Summary of “How 1960s Film Pirates Sold Movies Before the FBI Came Knocking”

Even the FBI couldn’t kill his obsessive love for collecting movies.
In 1974 and 1975, at the behest of the Motion Picture Association of America, the FBI was knocking down doors to shut down the film collectors who sold movies from New York to Los Angeles.
“I ended up being an usher, then a manager, then I ran a theater of my own,” Wise said, explaining how he came to fall in love with movies in his small Virginia town Franconia, right outside of Alexandria.
Wise would travel about an hour to the major movie studios’ offices in Washington, D.C., twice a week to pick up new movies.
The FBI had been tracking a number of film collectors, dealers, and pirates during that period and From Russia With Love just happened to be one of the movies that were being traded.
The file also includes an interview with one of the film collectors that Wise sold movies to through listings in the movie magazines of the 1960s.
The demand for movies in the US and Britain was enormous, so filmmakers were constantly stealing ideas, and sometimes just making a physical film copy of a flick.
Most people are familiar with the controversies that surrounded the emergence of VHS-it was quite the scandal in the early 1980s that Americans might be able to record TV programs and movies right off their own TVs. The movies studios insisted that if VCRs had a record button, people would never pay for content anymore.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Surprising History of Fingerprints”

Thumb marks were used as personal seals to close business in Babylonia, and, in 1303, a Persian vizier recounted the use of fingerprints as signatures during the Qin and Han Dynasties, noting, “Experience has shown that no two individuals have fingers precisely alike.” The Chinese had realized that before anyone: a Qin dynasty document from the third-century B.C.E, titled “The Volume of Crime Scene Investigation-Burglary,” pointed up fingerprints as a means of evincing whodunnit.
The plots of both stories included murders solved with fingerprints.
Hoover, John Lienhard, a professor emeritus of mechanical engineering and history at the University of Houston, explained to me, went on to use the theater of fingerprinting to define the FBI’s hi-tech look.
The FBI relied on a system of reference-worked out before the turn of the century by the head of London’s Metropolitan Police-that described fingerprints with symbols.
Scientists describe the basic patterns of fingerprints in terms of arches, whorls, and loops.
Fingerprints are formed by friction from touching the walls of our mother’s womb.
The CEO said there is debate as to which are more secure: fingerprints or iris images.
“Fingerprints are the mirrors to our inborn talents and potentials, knacks and likings,” write the authors of one recent paper, who believe people may be able to use their fingerprints to unlock their best selves.

The orginal article.

Summary of “This cheap 3D-printed home is a start for the 1 billion who lack shelter”

Today at SXSW, an Austin-based startup will unveil its approach to combat that deficiency by using low-cost 3D printing as a potential solution.
ICON has developed a method for printing a single-story 650-square-foot house out of cement in only 12 to 24 hours, a fraction of the time it takes for new construction.
“We are going to install air quality monitors. How does it look, and how does it smell?” Ballard also runs Treehouse, a company that focuses on sustainable home upgrades.
Using the Vulcan printer, ICON can print an entire home for $10,000 and plans to bring costs down to $4,000 per house.
It’s capable of printing a home that’s 800 square feet, a significantly bigger structure than properties pushed by the tiny home movement, which top out at about 400 square feet.
“There are a few other companies that have printed homes and structures,” Ballard says.
Once ICON completes material testing and tweaking of the design, the company will move the Vulcan printer to El Salvador to begin construction.
“(ICON) believes, as do I, that 3D printing is going to be a method for all kinds of housing,” she says.

The orginal article.

Summary of “For Two Months, I Got My News From Print Newspapers. Here’s What I Learned.”

Most of all, I realized my personal role as a consumer of news in our broken digital news environment.
During the 2016 election, fewer than 3 percent of Americans cited print as their most important source of campaign news; for people under 30, print was their least important source.
Though I have closely followed the news since I was a kid, I always liked my news on a screen, available at the touch of a button.
Still, the prominence of commentary over news online and on cable news feels backward, and dangerously so.
It is exactly our fealty to the crowd – to what other people are saying about the news, rather than the news itself – that makes us susceptible to misinformation.
As news organizations evolved to a digital landscape dominated by apps and social platforms, they felt more pressure to push news out faster.
You don’t need to read a print newspaper to get this; you can create your own news ritual by looking at a news app once a day, or reading morning newsletters like those from Axios, or listening to a daily news podcast.
You don’t have to read a print newspaper to get a better relationship with the news.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Paper Jams Persist”

Unsurprisingly, the engineers who specialize in paper jams see them differently.
Like unbreachable blister packs or awkward sticky tape, paper jams suggest that imperfection will persist, despite our best efforts.
Using an early Xerox machine required placing an original under a glass pane, reflecting light off it onto a statically charged photosensitive plate, using the charged plate to draw toner from a tray, transferring the toned image to plain paper, and then melting the toner into the paper in a miniature electric oven.
In building-size paper mills, the fibre is sprayed onto rollers turning thirty-five miles per hour, which press it into fat cylinders of paper forty reams wide.
To a sheet of paper, a paper path is like a Tough Mudder-a multistage obstacle course that must be run in hostile conditions.
In the facility some engineers call the Paper Torture Lab-officially, it’s the Media Technology Center-Bruce Katz, a soft-spoken paper technologist, examined some copy paper through a microscope.
The team from the Paper Torture Lab travels around the world, helping paper mills improve their product, and raising the quality of printer paper has played a major role in increasing print speeds.
Still, even the highest-quality paper can be ruined by poor “Paper handling.” A half-used package of paper left to sit will grow damp and curly or dry and “Tight.” Reams of paper that are thrown around or kept in stacks can develop hidden curls that lead to jams.

The orginal article.

Summary of “What Happened to the Internet’s Favorite T-Shirt Company?”

The company’s founding idea was that anyone could submit a design, all designs would receive scores from registered users, and, after review by Threadless staff, the winning designs would receive the honor of being printed and sold.
At the core of the Threadless business model is a community of artists that submit to design contests, participate in the brand’s social network, and promote the company to their friends and relatives.
Nickell told Racked that Threadless prints “One design for every 1,000 submitted,” just 0.1 percent of submissions.
Standout designs helped make Threadless huge – but that didn’t necessarily make the artists submitting them rich.
While per-shirt royalties from the start would have massively benefitted the most successful artists, such as Burns, many designers said that the windfall $2,500 prize for winning the weekly design competition was preferable to them and they lost the motivation to submit designs due to the change.
Designer sonmi wrote on the Threadless forum that the changes to how artists would be paid “Makes it feel less like a community. Less special.”
Threadless fans report that the shirts now appear in UK T.K. Maxx stores due to wholesale agreements confirmed by Threadless staff in July 2017.
The revelation prompted designer Farnell to entreat, “[t]here was a mystery around Threadless,” telling the company, “Don’t forget why you were once special, the pinnacle of unique T-shirt design, always one step ahead and never following the crowd.” The company that once turned down offers from Target and Urban Outfitters in order to work with smaller vendors, then negotiated limited, careful distribution deals with Nordstrom, Target, Gap, and Bed Bath & Beyond has gone mass in a vastly less cool way than users sneering about Urban Outfitters in the 2000s could have imagined.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Students learn more effectively from print textbooks than screens, study says”

We’ve seen more investment in classroom technologies, with students now equipped with school-issued iPads and access to e-textbooks.
While new forms of classroom technology like digital textbooks are more accessible and portable, it would be wrong to assume that students will automatically be better served by digital reading simply because they prefer it.
From our review of research done since 1992, we found that students were able to better comprehend information in print for texts that were more than a page in length.
After reading two passages, one online and one in print, these students then completed three tasks: Describe the main idea of the texts, list key points covered in the readings and provide any other relevant content they could recall.
Students judged their comprehension as better online than in print.
If all students are being asked to do is to understand and remember the big idea or gist of what they’re reading, there’s no benefit in selecting one medium over another.
When the reading assignment demands more engagement or deeper comprehension, students may be better off reading print.
In our third experiment, we were able to create meaningful profiles of college students based on the way they read and comprehended from printed and digital texts.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to build an amazing board game collection for $10!”

That said, putting together an amazing board game collection can be cheap.
Monikers is the party game we’d recommend instead, though since it’s only a lovely edition of a popular public domain game, printing it is just one option available to you.
In a nutshell, the game starts with two rooms of people, all of whom are secretly on either the Red Team or the Blue Team, and the game is for the reds to get their Red Bomber player into the room with the Blue President via a hostage exchange by the end of 15 minutes, at which point the bomb explodes.
Funemployed is a game of terrible job interviews that requires a bit of improvisation from players, but it’s the most I’ve ever laughed playing a board game.
As a bonus, it’s the only drawing game where not being able to draw makes the game better.
Win, Lose or Banana is, on paper, a terrible game, but in practice it’s occasionally the best game ever? You can buy the official game for $1, but if you make your own version by scribbling on some cardboard the police are unlikely to investigate.
The bigger my board game collection gets, the more I appreciate the simplicity and cultural gravity of a cup full of dice, or an ordinary 54 card deck.
You could ask me “Quinns, do you want to play an expensive, lengthy board game from your collection, or do you want to drink and play Liar’s Dice with £5 on the line?” and I’d have to think about my answer for a long time.

The orginal article.

Summary of “This woman’s name appears on the Declaration of Independence. So why don’t we know her story?”

In her boldest move, Goddard put her full name at the bottom of all the copies of the Declaration that her printing presses churned out and distributed to the colonies.
Until Goddard got the assignment from Congress to print and distribute copies of the Declaration, it was more like an anonymous Internet post than a document of record.
Signing your name to something like this was considered treason.
Without all the names of the founders, the Declaration was less devastating.
By including her name at the bottom, “Baltimore, in Maryland: Printed by Mary Katharine Goddard,” she became a patriot worth remembering.
Just about every historian – from the Library of Congress to the Smithsonian Institution – spells her name “Katherine.”
Goddard wasn’t always so bold declaring her name.
Remember, it’s a job she’d successfully done – along with publishing a newspaper and printing the Declaration of Independence – for more than a decade.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Computer printers have been quietly embedding tracking codes in documents for decades”

It revealed that color printers embed in printed documents coded patterns that contain the printer’s serial number, and the date and time the documents were printed.
According to the affidavit, an internal government audit found that only six people had printed out the classified documents.
In a case where a leaker had covered his or her tracks more carefully, or where the leaked documents had been printed by far more than six people, or perhaps printed on a non-government printer, the dots certainly could have come into play.
Fuji, which has been in a joint-venture partnership with Xerox since 1962, was the first to implement the codes in printers.
Amid rampant counterfeiting issues in Japan in the mid-1980s, Crean said, the company began programming color printers to embed the dots.
There are no laws or regulations in the US that force printer manufacturers to include the tracking codes.
The organization asked the public to submit samples of their own printed documents, Schoen said, which helped them to compare differences between patterns on many printer models.
“Some of the documents that we previously received through FOIA suggested that all major manufacturers of color laser printers entered a secret agreement with governments to ensure that the output of those printers is forensically traceable,” the EFF said on its website.

The orginal article.