Summary of “My Mom”

My mom’s always been sporty but since she stopped dyeing her hair she looks her age.
I’m waiting with a 24-year-old colleague that I hired straight from college who idolises me and I’m worried that my mom will hurt herself and that people will see.
One lunch, I was dragging myself around the playground when I saw my mom standing by the fence, waving big and calling my name.
The summer before I turned 14, my mom, brother and I moved to Texas.
We’d always known that some day before Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule, we’d join my mom’s side of the family in the US. While our Green Cards were being approved, my father bought a house in suburban San Antonio despite our extended family living 1,400 miles away in LA. After 13 years of sardine life at high-rise altitudes, he liked the idea of spreading out.
My mom was the only one of us with a driver’s licence.
School was easy for me but those years were tough on my mom.
A senior on the bus once asked if my mom knew that we could all totally see her.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Reckoning”

Part I.In the spring of 1967, when Claire Wilson was a freshman at the University of Texas, she went to the library one afternoon to track down an old copy of Life magazine.
On the advice of friends, Claire met with a woman who knew how to procure the illegal-and, at that time, often perilous-procedure.
Claire’s rescuers miraculously avoided being hit as they ran headlong toward the western edge of the mall, spiriting her to the shelter of the Jefferson Davis statue.
With the help of Claire’s father, Bell had tracked Claire down in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, outside the small town of Loveland.
Part IV.Sirak had not seen his mother since he had left Addis Ababa as a toddler, and from the moment he caught sight of Claire in her mother’s house in Riverdale, he brightened.
On their first day together, his father and Brian set out to go sightseeing around the city, leaving Sirak and Claire to become acquainted with each other.
Claire lives in Texas now, having finally, after all her years of wandering, come home.
Beside him, Claire sat in silence, staring down at her clasped hands.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science”

On October 3, 2017, physicists Rainer Weiss, Kip Thorne, and Barry Barish received the Nobel Prize for Physics, for their discovery of gravitational waves-distortions in the fabric of space and time.
Every year, when Nobel Prizes are awarded in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine, critics note that they are an absurd and anachronistic way of recognizing scientists for their work.
Defenders of the prize note that the Nobel committee is bound to the conditions laid out in Alfred Nobel’s will-the document that established the awards.
In doing so, say Casadavell and Fang, they “Reinforce a flawed reward system in science in which the winner takes all, and the contributions of the many are neglected by disproportionate attention to the contributions of a few.” In some ways, the prizes are not about who has made the most important contributions, but who has best survived the hazardous labyrinth of academia.
Women have won just 12 of the 214 prizes in physiology or medicine, just 4 of the 175 prizes in chemistry, and just 2 of the 204 prizes in physics.
“There are great things about the Nobel Prize but we should keep in mind that demographics of the winners reflect and amplify structural biases,” said astrophysicist Katie Mack on Twitter last year.
The Nobel Prize is not, say, a MacArthur genius grant, which is awarded to people “Who show exceptional creativity in their work.” It recognizes a particular discovery.
“Ultimately, it’s up to us to dethrone the Nobel Prizes,” wrote science writer Matthew Francis last year.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Your Goals Are Overrated”

So why am I going over all of this? Because it applies to creating habits and achieving goals in life as well.
Goals vs Habits Let’s take the most cliche and universal New Year’s Resolution of the bunch: “I want to lose 20 lbs and look sexy for summer.”
That’s because it’s better to invest your limited focus and energy on building habits rather than specific goals.
People usually don’t focus on habits because goals sound much sexier in our minds.
Habits require one to invest one’s efforts for a little while and then take the rewards of that effort and re-invest them in a greater effort to form even better habits.
Some habits are better than other habits because some habits, once acquired, make other positive habits much easier to acquire as well.
These are sometimes referred to as “Keystone habits.”3 They are habits that, once adopted, will reverberate into other areas of your life, which makes acquiring other desirable habits more natural and require less effort.
Once you do it, it should begin to feel automatic and you can then start adding more depth or knowledge to work into the habit, or you can move on to another habit.

The orginal article.

Summary of “To See What the Upcoming Year Holds, Take a Solo Walk in a Dark Forest”

Årsgång is the Swedish tradition of a solitary, night-time walk in the forest.
While rituals like circling the house three times counterclockwise with a porridge scepter before eating Christmas dinner were supposed to provide a limited glimpse of things to come, the year walker had the potential to learn not only his own fate but that of the entire village.
The walk took place on New Year’s Eve or another winter holiday, when Europeans believed dark forces and supernatural beings were active and the dead mingled with the living.
The year walk may be accompanied by supernatural creatures.
“One of the rats slipped on the ice and fell on his back while farting so loudly that it could be heard across the whole parish. At that moment, the year walker burst into laughter, and the vision disappeared, which meant his quest was for naught.”
The walker might gain information about marriage, the harvest, the possibility of war, or if there will be fires, but the most common information was about who was going to die in the upcoming year.
Although the ritual mostly died out a century ago, there is a modern option for people who don’t want to trespass on church property: The Year Walk video game released by Simogo in 2013.
After Simogo’s Year Walk was released, Tarestad says he saw people writing about going on a modern-day year walk on social media.

The orginal article.

Summary of “Yuval Noah Harari Is Worried About Our Souls”

One of the most important forces in history is human stupidity.
Experiments are already under way to augment the human immune system with an inorganic, bionic system.
Almost all traffic accidents are because of humans making bad decisions.
That’s not impossible because human beings very often make terrible mistakes, even in the most important decisions of their lives.
Then the question is, “What is human life all about?” For thousands of years we have constructed this idea of human life as a drama of decision-making.
The liberal story is based on the ideal and the notion of free will, that the free will of individual humans is the ultimate source of authority in the world.
Yes, the way that Cambridge Analytica and all these companies and bots behaved is they hacked humans.
One of the most important forces in human history is human stupidity.

The orginal article.

Summary of “‘The way universities are run is making us ill’: inside the student mental health crisis”

British universities are experiencing a surge in student anxiety, mental breakdowns and depression.
The crisis in student mental health hit the news in 2017 after a high number of suicides at Bristol University.
Student protests and demands for better mental health services are frequently dismissed in the press.
“Driving our universities to act like businesses doesn’t just cannibalise the joy of learning and the social utility of research and teaching; it also makes us ill,” wrote Mark Crawford, then a postgraduate student union officer at UCL, in a 2018 piece for Red Pepper magazine.
Like other universities, it is struggling to deal with increasing mental health problems among students, and in the last few years it has been forced to rethink its mental health provisions, making it easier to access counselling and mentoring, and training lecturers and other staff in mental health first aid.
To complicate matters, the amount he receives from Student Finance England, the body responsible for student loans, changed year by year, with unpredictable amounts and repayment terms.
“Often these measures are being done instead of properly funding mental health services,” says Crawford, the former UCL student.
While Brunel has made a concerted effort to invest in student mental health services and reduce waiting times, across the UK this is patchy.

The orginal article.

Summary of “4 Steps to Reset Your Goals for the Rest of the Year”

If you’re like more than half of people, those early-year goals you set were jettisoned months ago.
You still have months to make significant accomplishments toward changes you want to make by the end of the year, says career and transition coach Allison Task, author of Personalevolution: How to Be Happy, Change Your Life, and Do That Thing You’ve Always Wanted to Do. Ready to get back on track with your goals? Dust off that list and apply these four steps for a mid-year reboot.
“So much of the work of pursuing the goal happens when you set the right goal,” she says.
What feels possible and exciting versus overwhelming? The answer can give you valuable insight into the goals you can accomplish with the time you have left.
“Staying with a goal for 12 months or longer requires a ton of discipline and effort-and much of the effort happens in the second half of the year. The effort has to nearly double to reach that goal in the last six months of the year,” she says.
What, specifically, will you have to do to reach your goal and by when? What will the outcome need to be? Understanding these answers will help you scale your goal accordingly and recognize what you need to scale back.
The S.M.A.R.T. goals approach-making your goals specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time sensitive-is useful for helping you make progress within the time window you have, she says.
With businesses and other demands on her time, she says getting everything done and moving herself closer to bigger goals “Is a struggle I face and think about every day,” she says.

The orginal article.

Summary of “The Hedge Fund Billionaire’s Guide to Buying Your Kids a Better Shot at Not Just One Elite College, but Lots of Them”

Her fictionalized account of her brief stint working for the Wall Street billionaire David E. Shaw never reached a wide audience, but the script became samizdat among the harried members of Shaw staff – as the family’s highly compensated, Ivy-educated, hierarchical cadre is known.
D.E. Shaw & Co., the legendary hedge fund that bears his name, pairs proprietary trading algorithms with obsessive risk management.
Starting in 2011, when the oldest of their three children was about two years away from applying to college, the Shaw Family Endowment Fund donated $1 million annually to Harvard, Yale, Princeton and Stanford and at least $500,000 each to Columbia and Brown.
Although Shaw left the day-to-day management of the hedge fund nearly two decades ago, he’s still the chairman, and it remains molded in his image: decidedly elitist, tight-lipped and risk-averse.
One of Shaw’s common sayings, repeated at an annual training session by a compliance officer, was that it was important to avoid risks and legal trouble because Shaw wanted to make sure that his kids could go to college.
Shaw left the hedge fund in 2001 to found D.E. Shaw Research, which applied computer simulations to the arduous process of drug development.
Peers of the Shaw children remember classmates talking about where they wanted to go to college – and understanding that they might very well not go there – as early as the sixth grade.
Mark Lipton, a professor of management at the New School who has worked with the hedge fund, said that while Shaw cares deeply about his family, “He’s a real meritocracy fan. My hunch is that he invests in his kids from Day One so they can get in at these schools on their own. What’s so self-evident, whether it’s for his own kids or not, is the extraordinary importance he puts on the best higher education.”

The orginal article.

Summary of “New cars, trucks last longer and carmakers hustle to improve interiors”

The average age of cars and light trucks on U.S. roads reached an all-time high of 11.8 years in 2018, according to research firm IHS Markit.
“People are absolutely holding onto their cars longer. Cars are getting better,” said Jake Fisher, director of auto testing for Consumer Reports.
The last thing automakers want is for their cars to get a reputation for deteriorating quickly on the inside.
Imagine the wear and fears on cars used through ride-hailing apps like Uber and Lyft, where passenger volume can be higher and interiors are at risk of wearing out more quickly.
Boosting the longevity of interior parts by 50% requires an investment in new material composition and design, said Rebecca Liebert, senior vice president of automotive coatings and mobility for PPG.Coatings and paints are “Going to have to be very high quality” to last for 15 to 20 years, she said.
These 22 new vehicles are the highest-quality models of the year.
Infotainment glitches are among the most commonly cited defects in studies of new vehicles by Consumer Reports and J.D. Power.
Many new vehicles now come equipped with the capability of connecting to smartphones using Apple’s CarPlay system or Google’s Android Auto.

The orginal article.