Summary of “Black Panther and Marvel’s increasingly troubled relationship with America”

2, Spider-Man: Homecoming, Thor: Ragnarok, and Black Panther, with four more movies to come in 2018 and 2019 – the more complicated its relationship to power becomes, but only up to a point.
Another superhero movie was a smash hit in 2008: Iron Man, the beginning of Marvel’s entire cinematic universe and a movie about a man who realizes that his power has been used toward evil ends, so he decides to start using it toward good ones.
The long string of Batman movies from 1989 to 2012 were frequently criticized for having villains who outshone the movie’s hero, and for as good as Christopher Reeve’s Superman was, Gene Hackman’s Lex Luthor was having a lot more fun.
The Marvel movies couldn’t really do this because they seemed constantly uncomfortable with dissecting how their heroes, save maybe Captain America, were ultimately a little lacking in terms of moral clarity.
In a movie as good as The Avengers – still my favorite Marvel movie – the villains are literally a faceless, invading horde from outer space.
Something like the 2014 phase two movie Captain America: The Winter Soldier is interested in the idea that S.H.I.E.L.D. has caused more problems globally than it has solved, but it then contorts itself to suggest that this is because the organization has been infiltrated by literal Nazis.
The movie’s true villain was simply a puppet master, pulling strings to get Captain America and Iron Man to fight, because his life had been destroyed by the Avengers.
The movie spends most of its running time questioning whether Asgard itself, Thor’s home and the primary setting of much of the first two Thor movies, is worth preserving.

The orginal article.

Summary of “15 Life Lessons I Learned by 50”

What do 50-year-olds know that 20-year-olds often don’t? originally appeared on Quora – the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.
Other people’s opinions are suggestions-take them or leave them.
Other people will forget it a lot faster if you just let it roll off your back.
Sure, stuff gets broken-oftentimes accidentally by people you love-and that’s annoying.
Don’t shame people for smoking, drinking, or being fat.
When you’re 20, people often think you’re “Too old” to do these things, but when a 50-something does them, it’s charming.
Don’t make major life decisions to please other people.
Live life for YOU. The world needs good auto mechanics and good attorneys.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Dread accompanies me through life but it is not without consolation”

My parents’ deaths, occupying polar positions on a spectrum of suddenness, infected my life with a persistent dread; they suffused my life with an incurable anxiety, a dread that did not require an identifiable object.
An anxiety is a lens through which to view the world, a colouration that grants the sufferer’s experiences their distinctive hue.
My trajectory through the world is thus informed, at every step, by the anxieties that afflict me.
Søren Kierkegaard suggested in The Concept of Anxiety that one of existentialism’s hard-fought rewards – our encounters with true freedom – comes with the terrible burden of encounters with dread and anxiety.
Anxiety taught me the place that death has in my life.
The upending of this world’s order by my parents’ deaths and my resultant anxiety made me suffer a conceptual shift in my understanding of its workings; it became a philosophical commonplace for me to believe in claims about this world’s malleability through our conscious, emotional, not-entirely rational understanding of it.
To believe that there was a final end to my life, a purpose, a destination, an intended teleology, was to be infected with an anxiety that I was not fulfilling my purpose in life, that I was ‘wasting’ my life.
Because of my anxieties, I have come to understand why I’m the philosopher I am, why I hold the views I do, why I do not trust that there is an inherent, essential, meaning or purpose to life.

The orginal article.

Summary of “All Hail King Killmonger”

By the time Erik Killmonger graces the screen in Black Panther, director Ryan Coogler has already introduced viewers to the vividly imagined Wakanda-and the citizens that constitute the hidden utopia in East Africa.
“The road to hell is paved with good intentions” is a well-worn adage, but it spoke to the Vulture’s ethos in Homecoming, as it does with Killmonger in Black Panther.
Though Killmonger is initially introduced as an American mercenary, that’s not exactly true.
Killmonger embraces what his father believes-that Wakanda should be spreading its futuristic wealth to disadvantaged black communities around the world, rather than keeping its resources a secret.
How noble is turning a blind eye to people in need? What does Wakanda owe to the rest of the world? This dichotomy doesn’t just separate T’Challa and Killmonger, but T’Challa and his ex-girlfriend Nakia, who’s chosen life as a spy helping people across the world.
Killmonger’s burden is the searing rage he feels for T’Challa, the byproduct of T’Challa’s father killing his father, which left Killmonger as a child in Oakland, isolated from the homeland he’d never seen.
When T’Challa learns the truth-that his father willingly left Killmonger in Oakland as a child, despite his Wakandan lineage-he empathizes with Killmonger and his perspective, even as he must defeat him.
By the end of Black Panther, T’Challa has created a Wakandan outreach center in Oakland, at the same apartment complex in which N’Jobu and Killmonger once lived, the implication being that it’s the first of many centers across the globe.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Who Is Garrett Hardin? The Master Ecologist Who Warned Us About Population Growth”

Garrett Hardin may be unknown by the general public, but he is highly regarded by great thinkers.
While he’s most famously known as the person who introduced the idea of the Tragedy of the Commons, Hardin remains forever influential for his warning that eventually, humans must embrace a world of limits.
Garrett James Hardin was one of the first thinkers we would call an “Ecologist” – arguably, he helped created the movement.
That idea led Hardin to his lifelong unpopular argument against continued human population growth.
Ultimately, Hardin believed that the world would have to control its human population growth.
“A finite world can support only a finite population; therefore, population growth must eventually equal zero.”
Garrett Hardin on the Three Filters Needed to Think About Problems – One of the best parts of Garrett Hardin’s wonderful book Filters Against Folly is the one in which he explores the three filters that help us interpret reality.
Hans Rosling’s Important Truths about Population Growth and the Developing World – A post about population growth in the coming world; I was greatly influenced by Garrett Hardin while writing it.

The orginal article.

Summary of “30px);width:56px}.featured-post featured-media.featured-post featured-media-cover.svg-icon{height:60px;margin-top:0;opacity:0.8;width:56px}.featured-post featured-media.featured-post featured-media-cover:hover.svg-icon{opacity:1}.featured-post featured-media figcaption{display:none}.featured-post featured-media-caption{padding:10px 1.125rem}.featured-post featured-media-caption figcaption{margin:auto;max-width:636px}.featured-post title{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;padding:20px}.featured-post title h1{color:white;font-size:8.5vw;font-weight:normal;line-height:1.1;text-align:center;margin:0 auto;max-width:1180px;width:100%}.featured-post title h1 a,.featured-post title h1 a:hover{color:white}@media only screen and{.featured-post title h1{font-size:6vw}}@media only screen and{.featured-post title{padding:40px}.featured-post title h1{font-size:4vw}}.featured-post meta{background:black;padding:20px 1.125rem}.featured-post meta.meta-pe{margin:0 auto !important;max-width:636px;padding:0;width:100%}.featured-post meta.meta-pe:first-child{margin:inherit}.featured-post meta.meta-pe.svg-icon{opacity:1;stroke:#aaa}.featured-post meta.meta-pe.meta byline,.featured-post meta.meta-pe.meta byline a,.featured-post meta.meta-pe.post-tags-container.first-tag span{color:white}.featured-post meta.reverse-meta-colors{background:white}.featured-post meta.reverse-meta-colors.meta-pe.svg-icon{stroke:#aaa}.featured-post meta.reverse-meta-colors.meta-pe.meta byline,.featured-post meta.reverse-meta-colors.meta-pe.meta byline a,.featured-post meta.reverse-meta-colors.meta-pe.post-tags-container.first-tag span{color:#333}.featured-post meta.reverse-meta-colors:after{border-bottom:1px solid #e5e5e5;content:”;display:block;padding:20px 1.125rem;width:100%;max-width:636px;margin:auto}.featured-post meta-caption-container{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column}.featured-post meta-caption-container.featured-post meta{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;-ms-flex-order:1;order:1}.featured-post meta-caption-container.featured-post featured-media-caption,.featured-post meta-caption-container.impact-layout.featured-post meta{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;-ms-flex-order:2;order:2}.featured-post meta-caption-container.impact-layout.featured-post featured-media-caption{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;-ms-flex-order:1;order:1}@media only screen and{.featured-post meta{background:transparent}.featured-post meta.meta-pe{border-top:1px solid #e5e5e5;border-bottom:1px solid #e5e5e5;margin:40px auto !important;padding:40px 0}.featured-post meta.meta-pe.meta byline,.featured-post meta.meta-pe.meta byline a,.featured-post meta.meta-pe.post-tags-container.first-tag span{color:initial}.featured-post meta.reverse-meta-colors:after{display:none}.featured-post meta-caption-container{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column}.featured-post meta-caption-container.featured-post meta{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;-ms-flex-order:2;order:2}.featured-post meta-caption-container.featured-post featured-media-caption{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;-ms-flex-order:1;order:1}}.featured-post default-header{background:black;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;position:relative;width:100%}@media only screen and{.featured-post default-header.featured-post featured-media{padding:0 2.5%}.featured-post default-header.featured-post featured-media:after{background:white;bottom:0;content:”;display:block;height:25%;left:0;position:absolute;right:0;width:100%}.featured-post default-header.featured-post featured-media.img-wrapper{z-index:1}.featured-post default-header.featured-post title{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:0;-ms-flex-order:-1;order:-1}}@media only screen and{.featured-post default-header.featured-post title h1{font-size:3vw}}.featured-post magazine-header{background:black;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;position:relative;width:100%}@media only screen and{.featured-post magazine-header{-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row}.featured-post magazine-header.featured-post featured-media{width:75%}.featured-post magazine-header.featured-post title{-webkit-box-align:start;-ms-flex-align:start;align-items:flex-start;min-width:350px;-webkit-box-ordinal-group:0;-ms-flex-order:-1;order:-1;width:25%}.featured-post magazine-header.featured-post title h1{font-size:3vw;text-align:left}}@media only screen and{.featured-post magazine-header.featured-post title h1{font-size:2.5vw}}.featured-post impact-header{background:black;height:100vh;max-width:100%;overflow:hidden;position:relative;width:100%}.featured-post impact-header.featured-post featured-media-image.img-wrapper{background:url(“) no-repeat fixed;background-size:cover;background-position:top center;background-repeat:no-repeat;height:100vh;width:100%}.featured-post impact-header.featured-post featured-media-image.img-wrapper picture{visibility:hidden}.featured-post impact-header.featured-post featured-media-background-video{height:100vh;position:relative;width:100%}.featured-post impact-header.featured-post featured-media-background-video video{height:100%;left:0px;-o-object-fit:cover;object-fit:cover;position:absolute;top:0px;width:100%}.featured-post impact-header-avatar{cursor:pointer;left:10px;max-width:50px;position:absolute;top:10px;width:10%;z-index:15}.featured-post impact-header-sponsor{background:rgba(255,255,255,0.5);-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;color:#000;cursor:pointer;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row;-ms-flex-wrap:nowrap;flex-wrap:nowrap;font-size:11px;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;line-height:1;padding:4px;position:absolute;text-transform:uppercase;top:10px;right:10px;z-index:15}.featured-post impact-header-sponsor.copy{display:block;margin-right:6px}.featured-post impact-header-sponsor.logo{display:block}.featured-post impact-header-sponsor.logo:before{background:#aaa;color:#fff;content:’Logo’;font-size:8px;letter-spacing:2px;padding:8px;text-align:center;text-transform:uppercase;width:90px}.featured-post impact-header-sponsor.logo:before,.featured-post impact-header-overlay{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center}.featured-post impact-header-overlay{bottom:0;height:100%;left:0;pointer-events:none;position:absolute;right:0;top:0;width:100%;z-index:10}.featured-post impact-header-overlay:after{background:-webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(transparent), to(rgba(0,0,0,0.7 ) bottom repeat;background:linear-gradient(transparent, rgba(0,0,0,0.7 bottom repeat;bottom:0;content:”;display:block;height:80%;position:absolute;width:100%}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.reverse-color-scheme:after{background:-webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(transparent), to(rgba(255,255,255,0.7 ) bottom repeat;background:linear-gradient(transparent, rgba(255,255,255,0.7 bottom repeat}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.reverse-color-scheme.featured-post title a,.featured-post impact-header-overlay.reverse-color-scheme.featured-post title h1{color:#000}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.reverse-color-scheme.storytype-label{border-color:#000;color:#000}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.reverse-color-scheme.storytype-label:hover{background-color:#000;color:#fff}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.featured-post title{pointer-events:auto;position:relative;text-align:center;padding:0;width:90%;z-index:10}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.featured-post title h1{font-size:10vw;font-weight:800;color:white;line-height:1.1;margin:0;max-width:100%;padding:0;text-align:inherit}@media only screen and{.featured-post impact-header-overlay.featured-post title{bottom:70px;position:absolute;width:80%}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.featured-post title h1{font-size:7vw}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.align-title-left.featured-post title{-webkit-box-align:start;-ms-flex-align:start;align-items:flex-start;left:40px;text-align:left}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.align-title-right.featured-post title{-webkit-box-align:start;-ms-flex-align:start;align-items:flex-start;right:40px;text-align:right}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.align-title-center.featured-post title{text-align:center}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.align-title-vertical-center.featured-post title{bottom:auto;position:relative;text-align:center}}@media only screen and{.featured-post impact-header-avatar{left:20px;top:20px}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.featured-post title{bottom:75px;width:62%}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.featured-post title h1{font-size:4.5vw}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.align-title-left.featured-post title{left:50px}.featured-post impact-header-overlay.align-title-right.featured-post title{right:50px}.featured-post impact-header-sponsor{right:20px;top:20px}}@media only screen and{.featured-post impact-header.featured-post featured-media-image.img-wrapper{background-attachment:scroll}}.hide-navwrap-outer{display:none}.promoted-featured-post{color:#fff;height:auto;margin:0 auto 40px auto;position:static}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner{background:#000;padding:8px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.post-container{margin:0 auto}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.post-container.inner-body{margin:0 8px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta label{-webkit-box-align:middle;-ms-flex-align:middle;align-items:middle;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;margin:26px 0 -4px 0}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta label span{border:1px solid #fff;padding:2px 8px 0px 8px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.main-image img{width:100%}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.headline{font-size:40px;line-height:1;margin:1.6rem 0;text-align:center}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.headline a{color:#fff;font-weight:lighter}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.headline a:active,.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.headline a:hover{color:#fff}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta-pe{border-bottom:1px solid #666;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;padding-bottom:20px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta-pe.meta byline.author a{color:#fff}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta post-stats{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-pack:distribute;justify-content:space-around;width:160px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta post-stats.post-stat{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;cursor:default;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta post-stats svg{display:inline;margin-right:4px;opacity:1;stroke:#aaa;width:14px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.meta post-stats span{opacity:1}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.body-preview{font-family:”ElizabethSerif”, Georgia, serif;font-size:16px;margin:20px auto;max-width:636px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-inner.body-preview p{line-height:28px}.promoted-featured-post.read-more{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;background-color:#0093ec;color:#fff;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;font-weight:600;font-size:17px;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;height:40px;width:100%}.promoted-featured-post.read-more svg{margin-top:1px;margin-left:8px;opacity:1;stroke:#fff}.promoted-featured-post.read-more:active,.promoted-featured-post.read-more:hover{background-color:#0076bd;color:#fff;text-decoration:none}@media only screen and{.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-outer{margin:0 20px 20px 20px}.promoted-featured-post.featured-post-outer.featured-post-inner{padding:24px}}.storytype-label.featured-post-scroll-item{font-size:16px;margin-left:7px}.storytype-label.featured-post-scroll-item a{color:#000}.storytype-label.featured-post-scroll-item a:hover{text-decoration:none}@media only screen and{.storytype-label.featured-post-scroll-item{margin-left:20px}}.permalink.featured-post.main{left:0;padding:0}.permalink.featured-post.post{padding:0}.permalink.featured-post.post misc{padding:0 1.125rem}.permalink.featured-post.post-content:not(.reply content){margin-top:30px;padding:0 1.125rem}.permalink.featured-post.post-wrapper{margin:0}.permalink.featured-post.commerce-disclaimer{margin:0;width:100%}.permalink.featured-post.commerce-disclaimer:before{display:none}.permalink.featured-post.commerce-disclaimer span{max-width:636px;padding:10px 1.125rem;margin:auto;text-align:center}.featured-post sponsored-label{color:#aaa;font-size:13px;text-transform:uppercase}@media only screen and{.permalink.featured-post.post.post-content{margin:auto;margin-top:0;max-width:1024px;width:100%}}.sharingfooter{position:fixed;bottom:0;left:0;right:0;background:#fff;z-index:98;-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.4);box-shadow:0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.4);height:38px;line-height:38px;vertical-align:middle;font-size:13px}html.fallback-fonts.sharingfooter{font-family:”Arial Narrow”,Arial,sans-serif;font-size:12.285px;line-height:39.444px;letter-spacing:0.5px}.sharingfooter:active,.sharingfooter:hover{-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.55),0 0 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);box-shadow:0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.55),0 0 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);-webkit-transition:all 200ms ease-in-out;transition:all 200ms ease-in-out}.sharingfooter wrapper{margin:0 auto;max-width:63rem;width:100%;max-width:1336px}.sharingfooter wrapper:after,.sharingfooter wrapper:before{content:” “;display:table}.sharingfooter wrapper:after{clear:both}.sharingfooter content{float:right;padding:0 1.125rem}.sharingfooter content a{display:inline-block;margin-left:10px}.sharingfooter content.button-share{margin-top:5px}@media only screen and{.sharingfooter content{float:none;text-align:center}.sharingfooter content a{margin:0}.sharingfooter content.sharingfooter facebook{text-align:right;padding-right:10px}.sharingfooter content.sharingfooter twitter{text-align:left;padding-left:10px}}.alert-bar{position:relative;padding:0.5em;background-color:#eeb544;color:rgba(0,0,0,0.6)}.alert-bar.alert-bar hero{margin:2em 0;font-size:1.1em}.alert-bar.alert-bar inline{width:100%}.alert-bar.alert-bar control{padding-right:2em}.alert-bar.alert-bar text{position:relative;top:1px}.alert-bar.alert-bar icon{position:absolute;top:10px;right:10px}.reply byline,a.reply count span,a.reply link span{font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-weight:500}.reply.unapproved-msg,.reply pending-label,.reply publish-time,.reply to-author{font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-weight:400}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-0{margin-left:0}}.reply-depth-0>.reply header>.avatar{margin-top:0}.reply-depth-0>.reply header>.avatar img{width:40px;height:40px}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-0>.reply header>.avatar{margin-top:2px}.reply-depth-0>.reply header>.avatar img{width:32px;height:32px}}.reply-depth-0>.reply content{-webkit-box-flex:1;-moz-flex:1 1 1px;-ms-flex:1 1 1px;flex:1 1 1px;max-width:696px;padding-left:60px}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-0>.reply content{-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;padding-left:0}}.reply-depth-0>.reply tools{padding-left:60px}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-0>.reply tools{padding-left:1.125rem}}.reply-depth-0.anchor>.reply content{max-width:666px}ul.commentlist{margin:0}ul.commentlist-depth-0{position:relative;left:-5px}@media only screen and{ul.commentlist-depth-0{left:0}}ul.commentlist-depth-1{margin-left:60px}@media only screen and{ul.commentlist-depth-1{margin-left:18px}}ul.commentlist-depth-1+.reply-footer-bar{margin-left:60px}@media only screen and{ul.commentlist-depth-1+.reply-footer-bar{margin-left:0}}.commentlist item:after{content:”;display:block;height:0;width:auto;border-bottom:1px solid #e5e5e5;margin:0 60px}@media only screen and{.commentlist item:after{position:relative;width:120%;left:-20%;margin:0}}.commentlist item:last-child:after{display:none}@media only screen and{.commentlist item-depth-1:after{width:auto;margin:0 46px 0 50px}}@media screen and and{.commentlist item-depth-1:after{margin:0 0 0 50px}}.commentlist item-depth-1:first-child:before{content:”;display:block;height:0;width:auto;border-bottom:1px solid #e5e5e5}@media only screen and{.commentlist item-depth-1:first-child:before{position:relative;width:120%;left:-20%}}@media only screen and{.commentlist item-depth-1:first-child:before{margin-right:50px}}@media screen and and{.commentlist item-depth-1:first-child:before{margin:0}}.commentlist item:not(.commentlist item-depth-0).editor{margin-left:0}.commentlist item-depth-0.commentlist item-expandable:after{display:none}.commentlist item-depth-0.commentlist item-expandable.reply-footer-bar{display:block}.reply{display:-webkit-box;display:-moz-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-flow:row wrap;-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;flex-flow:row wrap;max-width:800px;padding:20px 0;position:relative}.reply:hover.post-dropdown-trigger.svg-icon{opacity:1}.reply p.media-640{padding-bottom:1rem}.reply.media-300{float:left;max-width:50%;margin:0 2.25rem 0 0;padding:5px 0 15px 0}.reply.post-tools{bottom:0;margin:0;position:absolute;right:0}.reply.post-tools.post-bottom{margin:0}.reply.unapproved-msg{color:#aaa;font-size:.875rem;padding-bottom:1rem;font-style:italic}.reply img{width:100%}.reply.anchor:before{content:”;display:inline-block;height:100%;width:3px;position:absolute;left:-16px;top:0}@media only screen and{.reply.anchor:before{left:-1.125rem}}.reply header{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:1;-moz-order:0;-ms-flex-order:0;order:0;width:100%;color:#aaa;line-height:1.4;position:relative;padding-right:23px;padding-bottom:10px}@media only screen and{.reply header{padding-right:0}}.reply header.icon{opacity:0.3;margin-left:10px}@media only screen and{.reply header.icon{margin-top:-5px;margin-left:3px}}.reply header>.avatar{float:left;display:block;position:relative;margin-top:2px;margin-right:20px}@media only screen and{.reply header>.avatar{margin-right:10px}}.reply header>.avatar img{height:30px;width:30px;display:block}@media only screen and{.reply header>.avatar img{width:32px;height:32px}}.reply header>.avatar.svg-checkmark{right:-6px;bottom:-5px}.reply header.avatar.svg-checkmark,.reply header.avatar.svg-checkmark-small{display:none;position:absolute;fill:#0093ec;opacity:.9}.reply header.post-dropdown-trigger{position:absolute;right:0}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-trigger{right:10px}}.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{position:absolute;top:3px}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{position:static}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-14px}}@media only screen and and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-67px;min-width:300px;min-height:100px}}@media only screen and and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-41px;min-width:300px;min-height:100px}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-67px;min-width:300px;min-height:100px}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown{margin-left:6px}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown{margin-left:-169px}}@media only screen and{.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown{width:90%;left:5%;right:5%}}.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown.repostblock{background:inherit;cursor:default}.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown.repostblock ul{margin:0}.reply header.post-dropdown-ct.f-dropdown.repostblock.repostheader{display:block;background:inherit;cursor:default;padding-left:0.5rem}.reply header.without-dropdown{padding-right:0}.reply header.without-dropdown.post-dropdown-ct{display:none}.reply header.followed.avatar.svg-checkmark,.reply header.followed.avatar.svg-checkmark-small{display:block}.featured-post.reply header.post-dropdown-ct{right:-14px}.reply byline{display:-webkit-box;display:-moz-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-flow:row nowrap;-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;flex-flow:row nowrap;font-size:16px}@media only screen and{.reply byline{font-size:14px}}.reply byline a{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis;white-space:nowrap;max-width:none;-webkit-box-flex:0;-moz-flex:0 1 auto;-ms-flex:0 1 auto;flex:0 1 auto;font-weight:bold;color:#000}.reply byline a:focus,.reply byline a:hover{color:#000}.reply to-author{-webkit-box-flex:0;-moz-flex:0 1 auto;-ms-flex:0 1 auto;flex:0 1 auto;overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis;white-space:nowrap;max-width:none;font-weight:normal}@media only screen and{.reply to-author.icon{margin-top:-3px}}.reply publish-time{font-size:.812rem}.reply publish-time a{color:#aaa}.reply publish-time a:active,.reply publish-time a:focus,.reply publish-time a:hover{color:#aaa;text-decoration:underline}.reply pending-label{color:#000;text-transform:uppercase;font-size:14px;display:none;float:right;margin-right:50px}@media only screen and{.reply pending-label{float:none;margin:0;position:absolute;right:0;top:22px}}.reply-unapproved.reply publish-time.reply pending-label{display:none}@media only screen and{.reply-unapproved.reply publish-time.reply pending-label{color:black;position:static;font-size:13px;margin-left:5px;display:inline-block}}.reply content{-webkit-box-flex:1;-moz-flex:1 1 1px;-ms-flex:1 1 1px;flex:1 1 1px;-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;-moz-order:1;-ms-flex-order:1;order:1;max-width:636px;position:relative;padding-left:50px}@media only screen and{.reply content{-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;padding-left:0}}.reply content blockquote,.reply content h2,.reply content h3,.reply content h4,.reply content h5,.reply content ol,.reply content p,.reply content ul{font-size:15px;line-height:28px}@media only screen and{.reply content blockquote,.reply content h2,.reply content h3,.reply content h4,.reply content h5,.reply content ol,.reply content p,.reply content ul{padding-left:1.125rem;padding-right:1.125rem}}@media only screen and{.reply content.pullquote,.reply content blockquote{margin-left:1.125rem;margin-right:1.125rem}}@media only screen and{.reply content.pullquote p,.reply content blockquote p{padding-left:0;padding-right:0}}.reply content blockquote{padding-bottom:.625rem}.reply content>:last-child{padding-bottom:0}@media only screen and{.reply content{width:100%}}@media only screen and{.reply content.has-video.has-video.media-large{margin:0}}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-1.reply content h2,.reply-depth-1.reply content h3,.reply-depth-1.reply content h4,.reply-depth-1.reply content h5,.reply-depth-1.reply content ol,.reply-depth-1.reply content p,.reply-depth-1.reply content ul{padding-left:0}}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-1.reply content.pullquote,.reply-depth-1.reply content blockquote{margin-left:0}}.reply-depth-1.reply tools{padding-left:0}a.reply count,a.reply link{line-height:1;color:#aaa}a.reply count span,a.reply link span{color:#000}a.reply count.icon,a.reply link.icon{margin-left:5px}a.reply count:active,a.reply count:focus,a.reply count:hover,a.reply link:active,a.reply link:focus,a.reply link:hover{color:#aaa;text-decoration:none}.reply link{margin-left:6.5px;position:relative}@media only screen and{.reply-disabled,.reply header{padding-left:1.125rem;padding-right:1.125rem}}@media only screen and{.reply-depth-1.reply-disabled,.reply-depth-1.reply header{padding-left:0}}@-webkit-keyframes kinja-slide-wiggle{50%{-webkit-transform:translate3d(-10%, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(-10%, 0, 0)}80%{-webkit-transform:translate3d(0%, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(0%, 0, 0)}}@keyframes kinja-slide-wiggle{50%{-webkit-transform:translate3d(-10%, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(-10%, 0, 0)}80%{-webkit-transform:translate3d(0%, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(0%, 0, 0)}}.kinja-slide{-webkit-transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.1, 0.25, 1);transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.1, 0.25, 1)}.kinja-slide container{width:100%;padding-bottom:66.6666%;position:relative}.kinja-slide container-wide{padding-bottom:56.25%}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide-ad.kinja-slide container{padding-bottom:18px}}.kinja-slide image-container{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;position:absolute;left:0;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;overflow:hidden;background:#000;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide image-container{background:#333;pointer-events:none}}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide image-container{cursor:pointer}}.kinja-slide image-container>.kinja-slide fullscreen-indicator{position:absolute;top:16px;left:16px;opacity:0;z-index:1;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;width:42px;height:42px;border-radius:50%;padding:13px;background:#333;-webkit-transition:opacity.2s ease-out;transition:opacity.2s ease-out}.kinja-slide image-container>.kinja-slide fullscreen-indicator.svg-icon{position:relative;margin-top:0;-webkit-transition:top.2s ease-out;transition:top.2s ease-out;stroke:#fff;opacity:1}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide image-container:hover>.kinja-slide fullscreen-indicator{opacity:1}}.kinja-slide image{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;position:absolute;left:0;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;overflow:hidden}.kinja-slide image,.kinja-slide image img{-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none}.kinja-slide image img{max-width:100%;max-height:100%;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;position:relative;-o-object-fit:contain;object-fit:contain}.kinja-slide image.kinja-slide image.kinja-slide image.kinja-slide image{width:100%}.kinja-slide image-hidden{display:none}.kinja-slide blur-background{background-size:cover;background-position:center center;-webkit-filter:blur(30px);filter:blur(30px);position:absolute;width:120%;height:120%;opacity:0.6}.kinja-slide blur-background-hidden{display:none}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide blur-background{display:none}}.kinja-slide caption{color:#333;font-size:16px;line-height:21px;margin:0 auto;padding:18px;max-width:636px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide caption{padding:18px 0;margin:0 82px}}.kinja-slide.loading.container{background:#f5f5f5}.kinja-slide ad-container{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;overflow:hidden;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;color:#aaa;font-size:14px;font-weight:bold;line-height:17px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-container{background:#333;position:absolute;left:0;top:0;right:0;bottom:0}}.kinja-slide ad-container.ad-container{width:300px;height:250px;background-color:#fff}.kinja-slide ad-label{margin-bottom:5px;margin-top:15px;font-weight:normal}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-label{width:300px;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}}.kinja-slide ad-label-main{text-transform:uppercase}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-label-main{-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex:1;flex:1}}.kinja-slide ad-label-disabled.kinja-slide ad-label-skip{opacity:1}.kinja-slide ad-label-enabled.kinja-slide ad-label-skip{opacity:0;-webkit-transition:opacity 3s;transition:opacity 3s}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-label-skip{display:none}}.kinja-slide ad-label-bottom{font-size:16px;font-weight:normal;text-transform:none;line-height:21px;padding-top:5px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-label-bottom{display:none}}.kinja-slide ad-label-bottom.kinja-slide ad-label-disabled{opacity:1}.kinja-slide ad-label-bottom.kinja-slide ad-label-enabled{opacity:0;-webkit-transition:opacity 3s;transition:opacity 3s}.kinja-slide ad-buttons{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin-top:15px;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;width:300px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slide ad-buttons{display:none}}.kinja-slide.wiggle.kinja-slide caption,.kinja-slide.wiggle.kinja-slide container{-webkit-animation:kinja-slide-wiggle 0.60s ease-in-out both;animation:kinja-slide-wiggle 0.60s ease-in-out both}.kinja-slideshow{margin-bottom:20px;position:relative;overflow:hidden;background-color:#f5f5f5;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif}.kinja-slideshow deck{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.kinja-slideshow.kinja-slide{width:100%;position:relative;-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex:0 0 100%;flex:0 0 100%}.kinja-slideshow.kinja-slide-ad.kinja-slide inner{margin:auto}.kinja-slideshow.kinja-slide-ad.kinja-slide ad-buttons{display:inherit}.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button{display:none;position:absolute;top:20px;margin-top:66.6666%;left:20px}.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button.svg-icon{stroke:#666}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button{display:inherit}}.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button{display:none;position:absolute;top:20px;margin-top:66.6666%;right:20px}.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button.svg-icon{stroke:#666}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button{display:inherit}}.kinja-slideshow-wide.kinja-slideshow navigate-left,.kinja-slideshow-wide.kinja-slideshow navigate-right{margin-top:56.25%}.kinja-slideshow index{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;padding:0 18px 15px;max-width:636px;margin:0 auto;font-size:16px;line-height:21px;font-weight:normal;color:#aaa}.kinja-slideshow index.svg-icon{margin-right:3px}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow index{padding:0 0 15px;margin:0 82px}}.kinja-slideshow index.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen{cursor:pointer}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow index.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen{display:none}}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen{position:fixed;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;right:0;z-index:10000;overflow:auto;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;margin-bottom:0;background:#000}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen{display:inherit}}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen.svg-icon{stroke:#fff}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button span,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button span{width:100%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button.svg-icon,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button.svg-icon{stroke:#fff}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.svg-icon{opacity:1}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide caption,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index{color:#fff}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow deck,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow swipe-area{height:100%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index{position:fixed;top:0;left:0;width:100%;max-width:none;margin:0;padding:15px 18px;-webkit-transition:top.2s ease-out;transition:top.2s ease-out}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-hidden{top:-51px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-fullscreen,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-paging{-webkit-filter:drop-shadow(1px 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5 ;filter:drop-shadow(1px 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5 }.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index.svg-icon{stroke:#fff}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide caption{max-width:none;margin:0;padding:18px;opacity:1;-webkit-transition:opacity.2s linear;transition:opacity.2s linear}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide caption-hidden{opacity:0}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide blur-background{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow blur-background-fullscreen{position:fixed;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;overflow:hidden}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow blur-background-fullscreen-image{background-size:cover;background-position:center center;-webkit-filter:blur(30px);filter:blur(30px);position:absolute;top:-10%;left:-10%;z-index:-1;width:120%;height:120%;opacity:0.6;-webkit-transition:opacity 600ms ease-in-out;transition:opacity 600ms ease-in-out;will-change:opacity}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide container{padding-bottom:0}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container:hover>.kinja-slide fullscreen-indicator{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide ad-container,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container{position:static}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide ad-container,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container{cursor:inherit}}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide inner{margin:auto}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;overflow:scroll}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar{display:none}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide{-webkit-box-pack:start;-ms-flex-pack:start;justify-content:flex-start}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide inner{margin:inherit}}@media only screen and{.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen{-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow swipe-area{-ms-flex-preferred-size:50%;flex-basis:50%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow swipe-area{-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex:1 1;flex:1 1;padding:25px 0 25px 25px;overflow:hidden}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex:0 0 350px;flex:0 0 350px;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;position:relative;overflow:auto;padding:25px;color:white}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.button,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.button{display:inherit;margin-top:0}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide{overflow:hidden}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide container,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide inner{height:100%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image-container{background:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide image img{-ms-flex-item-align:start;align-self:flex-start}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide ad-container{background-color:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slide caption{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-caption{margin:0 0 15px 0;padding-top:84px;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:21px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index{left:auto;right:0;width:auto;padding:36px 25px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-paging{display:none}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen button.kinja-slideshow navigate-left.icon-svg,.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen button.kinja-slideshow navigate-right.icon-svg{width:100%}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-left{top:25px;left:auto;right:283px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow navigate-right{top:25px;right:226px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-index{color:rgba(255,255,255,0.6)}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-headline{font-size:19px;font-weight:600;line-height:24px;color:rgba(255,255,255,0.6)}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-ad-wrap{margin-top:30px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-ad-label{text-transform:uppercase}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-ad{height:250px;background:grey;margin-top:5px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-paging{padding-bottom:15px;border-bottom:1px solid rgba(245,245,245,0.2);margin-bottom:15px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-paging.svg-icon{margin-right:3px;stroke:rgba(255,255,255,0.6)}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow sidebar-share-button{margin-right:15px}.kinja-slideshow-fullscreen.kinja-slideshow index-hidden{top:0}}.f branding on.post-content.kinja-slideshow sidebar-caption a{color:#fff}.reviewbox-inset{clear:left}.reviewbox-inset.review-box head-content-wrapper{display:none}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-left.review-box{width:320px;margin:0}}.reviewbox-inset.align-left.review-box head-content{display:none}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box{max-width:100%}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head{position:relative;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:left;-ms-flex-align:left;align-items:left;padding-left:64%}}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-wrapper{position:relative;display:block;width:100%}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-wrapper:before{content:”;width:1px;margin-left:-1px;float:left;height:0;padding-top:100%}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-wrapper:after{content:”;display:table;clear:both}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-wrapper{display:none}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;max-width:100%;padding:15px}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content.review-score{position:unset;margin:0 auto;background:#fff;border-color:#fff}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content.review-box title{color:#fff}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content:not(.review-box head-content-visually-hidden){position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box head-content-visually-hidden{visibility:hidden}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box image-wrapper{-ms-flex-preferred-size:64%;flex-basis:64%;padding-top:36%;padding:0;position:absolute;width:64%;top:0;left:0;right:36%;bottom:0;height:auto}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box image{position:absolute;top:-9999px;right:-9999px;bottom:-9999px;left:-9999px;min-height:100%;max-width:none;width:auto;margin:auto}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box content.review-box title,.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box content.review-score,.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box content-nodata{display:none}}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box data-wrapper:not(.review-box data-wrapper-single){-webkit-column-count:2;column-count:2;-webkit-column-gap:30px;column-gap:30px}}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box data-item{-webkit-column-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid;page-break-inside:avoid}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box data-label,.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.review-box data-value{max-width:none}@media only screen and{.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-top{display:none}}.reviewbox-inset.align-fullbleed.storytype-label-wrapper-head{-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;margin-bottom:20px}.review-box{margin:30px auto;max-width:470px;width:100%}.review-inset-editor.review-box{width:320px}.review-box tag-wrapper{max-width:100%;height:26px;margin-bottom:1px}.review-box tag-wrapper,.review-box tag{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.review-box tag{height:100%;padding:5px 5px 5px 7px;-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex:0 0 auto;flex:0 0 auto;overflow:hidden;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-size:15px;line-height:18px;background-color:#0093ec;-webkit-transition:background-color 0.1s ease-out;transition:background-color 0.1s ease-out}.review-box tag:first-child{-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex:0 1 auto;flex:0 1 auto}.review-box tag:first-child.review-box text{white-space:nowrap;overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.review-box tag:hover{text-decoration:none;background-color:#0073b9}.review-box tag:not(:last-child){margin-right:1px}.review-box tag.svg-icon.small{min-width:10px;height:100%;-ms-flex-item-align:end;align-self:flex-end;stroke:#fff;opacity:1}.review-box text{margin-right:5px;color:#fff;text-transform:uppercase}.review-box image-wrapper{position:relative;height:0;padding-top:56.25%}.review-box image-container{width:100%;overflow:hidden;position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0}.review-box image-container.spinner.bounce{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;width:100%;height:100%;background-color:#e5e5e5}.review-box image{width:100%}.review-box head-content-wrapper{display:none}.review-box content{position:relative;padding:15px 15px 0 15px;background-color:#f5f5f5}.review-box content-nodata{padding:15px}.review-box content-nodata.review-box title{margin-bottom:0}.review-box content-nodata.review-box data-wrapper{display:none}.review-box title{margin-bottom:15px;font-size:24px;line-height:28px;text-align:center}.review-box title:last-child{margin-bottom:0}.review-box data-item{padding-bottom:15px}.review-box data-label{margin-bottom:0;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-size:15px;font-weight:normal;line-height:28px;color:#666;text-transform:uppercase}.review-box data-value{font-family:”ElizabethSerif”,Georgia,serif;color:#222;margin-bottom:0}.post-content.review-box data-value,.dui-modal.review-box data-value{font-size:15px;line-height:28px}.review-score{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;width:48px;height:48px;margin:0 auto 15px;border:2px solid #f5f5f5;border-radius:50%;font-family:”ProximaNovaCond”,sans-serif;font-size:24px;line-height:24px;color:#fff;background-color:#333}.review-score-img{margin:0;position:absolute;top:-38px;left:calc(50%”

Freestyle skier Elizabeth Swaney is an affront to this notion, and her, um, laconic run down the halfpipe is so thoroughly average that it’s an inspiration of sorts.
Swaney can’t throw a single trick in the halfpipe, and she can barely catch any air to speak of, but that doesn’t matter, since the real competitive portion of her Olympics came before she even traveled to South Korea, as she worked her way onto the team in an effort that was something between a scam and a tale of perseverance.
In order to qualify, Swaney needed to finish within the top 30 at a few World Cup skiing events.
After “Competing” in halfpipe contests around the world, Swaney finally qualified in December, when she went to a Chinese event while the top skiers in the world were at a more prestigious event in Colorado.
Because a few competitors pulled out of the Olympics with injury, because of limits on how many skiers from a single country can compete in the same event, and because of some arcane reallocation rules within the Hungarian ski federation designed to balance men’s and women’s competitors, Swaney got to go do her fake run in Pyeongchang.
The Denver Post reported that some actually competitive skiers are less than thrilled with Swaney’s presence at the Games, and they even a got a slopestyle judge to explain exactly how her scam worked.
“The field is not that deep in the women’s pipe and she went to every World Cup, where there were only 24, 25, or 28 women,” said longtime FIS ski halfpipe and slopestyle judge Steele Spence.
Apparently, rules might tighten and people like Swaney might not get to go to the Olympics.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The media exaggerates negative news. This distortion has consequences”

News is about things that happen, not things that don’t happen.
Bad things can happen quickly, but good things aren’t built in a day, and as they unfold, they will be out of sync with the news cycle.
The nature of news is likely to distort people’s view of the world because of a mental bug that the psychologists Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman called the Availability heuristic: people estimate the probability of an event or the frequency of a kind of thing by the ease with which instances come to mind.
Putting aside the wiggles and waves that reflect the crises of the day, we see that the impression that the news has become more negative over time is real.
The New York Times got steadily more morose from the early 1960s to the early 1970s, lightened up a bit in the 1980s and 1990s, and then sank into a progressively worse mood in the first decade of the new century.
The consequences of negative news are themselves negative.
Consumers of negative news, not surprisingly, become glum: a recent literature review cited “Misperception of risk, anxiety, lower mood levels, learned helplessness, contempt and hostility towards others, desensitization, and in some cases, … complete avoidance of the news.” And they become fatalistic, saying things like “Why should I vote? It’s not gonna help,” or “I could donate money, but there’s just gonna be another kid who’s starving next week.”
Media scholars who tally news stories of different kinds, or present editors with a menu of possible stories and see which they pick and how they display them, have confirmed that the gatekeepers prefer negative to positive coverage, holding the events constant.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Does the Illuminati control the world? Maybe it’s not such a mad idea”

If the Illuminati is real, it’s got to be the least secret secret society in the universe.
Since the whole point about secret all-powerful elites is that they are mysterious, maybe that’s to be expected.
Pattern-seeking is essential for our survival, and the penalties for seeing patterns where none exist are lighter than those for missing patterns that really are there.
Pareidolia is seeing patterns in random data, such as the face of Jesus in a cream cracker or the date of the apocalypse in Donald Trump’s social security number.
In many circles, it is a sign of intelligence, not eccentricity, to attribute ultimate power to “a secret cabal that’s actually running the world”, as Hellyer put it.
Because these lesser conspiracy theories are grounded in evident truths, people easily fail to notice when they slide from seeing real, limited power to imagined, total power.
The difference between vested interests that exercise influence all over the place and those that exercise control literally everywhere is in some ways small, in other ways critical.
Rather, we should see the Hellyers of this world as the price we pay for being willing to question the manifest order and to expose the secretive interest groups who seek to manipulate the world for their own benefit.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Safe, happy and free: does Finland have all the answers?”

In a poor and backward part of the Russian empire called Finland, more than a quarter of a million people – nearly 10% of the population – starved to death.
Last year, on the centenary of its independence, Finland was ranked, by assorted international indices, the most stable, the safest and the best-governed country in the world.
Since long before independence in 1917, says Riitta Jallinoja, a sociologist, “Gaps between the social classes in Finland have been smaller than usual. Even the industrial revolution here was modest: no Rothschilds, no Fords, not even a dynasty like Sweden’s Wallenbergs.”
In Finland, insists Halonen, “You don’t look up at people, and you don’t look down. You look level.”
If Finland has been rated the world’s most literate country, it may also have something to do with a 19th-century decree that a couple could not marry in the Lutheran church before both passed a reading test.
Finland benefited enormously from wise wartime and postwar leaders, insists Holmström: “They thought about the good of the country; took big, sensible decisions. And the consensus backed them, because everyone knew we were fighting for our existence.”
More recently, today’s high-tech, startup-friendly Finland was born of record investment in research and development in the 1990s, nearing 4% of GDP. Steady growth – through war, the collapse of the Soviet Union and a deep recession in the 1990s, Finland’s economy has expanded over the past century at a rate equalled only by Japan’s – has bolstered trust in the nation’s institutions.
For years dominated by monolithic mining and forestry firms, then by the once-mighty Nokia, Finland today is close behind Silicon Valley in the number of startups per head. The magic sauce seems based mainly on basic virtues: self-confidence, cooperation, equality, respect for education, trust.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The world needs more modest, linear growth companies. Please make some.”

Yes, disruption is driven by such violent expansion, and the world needs some disruption some of the time.
For the other 360 days out of the year, what it also needs is some modest, linear growth.
Linear growth is what happens in domains that aren’t animated by network effects.
Because the world is full of problems that needs solving by people who are willing to put in the work for the long haul.
These problems rarely provide the world with more platforms, but the world has enough platforms.
Network effects have given us spectacular stories of unfathomable growth, but it’s also given us monopolistic conglomerates that poison the market and its variety.
Capitalism as a system is prone to all manners of dysfunction, but few are as fatal as that of monopolies backed by exponential growth.
The path of linear growth has been the trajectory of Basecamp for 14 years today.

The orginal article.