Summary of “Hollywood Wanted An Edgy Child Actor. When He Spiraled, They Couldn’t Help.”

It had been years since Renfro had delivered a performance that caught the public’s attention, and at the time, he was treated as yet another addition to the mournful legacy of former child stars – Dana Plato, River Phoenix, Judy Garland – whose lives collapsed from Hollywood darling to death by overdose.
Renfro became an overnight star because he was a rowdy kid with natural talent who stood apart from more seasoned child actors.
10 years after Renfro’s death, interviews with Renfro’s former colleagues make plain that the mechanisms in place to protect child actors – mechanisms compromised by conflicts of interest and a dependence on parents and guardians – were scarcely capable of protecting kids like Renfro, and largely remain so today.
Renfro’s parents divorced when he was 5; his mother remarried and moved to Michigan, and Renfro’s paternal grandmother, Joanne Renfro, became the primary caregiver for an increasingly wayward child.
None of the adults who worked with Renfro as a child who spoke with BuzzFeed News said they suspected Renfro might be addicted to a drug like heroin.
With no boundaries off the set, Renfro kept getting pushed past perceived limits for child actors on the set, as well.
Instead, throughout the ’90s and Renfro’s early adolescence, Hollywood kept courting the child actor, trading on his name and fandom.
If the parent or guardian is checked out, and their child’s darker facets are what keeps them employed, it’s not in any way surprising that an actor like Renfro would slip through a system so ill-equipped to save him anyway.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Building Skills Outside the Classroom With New Ways of Learning”

“Especially compared to when I was in school.”
Keith Kelly, superintendent of the Mayfield City School District, said the center was “About getting kids involved in inquiry, in solving problems, in partnerships, in authentic projects that may be of interest to them.”
Career Academies in PasadenaThe Pasadena, Calif., Unified School District – a district in which 65 percent of the students qualify for free and reduced-price lunches – has nine career-themed “Academies” for its high school students.
Engineering Innovation at ToyotaToyota has a number of initiatives aimed at funneling students into careers with the automaker, via partnerships with 256 high schools, summer internships for high school students, specialized degree tracks, and part-time employment at the college level and eventually, for those who finish the pathway, jobs.
“As the number of students continues to diversify in terms of race, language and ethnicity, the teachers are still about 90 to 92 percent white,” said Claudia Rinaldi, the director of the education department at Lasell College in Newton, Mass.Lasell’s “Pathways to Teacher Diversity” – part of a statewide effort supported by a Gates Foundation grant – is a partnership with four school districts in the state intended to encourage more high school students of color to pursue careers in education.
The long-term goal, she said, is to get these students to return, as certified teachers, to K-12 schools like the ones they attended.
A Forerunner in New York CityIn 1972, City-as-School High School was established by New York City’s Board of Education, as a “School without walls.” According to a Bank Street College of Education paper on the alternative school’s history, prospective students were invited to “See the city as your curriculum” and to “Imagine yourself” in various and glamorous-sounding professional settings.
There, the students are supervised by employees of the organization, and also by City-as-School teachers who help their students work through the new and daily challenges of work life.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Fight Over Teacher Salaries: A Look At The Numbers”

The Fight Over Teacher Salaries: A Look At The Numbers : NPR Ed Teachers in many states are angry after years of stagnant wages.
The teachers strike in West Virginia may have ended last week when Gov. Jim Justice signed a law giving educators a 5 percent pay increase, but the fight in other states is just warming up.
“It’s gotten so bad that the state Department of Education has had to issue emergency teacher certifications to replace teachers as quickly as possible,” reported Emily Wendler of member station KOSU in July.
Even Shawn Sheehan, a math teacher in Norman, Okla., and the state’s 2016 teacher of the year, decided he simply couldn’t afford to stay.
Sure, life can be done on $400, $450 a month, but I would challenge others out there to buy diapers, groceries and all the things that you need for a family of three on $400. That is why we reached out to EdBuild, to see whether they could help bring more clarity to the conversation about teacher salaries.
EdBuild used 2015-16 average teacher salaries as reported by the National Center for Education Statistics and a cost-of-living index produced by the Council for Community and Economic Research.
In some cases, deep pockets of veteran teachers may also conceal low pay for young teachers.
Oklahoma ranks 49th in average teacher salary but jumps to 40th. Still low, to be sure, and cold comfort to Oklahoma teachers, but it’s nuance worth knowing.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Good Leaders Make Good Schools”

After a contentious strike in 2012, Emanuel managed to extend the school day.
We’ve spent a lot of time over the past few decades debating how to restructure schools.
Researchers from the University of Minnesota and the University of Toronto studied 180 schools across nine states and concluded, “We have not found a single case of a school improving its student achievement record in the absence of talented leadership.”
How do students feel about their schooling? How do they understand motivation? Do they have a growth mind-set to understand their own development?
These attitudes are powerfully and subtly influenced by school culture, by the liturgies of practice that govern the school day: the rituals for welcoming members into the community; the way you decorate walls to display school values; the distribution of power across the community; the celebrations of accomplishment and the quality of trusting relationships.
In some schools, teachers see themselves as martyrs in a hopeless cause.
At Independence Middle School in Cleveland, principal Kevin Jakub pushes a stand-up desk on wheels around the school all day.
A lot of teachers want to be left alone and a lot of principals don’t want to give away power, but successful schools are truly collaborative.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The ‘Problem Child’ Is a Child, Not a Problem”

Jessica found another school that uses C.P.S.C.P.S. was developed in the late 1990s by Dr. Ross Greene, now the director of a nonprofit called Lives in the Balance, and later expanded upon by Stuart Ablon, a psychologist who runs the Think:Kids program at Massachusetts General Hospital.
Many kids flounder when schools use the popular “Token economy” approach, which gives checkmarks or tokens for good behavior that students cash in for rewards.
The school recommended a special education classroom that used physical restraints and a plywood closet with padded walls for students to “Work out” their anger.
Christine ultimately got the school district to pay for Quinn to attend a private school that uses C.P.S., but it took an expensive lawsuit for which she had to borrow money from friends and hold public fund-raisers she found embarrassing.
Rea Powell, who teaches kindergartners with special needs at the Albert Bridge School, a public school in Brownsville, Vt., agrees.
Her colleague, the school counselor David Gale, sees our penchant for quick fixes as part of the problem.
Jessica Hannon believes Matt’s struggles in school could have been prevented if his teachers and family had built up his self-regulation skills in the early years.
Now an eighth grader, Matt has adjusted well to his new school and hopes to attend the local public high school next year.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Lawnmower parents are raising a generation of kids who struggle with adversity”

Much of our job as parents is to protect them from harm by being that filter that they don’t yet have for themselves.
In essence, these parents hover over their children, constantly pressuring them to accomplish tasks to perfection.
A newer, and in my opinion, more damaging parenting style has developed over the past decade and become kindly known as Lawnmower Parenting.
These are parents who constantly clear all obstacles from their children’s paths so they never have to deal with problems for themselves.
Second, because our kids grow up without experiencing much or even any failure in their lives, they have no coping mechanisms to overcome adversity.
If parents continue to lawnmower and insist that we teachers serve as their lawnmower liaisons in the classroom, nobody wins.
If we all recognize the need to let kids struggle in a safe, recoverable environment, we can all work together to best prepare them for an increasingly unapologetic world.
If we can learn to stop deflecting failure, to stop mowing that lawn, educators and parents can collaboratively support our kids as they build the confidence to knock those weeds over themselves.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Britain Turns to Chinese Textbooks to Improve Its Math Scores”

Under a $54 million initiative funded by the government, more than half the primary schools in England will adopt a teaching approach to math that is used in top-performing places like Shanghai and Singapore.
Colin Hughes, the managing director of Collins Learning, the education division of HarperCollins, which is publishing the texts, said that the Chinese textbooks were “Significantly more demanding” than the current curriculum in England.
Some schools in Britain have already begun experimenting with mathematics textbooks based on teaching materials from Singapore.
The country’s K-12 education system, by contrast, is something of a natural cultural resource, having been built around the all-important gaokao, or national college examination, a single competitive test that determines where most Chinese go to university.
A number of other countries, including the United Arab Emirates, Kenya, and Malaysia, have expressed interest in learning from the so-called Chinese mastery model.
Mr. Ni, the Chinese publisher, said that the company was in talks with education representatives in several other countries, like the United States, about adapting its workbooks.
Some experts question whether merely adopting Chinese textbooks will have a real impact on math standards.
Textbooks, Mr. Hughes acknowledged, are not a silver bullet for education problems in Britain.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A new study shows millennials are no better at using technology than their parents”

This group is supposedly a generation of early adopters under the age of about 35, uniquely adept at technology compared to their older counterparts.
Which concluded that “Information-savvy digital natives do not exist.” Despite assertions that younger generations learn differently and require specialized, multimedia teaching strategies because they grew up with smartphones and the web, the authors say that there is no evidence to suggest that digital natives are more tech-savvy or good at multi-tasking than older generations.
This idea of the digital native was born out of the a 2001 essay by educator Marc Prensky, who claimed that a new generation was especially skilled at processing multiple streams of information and using technology, reports Discover Magazine.
Co-author of the Teaching and Teacher Education study and a professor of educational psychology at the Open University in the Netherlands, argues that we hurt, rather than help, students learn when we assume that they have unique technological skills.
This idea is backed up by other research showing that millennials do not necessarily possess special skills at basic computer programs compared to older generations.
A better approach might be to rethink how we define generations.
Digital natives have not developed unique intellectual abilities from their proximity to technology because basic human cognition doesn’t change from generation to generation.
A professor of psychology at San Diego State University, argues that categorizing people into distinct generations can be useful for certain things.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Increasing Salaries So Teachers Don’t Have To Become Principals”

Spencer Campbell spends much of his days walking the halls of Elk Ridge Middle School, checking breezeways for kids playing hooky, redirecting foot traffic between classes and checking on substitute teachers.
“As a teacher I was making $43,000 a year and I had a part-time job where I would work another 20,” he says.
“There’s not a step in the ladder between teacher and administrator,” Campbell says.
“It’s just teacher. And administrator.”
“The problem is that there is a big disparity between what teachers make and a living wage in lots of places,” says Janice Voorhies, the president of the Jordan District school board where Campbell works.
The board recently approved a salary increase, including an additional $7,000 for beginning teachers.
In the meantime, classrooms will continue to lose teachers like Spencer Campbell.
“That’s one less amazing teacher a kid has.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “This Is The Ultimate Life Hack”

“When I look back at my life, I am happy to have had what most people would consider a successful life, not only regarding business but in my relationships and in lots of ways.More than anything else, I attribute it to meditation - partially because of the creativity, partly because of the centeredness.I think meditation has been the single biggest influence on my life.” ~ Ray DalioThe appeal of meditation is that it is universally accessible, requires no formalized training, is free to practice and is said to alleviate many of the mysterious ills of society - including stress, anxiety, depression and a host of other disorders.
People have been meditating for thousands of years, and with that kind of track record, it surely isn’t a fad.In the modern “Life hacking” era of everyone wanting a shortcut to success and happiness, meditation is the ultimate life hack that few people are actually using.
The number of individuals who develop a long-standing meditation practice are few and far between.
Others, once starting down the meditation path, confront challenges that cause them to give us the practice altogether.
How to Start MeditatingJust as you wouldn’t leave the house without taking a shower, you shouldn’t start the day without at least 10 minutes of sacred practice: prayer, meditation, inspirational reading.
You will find that with practice, even a short 5-minute meditation can have a significantly positive impact.
Art of Living, Transcendental Meditation, and the Indian Yoga traditions tend to fall into this style of meditation practice.
Be consistent for the first few months of your meditation practice.
Once you have a regular practice, then you may wish to try different meditation techniques.
To the monasteries in Tibet or Japan to the Ashrams in India, meditators have always learned from teachers and engaged together in group meditation practice periodically.

The orginal article.