Summary of “The Founder of Panera Bread Explains the Economic Forces that Led to Trump”

By the nineteen-nineties, the company had expanded to include four different divisions, including a new bakery-café franchise called Panera Bread. At the time, the food industry, which had previously been dominated by mass-market brands such as Coca-Cola, Budweiser, and Maxwell House, was being taken over by companies like Vitamin Water, Sam Adams, and Starbucks.
Over the last few years Shaich has come to believe that the current business environment is far less amenable to the process of building companies like his.
Shaich partly blames activist hedge funds, many of which buy shares in companies with the aim of pushing their management to make decisions that drive their stock prices up within a few months.
In 2017, Shaich took Panera private to protect it from short-term pressures, and sold it to a European fund called JAB Holding Company, which also owns Pret A Manger, Krispy Kreme, and Keurig Dr Pepper.
In the summer of 2017, Lynn Paine and Joseph Bower, two Harvard Business School professors, published a piece in the Harvard Business Review arguing that the idea that profits are all that should matter to a company’s leadership is a relatively new one.
In their article, Paine and Bower argue that this theory is “Rife with moral hazard.” Stock owners have no public accountability for what the company does, and no responsibility, as executives do, to place the company’s interests above their own.
According to Shaich, the resentment that these voters feel is a direct result of the quick-profits-over-all ethos that dominates economic thinking.
Last year, when Shaich took Panera private, he also stepped down as the C.E.O., to focus on a pet cause: warning the world about the dangers of short-term thinking.

The orginal article.

Summary of “When ‘Lord of the Rings’ Almost Starred Mick Jagger”

Forty years after his animated classic The Lord of the Rings hit theaters on Nov. 15, 1978, these are some of the things on diretor Ralph Bakshi’s mind during a candid conversation about what happened, and what could have been.
During the course of the ’60s, J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings books grew exponentially in popularity and was initially perceived as “An underground smash hit, especially with artists and cartoonists,” Bakshi says.
Peter Bogdanavich happened to be pitching a project with the studio head behind closed doors, but Bakshi talked his way into the office and dangled the rights to Rings in front of them.
As Bakshi’s animation company was winding up Wizards, a whole division was established to develop The Lord of the Rings.
Given all the tap dancing required to effectively merge the vocals with the performances, Bakshi was least concerned about precisely syncing them together: “In animation I could shift the track; all they had to do was come close enough,” continues Bakshi.
” Bakshi approached the band to use their music as the soundtrack to the film and he says they responded with an enthusiastic “absolutely!” But according to Bakshi, producer Zaentz, which owned Fantasy Records, couldn’t get the music rights, as the top-selling band’s contract prevented them from working for another label.
“So I get a call from Mick Jagger – he wanted to come up and see what we were doing on Rings,” recalls Bakshi.
A key criticism of Bakshi’s Rings final cut was the fact that the story simply ends after the battle of Helm’s Deep, with a narrative voiceover explaining, “as their gallant battle ended, so too ends the first great tale of The Lord of the Rings.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Disagree with Someone More Powerful than You”

What do you say when you disagree with someone who has more power than you do? How do you decide whether it’s worth speaking up? And if you do, what exactly should you say?
We immediately think, “He’s not going to like me,” “She’s going to think I’m a pain,” or maybe even “I’ll get fired.” Although “It’s just plain easier to agree,” Weeks says that’s not always the right thing to do.
Here’s how to disagree with someone more powerful than you.
Maybe “You haven’t finished thinking the problem through, the whole discussion was a surprise to you, or you want to get a clearer sense of what the group thinks,” says Weeks.
“If you think other people are going to disagree too, you might want to gather your army first. People can contribute experience or information to your thinking – all the things that would make the disagreement stronger or more valid.” It’s also a good idea to delay the conversation if you’re in a meeting or other public space.
Before you share your thoughts, think about what the powerful person cares about – it may be “The credibility of their team or getting a project done on time,” says Grenny.
“When you disagree with someone more powerful than you, you should always have a constructive reason to oppose. In my case, the reason was timing,” Victor says.
Mike McRitchie, owner of the consultancy Critical Path Action, has had reason to disagree with people more powerful than he on several occasions.

The orginal article.

Summary of “If You Can Master These Ancient Laws About Yourself, You’ll Become Unstoppable”

“We are subject to forces from deep within us that drive our behavior and that operate below the level of our awareness.” -Robert Greene, The Laws of Human NatureThere are no “New” fundamentals.
Contrary to popular belief, there are fundamental laws that determine much of your life: your performance, energy, relationships, health, and success.
Nearly a century ago, the great American author Frank Crane wrote in his book, The Business of Life, “Any human being that will observe the laws of life as carefully as a successful business observe the laws of business will come to that inward poise and triumph which is life’s happiest crown.”
In his new book The Laws of Human Nature, Greene advises readers to understand how irrational, narcissistic, and biased we can be, and almost always are.
How To Truly Influence People and Develop Key Relationships”Influence over people and the power that it brings is gained in the opposite way that you might imagine. Normally we try to charm people with our ideas, showing ourselves off in the best light. But the royal road to influence and power is to go the opposite direction: put the focus on others.” -Robert GreeneDeep down, people don’t really care about you - your accomplishments, your record, your numbers.
“Why do you refer to yourself as my ‘worthless, insignificant little brother?’ Don’t you know where you should be aware of your worthlessness? Before God, perhapsbut not before people. Among people you should be aware of your worth.” Even Checkhov was surprised at his kind tone.
In ConclusionThere are ancient laws and fundamentals that, if followed, can bring wonderful abundance and success to your life.
Instead of ignoring the fundamental laws of success and behavior - like most people do - choose to utilize them to your advantage.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Skill Stacking: A Practical Strategy To Achieve Career Success”

Many of us believe in this false notion that you have to master a skill to achieve career success.
I must admit, there are many lessons we can learn from people who are masters at one particular skill.
Let’s be real, not everyone wants to spend 10 or 20 thousand hours to master a skill.
All you need is a valuable skill set to achieve that level of career success.
I have poor drawing skills, reasonable web design skills, average marketing skills, solid productivity skills, and good but not great writing skills.
“If you think extraordinary talent and a maniacal pursuit of excellence are necessary for success, I say that’s just one approach, and probably the hardest. When it comes to skills, quantity often beats quality.”
You simply have more chance of career success if you have more skills.
The more skills you have, and the more value you can create, the more rewards you receive.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to freelance: 5 steps to profit”

Finding clients can be a mystery of fantastic proportions for beginner freelancers.
The last place I suggest beginners look: Where potential clients live.
I’m referring to the places online and in real life where your potential clients might frequent.
A woman I’d been helping for free – answering her questions about how to set up a basic advertising campaign – asked me how she could work with me, and when I told her the price – $5,000 for six months – she said, without missing a beat, “I’m in.”
No matter what you choose, you need to make sure you stay engaging and provide high-quality answers to your potential client.
You’re going to want to build rapport by introducing yourself and how you know about the client.
You’ll get a good sense of where to start when you’re charging your clients.
How to get inside your potential clients’ heads.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Viola Davis: ‘I stifled who I was to be seen as pretty. I lost years'”

In the opening scene of Widows, the new thriller from artist-turned-director Steve McQueen, Viola Davis lies in bed, passionately kissing her on-screen husband, Liam Neeson.
“Not anyone didactic, or whose sole purpose in the narrative is to illustrate some social abnormality. There’s no meaning behind it, other than she is just there.” Davis says she wants to play the sort of roles Jane Fonda and Meryl Streep have had. “I would love to have a black female Klute, or Kramer, or Unmarried Woman, or Annie Hall. But who’s gonna write it, who’s gonna produce it, who’s gonna see it, again and again and again?”.
In the past 10 years, Davis has become one of the most decorated actors in Hollywood – winning Tonys for roles in August Wilson’s stage plays King Hedley II and Fences, an Oscar for the big-screen take on the latter and an Emmy for her performance in Shonda Rhimes’s pulpy TV series How To Get Away With Murder.
Davis refers to her latest role as a “Gift” from McQueen, “Because it was just a woman in the middle of a narrative who was facing personal challenges”.
Davis has a rallying tone that recalls the acceptance speeches she gave at last year’s Oscars and the 2015 Emmys, performances that in themselves received wide acclaim.
Recently, Davis caused waves when she told the New York Times that she had some regrets about one of her most commercially successful roles to date, maid Aibileen Clark in The Help.
On a more personal level, Davis expected that her most widely seen role would change her career.
In a few weeks’ time, Widows will be released, something Davis is mildly anxious about, saying, “If it doesn’t do well, then I would take it personally. It’s the first movie that I can really say I was a lead in. So it’s more of a statement about me.” Still, she has a sort of fatalistic confidence: “I know that whatever the results are going to be, there’s a famous saying, ‘God willing and the creek don’t rise’. Meaning, if I’m still alive, whatever it takes, I’m going to continue.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to Demand Action on Climate Change”

Last week, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a report-a klaxon, really-warning of the catastrophic consequences of climate change if global political leaders don’t take action right now.
Collectively we actually can slow climate change: “The first thing that someone can do,” says Michael Brune, the executive director for the Sierra Club, “Is to remember that you have power. As a citizen, a consumer, an investor, as a human being, you have the power to effect really great change.” Here’s how to get started.
Does your city have a sustainability office or a committee on the environment? Does your local university have a sustainability office you can communicate with about local efforts? If you truly turn up nothing, check out the Climate Resilience Toolkit for step-by-step instructions on addressing climate change in your community.
“The very first thing you have to do is take action yourself,” says David Miller, the North American regional director for the C40 cities’ climate leadership group.
“Building a political movement requires knowledgeable, engaged people who work together on an issue.” If fighting climate change is your new passion, or even your old passion, don’t keep it to yourself.
Brune says, “A lot of people may be more conservative politically, but they run a company or they’re active in the private sector, and want to make an economic argument in favor of taking action on climate change….We have seen people who organize through their church, to make a moral argument for why we should take stronger action in favor of clean energy. We’ve seen all these things be effective in their own right, but when they are coordinated together, you have a cacophony of voices all calling for stronger leadership.”
Catholic? Read what the Pope has to say on climate change.
Are you an engineer or architect? Are you an African-American person who wants to get into camping, or a Latino person who wants to connect with nature? Are you queer and interested in backpacking? I am going to guess that no matter your identity, hobbies, interests, or passions, you can hook up with some group that is enjoying nature and fighting climate change.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Kyle Snyder Is The Perfect Wrestler”

By March 2015, wrestler Kyle Snyder was used to winning.
Sadulaev tried to force Snyder out of bounds; Snyder snuck under him and picked up a point.
Barely a minute in, Sadulaev picked up Snyder by the knee and carried him out of bounds for a 3-1 lead. Snyder recognized that his relentless offensive strategy wasn’t working, and he shifted to a slower pace and succeeded in pulling Sadulaev to the mat for a two-point takedown, making it a 3-3 tie heading into the final three-minute period.
Sadulaev seemed to have taken total control of the match when, with two minutes left, he chased Snyder to the edge of the mat and took him down for a 5-3 lead. Snyder ended up on his knees twice after, narrowly averting disaster, but the score stayed at 5-3.
Then Snyder flipped Sadulaev onto his stomach to go up 6-5 and clinch the first men’s team title for the United States since 1995-the year Snyder was born.
The first is pretty straightforward, if by definition unattainable-though Ohio State head coach Tom Ryan speaks so effusively about how Snyder lives that he has to pull back and make it clear that Snyder is not God.
There are outliers, and Snyder says that when he engages with them, his attitude is, “If you disagree, let’s learn together.” With a smile on his face, Snyder recounts the time at a training camp when a Team USA teammate told him that he would “Never believe unless Jesus literally walked through the door, in his flesh, and shook his hand and said, ‘Hi, I’m Jesus.'”.
Despite his usual ferocity, Snyder told me, “At the beginning of the season, I wasn’t that excited about wrestling Adam because of how big he was.” This is unusual language for Snyder.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Have a Baby? Embrace Glamping”

Camping used to be simple for my husband and me: load up the gear in a backpack and hit the trail.
When you have everything you need to make camping comfortable for your kid, it’s easier to go more often.
A few weeks ago, I camped with a bunch of friends just 40 minutes from my house.
Some people think that just because you’re camping, you need to have a remote, solo experience.
Two-burner stoves normally feel excessive and clunky, but when you can crank out food in ten minutes after a long day or running around in the woods, you’ll be grateful.
He’ll bring two large metal buckets with handles that we can fill at any water spigot and carry back to camp for cleaning up.
My husband used to laugh at my insistence on bringing toys camping.
If at daycare your kiddo goes to the playground at 10 a.m., then naps at 1 p.m., make that your camp schedule, too.

The orginal article.