Summary of “Open-Minded People Have a Different Visual Perception of Reality”

Recent studies suggest that personality traits don’t simply affect your outlook on life, but the way you perceive reality.
One study published earlier this year in the Journal of Research in Personality goes so far as to suggest that openness to experience changes what people see in the world.
In the study, researchers from the University of Melbourne in Australia recruited 123 volunteers and gave them the big five personality test, which measures extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience.
This isn’t the only study that connects personality with perception.
The authors speculate that overlapping neurochemicals in the brain may link perception to personality.
While studies show that personality can shift over time, there’s currently little research on whether perception also changes to correspond with new personality traits.
Given the above cited evidence that meditation can shift perception, Antinori believes the way we see the world may well change in line with personality.
Mounting evidence suggests that our personalities are affecting our experience of the world in more ways than we realize.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Simple Test Predicts What Kindergartners Will Earn as Adults”

Now a new study I helped lead has found another link between behavior in childhood and success later in life.
An important strength of the paper is that it examined a range of specific childhood behaviors and controlled for the children’s IQ and family background, something not all previous investigations have done.
Experimental studies show that home- and school-based programs can reduce inattentive and disruptive behaviors and enhance prosocial traits through perspective taking, relationship management, and social and emotional training.
For boys only, ratings of aggression and opposition were linked with lower earnings, and prosocial behaviors were linked with higher earnings.
The study accounted for other childhood behaviors, including hyperactivity and anxiety, which were not associated with earnings.
Inattention in childhood is known to be linked with poor peer relations, substance abuse and antisocial behavior in adolescence, all of which can harm educational attainment and diminish employment opportunities, consequently lowering earnings.
The association between boys’ prosocial behaviors and higher earnings may be more intuitive: prosocial children typically get on better with their peers, have fewer behavioral problems in adolescence and perform better at school, which should enhance employment opportunities, collegial relations and earnings.
Another important question, which wasn’t addressed in our study, is why the behaviors associated with future earnings appear to differ for males and females.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How Worried Should I Really Be About Carcinogens?”

Although scientists might disagree on whether a specific substance is a carcinogen, they do reach a consensus that carcinogens increase your risk of developing cancer, and in many cases that’s all-it doesn’t mean that you’ll definitely develop cancer or that it will happen right away.
How do carcinogens cause cancer? The first steps in the transformation of a normal cell into a cancerous cell happen at the level of the DNA, a remarkably complex foundation for our normal functions; in three billion individual nucleotides, it encodes all the instructions required for any cell to survive.
How do I know which carcinogens are worth worrying about? Some words of wisdom about carcinogens: “It’s very important that we don’t drive ourselves crazy,” says Linda Birnbaum, director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the National Toxicology Program.
From his work in cancer communications, Jensen has found that the widespread conception that carcinogens are everywhere makes people feel like it’s out of their control and that there’s nothing they can do to decrease their risk of developing cancer.
If you want learn more about carcinogens, check out the lists of carcinogens published by the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer, the National Toxicology Program, or the American Cancer Society.
Getting vaccinated against cancer-causing viruses like hepatitis B and C and human papilloma virus will also provide some proven benefit; viruses have long played a role in causing cancer, and five more types were added to the National Toxicology Program’s Report on Carcinogens just last year.
Regular cancer screenings are also invaluable because they can catch abnormal cells before they cause cancer symptoms.
Being exposed to carcinogens isn’t synonymous with getting cancer.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Definitive Superfood Ranking”

At least for now, it’s best to view research on MCT with skepticism: a 2015 review of studies on MCT supplementation found that while most research did show some sort of weight loss, the studies were often flawed or commercial bias was present.
The researchers concluded: “Further research is required by independent research groups using large, well-designed studies to confirm the efficacy of MCT and to determine the dosage needed for the management of a healthy body weight and composition.”
Chia Seeds Many runners began incorporating these small seeds into their diet after Christopher McDougall’s 2009 bestseller, Born to Run, described them as nutritionally equivalent to a mix of “Salmon, spinach, and human growth hormone.” But a few recent studies-like one in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research and one in the journal Nutrients-have found that the seeds offer runners no performance benefit.
There is research showing that it can boost your basic metabolic rate by 3 to 4 percent, “And it’s profoundly anticancer,” says Talbott, thanks to compounds called catechins.
“They’re high in fiber, iron, and B vitamins,” says Talbott, and research has shown that diets rich in legumes can lower your risk of developing cardiovascular disease and your total risk of morbidity from all causes.
Red Wine Go ahead and rejoice: there is evidence-based research showing that wine may have anti-inflammatory and blood pressure-lowering benefits, thanks to the polyphenol micronutrient called resveratrol, which research has linked to a host of cardiovascular benefits.
The body of research on turmeric is fairly deep, with several large-scale studies, and turmeric may have more benefits than researchers yet realize-early results from one small study in the UK showed a potential for turmeric to change gene expression in a way that might help fight cancer.
Blueberry’s power comes from the compound oligomeric proanthocyanidins, and Talbott says that you don’t need a ton of it to get results: a half-cup per day of fresh or frozen blueberries results in a “Significant longevity benefit.” Plus, there’s plenty of research showing that blueberries can reduce post-exercise stress and inflammation among athletes.

The orginal article.

Summary of “New Insights into Self-Insight: More May Not Be Better”

It is still popularly assumed that people with a clear view of themself and their abilities are better off-that they feel better, have more satisfying relationships and are more successful.
An intriguing new study recently added provocative findings to this long-standing debate.
Does self-knowledge really lead to higher satisfaction? Is it maybe more productive to just think positively-even if a little overconfidently-about one’s abilities? Or could it be that those with the highest abilities will be optimally adjusted? The study, published last month in Nature Human Behaviour, found support for none of these ideas.
“People who report being more adjusted are those who have a combination of relatively lower true abilities and actual higher views of themselves,” says Stéphane Côté, a social psychologist at the Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto and an author of the paper.
Beyond its unanticipated findings, the new study is notable for how it was conducted.
It was a registered report, a new and still relatively rare process that fundamentally shifts the way scientific research is published by front-loading peer review into the planning stages of a study and accepting that study, in principle, for publication before any data have been collected, regardless of the result.
Rotman’s graduate student Joyce He, who led the study, and Côté recruited more than 1,000 people online.
Regarding the study, she says, “They didn’t give [subjects] self-insight and then watch what happened over time.” Côté agrees.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Love is an Ongoing Practice”

I’m increasingly coming to think that if your primary goal is a long, happy, and healthy life, you’d be far better off focusing on love.
According to George Vaillant, a psychiatrist and clinical therapist who directed the study for over three decades, the most important component to a long, happy, and healthy life is love.
That’s because love requires care and attention.
The kind of care that is required for love is not fleeting – it’s not constantly drawn to the next best thing; the newest bright and shiny object.
The care required for love to blossom and thrive is very much the same.
If what love is seems a bit esoteric, what love is not is relatively straight forward.
Love is losing yourself in the process of caring about and showing undivided attention to someone or something, through ups and downs.
While it’s true that cultivating this kind of love can be in conflict with the current culture, if there’s anything worth going against the grain for, it’s love.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Love is an Ongoing Practice”

I’m increasingly coming to think that if your primary goal is a long, happy, and healthy life, you’d be far better off focusing on love.
According to George Vaillant, a psychiatrist and clinical therapist who directed the study for over three decades, the most important component to a long, happy, and healthy life is love.
That’s because love requires care and attention.
The kind of care that is required for love is not fleeting – it’s not constantly drawn to the next best thing; the newest bright and shiny object.
The care required for love to blossom and thrive is very much the same.
If what love is seems a bit esoteric, what love is not is relatively straight forward.
Love is losing yourself in the process of caring about and showing undivided attention to someone or something, through ups and downs.
While it’s true that cultivating this kind of love can be in conflict with the current culture, if there’s anything worth going against the grain for, it’s love.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How To Become A Genius”

“The fact is, intelligence can be increased-and quite dramatically,” writes behavior-analytic psychologist Bryan Roche of the National University of Ireland in Psychology Today.
David Shenk, author of The Genius in All of Us, says it’s virtually impossible to determine any individual’s true intellectual limitations at any age; anyone has the potential for genius or, at the very least, greatness.
While a professor at the University of California, Irvine, Susanne Jaeggi found that an activity known as the n-back task increases fluid intelligence, which is the ability to reason and solve new problems independent of previous knowledge.
Cardiovascular fitness can raise your verbal intelligence and improve long-term memory, according to a study from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.
In a study conducted at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and Charité University Medicine in Berlin, researchers found that video games such as Super Mario benefit the brain by improving sensory, perceptual, and attentional tasks.
In a study done at the University of California, San Francisco, researchers found a specially designed 3-D driving video game boosted mental skills like multitasking and focusing in older adults.
Mindful meditation can increase the neuroplasticity in the brain, according to a study from the University of Oregon and Texas Tech University’s Neuroimaging Institute.
Researchers found the practice improved the efficiency of their brain’s white matter, significantly improving attention and fluid intelligence.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How To Become A Genius”

“The fact is, intelligence can be increased-and quite dramatically,” writes behavior-analytic psychologist Bryan Roche of the National University of Ireland in Psychology Today.
David Shenk, author of The Genius in All of Us, says it’s virtually impossible to determine any individual’s true intellectual limitations at any age; anyone has the potential for genius or, at the very least, greatness.
While a professor at the University of California, Irvine, Susanne Jaeggi found that an activity known as the n-back task increases fluid intelligence, which is the ability to reason and solve new problems independent of previous knowledge.
Cardiovascular fitness can raise your verbal intelligence and improve long-term memory, according to a study from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.
In a study conducted at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and Charité University Medicine in Berlin, researchers found that video games such as Super Mario benefit the brain by improving sensory, perceptual, and attentional tasks.
In a study done at the University of California, San Francisco, researchers found a specially designed 3-D driving video game boosted mental skills like multitasking and focusing in older adults.
Mindful meditation can increase the neuroplasticity in the brain, according to a study from the University of Oregon and Texas Tech University’s Neuroimaging Institute.
Researchers found the practice improved the efficiency of their brain’s white matter, significantly improving attention and fluid intelligence.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Six Brain Hacks To Learn Anything Faster”

Science proves there are six ways you can learn and retain something faster.
The expectation changes your mind-set so that you engage in more effective approaches to learning than those who simply learn to pass a test, according to John Nestojko, a postdoctoral researcher in psychology and coauthor of the study.
“Anything less than 30 is just not enough, but anything more than 50 is too much information for your brain to take in at one time,” writes learning strategies graduate assistant Ellen Dunn.
While it’s faster to take notes on a laptop, using a pen and paper will help you learn and comprehend better.
While it sounds counterintuitive, you can learn faster when you practice distributed learning, or “Spacing.” In an interview with The New York Times, Benedict Carey, author of How We Learn: The Surprising Truth About When, Where, and Why It Happens, says learning is like watering a lawn.
Downtime is important when it comes to retaining what you learn, and getting sleep in between study sessions can boost your recall up to six months later, according to new research published in Psychological Science.
In an experiment, participants were asked to learn a computer-based task.
“What we found is if you practice a slightly modified version of a task you want to master,” he writes, “You actually learn more and faster than if you just keep practicing the exact same thing multiple times in a row.”

The orginal article.