Summary of “How to Reshape Your Brain and Learn Anything, Based on the Most Popular Coursera Class Ever”

What’s the best way to make sure you learn and don’t forget? After all, you can fish all day, but you won’t eat if your fish all jump out and wriggle back out of the boat.
In partnership with the University of California and neuroscientist Terrence Sejnowski, Oakley’s compiled the best of the best scientifically supported learning strategies into “Learning How to Learn,” the most popular class ever on Coursera.
Repeating and practicing what you want to learn essentially builds a stronger bridge, so that it’s easier for the electrical impulses to move from cell to cell.
Spaced repetition is the most efficient way to build the synaptic connections and learn fast.
How far you need to chunk and drill down will depend on what you’re trying to learn and how complex it is, but the general process is always the same.
Most people who want to learn from a text just reread it over and over without taking time to test what they remember.
If you know what kind of learner you are, you can pick learning strategies that feel natural to you and you don’t have to feel embarrassed or incompetent next to anyone else.
How people learn best might be somewhat predictable, but what you learn compared to someone else is not.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How 2007 New England Patriots Super Bowl, Spygate changed everything”

Ten years ago this week, the 2007 New England Patriots took to the field for the first time and lost 13-10 to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in their preseason opener.
After looking back on Tuesday at the on-field success of the 2007 Patriots, on Wednesday I’m evaluating the ways that team influenced how we think about Bill Belichick, Tom Brady and the Patriots franchise as a whole a decade later.
The “Tuck Rule” victory over the Oakland Raiders in a snowstorm in the divisional round in 2002 really thrust Brady and the Patriots into the national spotlight, but the win that launched the Patriots dynasty came against the St. Louis Rams as 14-point underdogs in Super Bowl XXXVI. While any team that prevails as two-touchdown underdogs is likely to engender a ton of fan support, the Patriots went a step beyond in terms of broad national appeal.
The NFL and Fox changed the theme of the Super Bowl that year from a Mardi Gras motif to “Hope, Heroes and Homeland.” Patriots owner Robert Kraft jumped on board, saying before the Super Bowl, “I’d like to think it’s part of God’s handiwork we’re in the Super Bowl and we have the name Patriots.” After the game, Kraft let everyone in.
The story polarized any discussion surrounding New England, particularly as it became clear that the 2007 Patriots were a special football team on the field.
Jets coach Eric Mangini, a former Patriots defensive coordinator under Belichick, might very well have been lobbing the complaint as an annoyance after the Patriots accused the Jets of tampering with New England’s attempt to trade Deion Branch the previous year, a claim that was denied.
While they might very well have had tapes from years past before they were submitted to Roger Goodell and subsequently destroyed, every single team playing the Patriots from Week 2 on that season would have changed its signals to avoid any possibility that New England would have a competitive edge.
If you talk to NFL executives operating outside of New England there’s certainly a perception that the Patriots and Belichick aren’t always operating on the level, even if they aren’t specifically concerned about the Spygate or Deflategate scandals.

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Summary of “Research Shows That Organizations Benefit When Employees Take Sabbaticals”

There’s an upward trend in employers offering their people more long-term vacations and sabbaticals, and the evidence suggests that everyone benefits.
While sabbaticals are still rare inside of corporate America, their presence is increasing rapidly.
According to a survey from the Society for Human Resource Management, the percentage of companies offering sabbaticals rose to nearly 17% of employers in 2017.
While the type, length, and other sabbatical details vary, research suggests that the upward trend in sabbaticals is due to two primary factors.
Sabbaticals and extended vacation time are not just good for employees to rest and recharge – they benefit the organization by stress-testing the organizational chart and providing interim roles to allow aspiring employees to take on more leadership.
Since the concept of sabbaticals is most popular in the academic arena, the majority of research done on their effect on employees has been conducted by studying professors.
It’s not surprising that the researchers found that those who took sabbaticals experienced, upon return, a decline in stress and an increase in psychological resources and overall well-being.
In one study, researchers surveyed 61 leaders at five different nonprofit organizations with sabbatical programs.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Doing This 1 Thing Could Help Your Intelligence, Focus, and Creativity”

Keeping a written journal can have remarkable benefits.
Studies have demonstrated that “Students who write out their notes on paper actually learn more,” and doodling has been shown to help focus and creativity.
If you dedicate time to keeping a journal but write on a loose-leaf pad of paper or Post-it Notes, then you are more likely to discard this valuable exercise, like you would the cheap paper.
These high-quality journals are a standard among creatives and come in a variety of sizes and formats.
When the time comes to buy a new journal, I like to visit Kickstarter.com and review the offerings there.
If you adopt a mindset that these journals are for you only, then you can ditch perfection and going overboard and simply focus on using the time and energy to get your thoughts on paper and spark your creativity.
While I have used a journal to keep my professional goals and tasks in order, the activity has evolved to become part of my daily routine.
Because I have a box of journals from the past few years, I enjoy going back through them from time to time.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Writing a user manual at work makes teams less anxious and more productive”

Kroghrud adopted the user manual after years of observing that despite individual dispositions and needs, employees tried to work with everyone in the same way.
The user manual aims to help people learn to adapt to one another by offering an explicit description of one’s personal values and how one works best with others.
Having worked at Bridgewater Associates, a hedge fund notorious for creating “Baseball cards” for every employee-which list each individual’s strengths, weaknesses, and personality test scores-I know how helpful it can be to have a user manual of sorts for everyone on a team.
While filling out my user manual, many responses felt run-of-the-mill: Interviews, first dates, and a life-long obsession with personality inventories have prepared me to recite how much I value honest, explicit feedback; personal relationships; and providing support for those I care about.
While somewhat uncomfortable to document, sharing these descriptions was the most relieving and rewarding aspect of writing the manual.
Fun and cathartic as our manual writing experience was, my editor and I couldn’t help but wonder how much time and stress we could’ve saved by writing and sharing these manuals seven months ago, when we began working together.
Whether you’re a manager or young employee, writing and sharing a user manual has a clear business payoff.
What’s more, if my experience is anything to draw from, sharing manuals with your colleagues will build connection, and make you feel less alone.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Why Successful People Spend 10 Hours A Week On “Compound Time””

Each morning, Benjamin Franklin asked himself, “What good shall I do this day?” and each evening, “What good have I done today?” Steve Jobs stood at the mirror each day and asked, “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do?” Both billionaire Jean Paul DeJoria and media maven Arianna Huffington takes a few minutes each morning to count their blessings.
Pulling from the results of more than a decade of experiments, nap researcher Sara Mednick of the University of California, San Diego, boldly states: “With naps of an hour to an hour and a half you get close to the same benefits in learning consolidation that you would from a full eight hour night’s sleep.” People who study in the morning do about 30% better on an evening test if they’ve had an hour-long nap than if they haven’t.
Winston Churchill spent several hours a day reading biographies, history, philosophy, and economics.
Theodore Roosevelt read one book a day when busy, and two to three a day when he had a free evening.
Hack #6: Success is a direct result of the number of experiments you performThere’s a reason that Jeff Bezos says, “Our success at Amazon is a function of how many experiments we do per year, per month, per week, per day.”
“Given a ten percent chance of a 100 times payoff, you should take that bet every time. But you’re still going to be wrong nine times out of ten. We all know that if you swing for the fences, you’re going to strike out a lot, but you’re also going to hit some home runs. The difference between baseball and business is that baseball has a truncated outcome distribution. When you swing, no matter how well you connect with the ball, the most runs you can get is four. In business, every once in awhile, when you step up to the plate, you can score 1,000 runs.”No matter how much you read and discuss, you’re still going to have to spend some time making your own mistakes.
Spend almost all of his time on compound time, things that create the most long-term value.
To get started, follow the 5-hour rule: for an hour a day, invest in compound time: take that nap, enjoy that walk, read that book, have that conversation.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Your Ultimate Guide For Waking Up Early”

Stop using technology before your sleep timeExposing yourself to too much blue light before bed has a negative influence on the quality of your sleep.
Stop the stimulantsAt least six hours before you go to sleep, you should stop drinking coffee and alcohol, because it will mess with your sleep.
After several days you will start to feel tired towards the end of the day, and then you can sleep more consistently.
Optimise your sleepBy “Optimising sleep” I mean that you should find the perfect time you should go to bed each night, and discover the ideal time you should get up to maximise energy and health.
While you sleep, you go through cycles of sleep states.
The first state in a sleep cycle is light sleep, followed by deep sleep and a dream state referred to as REM-sleep.
Waking Up & Your Morning RoutineAt this point, we’ve covered almost everything that’s indirectly related to waking up early.
Have a sudden waking activityYou need something that will throw you out of your sleep mode.

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Summary of “Attempt to Read a Book Every Week”

I started reading a new book every week two months ago.
I share the books I read with my Postanly Newsletter subscribers every Friday.
“If you don’t have time to read, you don’t have the time to write. Simple as that.” says Stephen King.Reading opens your heart to new ideas, new cultures, and new worldviews.
You don’t have to spend a whole month reading a single book.
Even insanely busy and succesful people like Warren Buffet, Elon Musk, Bill Gates, Tim Ferriss, Ryan Holiday MAKE time to read. “I just sit in my office and read all day” says Warren Buffet.
Life is too short to read books you don’t really want to read.Tim Ferriss, New York Times Best-Selling Author says, he reads 1-4 books per week.
“If I’m going for speed, I’ll use the following, which can help you 2-3x your word-per-minute rate in 15-20 minutes without sacrificing comprehension: Scientific Speed Reading: How to Read 300% Faster in 20 Minutes It takes some practice, but it works when time is of the essence.”It’s now 80/20 for me - what you read is much more important than how much or how quickly you read.” says Tim.Why One a Week?First, figure out why: why one books a week?
Don’t just read a book a week because you want to crush a goal or embrace successful people’s habits.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Stop Managing Your Time And Start Owning it”

When you stop trying to manage your time and instead take ownership of it, it’s a whole lot easier to be productive and let go of everything you don’t want to do.
Choose wisely!You alone can take ownership of your time and decide how much time to spend on your thoughts, conversations, actions and even purposeful distractions that will lead to your success.
If 80% of your results will come from 20% of your time, imagine if you got it so right, that you only needed to work that 20%.Protect your time like a valuable investment.
Owning your time is not just about having more free time; it’s about knowing what you want and using the time you’re given productively to get there.
Reclaim your time and suddenly you’ll have a whole bunch of extra time to work on your life goals, to relax and de-stress yourself, to spend time with family and friends, to read, to improve yourself, to work on a passion project, to exercise.
Set time boxesTake those time boxes you set for yourself and now shrink them! Can you do the same task 10% faster? Maybe 20%? A little more, perhaps?
Once you break your work into focused time blocks, you can manage it for the rest of time allocated for it.
Practice saying this all-important word: “No.”Life’s too short to say yes to things, activities, events, and tasks you hate.Saying YES is driving many people insane. Stop telling yourself you can’t help it. Yes, you can. Stop wasting your time and energy. Especially if you work for yourself.You always have a choice. Choose your work and projects cautiously. Of course, It’s not always easy to know if the activity or task in question is worthy of a yes.In the words of Cole Harmonson,”It takes heart to say no when our heart and brains and guts and most important, pride are yearning to say yes, Practice.

The orginal article.

Summary of “If You’re Too Busy for These 5 Things, Your Life Is More Off Course Than You Think”

Organizing Your Life I don’t think I’m alone in being slightly scattered and sloppy about certain areas of my life.
If you’re bedridden, who cares how organized the other areas of your life are? It’s so easy to put our health on the side, such as forgoing sleep, overconsuming stimulants, and making poor eating habits.
When you organize your spiritual life, you become clear on what your life is about.
The fastest way to move forward in life is not doing more.
Thus your life will continue getting better and more in line with your ideal vision.
If you’re not tracking the key areas of your life, than you’re probably more off course than you think.
Conclusion It’s really easy to get off course in life.
We can ensure we get where we want in life by organizing ourselves, planning for our future, tracking our progress, heightening our mindset, and hustling.

The orginal article.