Summary of “Why inequality bothers people more than poverty”

Most remarkably, his research revealed that the Ju/’hoansi managed this on the basis of little more than 15 hours’ work per week.
More than any other food, meat was capable of making the Ju/’hoansi forget their customary good manners, so it required extra diligence in distribution.
Ironically, how envy functioned in societies such as the Ju/’hoansi suggests that, even if Smith’s hidden hand does not apply particularly well to late capitalism, his belief that the sum of individual self-interests can ensure the fairest distribution of the ‘necessaries of life’ was right, albeit in small-scale band societies.
Highlighting the explicit role of envy in Ju/’hoansi life risks giving the impression of a society of reluctant egalitarians constantly sniping at one another – an impression that any Ju/’hoansi will tell you is a far cry from the cheerful banter and mutual affection that characterises day-to-day life.
While, to be sure, the Ju/’hoansi do not reward people for being egalitarian, they are conscious of the positive emotional and social dividends that sharing, cooperation and harmony bring.
Unsurprisingly, envy still accounts for most conflict among the Ju/’hoansi in contemporary Nyae-Nyae where inequality is greater than ever before, because some have jobs or access to resources such as pensions that are denied to others.
With many Ju/’hoansi now dependent on the cash economy with its attendant employment hierarchies and management systems, many Ju/’hoansi are reluctant to take management roles or assume responsibilities that require making and imposing their decisions or authority on others.
If envy played a constructive role in small-scale band societies such as the Ju/’hoansi, it is harder to establish whether it has a similarly beneficial purpose in more complex, hierarchical societies.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Mastering the abundance mindset ~ Get Rich Slowly”

With a scarcity mindset, you believe that everything is limited.
Here’s the thing: In so many ways, financial freedom depends on casting aside this scarcity mentality and embracing an abundance mindset instead. Financial well-being is fundamentally tied to positive expectations of the future.
Let’s look at three ways the scarcity mindset can manifest itself – and how to embrace abundance instead. Jealousy and Spite.
For some, the scarcity mindset manifests as jealousy and spite.
For others, the scarcity mindset manifests as fear of the future.
With our flavor of the scarcity mindset, we’re so skeptical about tomorrow that we enjoy too much today.
A scarcity mindset leads to self-defeating behavior.
To finish, let’s look at a technique anyone can use to move from scarcity to abundance: To get what you want, give what you want.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The 45 Qualities Every True Leader Must Have”

What are the qualities which a leader should possess? There have been many attempts at listing the many good qualities which a leader should possess, and cataloguing those undesirable characteristics which he should not possess or should minimize or eliminate.
The qualities of the leader may be grouped according to different methods.
They may be separated into personal characteristics and professional capabilities; they may be classed as physical, mental, and moral qualities; or they may be considered as those qualities related to the leader himself, and those related to the individuals whom he aspires to lead. Merely to enumerate the desirable qualities of a leader would accomplish little.
The leader who can promptly estimate what his fellows will do under a certain set of circumstances, and who then can make a sound decision based upon the conditions as he sees they will develop, possesses qualities which place him upon a high level of leadership.
Sincerity of purpose, like enthusiasm, in a leader is soon transmitted to those whom he aspires to lead. Sham, hypocrisy, and bluff are all too readily unmasked, and he who attempts to conceal his ignorance or to “Alibi” his mistakes will soon find himself not only a dethroned leader but an outcast from the fellowship of team-mates.
These qualities are much to be sought for and developed in the follower as well as in the leader.
For those who follow to know that their leader will not desert them and that he is bending every effort toward their welfare and devoting every fiber of his being to their benefit is to call forth from them the last ounce of eager, loyal, and whole-hearted cooperation.
Two qualities which are assets to the leader are patience and a sense of humor.

The orginal article.

Summary of “So you’re surrounded by idiots. Guess who the real jerk is”

The callous psychopath, though cousin to the jerk, has an impulsivity and love of risk-taking that need be no part of the jerk’s character.
Different situations might bring out the jerk in some and the sweetie in others.
Second, the jerk is someone who culpably fails to appreciate the perspectives of others around him.
Third, I’ve called the jerk ‘he’, for reasons you might guess.
It’s entirely possible for a picture-perfect jerk to acknowledge, in a superficial way, that he is a jerk.
Still, it’s entirely possible for a picture-perfect jerk to acknowledge, in a superficial way, that he is a jerk.
In failing to appreciate others’ perspectives, the jerk almost inevitably fails to appreciate the full range of human goods – the value of dancing, say, or of sports, nature, pets, local cultural rituals, and indeed anything that he doesn’t care for himself.
Despite the jerk’s almost inevitable flaws in moral vision, the moralising jerk can sometimes happen to be right about some specific important issue – especially if he adopts a big social cause.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Stop Giving Toxic People Your Time”

How do you treat people? How do you treat yourself? What’s right and what’s wrong? Here’s an easy way to detect people without values: When you see that someone becomes an entirely different person in a heartbeat – that’s when you know someone has no values.
People have always lied, killed, and deceived their way through life.
Just spend enough time with bad people – eventually, you will become one of them.
A few years ago, when I started to live a conscious life, I had to say goodbye to people who only wanted to live a life of pleasure.
It’s not all bad. Be Stingy With Your Time “You’re the average of the five people you spend your time with.” It has become such a cliché.
Would you give $1000 to the people in your life if they asked for it? If the answer is no, stop giving the people who don’t share the same values as you, your time.
I’ve narrowed down the list of people I spend 90% of my time with to my direct family and my two best friends.
So if you have a job you love, and a few people in your life who you love, you don’t even have more time to spend.

The orginal article.

Summary of “13 Signs of High Emotional Intelligence”

Emotional intelligence begins with what is called self- and social awareness, the ability to recognize emotions in both yourself and others.
What are my emotional strengths? What are my weaknesses? How does my current mood affect my thoughts and decision making? What’s going on under the surface that influences what others say or do?
The ability to show empathy, which includes understanding others’ thoughts and feelings, helps you connect with others.
Negative feedback has great potential to hurt the feelings of others.
Doing so demonstrates humility, a quality that will naturally draw others to you.
One of the greatest ways to positively impact the emotions of others is to help them.
Actions like these build trust and inspire others to follow your lead when it counts.
You realize that emotional intelligence also has a dark side-such as when individuals attempt to manipulate others’ emotions to promote a personal agenda or for some other selfish cause.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Don’t Be Fooled by Smoke and Mirrors: 12 Traits of Truly Authentic People”

In a world of increased narcissism and a decreased capacity to effectively read people, how can we discern genuine, authentic people from narcissistic manipulators? Even more, how can we challenge our perceptions and not automatically believe the artificially perfected information that is presented in our newsfeeds?
Authentic people live by a code of values and morals; however, they are more than willing to listen to the opinions of others and are open to learning from their mistakes.
Authentic people wholeheartedly accept other people for who they are.
In general, authentic people exude a genuine presence that puts others at ease, leading people to naturally gravitate toward them.
Authentic people find that having meaningful experiences and strong bonds with others make life worth living.
Authentic people live by the old adage, “You are the average of the five closest people you surround yourself with.” Instead of hanging around others who are disingenuous, authentic people choose to surround themselves with people who share the same values and morals that they do.
Authentic people do not make decisions based on their egos and do not need admiration from others in order to feel good about themselves.
Authentic people live by their values, are consistent, and do not need other’s approval to feel good about themselves.

The orginal article.

Summary of “5 traits all emotionally intelligent leaders share”

Empathy, self-awareness and authenticity are just some of the traits that make certain leaders stand out.
Some of the most revered leaders in business today share common traits that attract great staff and inspire the best work.
If you aspire to be a better leader, you would do well to work on your emotional intelligence quotient.
Great leaders are able to look at issues from many different perspectives and to consider the effects from other points of view.
Great leaders can be positive in the face of difficulty and still be very much in touch with the situation.
Great leaders know that getting to know their team members – professionally and personally – and caring about them and their careers will mean that everyone works better together in the long run.
How to practice: Your integrity is paramount to your reputation as a leader, so only say what you mean and don’t make promises you can’t keep.
Every chance to work on your skills will make you a better leader, no matter the location.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to know if you are an ’empath'”

People who are very receptive to the emotions of others are known as empaths.
Judith Orloff, a psychiatrist who identifies as an empath, works with others to help them with the challenges.
Some people are more empathetic than others, and those very high up on the scale are known as empaths.
“An empath is an emotional sponge,” Judith Orloff, a psychiatrist who wrote the book “The Empath’s Survival Guide,” told Business Insider, adding that the person “Absorbs the stress and also the positive emotions into their own bodies from other people.”
In many ways, empaths don’t have the filters other people do.
For people who aren’t aware they’re empaths, everyday interactions that others find normal could be causing them damage.
Empaths often want to please others and not disappoint anyone, which can make setting boundaries difficult, especially with manipulative people who may want to take advantage of an empath.
“Empaths need to know that what they have is beautiful and much needed in our world today,” Orloff said.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Consumerism’s Dirty Little Secret: Are We Buying All the Wrong Things?”

In Spent: Sex, Evolution and Consumer Behavior evolutionary psychologist Geoffrey Miller argues that one big reason we buy things is for their signal: what the products tell others about us.
“Humans evolved in small social groups in which image and status were all-important, not only for survival, but for attracting mates, impressing friends, and rearing children. Today we ornament ourselves with goods and services more to make an impression on other people’s minds than to enjoy owning a chunk of matter - a fact that renders ‘materialism’ a profoundly misleading term for much of consumption. Many products are signals first and material objects second. Our vast social-primate brains evolved to pursue one central social goal: to look good in the eyes of others.”The Hummer is “Good” precisely because it is wasteful.
We purchase pricey products and leverage names like Lacoste, Lancome or Lamborghini to manufacture and broadcast a signal to others.
“Consumerism’s dirty little secret is that we do a rather good job of assessing such [important] traits through ordinary human conversation, such that the trait-displaying goods and services we work so hard to buy are largely redundant, and sometimes counterproductive.”If we use products to broadcast a fake signal, we may be able to deceive some people in the short-term.
Lie 1: Products can make up for your insufficiencies.
We believe we can use products to hide our physical and mental weaknesses.
Lie 2: Products can do a better job of showing others who I am.
We believe we can use products to bolster our signal, better broadcasting to others who we are.

The orginal article.