Summary of “Why The NFL Can’t Rely On Defense”

A week later, Joey Bosa and the emerging Chargers defense were dismantled by the Patriots, and the Cowboys – perhaps the best defensive team left in the divisional round based on their end-of-season play – lost to the Rams.
Extracting the strong defensive teams with relatively weak offenses led to historically exciting playoff football, producing two overtime games in the championship round for the first time in NFL history.
Teams are more reliably good – and bad – from game to game and year to year on offense than on defense.
Home teams win about 73 percent of their games when they are plus-1 in turnover differential, according to data from ESPN’s Stats & Information Group, and the home team win rate climbs to more than 86 percent when it’s plus-2 or better.
Despite their clear importance, the number of turnovers a team creates in one season has no bearing on how many turnovers the team will create in the next.
Casting even more doubt on their ability to field an elite defense in back-to-back years, Chicago also lost its defensive coordinator, Vic Fangio, who left to become the head coach in Denver, further destabilizing the strength of the team.
Philadelphia led the league in QB hits but not sacks Total quarterback hits, sacks and expected sacks for teams’ defensive lines in the regular season, 2018.
If these teams generate similar pressure next season, we shouldn’t be surprised to see their sack totals rise just based on reversion to the mean.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The endless hunt for the perfect flu vaccine”

One hundred years ago, during the 1918 flu pandemic, there were no flu vaccines.
In 1919 Edward Rosenow from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, isolated several bacteria from the sputum and lungs of flu patients in Rochester, formulated a vaccine that contained five different kinds of bacteria, and doled it out to 100,000 people.
One health official at the time wrote that the greatest value of a flu vaccine was that it reduced “Fluphobia”.
Vaccine researchers therefore turned their attention to creating a vaccine containing what they called “Inactive” strains.
For the 2016-7 flu season, most of the vaccine doses manufactured in the US targeted four different strains.
The manufacturers then have about six months to get the recommended flu vaccine to market.
My only visit to the emergency department as a patient – the year I got a nasty case of the flu – was after I had been given the flu vaccine.
As recently as 2006, the committee recommended the flu vaccine only for those at high-risk for complications of influenza and adults over the age of 50.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Plot Against the Principality of Sealand”

At the trial that autumn, the government’s star witness, 25-year-old Carl Winchester, a friend of one of Jannie’s employees, testified that Jannie had pointed a gun at Orell and pulled the trigger several times, but it never fired.
The prosecution claimed that the three defendants finished him off in the car, while Jannie and the others testified that they were talking calmly when the men began arguing and struggling with Orell, and he fell out of the car and died from his injuries.
In his testimony, he said Orell reached for the gun and struck Jannie – “He lunged at her and almost knocked her down” – when she pulled the trigger.
Orell asked Jannie to give him a ride home, and she agreed on the condition that the two other men came along.
At one point, the prosecutor, Assistant U.S. Attorney Frederick Smithson, said of Jannie: “I believe this woman to be that type of individual that they call accident prone.” He defined that as someone who “Make[s] claims against her paramour or husband for the purpose of harassment and to get various pieces of property from him.”
Judge Joseph McGarraghy refused to allow testimony or evidence about Jannie’s IRS history, and the jury apparently accepted the contention – introduced by the police within days of Orell’s death, repeated frequently in newspapers, and advanced by the prosecution – that Jannie was furious at Orell for snitching.
Orell died from a result of Jannie’s acts of self-defense during a series of drunken brawls.
Jannie’s sole remaining close relative, a daughter now in her 60s, at first denied that Jannie was her mother.

The orginal article.

Summary of “UCLA’s Katelyn Ohashi rediscovers her joy of gymnastics and becomes an internet sensation”

UCLA’s Katelyn Ohashi rediscovers her joy of gymnastics and becomes an internet sensation – Los Angeles Times.
“The first thing I was practically told was, you might not ever do gymnastics again,” Ohashi said.
“How I’ve always felt is that the fun in gymnastics got taken away from me too soon,” Ohashi said.
With Olympic aspirations no longer possible because her injuries, Ohashi decided to pursue collegiate gymnastics instead, and began considering UCLA. Kondos Field was sitting in a hotel room on a recruiting trip in Texas, deciding what to eat for dinner, when her phone rang.
The half-hour conversation began a recruitment process that eventually ended with Ohashi committing to UCLA. Kondos Field made a promise, too: to help Ohashi rediscover joy in gymnastics.
The gymnastics team’s Meet the Bruins exhibition meet Dec. 9 became a fundraiser for the Bruin Shelter, which provides housing to students who are homeless, after a year of organizing by Ohashi.
Ohashi is writing a poetry book that she plans to self-publish by the end of gymnastics season, focused on activism.
A gender studies major, Ohashi said her gymnastics days will be done once she graduates from UCLA, but she plans to keep writing, and will intern for The Player’s Tribune as she explores photography in her free time and works on projects with several non-profit organizations, helping survivors of domestic violence.

The orginal article.

Summary of “After son’s death, Chiefs’ Andy Reid finds success through second chances”

“If we have to do that, then we’re not being very efficient,” Holmgren told them probably a dozen times or more, but when Andy Reid walked into his office at 5 a.m. and found Jon Gruden already there, he started coming in at 4.
Marty Mornhinweg, Reid’s longtime assistant, used to walk past his boss’s office at all hours and see Reid still at his desk.
The years kept passing, and though Philadelphia made the playoffs five straight years and reached the Super Bowl after the 2004 season, Reid kept watching other coaches – sometimes his peers and former proteges – win it all: Gruden with Tampa Bay, John Harbaugh in Baltimore, eventually Doug Pederson in Reid’s old job.
In 2007, his two eldest sons – Andy and Tammy Reid had five children – were arrested six hours apart: Garrett on drug charges, Britt for pointing a gun at someone and having drugs in his car.
Dungy had been mentoring the former quarterback through his release in May 2009, and Reid had an idea.
Y Reid is in an office now, discussing the possibility that Kansas City has reached this point not because of what Reid has done but because of what he has not.
It’s why he’s still far more “Coach” than “Grandpa,” why he designs and calls Kansas City’s offensive plays, why – though he might well be as detached as he’s ever been – Andy Reid can’t go home.
“Two more,” Reid said, holding up his fingers, and that’s how many wins coach and franchise need to lift the Lombardi Trophy, the ultimate way to validate that meeting years ago in Philadelphia – and, as much as possible, erase what came before it.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Inside the Car Company That’s Resurrecting the DeLorean”

“I’m fiercely proud of DeLorean, but the car they put out could have been better,” says Wynne.
Crash and Burn The infamous story of DeLorean Motor Company starts with John Z. DeLorean, the founder and company’s namesake.
Cost overruns forces DeLorean to rush the car to market and sell it for more than double the initial asking price, which, along with concerned reviews, leads to selling only half of what he hoped.
In February 1982, the company basically declares bankruptcy and DeLorean himself runs into legal trouble.
Car parts aren’t the only thing Wynne he purchased after the fall of the DeLorean empire.
Perhaps the most valuable thing Wynne obtained in the sale were the original specs, supplier drawings, and blueprints of all 2,650 parts in a DeLorean.
In the fall of 2016, DeLorean started accepting applications “From those with an interest in being placed on a reservation list” to purchase a car.
A Future Beyond Back to the Future So, what would the car’s namesake have thought about an English mechanic reviving his iconic car out of a suburban Texas assembly hall? Prior to DeLorean’s death in 2005, Wynne says they had several “Nice, causal” phone conversations about a variety of subjects.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Healing Power of Nature”

River guides might know that nature is transformative for the human body and psyche; but the mechanism behind such profound change is less universally agreed upon and understood.
Research from China found that those walking in nature had reduced blood levels of inflammatory cytokines, a risk factor for immune illness, and research from Japan’s Hokkaido University School of Medicine found that shinrin-yoku lowered blood glucose levels associated with obesity and diabetes.
We do know that we don’t need endemic nature – ornamental nature or designed nature or even engineered nature can be effective.
What drives our search for nature immersion? Susan Karle, a California-based certified forest therapy guide and long-time licensed marriage and family therapist, says: ‘Nature was important to me growing up, and I returned to it because of the seriousness of the issues in my work with victims of trauma and abuse.
‘A few years ago, I took my first guided nature walk and found it so powerful that two weeks later I signed up for the five-day training to be a certified forest therapy guide in shinrin-yoku-style walks.
That sense of nature as outside of us prevails mostly in the West; Eastern-based mindfulness practices and meditative traditions align more closely with human oneness with nature.
Even in cities, we can intervene: when endemic nature isn’t available, ornamental and designed nature is quite effective.
Colorado River guides know that nature enhances our physical and mental lives.

The orginal article.

Summary of “A Precocious Puberty Case: I Went Through Puberty at Age 2”

My parents had been anticipating it, my father especially, having had precocious puberty himself.
A decade before the Lincoln assassination, in the 1854 edition of a long-defunct publication called The Eclectic Medical Journal, Stone wrote one of the first medical accounts of a boy with familial male-limited precocious puberty.
I at once declared my incredulity, for his height and robust development seemed those of a child at least six years older than the age he mentioned If the child’s face is concealed, the examiner would declare his figure to be that of a miniature man, perfectly developed, and at least twenty-one years of age I may observe that the father presented extreme precocity, having experienced his first sexual indulgence at the age of eight years delicacy forbids my detailing his prowess at that early age.
The goal of the drugs was to slow or even stop my pubertal development so I’d have a normal childhood and reach my “Target height.” For all their accelerated growth as kids, men with precocious puberty typically don’t get much taller than five feet.
Shame is an outgrowth of repression, and repression is my family’s prevailing mechanism for coping with the hardships of precocious puberty.
Proving the gods do have a sense of humor, infertility medicine is a subspecialty of endocrinology – the field that also studies familial male-limited precocious puberty.
Still, we never talked about precocious puberty or about the difficult years when we were at war.
“Look, I don’t know what kind of childhood you would’ve had without precocious puberty – maybe it would’ve been easier, maybe you would’ve been happier, who knows. What I do know is that it made you the person you are today. And that’s a person I love and admire very, very much. So do the test or don’t do the test, but just know that, if you have a son, and that son has precocious puberty, he’s going to be just fine. Hell, with you as a father, he’s going to be better than just fine. He’s going to thrive.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “Spain’s Open Wounds”

In the course of thirty-seven years, María Martín López sent more than a hundred handwritten letters to the Spanish authorities.
Martín López’s parents were not especially political, but they had wed, in 1921, in a discreet civil ceremony in France, and they upset Catholic sensibilities by refusing to remarry before the Church in Spain.
At the time, Martín López was six years old.
Martín López’s story-and those of many victims of Franco’s regime-have been captured in the documentary “The Silence of Others,” which was produced by Pedro Almodóvar and shortlisted for an Academy Award nomination.
Martín López continued to write two or three letters a year in hopes of getting a response.
Silva, an indefatigable man of fifty-three, belongs to a generation known for its fight against Spain’s so-called Pact of Forgetting; his own grandfather was killed by a Francoist death squad. A few years after they met, Silva encouraged Martín López to join the A.R.H.M., alongside thirteen other associations of victims’ families, in filing a petition before the National Court to look into the killings of a hundred and fourteen thousand people between 1936 and 1951.
The two women met at Martín López’s house to talk about her attempts to recover her mother’s remains.
Martín López got in the habit of tucking a bunch of flowers into the guardrail of the road. Martín López had planned to meet Messutti again in the summer of 2014, but she died that July.

The orginal article.

Summary of “When the ice melts: the catastrophe of vanishing glaciers”

The miniature air pockets found in the whiter ice near the top of the glacier have long since been compressed, producing the mesmerising beauty of centuries-old turquoise ice.
In hindsight, I believe the emotion I felt then stemmed in part from something else – a deeper consciousness that the ice I had seen was vanishing.
Each year, the parking lot was moved closer to the glacier, only to be left farther away as the ice withdrew.
Even sections of Denali – the highest mountain in North America, which stands more than 20,000 feet tall and is roughly 250 miles from the Arctic Circle – had already undergone startling changes in 2003: the ice of its glaciers was disappearing quickly.
The Matanuska Glacier’s ancient ice is already rapidly vanishing.
The permafrost used to be 10-12 inches below the surface, so it would take three days of chipping with an ice pick to dig a grave.
Dr Kevin Schaefer, a research scientist for the National Snow and Ice Data Center who studies permafrost carbon feedback – the warming of the surface of the planet that would result from the release of carbon from the permafrost – estimates that PCF by itself will increase temperatures by 0.2C by 2100, and even more beyond that.
The report also noted that the Arctic was losing more than 3.5% of its sea ice coverage every decade, that the extent of the September sea ice had declined more than 10% per decade, that the land ice was disappearing at an increasingly rapid rate and that the severity of winter storms was increasing because of warming temperatures.

The orginal article.