, getting an idea for an app out of your head, or just learning something new and useful are all great reasons to get started programming.
Learning a programming language might sound as intimidating as learning an actual foreign language, but with the right tips, hints, and resources, you can go from bumbling bash user to the viscount of vim.
Before you go all in on a new language, you should figure out what exactly you want to get out of coding.
Is it a new career path, filled with a bit more flexibility? Maybe you want to strike out on your own, and learn how to make your own apps? Whatever the case, you don’t need to feel intimidated by the number of languages, or the complexity of certain bits of software you need to get started coding.
Learn a Few Languages To Get a Feel For It. If you’re not sure if you want to go all-in on a particular language, or want to get a taste of what’s out there before you dedicate more time to the project, you should look into nailing the basics of multiple languages.
You’ll go on to understand the concepts of each programming language, learn how different symbols have different functions within each language, and figure out how they interact with one another.
There are books on popular languages like C, beginner tutorials on devices like the Raspberry Pi, and even a list of books about machine learning, so check out that Github database to find more.
Figure Out What Github Is. Speaking of Github, you’ll need to figure out how it works if you plan on making programming a major part of your life.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Can Kindness Be Taught?”

Ms. Ellis believes the Kindness Curriculum has also helped kids manage the stress of standardized testing and cut down on interpersonal conflicts.
The Kindness Curriculum is part of a growing global movement to teach emotional intelligence in schools.
Belly breathing has been adapted by the children’s program “Sesame Street,” which consulted with the University of Wisconsin team and made kindness the theme of its latest season.
Sesame Street’s own research prompted its focus on kindness.
In a national survey of 2,502 parents and teachers, over three-quarters said that they often worried that “The world is an unkind place for children.” Roughly the same percentage said that it was more important for children to learn kindness than to get good grades.
One program working on kindness with older students, the Los Angeles-based “Kind Campaign,” founded in 2009, organizes middle and high school assemblies that target the problem of bullying between young women.
Another group, the Random Acts of Kindness Foundation, has developed lesson plans for all age groups through high school.
“Teachers need to work on themselves. They need to become examples of the kindness that they are trying to teach.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “Neuroscience Has a Lot To Learn from Buddhism”

Can training the mind make us more attentive, altruistic, and serene? Can we learn to manage our disturbing emotions in an optimal way? What are the transformations that occur in the brain when we practice meditation? In a new book titled Beyond the Self, two friends-Matthieu Ricard, who left a career as a molecular biologist to become a Buddhist monk in Nepal, and Wolf Singer, a distinguished neuroscientist-engage in an unusually well-matched conversation about meditation and the brain.
Such intellectual constructs cannot replace two millennia of direct investigation of the workings of mind through penetrating introspection conducted with trained minds that have become both stable and clear.
Singer: What you have to learn then is to adopt a much more subtle approach to your internal emotional theater, to learn to identify with much higher resolution the various connotations of your feelings.
In the beginning, it is difficult to do it as soon as an emotion arises, but if you become increasingly familiar with such an approach, it becomes quite natural.
Once these developmental processes come to an end, the connectivity of the brain becomes fixed, and large-scale modifications are no longer possible.
Do you think you can apply the same learning strategy to your emotions by learning to pay attention to them, differentiate them, and thereby familiarize yourself with their dynamics so as to later become able to rely on automatized routines for their management in case of conflict?
In brain scans, one observes that different brain structures take over when skills that are initially acquired under the control of consciousness become automatic.
To become a real expert seems to require then at least as much training as is required to become a world-class violin or piano player.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Beyond the animal brain: plants have cognitive capacities too”

Plants can recognise whether nearby plants are kin or unrelated, and adjust their foraging strategies accordingly.
If the cold period has been long enough, plants with some cells that never went through a cold period can still flower in spring, because the chromatin modification continues to inhibit the action of FLC. But is this really memory? Plant scientists who study ‘epigenetic memory’ will be the first to admit that it’s fundamentally different from the sort of thing studied by cognitive scientists.
She reasons that if plants can produce the results that lead us to believe other organisms can learn and remember, we should similarly conclude that plants share these cognitive capacities.
Plant behaviour frequently involves chemical and structural changes that are simply too small, too fast or too slow for us to perceive without equipment.
This helps to explain our intuitive reluctance to attribute cognitive capacities to plants.
When we try to apply cognitive theory to plants in a less vague way, they say, it seems that plants are doing something quite unlike animals.
These research programmes are still in their infancy, but they will no doubt continue to lead to new discoveries that challenge and expand human perspectives on plants, blurring some of the traditional boundaries that separated the plant and animal realms.
Next time you stumble upon a kerbside mallow bobbing in the sunlight, take a moment to look at it with new eyes, and to appreciate the window this little weed provides into the extraordinary cognitive capacities of plants.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Unlikely places and untangled goals”

An abbey of Cistercian Trappist monks, known for their silence, with a guest room that’s free for whoever asks.
I hung around all their various sitting rooms and balconies, writing for six silent days, speaking only one sentence a day if I ordered dinner.
It made me think about the unlikely places we can get what we want.
Some people think they need to go all the way to Thailand to meditate, or to India to learn yoga.
Some people think they need to travel to a country to learn its language.
Check out Moses McCormick learning more than a dozen languages from Ohio, or Benny Lewis learning Arabic from Brazil.
Some people think they need to pay a fortune to a university for a great education.
Some people think they need expensive equipment to start a new hobby, certain clothes to look the part, or for everything to be just right.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Tim Ferriss shares best career advice for 20-somethings”

“The 4-Hour Workweek” author and hit podcast host Tim Ferriss has made a career of collecting best practices from people at the tops of their fields.
For his new book “Tribe of Mentors,” bestselling author and star podcast host Tim Ferriss sent 11 questions to 140 people at the top of their fields.
When Tim Ferriss was an undergraduate at Princeton, he saw the majority of his classmates fiercely competing for high-paying consulting and finance jobs, regardless of their personal passions or backgrounds.
After moving to Silicon Valley and starting his own company, Ferriss took a break from it all and embarked on a journey that resulted in his becoming a self-proclaimed “Human guinea pig” who seeks out and learns from people at the top of their fields, from musicians to hedge fund managers, writers to chefs.
We recently spoke with Ferriss for Business Insider’s podcast “Success! How I Did It.” After asking him about his own career and what he learned writing his new book “Tribe of Mentors,” we asked him what he recommended for young professionals just beginning their careers.
Ferriss said that it’s worth fighting the urge to go for the job that will get you the biggest paycheck when you’re establishing yourself.
He then explained that when undertaking this early career education, it’s worth focusing on the material that will help you when you are ready to start going after high-paying, respected jobs.
Ferriss said that if your job entails something niche like placing ads on Instagram, by all means learn how to do that well, “But spend equal time developing the higher level skills like negotiation, persuasion, copywriting.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “The AI Guru Behind Amazon, Uber, and Unity Explains What AI Really Is”

Lange doesn’t shy away from the oft-hyped term “Artificial intelligence”- provided the machines really do learn how to respond to users’ needs.
Does the system seem to be very reasonable? Does it almost seem like there’s a human hiding behind the system, interacting with me and making me feel comfortable?
I [can’t] think of an AI system that doesn’t have machine learning at its core.
Because now we’re sort of back to human programming of the system … AI would have been giving the computer treatment data and results, start developing an ability to do the diagnosis, propose some suggestions for treatment, measure the output of the treatment, and constantly adjust and learn.
First] you have a drone [that] a machine learning system has learned to fly on its own.
What is the rewards function of a drone? Find the bad guys and eliminate them … It’s really what you define as the end goal of the system.
So that’s why these systems are highly branded experiences, which apparently people really like, and that’s fine.
FC: Anything else you think we need to know about AI? DL: The key message is, you have a learning system, and that’s the disruption … Your computer can do more than it’s told to do because it gets the data and it learns from it, and the loop makes it improve endlessly.

The orginal article.