Summary of “The six main causes of car crashes.”

Naturalistic driving studies are now equipping cars with accelerometers, sonar, sensors that track driver inputs, and lots of video cameras.
We now estimate that about 7 percent of all car crashes, and 21 percent of fatal crashes, happen to drowsy drivers.
Recent surveys find that 37 percent of all drivers have fallen asleep while driving at least once in their lives, 11 percent during the past year, and 4 percent during the past month.
Most drivers are “Not even close to the capability of their car, as far as going fast,” said Pilgrim, who can show you things in your minivan that would blow your mind.
Your car, the weather, and other drivers are willing to help make it happen.
Ever make a left turn at an intersection when there’s a huge bus blocking your view of what’s coming from the other direction? Or cruise through a red light thinking that there won’t be another car coming across your path? Or even race down a road not realizing that it just might end at some point? The data tell us that 12 percent of all crashes happen when drivers do these things.
Your first job when driving: Don’t hit the car in front of you.
We drive close to the car in front of us because we think it’ll get us there faster.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Evil Is Tech?”

Eighth graders who spend 10 or more hours a week on social media are 56 percent more likely to say they are unhappy than those who spend less time.
Teens who spend three or more hours a day on electronic devices are 35 percent more likely to have a risk factor for suicide, like making a plan for how to do it.
Most social media sites create irregularly timed rewards; you have to check your device compulsively because you never know when a burst of social affirmation from a Facebook like may come.
Obviously, the smart play would be for the tech industry to get out in front and clean up its own pollution.
There are activists like Tristan Harris of Time Well Spent, who is trying to move the tech world in the right directions.
The big breakthrough will come when tech executives clearly acknowledge the central truth: Their technologies are extremely useful for the tasks and pleasures that require shallower forms of consciousness, but they often crowd out and destroy the deeper forms of consciousness people need to thrive.
“The seventh day is a palace in time which we build. It is made of soul, joy and reticence,” he said.
Its innovations can save us time on lower-level tasks so we can get offline and there experience the best things in life.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Growing Toll of Our Ever-Expanding Waistlines”

From 2005 to 2014, the C.D.C. reported in October, there was a 1.4 percent annual increase in cancers related to overweight and obesity among people aged 20 to 49, and a 0.4 percent rise in these cancers among people 50 to 64.”Nearly half of all cancers in people younger than 65 were associated with overweight and obesity,” C.D.C. experts reported in JAMA. And they predicted that given the current “High prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults, children and adolescents,” going forward there will be additional increases in weight-related cancers and cancer deaths among Americans.
The experts called upon clinicians who treat children and adults to do their due diligence and spend more time assessing body mass index and counseling patients about how to avoid or reduce excess weight.
To be sure, many of those with serious weight problems have probably tried and failed to lose weight and keep it off, leading them to think there’s little hope that yet another effort will bring success.
Many primary care doctors have little to no training in how to counsel patients who need to lose weight.
Patients are often turned off by what they perceive to be their health care providers’ negative attitudes toward people with weight problems.
Nearly one participant in five said they would avoid future medical appointments, and 21 percent said they would seek a new doctor, if they felt stigmatized about their weight.
The Medicare opportunity notwithstanding, there is a growing need to tackle weight issues much earlier in life.
Dr. William H. Dietz of the C.D.C., who noted in an accompanying editorial that “Obesity-related cancers in both men and women were associated with moderate weight gain during adulthood,” added that “Efforts to prevent and control obesity in young adults should be accorded a high priority.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “MoviePass drops pricing to under $7 per month, if you opt for the annual plan”

The deal is a limited-time promotion, as opposed to a permanent pricing change, but MoviePass didn’t say how long the offer is valid.
This is not the first time that MoviePass has dropped its pricing.
As of October, MoviePass had grown to over 600,000 subscribers.
MoviePass hopes to eventually convince theater owners it’s growing their customer base, so it can be cut in on profits, according to CEO Mitch Lowe, in a report from Variety in August.
In the meantime, MoviePass is a ridiculously cheap deal for movie-goers.
AMC specifically threatened the startup with legal action in August, and announced that MoviePass was “Not welcome here.” It said it would try to find a way to opt out, as it believes lowering the cost of ticket prices would devalue the theater-going experience overall.
“HMNY continues to be the biggest supporter of MoviePass, as it outpaces any other movie theater subscription service and continues to disrupt the movie theater industry,” said Ted Farnsworth, Chairman and CEO of HMNY, in a statement about today’s new, lower pricing.
“We look forward to helping MoviePass continue to broaden its reach and modernize the movie theater industry,” he added.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Sorting through wild NFC playoff field through Week 10 of 2017 NFL season”

It’s a shame that the NFC can’t lend its fellow conference a playoff team, because it’s going to leave a worthwhile contender at home.
On last week’s episode of my podcast, Will Brinson of CBS pointed out that there were essentially six good teams in the NFC competing for five playoff spots, leaving out the Vikings and their comfortable lead atop the NFC North as an essential lock.
There are nine teams realistically competing for six playoff spots in the NFC. While there are four AFC teams that the Football Power Index assigns at least a 97 percent shot of making the playoffs, the Eagles are the only team in those rarefied heights in the NFC. It’s wide open.
The Cowboys haven’t been the same defense with Lee off the field this season; former Notre Dame star Jaylon Smith has been an inspiring story in returning from a serious knee injury, but teams have taken advantage of him in the passing game.
Next week, the most meaningful – and important – game of Dallas’ season will come against a much-improved Philadelphia team on Sunday night.
The Seahawks basically turned into a different team after Thomas broke his leg last season, and it’s fair to wonder if the same thing will happen now that Sherman, a future Hall of Fame cornerback, is done for the season.
The Vikings are in the middle of an NFC contender battle royal and might have thrown Washington out of the ring by winning at FedEx Field on Sunday, given that Jay Gruden’s team now has just a 4.4 percent chance of making the playoffs.
One of the strange ironies of this bizarre 2017 season is that the Saints look like one of the best teams in the league in a year in which Drew Brees is shouldering less of the workload than ever before.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Link Between Alcohol and Cancer? It’s Not Nearly as Scary as It Seems”

The absolute risks for that 40-year-old would go to 1.78 percent from 1.45 percent for the moderate drinker, and to 2.33 percent for the heavy drinker.
It found a harmful relationship between three of them and light drinking.
A 2013 meta-analysis in the Annals of Oncology that looked at all cancers found that, over all, light drinking was protective; moderate drinking had no effect; and heavy drinking was detrimental.
Randomized controlled trials of alcohol show that light to moderate drinking can lead to a reduction in risk factors for heart disease, diabetes and stroke.
These protective factors may be greater than all the other negative risk factors that might be associated with light or moderate drinking.
The absolute risks of light and moderate drinking are small, while many people derive pleasure from the occasional cocktail or glass of wine.
It’s perfectly reasonable even if a risk exists – and the overall risk is debatable – to decide that the quality of life gained from that drink is greater than the potential harms it entails.
A 30 percent increase in risk sounds scary, but an increase from 1 percent to 1.3 percent absolute risk does not, though these are the same things.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Get Rid of Capitalism? Millennials Are Ready to Talk About It”

The first run of tickets to “Capitalism: A Debate” sold out in a day.
In a Harvard University poll conducted last year, 51 percent of 18-to-29 year-olds in the U.S. said they opposed capitalism; only 42 percent expressed support.
Among Americans of all ages, by contrast, a Gallup survey last year found that 60 percent held positive views of capitalism.
The poll, conducted by YouGov and the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, found that 59 percent of Americans across all age groups preferred to live under capitalism.
“I’ve seen the failings of modern-day capitalism,” said Grayson SussmanSquires, an 18-year-old student at Wesleyan University who had turned up for the capitalism debate.
The debate pitted two socialist stalwarts, Jacobin founder Bhaskar Sunkara and New York University professor Vivek Chibber, against the defenders of capitalism, Katherine Mangu-Ward, Reason’s editor in chief, and Nick Gillespie, the editor in chief of Reason.com and Reason TV. And it was the attempt to rebuff criticism of capitalism that mostly riled up the crowd.
Mangu-Ward replied: “Capitalism kind of [fixes] those things, actually.” There’s the app Tinder to find dates, and Pepto Bismol to cure your upset stomach.
“We’re not fans of crony capitalism.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “Relax, You Don’t Need to ‘Eat Clean'”

Many of the doctors and nutritionists who recommend avoiding certain foods fail to properly explain the magnitude of their risks.
We’ve become more and more susceptible to arguments that we must avoid certain foods completely.
For some people in recent years, gluten has become the enemy, even though wheat accounts for about 20 percent of the calories consumed worldwide, more than pretty much any other food.
At least one in five Americans regularly chooses gluten-free foods, according to a 2015 poll.
We certainly don’t need MSG in our diet, but we also don’t need to waste effort avoiding it.
If people want to avoid foods, even if there’s no reason to, is that really a problem?
Being afraid of food with no real reason is unscientific – part of the dangerous trend of anti-intellectualism that we confront in many places today.
For most people, it’s entirely possible to eat more healthfully without living in terror or struggling to avoid certain foods altogether.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Where the STEM Jobs Are”

In a recent analysis, Edward Lazowska, a professor of computer science at the University of Washington, focused on the Bureau of Labor Statistics employment forecasts in STEM categories.
In the decade ending in 2024, 73 percent of STEM job growth will be in computer occupations, but only 3 percent will be in the physical sciences and 3 percent in the life sciences.
A working grasp of the principles of science and math should be essential knowledge for all Americans, said Michael S. Teitelbaum, an expert on science education and policy.
Unemployment rates for STEM majors may be low, but not all of those with undergraduate degrees end up in their field of study – only 13 percent in life sciences and 17 percent in physical sciences, according to a 2013 National Science Foundation survey.
Computer science is the only STEM field where more than half of graduates are employed in their field.
Insight Data Science Fellows Program, which has offices in New York, Boston, Seattle and Palo Alto, Calif., began its first training program five years ago and now has 900 alumni working at companies like Facebook, LinkedIn, Airbnb, Amazon and Microsoft.
Dr. Faham joined the seven-week Insight Data Science Fellows program in 2015.
Data science is distinctly different from neuroscience, Dr. Das said, but some of the tools she employs, like a machine-learning technique called artificial neural networks, do take their inspiration from the brain.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Zach Lowe 10 things I like and don’t like, featuring Kristaps Porzingis”

Payton isn’t a bad player; he does some things quite well.
The Hornets have scored 1.26 points per possession on any trip featuring a Walker-Howard pick-and-roll, per data from Second Spectrum.
Porzingis finally looked mortal against Houston on Wednesday, but he has risen to perhaps the heaviest offensive burden of any player in the league.
Porzingis has thrived one-on-one, but credit the Knicks for understanding no player can go it alone every single possession.
Holiday is shooting 31 percent on almost 16 shots per 36 minutes.
Only 61 players in the entire 3-point era have hit worse than 40 percent on at least 15 shots per 36 minutes, per Basketball-Reference.
Even worse: Opponents have outscored them by a gargantuan 24 points per 100 possessions with both Zach Randolph and George Hill on the floor, per NBA.com – the fourth-worst such mark among the 250 duos who have logged the most minutes, per NBA.com.
Embiid is coughing it up 5.4 times per 36 minutes for the second straight season, a near-record number, and he is at risk of being the first rotation player in the 30-20 Club for guys who finish at least 30 percent of their team’s possessions and turn it over on 20 percent of that sample.

The orginal article.