Summary of “The Domestic Dog is the book we’ve been waiting for since 1995”

Which brings me to James Serpell’s highly anticipated second edition of “The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behavior, and Interactions with People.” This edition captures the current state of all things dog: “What we truly know – and what we don’t know – about the evolution, natural history, and behavior of Canis familiaris.”
In a podcast interview, Serpell reflected on the popularity of the 1995 first edition: “It seemed to be timed to coincide with the professionalization of dog science. It seemed to be a prelude to people suddenly becoming interested in dog behavior, dog cognition, and things like that.”
Jam-packed with studies and references, “If you are a serious student of domestic dog behavior, you need this book,” offers Patricia McConnell, PhD, CAAB. Two incredibly valuable chapters, one on learning and training methods and the other on the field of applied animal behavior, highlight that whether we realize it or not, we are constantly telling dogs stuff, giving them information, putting some training ideology onto or into them – all of which can affect their behavior and relationships with us.
One survey-based study identified that, “More than a quarter of surveyed dog owners reported that intimidation-based training techniques such as hitting, growling, grabbing and shaking the jowls or scruff, or punitively rolling the dog on its back resulted in aggression by the dog.” On the other hand, understanding the risks, yet possible use, of punishment to decrease the frequency of certain behaviors is important as well.
In their role as family members we may ascribe human-qualities to them – sometimes ones they can’t live up to – instead of exploring and embracing what it is like to be a dog, an area covered extensively in this edition in chapters on early life and behavioral development, dog social behaviors and communication, and social cognition.
“The Domestic Dog” is also a reminder that the dog is not set in stone.
Dog lovers looking not to perpetuate inherited defects can consider using a Puppy Contract if considering purchasing a dog, or checking out Love is Blind, a 3-minute video narrated by veterinarians and welfare specialists on changing the trend.
“The Domestic Dog” also suggests dog policies be informed by research, particularly when multiple studies draw similar conclusions.

The orginal article.

Summary of “YouTube Grows Up: Inside the Plan to Take on Netflix and Hulu”

Hulu and CNN also were said to be in the mix, but a surprising distributor quickly rose to the top: YouTube.
When Super Size Me 2 debuts on YouTube Red, the company’s $10-a-month streaming service, in 2018 after a run in theaters, it will front a small but growing slate of films – among them a documentary from rapper Warren G and a special starring Katy Perry – that YouTube global head of original content Susanne Daniels is hoping will help turn the world’s biggest repository for web video into an arbiter of taste and culture, a player in both the Oscar and Emmy races.
An arms race among cash-rich new players – led by Netflix and Amazon and now including Hulu, Apple, Facebook and, yes, YouTube – has electrified the content business as legacy distribution models continue to fracture.
Where does all this leave YouTube, the site that launched the streaming age in 2005 with user-generated cat videos but now wants to be taken seriously as a prestige subscription destination? During a recent visit with THR at Google’s Mountain View campus in Northern California, YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki laid out her multipronged offensive: a slate of ad-supported unscripted originals from such names as Demi Lovato, Ryan Seacrest and Ellen DeGeneres, coupled with a scripted push for YouTube Red that combines existing IP with projects fronted by its homegrown digital stars.
This summer, YouTube Red went head-to-head with Netflix, Hulu, AMC and Amazon to land Sony TV’s Karate Kid reboot, set 30 years after the coming-of-age classic, with Ralph Macchio and William Zabka reprising their roles.
At YouTube, the main challenge is its uniquely annoying platform architecture, in which each original series must live on a designated YouTube channel.
As Netflix and others look to own more of their shows, YouTube could get a boost.
Sitting in her Playa Vista office in August after her weekly production update meeting, Daniels contemplates just what it will take to turn YouTube into the kind of platform that gets mentioned in the same breath with Netflix, Amazon and Hulu.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Don’t Get Too Comfortable at That Desk”

The new designs often include “Isolation rooms,” soundproof phone booths, and even lounges where technology is forbidden.
The corporations setting the new standard are not young Silicon Valley companies known for free food, slides and foosball tables at work – or for carefree spending, as at Apple, whose new corporate mothership cost a reported $5 billion.
Salesforce’s new skyscraper campus in San Francisco, for example, has areas on every floor for meditation, partly inspired by the teachings of Thich Nhat Hanh, a Buddhist monk.
“These workplace ideas are beginning to be adopted across all industries,” said Arlyn Vogelmann, a principal at Gensler, an architecture and design firm whose clients include Facebook and G.E.The new designs are not about looks.
Space drives behavior, experts say, and the goal of the new designs is to hasten the pace of sharing ideas, making decisions and creating new products.
The new model eschews the common dogmas of work life: Everybody gets an office, or everyone gets a cubicle, or everybody gets a seat on a workbench.
A diversity of spaces, experts say, is more productive, and the new concept is called “Activity-based workplace design,” tailoring spaces for the kind of work done.
The company faces a new wave of technology, as the market has shifted to software delivered and constantly updated as a service over the internet cloud, as opposed to being loaded onto individual computers, with the code often stored on compact discs and sold as a product every few years.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The thinking behind Snapchat's sports and weather filters”

Snapchat isn’t a resource many turn to for weather and sports scores, but it’s spending increasing amounts of money on licensing deals to give users such information.
Michael Pachter, managing director of stock research at Wedbush Securities, estimated that the weather data cost Snap at most about $48 million a year based on assumptions of a 25-cent-per-user monthly fee and usage by 10% of people on Snapchat.
Domenic Venuto, who oversees Weather Channel apps and Weather Co.’s consumer partnerships, said he couldn’t resist the opportunity to connect with Snapchat’s young audience when Snap reached out.
Depending on factors such as location and time, Snapchat users can decorate their images with multi-day forecasts, expected arrival times during Uber trips and the score of a sports event they’re attending.
More recently, Snapchat introduced bitmoji-based filters that change by the time of day and day of week.
The 2-year-old deal with Stats took Snapchat filters to a new level, giving fans the ability to adorn photos with an up-to-the-minute virtual scoreboard.
Stats’ Kirkorsky said Snapchat does have room to be an informational resource for sports, and he expects Snap to license scores for international sports such as cricket while getting more detailed statistics for NFL, MLB and other U.S. sports.
Using software to scrutinize consumer photos and videos could help Weather Co. make more accurate predictions about air quality and storm paths, Venuto said, whether they’re from satellites, webcams or Snapchat.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Gregg Popovich Is the Real Zen Master of Basketball”

If there were ever a sign that the America of my youth no longer exists, it’s that I remember a time when Phil Jackson was regarded as an unassailable genius - and not just within the realm of basketball.
In just a few years, Jackson has tarnished his reputation as a beautiful basketball mind to the point that it’s impossible to consider him in those terms today.
Jackson’s aura of infallibility was partly due to his employing the Triangle offense, a scheme as esoteric as Jackson himself.
What’s important is that the Triangle is complicated, and that alone gave Jackson gravitas.
For years, Jackson’s unconventional methods were heralded as superior - and it was hard to argue against the results.
As Pixar founder Ed Catmull is fond of saying, “Success hides problems.” And as the veneer of success has faded in recent years, Jackson has started to look more like an out-of-touch assclown than some mystical sage.
Jackson forced the team to use the Triangle and stubbornly refused to let them stop doing so, even when it became apparent that the Triangle was a poor fit for today’s game, and despite its being an especially poor fit for Kristaps Porzingis.
Jackson responded to Porzingis’ inspired play by dragging him in the media and saying he’d like to trade the young Latvian phenom for reasons that remain unclear to anyone who’s seen Porzingis play.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Research: For Better Brainstorming, Tell an Embarrassing Story”

Subsequent scientific research confirmed Osborn’s instincts: groups who follow his guidelines show more creativity than those who don’t.
In one study, brainstorming groups given quantity goals generated both more ideas and significantly higher quality ideas than those given a quality goal alone.
One of the men behind that research, Paul Paulus, a professor at the University of Texas at Arlington, wondered whether there might be additional ways for companies and teams to improve brainstorming results and tested four more rules: stay focused on the task at hand; don’t just say an idea, explain it; when ideas run dry, restate the problem and encourage more thinking; and prompt those not talking to contribute.
The results of these studies were dramatic: groups that followed both sets of rules generated nearly 50 significantly more unique ideas.
My colleagues, Elizabeth Ruth Wilson and Brian Lucas, and I decided to explore whether people could also be primed for better brainstorming before the idea generation even starts.
We hypothesized that -just as quantity goals paradoxically yield better quality ideas – the “Embarrassing story” condition would lead people to drop their inhibitions and get more creative.
Using the same scoring criteria – fluency and flexibility – we found that the “Embarrassment” teams generated 26% more ideas spanning 15% more use categories than their counterparts.
As uncomfortable as this may seem, especially among colleagues you would typically want to impress, the result will be a broader range of creative ideas, which will surely impress them even more.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Technology is destroying the most important asset in your life”

“Money isn’t the most important thing in the world. Your time is.”
The most important asset in your life isn’t time, but attention.
You can spend 80 years of a life with as much free time as you want and still not get out of it as much as someone who only lived for 40 years but managed to appropriately direct attention to the things that mattered to them.
Although time is indeed limited, with attention, it can be diluted to expand beyond what most other people get out of the same quantity.
Naturally, these devices and technologies are an important part of modern life, but in order for them to be a net positive force in your life, you have to set boundaries.
Attention has the power to make you happier by helping you appreciate the little things that are easily neglected in day to day life.
Attention can guide you to a fulfilled life by forcing focus onto the things that really matter to you, rather than the things that steal you away.
If you protect and cultivate your attention, there is almost nothing stopping you from living the life you want, because that’s where it all begins.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Airline plans to use electric airplanes in 10 years-is that possible?”

As a result, while a conventional airplane can travel thousands of miles before refueling, electric airplanes can only travel a fraction of that distance before they run out of juice.
Electric airplanes push the limits of battery technology.
Clarke, a leader of NASA’s own experimental X-57 electric airplane project, told Ars that, despite the limitations of battery power, electric airplanes have real promise.
There are efficiency gains to be had by re-designing airplanes to work with the strengths of electric motors, which are lighter and more reliable than conventional jet engines.
Zunum plans to start small by building airplanes designed for 10 to 50 passengers.
Electric airplanes won’t replace conventional airplanes any time soon.
So if battery technology improves faster than expected-and the billions pouring into the electric car business might speed up battery development-then hybrid airplanes might become feasible relatively soon.
It will be a long time before electric airplanes will be able to compete with conventional airplanes on longer routes.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Covering President Trump in a Polarized Media Environment”

The types of sources included in the stories and the assessments of the administration’s words and actions often differed, according to this study of more than 3,000 news stories during the first 100 days of the Trump presidency across 24 media outlets with content from television, radio and the web.
Within a news story, the statements from the sources cited – and what reporters choose to quote from them – as well as the reporter’s own language formulate the overall assessment of the Trump administration.
Another area of difference is the degree to which the reporter of a story directly refuted or corrected a statement by President Trump or a member of the administration.
The news media itself spurred 19% of stories, either through self-initiated investigative reporting or through an action or statement by a member of the news media.
Finally, amid America’s experience with a president who regularly uses Twitter as a way of communicating directly with the public, roughly one-in-six stories contained a direct tweet from President Trump.
Source types: The study also measured nine different types of sources that might be cited in a story: 1) Trump or a member of the administration, 2) the Trump organization or a family member, 3) a congressional Democrat, 4) a congressional Republican, 5) an issue-based group or interest group, 6) an expert, 7) a poll, 8) a journalist or news organization, and 9) a citizen.
Assessment of the Trump administration: In this analysis, each statement in a story was analyzed to determine how, if at all, it assessed President Trump and his administration’s actions or words.
Trump tweets: This measure identifies whether a story included a direct tweet from President Trump, either cited in text or repeated verbally.

The orginal article.

Summary of “8-hour workday may be 5 hours too long, research suggests”

The average worker spends most of the eight-hour workday doing many other things beside work, including eating, socializing, or reading the news.
Over the course of an eight-hour workday, the average employee works for about three hours – two hours and 53 minutes, to be more precise.
A study of UK office workers suggests the three-hour workday might be more sensible.
People can’t sustain hard work for more than a few hours, psychologists have found.
Research suggests the smarter change may actually be to work five, six-hour days.
In Sweden, a government study that ran between January 2015 and January 2017 selected roughly 80 retirement-home workers in Gothenburg to work that exact schedule.
At the end of the study, people said they were happier, less stressed, and enjoyed work more.
“Employers may actually be getting much more out of their employees,” he said, “If they only work 50 or 75 percent of the current work hours.”

The orginal article.