Summary of “Revenge of the clothes moths: as numbers boom, can they be stopped?”

In houses up and down the country, there is a war being waged against clothes moths.
Unlike the many moths that are in decline, these moths – the webbing clothes moth and the case-bearing clothes moth – are believed to be increasing in numbers.
Moth traps used by English Heritage at its properties and storage sites found a 216% increase in the number of webbing clothes moths caught between 2012 and 2016.
“Wool insulation is great environmentally, but if you stick wool up in your attic you’re going to get moths in it. Even worse, I know one house where they blew wool in cavity walls. They can’t get it out and they’ve got moths – they’re going to have to live with moths the whole time they live in that house.”
Moths will happily breed in warm, centrally heated homes throughout the year, says Pinniger, “But there is a peak of adult emergence usually in April and May, and often another one in late August/early September when you get another generation through. Some of the museums I work with, there are moths all year round because the temperatures are constant, and we’re getting at least three generations a year. Each female can lay 100 eggs. That’s a pretty big potential increase.”
Clothes moths can’t fly very far, so it is unlikely that they come into homes through open windows, although this is possible in urban areas.
“In some cases where we need to go beyond that, we use a commercial product called Constrain, which has a residual effect for a number of months. We use that to treat nooks and crannies where moths might like to hide away.” The National Trust has done a trial using tiny parasitic wasps, which seek out moths’ eggs and lay their own inside, hatching new wasps.
“They’re busy living on your clothes, slowly breaking it down. So, even when you don’t have moths, the idea that your clothes last for ever is an illusion. You’ve also got your skin bacteria that wait for you to put clothing on and then they metabolise your sweat. With that motley crew, the clothes moth is the most charismatic of the bunch.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “Amazon rainforest fire: Forests in Brazil, Greenland, and Siberia are burning”

More than 21,000 square miles of forest have gone up in flames in Siberia this month, putting Russia on track for its worst year on record for wildfires.
Over the weekend, new fires ignited in Alaska, extending what’s already been an unusually long fire season for the state.
California, which suffered its most destructive wildfire season on record in 2018, is having a much calmer year by comparison, although the potential for a major fire remains.
The Amazon rainforest, which remains drenched for much of the year, does not burn naturally.
Farmers use slash-and-burn tactics to clear land for farming and pasture, though it’s illegal in Brazil this time of year due to fire risk.
The Amazon rainforest has experienced a record number of fires this year, with 72,843 reported so far.
“The dry season creates the favorable conditions for the use and spread of fire, but starting a fire is the work of humans, either deliberately or by accident.”
The source of the current wildfires in Brazil is not yet known, and the government in Brazil is not all that inclined to find out.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Walter Mercado couldn’t have predicted this”

Before there were essential oils, jade rolling, Marianne Williamson, and Co-star, there was Walter Mercado.
For more than 30 years, the Puerto Rican astrologer reached 120 million Latinx viewers a day on both Telemundo and Univision.
Recently, Anderson Cooper used him as a reference point, claiming that if Trump tweeted out Mercado’s predictions – which for 2019 included “Donald Trump, the controversial president, will face his worst year and perhaps even impeachment” – the GOP would defend it as fact.

The orginal article.

Summary of “I got my hip replaced at 39. Here’s why that might get more common.”

It’s one of four pieces that comprise my artificial hip.
As a young person-I was 39 when it was installed-I’m an outlier, but also somewhat hip to a trend.
The age of artificial hip recipients is falling: In 2000, the average age was just over 66; in 2014, it was 64.9.
“Surgeons, in the past, were unwilling to do a total hip replacement on them, because they thought they might be starting a sequence of multiple operations,” says Dr. Lawrence Dorr, a professor of clinical orthopaedic surgery at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine.
One early artificial hip came from a surgeon named Austin Moore.
According to former Massachusetts General Hospital hip surgeon William Harris, Charnley had an “Incredible single focus-nothing else in the world mattered except solving this problem: creating an artificial hip joint.”
In 2014-the most recent year for which data is available-370,770 people in the United States got a new hip.
For the first time in years, I have hope for my hip.

The orginal article.

Summary of “He went to jail as a fake doctor. Now he’s a real one: The saga of Adam Litwin, MD”

Wearing a surgical gown and a mask, 9-year-old Adam Litwin watched in awe as his grandfather, a podiatrist, mended a fractured foot.
Though Litwin must still complete some training and licensing before he can treat patients on his own, he is an MD in the United States.
To accomplish his goal, he first had to get past the time 20 years ago when he went to jail – for impersonating a doctor at UCLA. The way Litwin tells it, he ended up at UCLA because he was blinded by his love of medicine.
“With people who impersonate doctors, how many people end up becoming myself?” Dr. Adam Litwin said.
A friend from that time, Marc Silver, said that through high school Litwin “Would just bring up medicine all the time.” If you said your toe hurt, Litwin would rattle off possible diagnoses, he said.
When they met through mutual friends, Litwin was introduced by his nickname, “Doc.” Litwin claimed he was a cardiologist.
As he approached 40, Litwin decided to stop playing doctor.
Dr. Anupam Jena, a Harvard medical school professor who studies the physician workforce, said Litwin’s biggest impediment may not be his past – having a minor crime, such as a DUI, on an applicant’s record is not uncommon, he said – but the fact that he went to medical school out of the country.

The orginal article.

Summary of “How to use Craigslist Free in NYC”

“I’m soooo sorry I’m late. I had to transfer to the 3 at Atlantic Avenue, and I wasn’t sure where it was, and I just got turned around,” she explained as I handed her a bag containing a heavy, multipart juicer that I hadn’t used-much less looked at-in a couple of years.
For years now, I’ve been getting cheap-indeed free-thrills merely from regularly giving away my possessions on Craigslist.
In New York, where I live, available real estate seems to get smaller and more expensive each year, as the waves of gentrification push ever deeper into the formerly “Outer” boroughs.
When my kitchen cabinets begin to spill over with washed and saved almond butter jars, or my cats decide they don’t care for their new food and water dishes, or I’ve propagated a few too many pothos plants, I turn to a website I have bookmarked on my computer: Craigslist Free.
A short description and a few iPhone photos later, and my post advertising free stuff to whoever will come take it off my hands is out in the world.
Given the rapidity with which strangers respond to my listings, I’ve concluded that there must be people out there who always have a tab open to Craigslist Free-and in my experience, these people are characters.
Corresponding with and meeting these Craigslist characters, in a city that so often feels anonymous, is part of the reason I love Craigslist Free.
Craigslist allows me to do that-and I’m not talking about the “Missed Connections” section.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Taylor Swift and Kanye West: How two superstars and four words at the VMAs influenced a decade of pop culture”

During a chagrined appearance the night after the VMAs on NBC’s “The Jay Leno Show,” West issued another apology, and Leno rubbed salt in the wound by making a pointed reference to the recent death of West’s mother, Donda.
Though the VMAs moment quickly became a pop-culture punchline, for West – known to brood over perceived unfairness or disrespect – it remained deeply personal.
In interviews after the 2009 VMAs, Swift insisted that she was a fan of West and had accepted his apology.
West publicly complained that Swift “Rode” his negative publicity for her own benefit.
Everything seemed to finally come full circle at the 2015 VMAs, as Swift presented West with a lifetime-achievement award.
In 2016, West invoked Swift in his new song, “Famous,” with a lyric far more direct than her own coy call-outs: “I feel like me and Taylor might still have sex … why? I made that bitch famous.” The video featured naked look-alikes of Swift and other celebrities.
This rankled reality TV mogul Kim Kardashian West, Kanye West’s wife, who blasted Swift for playing the victim.
West went full MAGA, claiming that he connected on a personal level with Trump and that he admired the former reality TV star’s “Dragon energy” and “Hero’s journey.” In addition to a high-profile trip to the White House, West performed on “Saturday Night Live” with his red MAGA hat and said he was “Bullied” backstage for wearing it.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The subversive messages hidden in The Wizard of Oz”

The pig-tailed Dorothy Gale is so wholesome, the Harburg and Arlen songs are so delightful, and the Technicolor adventures are so exciting that it’s still easy to mistake The Wizard of Oz for traditional family entertainment, 80 years on from its release in August 1939.
Another film might have contrasted this earthbound huckster with the genuine marvels performed by the wonderful Wizard of Oz, but in this one the wizard is played by the same actor as Professor Marvel, and he turns out to be much the same character: a fast-talking fairground showman who hides behind a curtain, waggling levers, and using mechanical trickery to keep his subjects loyal and afraid.
In a gloriously gonzo final flourish, he floats off into the sky with a cheerful cry of: “I can’t come back. I don’t know how it works!” There aren’t many films that show politicians being quite as brazenly incompetent as that.
True, we can’t take anything the “Humbug” Wizard says too seriously, but these are radical sentiments to hear in any Hollywood film, let alone a Hollywood film aimed at children.
Baum’s novel may have been published at the turn of the century, but the film directed by Victor Fleming is very much a product of the 1930s.
The film doesn’t send audiences over the rainbow to a mythical past, but to a garish parody of the noisy, industrialised present.
If The Wizard of Oz had come out in the patriotic 1940s or 1950s, it’s hard to imagine that this counter-cultural classic would have got away with making a flying monkey out of contemporary society.
Love film? Join BBC Culture Film Club on Facebook, a community for film fanatics all over the world.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Feral Horses, Fierce Controversy”

That’s some of the fallout from the problem on Dancer’s mind: too much competition for land among ranchers like him, the feral horses protected by the government, and native wildlife.
About a third of the nearly 90 million acres of public land on which free-roaming horses reside, as well as the horses themselves, are under the purview of the Bureau of Land Management, though some horses, including the Devil’s Garden herd, fall under the management of the U.S. Forest Service.
“I think everybody would agree that removing only horses that have a chance for adoption”-and leaving the rest of the excess horses on the range rather than transferring them into captivity-“Is the way to go,” says Ginger Kathrens, executive director of the Cloud Foundation, a wild horse advocacy group.
CHARLES POST RIGHT SOLUTION, WRONG ENVIRONMENT While people do not want to see horses sent to slaughter, they also find the thought of thousands of starving horses unpalatable.
The feral horses overseen by the National Park Service on the islands of North Carolina’s Shackleford Banks have been successfully managed using a contraceptive vaccine called PZP. The required multiple treatments and annual boosters are relatively simple to administer on these islands, where every last animal can easily be found and darted.
Once the on-range AML was achieved-which would reduce the total number of horses from nearly 72,000 to fewer than 26,690-it would be practical to manage the expected population increase of some 5,000 horses per year through a combination of adoption and contraception, Norris argues.
From a political perspective, members of Congress-especially those from eastern states, whose constituents love horses but aren’t directly faced with their ecological and economic impacts-have little reason to support a vote to kill horses.
At this point, the impacts of horses on western ecosystems are fairly clear: Hungry horses eat grasses down to their roots, which cripples their ability to regrow.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The 25 most important characters of the past 25 years, from movies, TV, books, comics, video games, theater, tweets, and more.”

Pixelatedboat aka “Mr tweets” June 12, 2016 Milkshake Duck, Ward’s imagined character representing how swiftly the internet can make a star and then unmask them as reprehensible, isn’t as fleshed out as some of Twitter’s other characters.
While the bird is not the only recent pop culture figure to enter the lexicon-Eminem’s “Stan,” for example, gave us a noun and a verb-no other character may have better or more usefully distilled the life cycles of our internet-driven era.
Thomas Jefferson, from Hamilton While Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Pulitzer Prize-winning, Billboard chart-topping musical may have helped restore its title character’s place on the $10 bill and in many Americans’ hearts, it threatens to make an even more dramatic impact on the way we remember his nemesis in George Washington’s Cabinet, redefining Jefferson in the cultural imagination as a villain.
As the first major Hollywood series headed by Asian protagonists, it expanded what the archetypal cinematic stoner looked like, then took the role into even more bizarre directions, with characters romancing giant bags of weed and sharing joints with George W. Bush.
The company’s characters have also reflected the child-focused evolution of modern parenting, from the debate over exceptionalism that illuminates the Incredibles movies to the explorations of independence and disability at the center of Finding Nemo and Finding Dory.
No Pixar character has taught American families more than Inside Out’s Sadness, voiced by Phyllis Smith.
Willow Rosenberg, from Buffy the Vampire Slayer If an infallible computer ingested all of teen and nerd culture, it could not spit out a character more perfectly designed to be fiercely beloved than Willow.
While Fey couldn’t stop the would-be veep from cracking open the Pandora’s box of our current nightmarish, reality-show politics, the character, too, remains influential: More than a decade later, SNL’s arms race of celebrity cameos to portray Trumpworld figures feels like an increasingly desperate attempt to recapture her lightning in a bottle.

The orginal article.