Summary of “App Time for Nap Time: The Parennials Are Here”

Their parents – let’s call them “Parennials” – are challenging all sorts of commonly held beliefs about the American family.
As a result they’re “High-information parents,” said Rebecca Parlakian, the program director for Zero to Three, an organization that has been studying new parents since 1977.”The good news is that parents know more about child development than ever before,” she said.
The bad news is that parents feel overwhelmed by the volume of information, confused about the “Right way” to do things and harshly judged by friends and relatives.
Like many new parents, she felt unprepared for the responsibility.
Ms. Parlakian of Zero to Three said she’s begun to detect a new theme in her annual surveys of parents.
“Given the statement ‘I would like to be more involved with raising my child but my parenting partner interferes with my involvement,’ nearly half the dads agree,” Ms. Parlakian said, “While only 16 percent of moms do.”
Can Granny Pay the Rent?New parents of all ages often face money woes, but with parennials these challenges can feel particularly acute because they reached childbearing age during the Great Recession, are saddled with college debt and are perhaps job-hopping or part of the gig economy.
As a result, many parennials rely on their own baby boomer parents for financial support.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Is your gut microbiome the key to health and happiness?”

The gut microbiome is a vast ecosystem of organisms such as bacteria, yeasts, fungi, viruses and protozoans that live in our digestive pipes, which collectively weigh up to 2kg. It is increasingly treated by scientists as an organ in its own right.
The hope is that it may one day be possible to diagnose some brain diseases and mental health problems by analysing gut bacteria, and to treat them – or at least augment the effects of drug treatments – with specific bacteria.
Over the past decade, research has suggested the gut microbiome might potentially be as complex and influential as our genes when it comes to our health and happiness.
As well as being implicated in mental health issues, it’s also thought the gut microbiome may influence our athleticism, weight, immune function, inflammation, allergies, metabolism and appetite.
The past month alone has seen studies linking the gut microbiome with post-traumatic stress disorder; fathoming its connection with autoimmune disease; finding that tea alters the gut microbiome in anti-obesogenic ways; showing that “Ridiculously healthy” 90-year-olds have the gut microbiome of young adults; and how targeting mosquitos’ gut flora could help beat malaria by increasing the malaria-attacking bacteria in their guts.
The APC Microbiome Institute in Cork published a paper in 2014 reporting its findings that the gut flora of the Ireland rugby team was more diverse than that of a healthy control group.
Foster, who is working towards using the gut microbiome as a biomarker for predicting and diagnosing mental health problems, says she doesn’t take probiotic supplements, although “Probioticking” is a verb in her household.
Cryan’s official line is that we are five years off cracking the human gut microbiome, but of course there’s no way of knowing.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Skinny Love: Why Players Across the NBA Are Slimming Down”

As the NBA shifts more and more toward speed and shooting over size and back-to-the-basket post-ups, players are changing their bodies to keep pace.
Abunassar, who has worked with the likes of Kevin Garnett, Kristaps Porzingis, and Kyle Lowry at his Las Vegas-based training facility, has seen more and more players willing to prioritize lean muscle and strength over bulk and size.
At NBA media days across the league, veteran NBA players showed up sporting slimmed-down physiques.
When they do cut weight, more often than not NBA players are showing it off on their popular social media streams.
With defenses switching more and more on screens, thus forcing players to match up with a wider range of positions and sizes, power forwards and centers are starting to slim-fit their offseason regimens.
That’s because you can find more and more NBA players doing nontraditional exercise classes such as yoga and cycling, or stepping into a squared ring.
Along with photos of Chris Paul and LeBron James putting in work in the weight room, a scroll through NBA Instagram also turns up Rudy Gobert and Shabazz Napier in the boxing ring or players at a pilates or yoga class.
Every offseason, Lang Whitaker and his high school friend Matt Colwell noticed the same reports in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution of basketball players getting more muscular.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Stop Your Snoring”

Whether it’s keeping you from getting the deep, restful sleep you need, or waking up your spouse at all hours, snoring can create a boatload of tension.
Snoring is more common in men than women, and tends to get worse as one ages and/or gains weight.
Lying on your back can cause your tongue and soft palate to fall back into your throat and partially block your airways, leading to snoring.
Not only will abstaining from alcohol for the 3-4 hours before bedtime just generally improve your sleep cycle, it’ll also curb your snoring.
It’s a hard thing to do, especially with socializing at night, but keep it in mind if snoring is giving you or your loved one real problems.
Being over-tired makes your muscles floppier, leading to snoring.
Dry air can irritate the nose and throat, making them swollen, and therefore causing congestion, and snoring in turn.
If you’re having real problems, ask your doc about how your prescriptions might be impacting your sleep and your snoring, and what you might be able to do about it.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Buddhism Is More ‘Western’ Than You Think”

Not only have Buddhist thinkers for millenniums been making very much the kinds of claims that Western philosophers and psychologists make – many of these claims are looking good in light of modern Western thought.
In some cases Buddhist thought anticipated Western thought, grasping things about the human mind, and its habitual misperception of reality, that modern psychology is only now coming to appreciate.
David Hume, an emphatically Western philosopher, made an argument against the reality of the self that is so similar to longstanding Buddhist arguments as to make some scholars suspect that Hume had encountered Buddhist thought.
Or, at least, you can behave more like a C.E.O. is expected to behave: more rationally, more wisely, more reflectively; less emotionally, less rashly, less reactively.
There’s a broader and deeper sense in which Buddhist thought is more “Western” than stereotype suggests.
What, after all, is more Western than science’s emphasis on causality, on figuring out what causes what, and hoping to thus explain why all things do the things they do? Well, in a sense, the Buddhist idea of “Not-self” grows out of the belief undergirding this mission – that the world is pervasively governed by causal laws.
Brain-scan studies have produced tentative evidence that this lusting and disliking – embracing thoughts that feel good and rejecting thoughts that feel bad – lies near the heart of certain “Cognitive biases.” If such evidence continues to accumulate, the Buddhist assertion that a clear view of the world involves letting go of these lusts and dislikes will have drawn a measure of support from modern science.
It’s an argument that can be engaged by anyone willing to engage it – which is something it has in common with Buddhist philosophy and Buddhist psychology.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why You Should Explain “Why” as a Manager”

There’s so much to learn and master when managing a team: how to give feedback effectively, how to run an effective 1:1, how to delegate, how to develop your team, and more.
Sharing a decision with your team? Tell them why you made it.
One of the most frequent things that’ll happen when you start explaining why you made decisions is that you’ll start sharing more context with your team.
Once your team has more context and understands your priorities and why you make decisions, you’ve created a feedback loop!
If you explained the decision as being tied to a number of people on the team being gluten-free, they’ll bring you options that fit that criteria and start thinking about the needs of the team as part of the decision.
You’re empowering your team to learn and do better next time, which is what management is all about.
When you share what’s happening, your team is informed.
I don’t know about you, but I’d love a team that’s constantly learning, making better decisions, and feeling more engaged.

The orginal article.

Summary of “JK Rowling’s 8 Rules of Writing”

Last month, I brought to your attention Neil Gaiman’s rules of writing.
He’s not the only accomplished writer who ascribes to a set of rules.
Today, I want to introduce you to JK Rowling’s rules of writing.
She’s shared a lot of terrific writing wisdom, but in my opinion, these are her eight best rules.
The funny thing is that, although writing has been my actual job for several years now, I still seem to have to fight for time in which to do it.
Write what you know: your own interests, feelings, beliefs, friends, family and even pets will be your raw materials when you start writing.
Your writing clarifies, corrects, and often reveals your beliefs, experiences, and feelings.
There are things you know that you have no idea you know-but your subconscious does, and that stuff will filter into your writing.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Relax, You Don’t Need to ‘Eat Clean'”

Many of the doctors and nutritionists who recommend avoiding certain foods fail to properly explain the magnitude of their risks.
We’ve become more and more susceptible to arguments that we must avoid certain foods completely.
For some people in recent years, gluten has become the enemy, even though wheat accounts for about 20 percent of the calories consumed worldwide, more than pretty much any other food.
At least one in five Americans regularly chooses gluten-free foods, according to a 2015 poll.
We certainly don’t need MSG in our diet, but we also don’t need to waste effort avoiding it.
If people want to avoid foods, even if there’s no reason to, is that really a problem?
Being afraid of food with no real reason is unscientific – part of the dangerous trend of anti-intellectualism that we confront in many places today.
For most people, it’s entirely possible to eat more healthfully without living in terror or struggling to avoid certain foods altogether.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Paleo Politics”

So why would anyone come into the city? Scott argues, based on reconstruction of ancient soils and climate, that around 5,000 years ago, droughts in the fertile wetlands of Mesopotamia made wild foods critically scarce, which meant that foragers had to rely more and more on grain to feed themselves.
The barbarians beyond the walls are the charismatic figures in Scott’s book.
Part of Scott’s goal in recasting the story of civilization is to open a new space for its “Dark twin,” the great majority of human experience that has been lived outside cities and empires.
Part of what makes Scott’s story novel is the central and esteemed place he gives the barbarians.
The infrastructure-building, law-codifying, biopolitical states of antiquity are not the starting points of universal history for Scott, as they were for both Marx and liberal historians.
Here, too, Scott is echoing strands of a long tradition: The Roman historian Tacitus suggested that German barbarians were more virtuous than settled Romans; Anglo-Americans often traced their democratic identity to the “Anglo-Saxon” liberty of the forest rather than the cities of the Mediterranean; and today both paleo diets and the popularity of the bearded, nomadic wildlings on Game of Thrones suggest a hankering for rude barbarian health and liberty.
Scott ends on an elegiac note, suggesting that the golden age of the barbarians ended about the year 1600-that is, at roughly the same time that early-modern state-building began and legal discourses of sovereignty were developing.
We are creatures of the artificial world that began with Scott’s walls and canals.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Do You Focus?”

I do think more students should prioritize education over grades.
What you learn is far more important than the artificial relic of grades.
Two More Bonus TipsIf You’re Young, Go Wide, Not DeepAnother thing to remember about being young is that you have a lot of time to rack up those accomplishments.
So instead of spending time trying to go super deep into any one thing to become THE BEST, I think more young people should focus on going as wide as possible.
Enjoy the time to do a lot of things at first to see what you really want to do.
Of course that’s applied over a lot of different systems.
So many things we work on, and experiment with, just don’t move the needle.
From a different perspective, you’ll probably find, most of it really didn’t even matter.

The orginal article.