Summary of “Nike’s Big Gamble on Colin Kaepernick”

For the past two years, Nike has kept Colin Kaepernick on the bench despite an endorsement partnership that dates back to 2011.
Kaepernick’s protest made him hugely controversial, and during the past two years, Nike hasn’t used the former 49ers quarterback as a spokesman even though he was under contract.
On Monday, Nike introduced Kaepernick as the face of its 30th anniversary “Just Do It” campaign, kicking off a new deal worth millions of dollars, comparable to the most lucrative deals Nike gives out to NFL players.
Kaepernick is suing the NFL, a Nike partner, alleging he’s been blacklisted for inspiring a wave of protests.
He’s misreading the situation if he thinks that Nike re-signed Kaepernick for political reasons.
Kaepernick and Reid aren’t the only people in this story who are suing former employers-in August, four women who used to work at Nike headquarters filed a class-action lawsuit that said Nike systematically paid women less than men and turned a blind eye to sexual harassment.
Maybe Nike figures that the far right is going to throw a tantrum no matter what the NFL and its corporate partners do, and if that’s going to happen they might as well sell some athleisure to people who don’t find Kaepernick’s message of racial equality offensive.
Nike betting on Kaepernick is encouraging for those of us who find his message not only inoffensive but worthy.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Anonymous New York Times Op-Ed and the Trumpian Corruption of Language and the Media”

Let’s get the obvious points out of the way first: the anonymous Op-Ed published by the Times on Wednesday was a ploy by someone who wants to distance himself from what he perceives to be an imperilled Administration, while capitalizing on whatever credibility and popularity the Presidency still retains.
Only the day before the Op-Ed was published, excerpts from Bob Woodward’s new book, “Fear,” added to the ever-accumulating picture of chaos, mendacity, fear, embattlement, and contempt for the President even within his senior staff.
While the content of the anonymous Op-Ed is not newsworthy, in the sense of providing new information, the fact of its publication certainly is.
The article asserts that the country is, to some extent, governed not by the President but by a group of people who have taken it upon themselves to moderate, modify, and even block the President’s actions, or, as the anonymous author puts it, his “Worst inclinations.” We suspected as much-Woodward, for one, described how the former economic adviser Gary Cohn swiped documents from Trump’s desk, lest he act on them precipitously.
By publishing the anonymous Op-Ed, the Times became complicit in its own corruption.
The way in which the news media are being corrupted-even an outlet like the Times, which continues to publish remarkable investigative work throughout this era-is one of the most insidious, pronounced, and likely long-lasting effects of the Trump Administration.
The media are being corrupted every time they engage with a nonsensical, false, or hateful Trump tweet.
The anonymous Op-Ed was a corrupting event not only because the Times allowed itself to become the keeper of a secret that shouldn’t be kept but also because it was a remarkable example of the Trumpian corruption of political language.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What’s Your Type? The Myers-Briggs Test and the Rise of the Personality Quiz”

In 1943, a failed mystery novelist named Isabel Briggs Myers started a career in the new field of personality testing.
Myers had something far more radical in mind, a schema to unearth a person’s true character called the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which offers a questionnaire that divides test-takers into 16 different possible personality types based on the results.
There were no bad personality types, only bad combinations of personality type and employment.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is simple, a 93-question forced-choice test, loosely based on personality types outlined by Swiss psychoanalyst Carl Jung in his 1921 book Psychological Types.
During the 1940s, the Myers-Briggs test was used by Station S, the nation’s first personality assessment center for spies, as a way to figure out who could handle the pressure of international wartime espionage.
Briggs first started her research into the world of personality types after noticing that her daughter Isabel’s fiancé had a markedly different personality from the rest of her family.
“The administration of personality tests is frequently presented as a gesture of corporate goodwill, a generous acknowledgement of employees’ uniqueness. Under this banner of respect for individuality, organizations are able to shift responsibility for employee satisfaction onto that obliging culprit, ‘fit,'” Annie Murphy Paul wrote in The Cult of Personality Testing, a 2004 book that explores the rise of various personality testing schemas, including Myers-Briggs.
Myers-Briggs resembles earlier stabs at personality divination, like the Woodworth Psychoneurotic Inventory, which was used to evaluate potential soldiers during World War I, and is often cited as the first widely used personality test.

The orginal article.

Summary of “I survived the Warsaw ghetto. Here are the lessons I’d like to pass on”

Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel stated this summer that “When the generation that survived the war is no longer here, we’ll find out whether we have learned from history”.
As a Polish Jew born in 1925, who survived the Warsaw ghetto, lost my family in the Holocaust, served in a special operations unit of the Polish underground, the Home Army, and fought in the Warsaw uprising of 1944, I know what it means to be at the sharp end of European history – and I fear that the battle to draw the right lessons from that time is in danger of being lost.
Now 93 years old and living in Tel Aviv, I have watched from afar in recent years as armchair patriots in my native Poland have sought to exploit and manipulate the memories and experiences of my generation.
They may think they are promoting “National dignity” or instilling “Pride” in today’s young people, but in reality they are threatening to raise future generations in darkness, ignorant of the war’s complexity and doomed to repeat the mistakes for which we paid such a high price.
Given what I’ve learned over my lifetime I would, first, urge future generations of Europeans to remember my generation as we really were, not as they may wish us to have been.
It is nonetheless important to understand that we were a generation living in fear, and fear makes people do terrible things.
Second, just as there is no such thing as a “Heroic generation”, there is no such thing as a “Heroic nation” – or indeed an inherently malign or evil nation either.
Today’s generation doesn’t have the luxury of being able to argue that it was never warned or did not understand the consequences of where lies will take you.

The orginal article.

Summary of “If You Are Reading This, You Are Already Ahead”

Like many people who invest a lot in their education, she assumed that literally every single other person on planet earth is doing the same.
In my experience, the percentage of people who invest in their education after school is meager.
That’s why it’s easy to assume that everyone is trying to get ahead. So if you ever worry about your “Competition” at work or in the business world, DON’T. Even though you might be surrounded by people who learn a lot, online or offline, we’re still part of the minority.
The majority of people still prefers a life of entertainment and leisure.
Realize that every single minute you spend on your own education and development, you’re getting ahead of the people who are not.
A lot of people say that there’s a difference between knowing something and doing something.
Most importantly: Focus on how YOU can help other people or businesses.
Because why would you even care about what other people are doing? That’s just fear.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A history of happiness explains why capitalism makes us feel empty inside”

A new book entitled The Happiness Fantasy by Carl Cederström, a business professor at Stockholm University, traces our current conception of happiness to its roots in modern psychiatry and the so-called Beat generation of the ’50s and ’60s. He argues that the values of the countercultural movement – liberation, freedom, and authenticity – were co-opted by corporations and advertisers, who used them to perpetuate a culture of consumption and production.
I spoke to Cederström about how this happened and why he thinks happiness ought to be seen as a collective project that promotes deeper engagement with the world around us.
Although Sigmund Freud didn’t think human beings were especially designed for happiness, there were other figures who emerged from that movement, people like the Austrian psychoanalyst William Reich, who popularized this idea that happiness was connected to free love and free sexuality.
As you note in the book, our idea of happiness has been transformed to make us better consumers and producers, and that’s not an accident.
So is there any way for us to truly change our collective conception of happiness without also changing the underlying economic structure?
There really is no way to accurately compare happiness today with happiness 50 or 100 years ago, but this mania for individual satisfaction and this idea that buying and collecting more stuff will make us happy has produced a spectacularly unequal world, and it has, in my opinion, left people less fulfilled and more empty inside.
Sean Illing Your book is focused on the Western world, but do you think the East, with its very different religious and cultural traditions, in general has a better view of happiness that the Western world?
Sean Illing You said earlier that we need to reimagine a new happiness fantasy, one that is less self-involved and more grounded in the world around us.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Hemings, Jefferson, and Teaching Slavery Holistically”

I’ve taken the house tour at Monticello three times in the past three years, and each visit followed a similar pattern: First, Jefferson is glorified for his intellectual curiosity, scientific discoveries, architectural innovations, and avant-garde tendencies.
The tour would then carry on to Martha Jefferson’s sitting room, where their family history is described in definitive and finite terms: “Jefferson was married [to Martha] for 10 years and fathered six children, two of whom survived. Their names were Mary and Martha.”
After decades of contentious debate surrounding the legitimacy of Hemings’s connection to Jefferson, Monticello has finally acknowledged in unqualified terms that the president was the father of Hemings’s offspring.
“She was his concubine.” “Sally Hemings had at least six children fathered by Thomas Jefferson.” These are the bold new phrases that the current Hemings exhibit uses to address the relationship between these two American figures.
“The opening of the ‘Life of Sally Hemings’ exhibit [and] the ‘Getting Word’ oral-history project is the culmination of decades of research on slavery and the lives of enslaved people at Monticello,” Niya Bates, the public historian of slavery and African American life at the Thomas Jefferson Foundation, told me.
“The goal of these new spaces is to not only acknowledge the humanity of the enslaved community, but to tell a more truthful and inclusive history of Monticello, Jefferson, and the founding era in a way that challenges people to think about all of the people that it took to found our country.”
Of the estimated 450,000 people who visit Jefferson’s mansion each year, only 150,000 take the “Slavery at Monticello” tours.
Despite the challenges, there are a number of presidential plantations, house museums, and historical sites that are making a deep impact on the discussion of slavery by actively integrating the stories of the enslaved.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Spanish flu helped create Sweden’s modern welfare state”

On 15 September 1918, a 12-year-old boy named Karl Karlsson who lived just outside Östersund, Sweden, wrote a short diary entry: “Two who died of Spanish flu buried today. A few snowflakes in the air.”
While its effects were felt everywhere, it struck particularly hard in Östersund, earning the city the nickname “Capital of the Spanish flu”.
“Looking back through contemporaneous accounts was quite creepy,” says Jim Hedlund at the city’s state archive.
There were three main reasons why the flu hit this remote city so hard: Östersund had speedy railway connections, several army regiments stationed in close quarters and a malnourished population living in cramped accommodation.
Social inequality in the city meant the Spanish flu hit all the harder.
As the epidemic raged in late August, when around 20 people were dying daily, the city’s bank director Carl Lignell withdrew funds from Stockholm without authorisation and requisitioned a school for use as a hospital.
People of all political convictions and stations in life started cooperating in a city otherwise riven by the class divisions of early industrial society.
The state had proven itself inadequate, as historian Hans Jacobsson wrote: “The catastrophic spread of the Spanish flu in 1918 was in no small part down to the authorities’ bewilderment and often clumsy reactions.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Nordic countries might not be as happy as you think”

Nordic countries like Finland and Norway may regularly come out on top of world happiness indexes for wellbeing year-on-year – but new research shows the happiness is far from universal.
A report authored by the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Happiness Research Institute in Copenhagen aims to provide a more nuanced picture of life in the Nordic nations – suggesting their reputations as utopias for happiness are masking significant problems for some parts of the population, especially young people.
The world’s happiest – and least happy – countries in 2018Happiest Least happy 1.
Their data found these problems being reported by young people in particular.
The authors say that in Nordic countries high incomes protected people against feeling they were suffering or struggling.
Ethnic minorities living in Nordic countries were less happy.
Very religious people were more likely to be happier.
So while 3.9% of people in the Nordic region may report scores so low they are classed as “Suffering” – that level is as high as 26.9% in Russia and 17% in France.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Fiverr and Online Gig Platforms Create Competition”

Monika Taylor lives in the United States and offers psychic readings for $5 on Fiverr to supplement her full-time job.
Many workers are willing to lower their rates beyond what they considered fair, the academics wrote in a paper summing up their research.
Another worker, Kim-Ly, who lives in Vietnam, found a data-entry job online that paid $8 an hour-about four times what she had made before as an accountant at a bank-that allowed her to travel abroad and buy luxury goods.
I also corresponded with Jahanzeb Malik, a 24-year-old Pakistani man who told me he made about $5,000 over two years on Fiverr creating PowerPoint presentations for startups pitching to investors.
He did Fiverr while he was in school, and liked having the extra money, he said.
He was good at PowerPoints, and he was good at social media, and by answering questions about Fiverr on sites like Quora, he became “a guru-like figure” in the community of Fiverr sellers, he told me.
That allowed him to launch his own website, NerdsHD.com, where he blogs about the digital economy and sells what he had sold on Fiverr before, but for more money.
His work on Fiverr gave him the client list and name recognition to start his own business, he told me.

The orginal article.