Summary of “The five types of mentors you need in your life |”

Here’s how to assemble your personal dream team, with tips from business expert Anthony Tjan.
“The best mentors can help us define and express our inner calling,” says Anthony Tjan, CEO of Boston venture capital firm Cue Ball Group and author of Good People.
In this short list, Tjan has identified the five kinds of people you should have in your corner.
One reminder from Tjan: Mentorship is a two-way street – a relationship between humans – and not a transaction.
“If you know you want to be the best in your field – whether it’s the greatest editor, football quarterback, entrepreneur – ask, Who are the most iconic figures in that area?” says Tjan.
As Tjan puts it, “You are peers committed to supporting each other, collaborating with each other, and holding each other accountable. And when you have a copilot, both the quality of your work and your engagement level improve.”
“We’re all going to hit speed bumps and go through uncertainty in life,” says Tjan.
Speaking from his own experience, Tjan says, “Talking to my mentees gives me the opportunity to collect feedback on my leadership style, engage with the younger generation, and keep my perspectives fresh and relevant.”

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Summary of “The Scientist Who Lost America’s First Climate War”

Then the idea of the Great American Desert was turned on its head. “These great Plains are not deserts,” wrote William Gilpin in a late-1857 edition of the National Intelligencer, “But the opposite, and are the cardinal basis of the future empire of commerce and industry now erecting itself upon the North American Continent.” As the soon-to-be first territorial governor of Colorado, the electric-tongued Gilpin knew that he would benefit from this novel outlook.
He shamelessly rode the tide of Manifest Destiny-the notion that Americans were destined to push across the continent-to encourage westward migration.
As soldiers came home from the Civil War and the nation returned to the business of business, all America, it seemed, scrambled aboard Gilpin’s bandwagon.
“Go West, young man!” soon rang in everyone’s ears.
By far the largest private landowners in the West, they pushed out tides of promotional material that sold the West as a garden, not a desert.
He had climbed, walked, and boated through more of the American West than any white man, and had something to say about William Gilpin’s astounding claims.
This startlingly simple line forced its viewers to visualize the American nation not in terms of political boundaries, but by its climate: It delineated the arid West from the forested East, land that received 20 or more inches of rain from that which received less.
The map illustrated forcefully how much of the American West, with some notable exceptions in the Pacific Northwest, was unfarmable.

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Summary of “What Does Quantum Theory Actually Tell Us about Reality?”

The birth of quantum physics in the early 1900s made it clear that light is made of tiny, indivisible units, or quanta, of energy, which we call photons.
Young’s experiment, when done with single photons or even single particles of matter, such as electrons and neutrons, is a conundrum to behold, raising fundamental questions about the very nature of reality.
In the modern quantum form, Young’s experiment involves beaming individual particles of light or matter at two slits or openings cut into an otherwise opaque barrier.
Common sense leads us to expect that photons should go through one slit or the other and pile up behind each slit.
There’s no way to tell with certainty where the photon will land; it can appear at any one of the places of non-zero probability.
If the probabilities are borne out over the course of sending tens of thousands of identical photons through the double slit, the theory claims that each photon’s wave function collapsed-thanks to an ill-defined process called measurement.
A photon heads towards the double slit with a definite position at all times and goes through one slit or the other; so each photon has a trajectory.
Conceptually, the idea is to not just put a photon into a superposition of going through two slits at once, but to also put one of the slits in a superposition of being in two locations at once.

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Summary of “The Amazonization of Whole Foods, one year in – TechCrunch”

At the time, Amazon said the goal was to make “High-quality, natural and organic food affordable for everyone.” Bananas, avocados and even tilapia was going to be cheaper than before.
A bunch of other Amazon offerings involving delivery options were also mentioned, including the getting of Whole Food groceries through a then new Amazon Fresh grocery delivery program and Whole Foods private label products would be made available through Prime Now and Prime Pantry.
Further, Amazon lockers would be showing up at select stores to make pick ups and returns easier for Amazon customers.
Walking into my local Whole Foods, the Amazon branding is everywhere from the deep orange lockers off to the side, the large, green Amazon Fresh coolers greeting me at the entrance to the parking lot and rows of bags ready for pickup and delivery via Amazon workers.
You want to do one better, just download the Amazon app to your smartphone, use the code given and then purchase with Apple pay using your Amazon Prime credit card for maximum benefits.
I’ve also enjoyed using the integrated partnership to order Whole Foods items straight from my Amazon Fresh account.
With Amazon, I can order from various stores, including Whole Foods through my Amazon Fresh account all in one order and then choose a time for delivery.
There’s still some bumps with that process – you can’t order every item available in Whole Foods, just what Fresh offers that week through the Amazon platform.

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Summary of “The California Sunday Magazine”

At the end of April, in the middle of that pivot, Gaffney and Paul Bennett gave a short tour of the project to a man named BJ Miller.
In an email to Bennett early last year, for example, Miller wrote: “I’d say that humans have thrived by turning every need - every vulnerability - into something in its own right.” Shelter becomes architecture, he noted.
“Think of all the cultural significance and artistry and labor that goes into [eating].” Miller wanted to bring that same creative power and meaning-making to death, but he had trouble finding a sounding board for those ideas in the medical community.
Last February, Bennett invited Miller to an orientation for a small team of Ideo designers on the work he was hoping to undertake.
Huddled in the Death Yurt, Miller felt simultaneously invigorated and dubious.
Miller had seen firsthand that, because we spend our entire lives avoiding thinking about death, when it finally comes into view, there’s a thicket of panic, denial, or disbelief to cut through before people can focus, more mindfully, on the experience and begin to make decisions to improve their last days.
In the Death Yurt, Bennett and his team seemed to be caught up in what Miller recognized as the “Endocrine rush” of finally facing death head-on.
“You don’t want to shit on somebody’s beautiful idea,” Miller said, but “If you start talking about dying well or dying a ‘good death,’ then you also set people up to fail at death.”

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Summary of “What the Grieving Orca Tells Us”

“They pull these little pranks when they know people are watching them,” says Balcomb.
“That’s a lot of energy and you can’t help but think it feels good-or weird. You’re buoyant and then suddenly under the influence of gravity. I don’t think anyone has seen her breach for quite a long time.”
Giles describes Tahlequah as an “Incredibly attentive mother” that played with her first calf, Notch, more than most orca moms.
“Think about a female going through those pregnancy hormones, growing a fetus, and then losing it-twice,” says Giles.
“It’s a little bit of anthropomorphism, but I think she was letting everyone else know she was grieving,” he says.
“They’re very intelligent. They know people are out there: I’ve seen them look at boats hauling fish out in nets. I think they know that humans are somehow related to the scarcity of food. And I think they know that the scarcity of food is causing them physical distress, and also causing them to lose babies.”
There is no way of knowing for sure if that’s what Tahlequah was doing.
Many scientists would undoubtedly accuse Balcomb of inappropriately casting human feelings and motivations onto another species, without extraordinary evidence for his extraordinary claims.

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Summary of “From Africa to tea with the Queen”

You may also be interested in: The true ‘granddaddy’ of the Alps What it means to know when to leave The secret maps used in WWII. Buoyed by the enthusiastic response she received, Albu pledged on air to drive to Buckingham Palace to have tea with the Queen – and before long, the seeds of what had begun as a joke started germinating.
With Tracy’s grey, squat exterior emblazoned with the rainbow-coloured stickers of her sponsors, Albu set off on a frosty morning from her house in Jakkalsfontein, hurtling up a gum tree-lined road pointing north.
Instead, Albu quenched her boundless thirst for Africa through its people.
During the trip, Albu learned to shake off age with a flick of her hair.
Albu’s African odyssey ended in Egypt, the country where her luck in namedropping the Queen finally ran out.
After recuperating in Jakkalsfontein for a few months, Albu boarded a plane to Europe and was reunited with Tracy – who had languished for weeks in a container in Greece after crossing the Mediterranean by ferry.
“Oh, I was dying to have tea with the Queen – particularly after telling the world and his wife that I was going to,” Albu says.
If the inhabitants of Buckingham Palace one day read about Albu’s story and send an embossed invitation down to South Africa, she and Queen will undoubtedly have a lot to say on the subject.

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Summary of “The insane Super-Kamiokande neutrino detector can find dying stars”

Neutrinos are sub-atomic particles which travel through space and pass through solid matter as though it were air.
“A neutrino could pass through a hundred light-years of steel without even slowing down.”
Before a star starts to collapse it shoots out neutrinos, so Super-K acts as a sort of early-warning system, telling us when to look out for these dazzling cosmic events.
Situated on the opposite side of Japan in Tokai, the T2K experiment fires a neutrino beam 295 km through the Earth to be picked up in Super-K on the west side of the country.
Studying the way the neutrinos change as they pass through matter may tell us more about the origins of the universe, for example, the relationship between matter and anti-matter.
So when a neutrino travels through water, “It will produce light in the same way that Concord used to produce sonic booms,” said Dr Uchida.
“If an aeroplane is going very fast, faster than the speed of sound, then it’ll produce sound – a big shockwave – in a way a slower object doesn’t. In the same way a particle passing through water, if it’s going faster than the speed of light in water, can also produce a shockwave of light.”
Super-Kamiokande may be massive, but Dr Wascko told Business Insider that a yet bigger neutrino detector called “Hyper-Kamiokande” has been proposed.

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Summary of “Aparna Nancherla on Anxiety and Comedy”

Here’s a list of some things that make Aparna Nancherla anxious: open-plan office spaces, the possibility of falling down the stairs while rushing to catch the G train, coffee, photo shoots, and social interactions, including the one happening right now between us at Books Are Magic, her neighborhood bookstore in Cobble Hill, Brooklyn.
“Fame is so weird. Any small inkling that I’ve gotten, I’m like, This is a nightmare,” Nancherla says to me as we linger in front of a wall of nonfiction.
While she’s unassuming in person, when Nancherla speaks her voice is distinct and unforgettable: light and a little nasal with a droll edge, as though she’s in a state of casual amusement.
If you’re the kind of person who lies awake at night mulling your existence under late capitalism, Nancherla is the comedian for you.
Nancherla, 35, grew up in the Northern Virginia suburbs, and was first diagnosed with depression and anxiety midway through college at Amherst University.
Her casually ironic delivery has made Nancherla a favorite with other comedians, and recently, she’s been popping up in more mainstream settings, commanding bigger stages both for her stand-up – on The Meltdown With Jonah and Kumail, Conan, Seth Meyers, and Two Dope Queens – and on television.
For herself, Nancherla is content with steady work that stays true to her sensibility.
While she’s shooting Corporate in L.A., she’s writing material for a 29-city tour that begins in August for a new stand-up hour, It’s Me Again; she’s developing a scripted buddy-comedy show with Jo Firestone for Hulu through Amy Poehler’s company Paper Kite; and she’ll make her film debut in Paul Feig’s A Simple Favor as a snarky neighbor.

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Summary of “18 of the world’s best rail journeys”

The Highland service, called the Deerstalker, is one of the best train journeys in Britain.
There are direct rail services from Milan, Rome and Naples, with the trains shunted on to a ferry at Villa san Giovanni in Calabria to cross the Messina Strait.
Duration: 73 miles/2hrPrice: £5Last summer, after two years of rebuilding, the line between Mostar and Sarajevo reopened with air-conditioned trains.
Duration: 951 miles/26hrPrice: £40 in a sleeperThe Blue Train from Pretoria to Cape Town is one of the world’s most luxurious, with prices to match: from £895pp.
Duration: 452 miles/13hrPrice: From £26For a real adventure, try the new line between Ethiopia and Djibouti, which opened last January with new trains and stations, replacing old tracks that shut in 2010.
Duration: 356 miles/12hrPrice: From £137The Denali Star is the Alaska Railroad’s flagship train, winding past rivers, canyons and mountains; highlights include the view from the Hurricane Gulch bridge, and, on a clear day, the sight of Denali, North America’s highest mountain.
Duration: 30 miles/1¼hrPrice: FreeFrom 2009, there were no passenger trains in Cambodia.
Duration: 15 miles/2hrPrice: £28Australia has mammoth train journeys, such as the 2,698-mile Indian Pacific from Sydney to Perth and the Ghan from Adelaide to Darwin.

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