Summary of “What happens to your brain on sex?”

What happens to your brain on love? Is there such a thing as “Casual sex”? What do we get wrong about male and female sexuality?
She’s written six books about human sexuality, gender differences in the brain, and how cultural trends shape our views of sex, love, and attachment.
Which is why romantic love is a far more powerful brain system than the sex drive.
So casual sex is not casual: It can trigger these brain systems for romantic love and feelings of attachment.
Sean Illing I’m sure you get pushback from people who worry about reducing something as rich and complex as love to brain systems.
You asked me about the brain circuitry associated with romantic love, so that’s what I told you about.
People pine for love, live for love, kill for love and die for love.
There are three brain regions that become active when you are in a longterm, loving relationship.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Life on the Oil Frontier”

My housemates have been all men – more out of necessity than preference – until I decide to go on Craigslist and sign a proper lease.
Masculinity is embedded in the very language of the oil industry: oil men, land men, man camps.
The dirty, difficult nature of the jobs here is better suited for men, he believes: let men civilize the frontier and women follow.
At Champs Place, a squat bar near my new house advertising casino liquor, a man overhears me speaking ill of men abandoning their families and becomes enraged because, like plenty of men here, he claims that his ex-wife won’t let him see his children anymore.
One of the women upstairs, Kate, dropped out of college in Michigan and is out here to pay off $20,000 in student loans.
J. is irritated that men at Walmart ask her out after mentioning their wife and children.
As the price of oil rebounds well into the sixties this year, I hear by all accounts that the North Dakota oilfield has straightened out.
Rao is the author of Great American Outpost: Dreamers, Mavericks and the Making of an Oil Frontier.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why you’ve never heard of the six Chinese men who survived the Titanic”

That man would be one of six Chinese passengers who survived the Titanic, a little-known fact about the historic disaster that has largely remained untold or distorted, owing to a racially hostile environment toward Chinese people in the West at the turn of the 20th century.
For six Chinese passengers who survived the sinking, their ties to the Titanic have all but vanished.
The New Jersey native, who has lived in China for 22 years, had recently researched the Titanic and come across a brief mention of six Chinese survivors.
The invisibility of the six Chinese survivors is such that, even in China, Jones and Schwankert find themselves telling people: Yes, there were Chinese passengers on the Titanic.
A still from “The Six,” an upcoming documentary about the little-known Chinese survivors of the Titanic.
How the eight men responded as the Titanic began taking on water may never be known.
Even after the Carpathia arrived in New York on April 18, 1912, the troubles for the six Chinese men were not over.
“The one dark spot is the fact that in the bottom of one lifeboat which left the Titanic were found, wedged beneath the seats, the bodies of two dead Chinese coolies and eight living ones,” the article stated.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Fresh Air: ‘Doing Harm’ By Maya Dusenbery”

Fresh Air: ‘Doing Harm’ By Maya Dusenbery : Shots – Health News Journalist Maya Dusenbery argues that medicine has a “Systemic and unconscious bias” against women that is rooted in “What doctors, regardless of their own gender, are learning in medical schools.”
We still don’t know that women are necessarily adequately represented in all areas of research, because the NIH looks at the aggregate numbers, and the outside analyses that have been done show that women are still a little bit underrepresented.
Even though women are usually included in most studies today, it’s still not the norm to really analyze results by gender to actually see if there are differences between men and women.
Women are included, but we’re still not getting the knowledge we need about ways that their symptoms or responses to treatment might differ from men.
On why some medicine affects men and women differently – and how that results in women receiving excessive doses of most drugs.
So there’s been a concerted effort to go back and compare women’s experiences to men’s, which has led to the knowledge that women are more likely to have what are considered to be atypical symptoms.
One study found it was younger women – so women under 55 – were seven times more likely than the average patient to be sent home mid-heart attack.
So conditions like autoimmune diseases that really are marked by these subjective symptoms of pain and fatigue, I think, are very easy to dismiss in women.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Highs and Lows of Testosterone”

Beginning at age 30, testosterone levels drop, on average, about 1 percent a year.
About 5 percent of men between the ages of 50 and 59 have low levels of testosterone along with symptoms like loss of libido and sluggishness, according to a few small studies.
Insurance companies typically require two morning testosterone readings of less than 300 nanograms per deciliter plus symptoms of low testosterone before they reimburse for supplements.
In March, The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism published the Endocrine Society’s latest guidelines, which concur with the F.D.A. The group stated that testosterone therapy should only be given for men who have proven low levels of testosterone and avoided in men who have had a stroke or heart attack within the last six months or who are at high risk for prostate cancer.
His initial testosterone level was below normal, around 202.
Testosterone levels fluctuate, peaking around 8 a.m. and diminishing throughout the day.
Just as there are things men can do to boost levels, there are activities that lower testosterone scores.
Dr. Bhasin said that the kind of training endured by special armed forces – tough exercise, lack of sleep and food – can cause testosterone to drop to the levels of men who have been castrated – lower than 50.Obesity causes testosterone levels to plummet – while losing 10 percent of body fat can increase levels by 100 points.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The partisan gender gap among millennials is staggeringly large”

Women are more Democratic than men, and younger voters are more Democratic than older ones.
Among millennials, which Pew identifies as people born between 1981 and 1996, men lean toward Democrats by 8 percentage points – far and away a bigger tilt toward Democrats than older cohorts of men.
Millennial women favor Democrats by a staggeringly large 70-23 margin.
That means that even as millennial men are the most Democratic-friendly cohort of men, the millennial gender gap is also by far the largest of any cohort.
In the Silent Generation, women are 8 points more favorable to Democrats.
Among Gen-Xers, it’s 11 points, and among millennials, it’s 21 points.
That’s driven by what seems to be an explosive change in millennial women’s political sentiments over just the past two or three years even while most other groups’ views have stayed relatively stable.
It’s fair to say that while a certain amount of gender polarization is nothing new to the political system, the scale that we are now witnessing among younger people is unprecedented.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Building better men: how we can begin to redefine masculinity”

We need to shift from an intervention mindset – trying to shift young men’s conceptions of masculinity after they’ve already been formed – to a prevention mindset in which we help boys develop healthier ideas about gender to start with.
Research suggests middle school could be an ideal time to inoculate boys against toxic masculinity.
Middle school boys’ ability to resist traditional masculine norms is relatively strong, but weakens when they get to high school.
Maine Boys to Men, a program that has long worked with high school boys, is developing a curriculum for middle school boys that teaches them to see and sidestep the rigid gender roles they’re already growing into.
MBTM adapted its high school curriculum for a middle school audience and tested it during the 2015-2016 academic year, reaching just over 500 boys in southern Maine.
The idea is simple: the group leader draws a big box on the chalkboard, and the boys brainstorm stereotypes of masculinity.
The completed visual serves as a jumping off point to discuss how confining traditional masculinity can be and how harmful to both boys and girls, both men and women.
Feedback from the middle school boys is almost universally positive, with most of them saying they’re going to change the way they talk to people or adjust their judgments about how others do gender.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Isn’t the World a Matriarchy?”

Women live 5 to 8 years longer, and their careers tend to have more variety over their lifespans.
Whereas the women, on average, were more concerned with fairness: that members of society should not go without what they needed, and that they had a role to play in ensuring that fairness.
There were more men in STEM careers than there were women.
The weight of the evidence shows that most women and men are pretty similar on average, and that the differences are more evident at the extremes.
Fewer women than men were unemployed, and fewer women committed suicide due to financial losses and a complete loss of identity.
3 What they found was that the more gender equal a country was, as determined by the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report, the fewer women ultimately took up STEM paths in college.
In contrast, countries with almost no protections, with few guarantees for women and where life satisfaction is low-such as Algeria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, and Albania-had by far the highest representation of women in STEM, approaching the researchers’ estimates of 41 percent, based on how well girls do in math and science in high school, without considering their other skills.
“If the environment offers options for a good life in multiple domains of work, then girls choose to pursue what they are best at relative to their other abilities. This might be STEM, or it might be law, for example. However, if the environment offers limited options and if the best options are in STEM careers, girls tend to focus more on their skills in STEM. The key is that girls and women are making choices that maximize their success, and these choices are not always for careers in STEM.” In places where girls and women feel they have the freedom to make their own choices, in other words, they are more likely to act on their personal strengths and interests.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Need a Date? First, Get a Dog”

In another series of experiments, men had more luck getting a woman’s phone number if they had a dog with them, and both men and women had more luck panhandling when they had a dog with them.
Another study found that when women heard vignettes about men who acted like “Cads” who were uninterested in a long-term commitment, they rated the men more highly if they owned a dog.
For single people who own pets – and more and more young singles do – pet ownership may even make or break a relationship, according to a 2015 survey that Dr. Fisher and her colleagues conducted among more than 1,200 Match.com pet-owning subscribers.
Nearly one-third of respondents said they had been “More attracted to someone” because they had a pet.
More than half said they would find someone more attractive if they knew he or she had adopted a pet.
More than half said they would not date someone who did not like pets.
As more young adults postpone marriage and children and remain single for longer, he said, they may view their pets as one of the more stable and long-lasting aspects of their life.
Whether dog owners truly are more empathetic and nurturing than those who don’t own pets is harder to ascertain.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Pushing back: why it’s time for women to rewrite the story”

Gaslighting is about women fighting to get men to see their point of view.
Storytelling is a key battleground: for years women used “Whisper networks”, gossip as self-protection, warning each other about dangerous, powerful men; this time, controversially, lists were produced and circulated.
Even before they die, female characters often barely exist, as in Ernest Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms, when Catherine Barkley informs Frederic Henry: “There isn’t any me. I’m you. Don’t make up a separate me.” Or they don’t make it into the story at all: women appear on approximately two of Moby-Dick’s more than 600 pages.
Some of the worst culprits are not the misogynists of old but men telling stories in the very decades that women were making real political and professional gains.
Women are endlessly told to admire books about men who come across as borderline sociopaths, and only care about how people perceive them.
Women don’t have that option: if we read, we must read about men; if we think, we must think about what men think.
Patriarchy instils doubt about women – in men and women alike.
In Gas Light, Hamilton draws on the tradition of the gothic novel, in which women trapped in intimidating and isolated surroundings are terrorised by powerful men who may or may not turn out to be sympathetic.

The orginal article.