Summary of “Remembering Nüshu, the 19th-Century Chinese Script Only Women Could Write”

Nüshu, a script written only by women in a small region of Jiangyong County in China, has mysterious origins that continue to stump historians.
Yi was one of the last remaining writers of Nüshu, a fading script that only women knew how to write and read. Stemming from the southwestern Hunan Province county of Jiangyong, a small group of women in the 19th and 20th centuries practiced this special script that no man could read or write.
The writing system allowed these women to keep autobiographies, write poetry and stories, and communicate with “Sworn sisters,” bonds between women who were not biologically related.
In the middle of the 20th century, it wasn’t uncommon for Chinese women of higher socioeconomic classes to write songs, ballads, complaints, or stories, as Wilt Idema details in the book Heroines of Jiangyong: Chinese Narrative Ballads in Women’s Script.
Today, the texts that have survived give researchers such as Silber the opportunity to peer into the daily lives of Chinese women throughout this period of history.
Men mostly just didn’t care to learn how to write in women’s script.
The first definite record of Nüshu dates to 1931, but Silber and most academics reason women likely began writing it in the early years of the 19th century.
Traditionally, women would use a sharpened bamboo stylus dipped in ink, and write verse on paper, cloth, and fans.

The orginal article.

Summary of “For Women Musicians, Maybelle Carter Set The Standard And Broke The Mold”

For Women Musicians, Maybelle Carter Set The Standard And Broke The Mold One of the most indispensable guitarists of all time, Carter was a quiet revolutionary.
So why doesn’t Maybelle make any of these lists? This glaring oversight, that so few women are credited for their contributions to the guitar, sends a cold chill through my body.
Are we still fighting in a man’s game as we try to build viable careers? If Maybelle Carter – mother of country music, without whom country and rock and roll guitar would not exist – can’t make the great guitar player list, how can women musicians expect to be seen at all?
A woman of craft rather than of spectacle, Maybelle Carter was more than a great guitar player: She was a perfect bandmate.
If the Carter family is the bloodline of country music, Mother Maybelle is the very backbone.
Today, decades later, many, many more women are on the road; I imagine that would make Maybelle deeply happy.
Women managers, women running production, sound and lights, women booking venues, women playing bass, women drummers, women rocking, women raising children on the road: We are Maybelle’s spiritual granddaughters.
My little daughter runs through the room; Maybelle the innovator, my own grandmother and the invisible emotional work of women throughout history lay just beneath the surface of whoever she is becoming.

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Summary of “Simone Biles wins U.S. Gymnastics title, does a triple double in floor, and changes the sport forever.”

After an uncharacteristic error on floor exercise during the first night of the U.S. Gymnastics Championships in Kansas City this past Friday, Simone Biles saluted the judges, left the podium, and proclaimed: “I’m just pissed off already.” NBC’s perennially excitable gymnastics commentator, Tim Dagget, concurred, informing viewers that this was unequivocally the worst meet he’d ever seen Biles complete.
Because, oh yeah: In Biles’ floor routine on that first night-the one that made her so mad she didn’t want to complete the meet-Biles threw the single most spectacular skill that any female gymnast has ever attempted, on any apparatus, in the history of the sport.
Since Biles already has a floor element named in her honor, when she completes the triple double in Stuttgart, in the Women’s Code of Points it will be christened the Biles II. Simone Biles, when she finally does hang up the grips for good, will have changed the gymnastics alphabet, which ranks all skills in the Women’s Code of Points on a letter scale beginning with A, and going all the way up to I. There are only a handful of “I” skills, including the Moors, a double-double in the layout position on floor.
This quadrennium, the Code of Points for Women’s Artistic Gymnastics stops at I. And yet, the future Biles II is more difficult than the Moors; as such, if it has an ounce of sense, the WTC will have to lift the cap in Stuttgart and value the Biles II an unprecedented J-raising the upper limits of gymnastics once again.
Simone Biles has blazed the trail for a new generation of gymnasts to speak up for themselves without fear.
By introducing the triple double, Biles has again raised the standards of women’s floor exercise to such an extent that even though nobody can catch her, anyone who wants onto the podium beside her must absolutely go for broke.
Revolutionizing the Code of Points may have changed the way gymnasts train and compete, but in being her unapologetic self, Simone Biles has also blazed the trail for a new generation of gymnasts to speak up for themselves without fear.
Even after Biles someday retires, the changed landscape of the sport will remain.

The orginal article.

Summary of “This Top-Secret Investigator Infiltrates Hate Groups Online”

An elite investigator who tracks angry men online, she’s known to some in her field as the Savant because of her uncanny ability to suss out when, exactly, hate speech will morph into violent action.
“We’ve never really seen violent hate being directed at women like we are now, in the same way that it has been for black people and Jews,” says Heidi Beirich, director of the Intelligence Project at the Southern Poverty Law Center.
There’s the Red Pill community, which preaches, among other things, that women have it better, so much better, than men.
Modern “Male supremacy,” as the experts now call it, actually dates back to the 1970s, when men’s rights activists came about as a reaction to women’s liberation, explains Jessica Reaves, editorial director for the ADL’s Center on Extremism.
Many of the other men behind large-scale recent murders have a history of violence toward women, per the International Center for Research on Women.
A liberal feminist Dyke it’s not a woman and they have been green-lighted….”Men can’t wait for women to come around. Nature doesn’t work that way. We, as men, must regain our culture and take control.”K is currently keeping close tabs on more than 1,000 men.
I can’t reveal her exact methods, but let’s just say anyone who is vocal online about his hate for women has likely chatted her up about his motorcycle or his family.
“There are shitty men and there are shitty women,” she says with a shrug.

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Summary of “A game room of one’s own”

Now you can find servers small enough for a single group of friends, like internet personas hosting their own servers, or large enough for thousands of people interested in a game like Overwatch or Fortnite.
The online harassment women gamers face has been widely reported; in one study of gaming communities, 38 percent of women and 35 percent of LGBTQ+ players claimed they’d experienced harassment because of their gender or sexual orientation.
The women I talked to for this story all had their own striking stories at the hands of male gamers.
Recently, they’ve banned alt-right groups, Nazi supporter servers, and groups promoting an app that undresses photos of women without their consent.
Below a note reads, “All women are welcome here, regardless of their background, and no discrimination or disrespect based on race, religion, gender identity, or anything else is tolerated. We are not the kind of community that accepts ‘it was just a joke’ as an excuse.” Rebecca said they rarely need to enforce these rules since the community is already very tight knit and dedicated to inclusion.
“There has been a surge in demand for women’s communities in gaming in recent years,” Byeuji said.
“I would say since 2016, the demand has been booming, particularly on Reddit… I’ve seen all of my woman-centric communities move from near flat-line growth post-Gamergate to solid incremental growth – between 10 and 20 percent annually.” The technology industry is vastly dominated by men, but as we see apps and services grow that are developed by women for women, it’s hard not to wonder what the internet could’ve been like if, from the beginning, women had been included in the process of creating major platforms.
For now, commiserating with women they trust is enough for these users, and many others in their community.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Ursula K. Le Guin on Being a Man”

One of the most important authors of our time, Ursula K. Le Guin has influenced such celebrated literary icons as Neil Gaiman and Salman Rushdie.
This is what Le Guin examines in an extraordinary essay titled “Introducing Myself,” which Le Guin first wrote as a performance piece in the 1980s and later updated for the beautifully titled, beautifully written, beautifully wide-ranging 2004 collection The Wave in the Mind: Talks and Essays on the Writer, the Reader, and the Imagination.
Le Guin turns to the problem of the body, which is indeed problematic in the context of this Generic He:. I admit it, I am actually a very poor imitation or substitute man, and you could see it when I tried to wear those army surplus clothes with ammunition pockets that were trendy and I looked like a hen in a pillowcase.
Men are people, people are men, that has been well established, and so people, real people, the right kind of people, are lean.
I’m really lousy at being people, because I’m not lean at all but sort of podgy, with actual fat places.
I get born before they invent women, and I live all these decades trying so hard to be a good man that I forget all about staying young, and so I didn’t.
I keep thinking there must have been something that a real man could have done about it.
Sometimes I think I might just as well exercise my option, stop short in front of the five-barred gate, and let the nazi fall off onto his head. If I’m no good at pretending to be a man and no good at being young, I might just as well start pretending that I am an old woman.

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Summary of “Athleisure, barre and kale: the tyranny of the ideal woman”

Can you see this woman yet? She looks like an Instagram – which is to say, an ordinary woman reproducing the lessons of the marketplace, which is how an ordinary woman evolves into an ideal.
If women start to resist an aesthetic, like the overapplication of Photoshop, the aesthetic just changes to suit us; the power of the ideal image never actually wanes.
Sweetgreen is a marvel of optimization: a line of 40 people – a texting, shuffling, eyes-down snake – can be processed in 10 minutes, as customer after customer orders a kale caesar with chicken without even looking at the other, darker-skinned, hairnet-wearing line of people who are busy adding chicken to kale caesars as if it were their purpose in life to do so and their customers’ purpose in life to send emails for 16 hours a day with a brief break to snort down a bowl of nutrients that ward off the unhealthfulness of urban professional living.
As a form of exercise, barre is ideal for an era in which everyone has to work constantly – you can be back at the office in five minutes, no shower necessary – and in which women are still expected to look unreasonably good.
So an exercise method even nominally drawn from ballet has the subtle effect of giving regular women a sense of serious, artistic, professional purpose in their pursuit of their ideal body.
The ideal woman looks beautiful, happy, carefree and perfectly competent.
Not coincidentally, these stories usually center on women, and usually involve a protagonist driven to insanity by the digital avatar of an ideal peer.
Lately, the ideal women of Instagram have started chafing, just a little, against the structures that surround them.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Our Cover Star, Caster Semenya: The Athlete in the Fight of Her Life”

Caster Semenya raises a fist as her name is announced over the loudspeaker: The South African runner stands in lane eight on a track in Doha, Qatar, at a Diamond League competition held this past May. She looks pissed.
At first, it’s shocking – could she really break Semenya’s winning streak? – until Yarigo looks over her left shoulder to see Semenya right on her heels.
As the women hit the midpoint of the race, Yarigo’s stride changes, her body working overtime to keep a narrowed lead. Soon, she eases back and veers off the track, clearing the way for Semenya to take over.
Running through fields, kicking a ball between friends for hours, and playing pickup baseball games until the sun goes down, day in and day out – this was the freedom of a rural childhood for Mokgadi Caster Semenya.
At 200 meters, Semenya glided near the front of the pack and halfway through, she took the lead. Semenya widened her gap every few meters, with her long, commanding stride.
“It is not fair that people question who I am. I am Mokgadi Caster Semenya. I am a woman, and I am fast.” Soon after, like Chand before her, Semenya launched a legal battle against the IAAF. “I don’t want to speak for her, but much of what we’ve seen in the media has really been that Caster has been thrust into this position and forced to take a stand,” says Sarah Axelson, the director of advocacy for the Women’s Sports Foundation.
While acknowledging that Semenya is being discriminated against, reigning marathon record-holder Paula Radcliffe says Semenya has an unfair advantage and should be kept from the sport.
She’s running the Caster Semenya Foundation to give opportunities to young, underserved athletes, as she once was.

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Summary of “How a Stress Gap Impacts Women’s Health Differently Than Men”

The latest evidence? Researchers have just linked high levels of the stress hormone cortisol to brain shrinkage and impaired memory in healthy middle-aged adults.
How stress affects your brainAspects of the brain’s design that served us well thousands of years ago now make us susceptible to negative emotions and mental fatigue, both of which ratchet up our stress, says Amit Sood, MD, professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic and founder of the Mayo Clinic Resilience Program.
Brain fatigue leads to stress, and stress leads to fatigue, in a continuous closed loop.
Why stress hits women harder than men Stress almost seems to have it out for women.
Stewing over these and having difficulty letting them go strengthens the brain circuits of those negative emotions-another example of the negativity bias at work-which also increases women’s stress.
In the second part of the study, when men and women were experiencing intense anxiety, brain regions that were active in women were inactive in men.
These can help you take stress in stride, with a terrific payoff: better health and greater happiness, plus a more resilient brain.
How to control stress and calm your brain To keep stress in check, you should of course be eating healthfully, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep to improve your mood, emotions, and cognition.

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Summary of “Mansplaining: New solutions to a tiresome old problem”

Sallie Krawcheck, a former CEO of wealth management at Citibank and before that the CEO of Smith Barney investment advisers, says that venture capitalists interested in her new financial investment venture Ellevest mansplained financial advising to her.
Most women I know just roll their eyes knowingly when asked about mansplaining.
The blogosphere is filled with recommendations for how women should handle mansplaining when it happens: “7 Ways to Handle Mansplaining,” “How To Deal with a Mansplainer” and “How to Handle Mansplaining at Work.”.
The recommendations are good – ignore the mansplainer, stand your ground, ask the mansplainer questions about their expertise and what they hope to accomplish by “Explaining” the topic, explain mansplaining to the mansplainers, use other women as allies to stand up for you, and use as much humour as you can.
It’s unfair that while mansplaining is done by men to women, the solutions all seem to be about how women can address it – rather than how and why men should stop doing it.
They could develop guidelines for meetings that require each person to share their point of view or instructions to the meeting leader to shut down mansplaining and support women who are speaking.
Further, performance evaluations could be adapted to sanction mansplaining and to reward listening and building on the ideas of other team members.
Women shouldn’t be asked to “Handle” mansplaining.

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